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人类历史博物馆:猎巫行动

Museum of Human History: Witch Hunts

今天的人类史课
Today in Human History,
我们要讲的是……猎巫行动!
we’re going to talk about… Witch Hunts!
它有趣吗?
Is this gonna be funny?
不会
No.
女巫被认为是拥有邪恶力量的人
Witches were humans thought to have evil powers,
她们戴着尖帽子骑着扫把到处飞
wear pointy hats and fly around on cleaning supplies.
对她们来说 猎巫行动是毫无必要的暴力迫害
A witch hunt was a needlesslyviolent persecution of these people.
那什么样的人会被当作女巫呢?
And who was considered a witch?
老女人 穷女人 残疾女人 几乎所有女人
Elderly women, poor women, disabled women, hashtag all women…
有男人吗?
Were any men targeted?
有!
Yes!
为什么?
Why?
因为他们被误认为是女性
Because they were mistsaken for women.
通常人们是怎么分辨女巫的呢?
How could they tell if people were witches?
通常 被控告者都有一个胎记
Usually, the accused would have a birthmark –
也就是我们所说的阴道
commonly referred to as a vagina.
女巫被抓住了会怎样呢?
So what happened when a witch was caught?
所有被控告的女性
Any woman accused of being a witch
都要经历一次测试
would be put to a test.
市民们会把她们捆起来
The town’s people would tie her up,
扔进湖里
and throw her body into a lake!
如果溺亡了 说明她是无辜的
If she drowned, she was innocent.
否则就是有罪的
If she floated, she was guilty.
所以 无辜的女性会溺亡
So, innocent women would be killed
而真正的女巫会活下来
but witches would survive
然后还是被杀死?
and then also be killed?
没错!
Bingo!
大部分人以为
Most people think
有罪的女性会被烧死在木桩上
that the guilty women were burned at the stake
那不是真的
but that’s a myth.
[唏嘘声]
Phew!
她们还会被绞死 被溺死
They were also hanged, drowned,
被流放 被折磨 甚至被斩首
exiled, tortured, and beheaded.
噢!天呐!
Ugh! Come on!
人们为什么要那样对待女人?
Why would people do that to women?
格林 不是人们 而是男人
Ah – not people, Green. Men.
可怕的男人
Horrible, horrible men.
这些男人受到过惩罚吗?
Were these men ever punished?
当然!
Yes, they were!
在21世纪
In the twenty-first century,
男人们同样经历了
human men were also put through
他们所谓的“猎巫行动”
what they like to call a “witch hunt.”
他们也是因为性别而被迫害吗?
Were they also persecuted for their gender?
不 他们是因为骚扰和攻击女性
Oh no. They were caught harassing and assulting women.
他们都被抓住并处死了吗?
Were they hunted down and killed too?
没有 但是大众发现后
No, but the public found out,
拿走了他们的电影和电视节目
and took away their films and TV shows.
好吧 我爸爸说
Well, my dad says
21世纪的猎巫行动
that this twenty-first century witch hunt
实际上只是认识到
was really just a recognition
当权者不能逃脱
that people in power couldn’t get away
蔑视失权者而带来的惩罚
with treating the disenfranchised as lesser
以及先驱者们牺牲是值得的
and that the loss of a few former heroes was worth it
致敬那些素未谋面的女英雄们
considering all the heroines we never got the chance to meet.
好的 布鲁 我很不想说我同意你爸爸的观点
Well Blue, I hate to agree with your dad.
那么 好吧 我们继续!
So, yeah, moving on!

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视频概述

关于女巫遭受迫害的历史

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审核员

审核员 RN

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DeteluzCQAg

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