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改正这个最容易犯的语法错误 – 译学馆
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改正这个最容易犯的语法错误

Most Common Grammar Mistake Ever!! (Don't Do This!)

Sometimes you can improve your English a hell of a lot
有时你可以在很短的时间内
in a very short amount of time.
大幅提高自己的英文水平
And today we’re going to do exactly that.
这就是今天我们要做的事
最常见的语法错误以及如何改正它
I want to show you one thing today
今天我想教你们一个
that will really improve your English.
能真正提高你英文水平的方法
1,000% sure
我非常确定
this is the mistake that I correct most often,
这是我最常纠正的错误
more than any other mistake.
比任何其他错误都多
This is the one that I hear most in my classes.
这是我在课上听到最多的错误
And this is the mistake.
这个错误是这样的
Listen for the reply that she gives.
来听听她给出的回答
I’m going to the cinema later.
Do you want to go to the cinema?
Yes, I want.
Okay.
Did you hear the mistake in her reply?
你听出了她回答中的错误吗?
Let’s use the same mistake but a different example.
我们看下在另一不同例子中同样的错误
Do you want a coffee?
Yes, I want.
How about that time?
这次听出来了吗?
No? Let’s do another one.
还没有?让我们再听一个
Do you want a banana?
Yes, I want.
Do you want this banana?
Yes, I want.
Okay, fine.
So something is missing here.
她的回答里少了些东西
Let’s fix it.
让我们把它补全
DO YOU WANT GO TO THE CINEMA?
This is a very common mistake.
这是一个非常常见的错误
So don’t worry if you didn’t see the mistake in this question,
所以即使你没发现这个错误也不用担心
there’s one word missing.
这里少了一个词
Do you know what it is?
你知道少了哪个词吗?
to!
是单词“to”
And remember her reply was this: “Yes, I want. “
还记得吗?她的回答是”Yes, I want. “
Now in Latin languages,
在拉丁语中
probably others too,
也许其他语言也一样
It’s enough to say your equivalent of “I want” for the reply.
你只要回答“I want”就足够了
However, in English we must have an object.
但是 在英语中必须要有一个宾语
In this case,
在这个例子中
the object is a verb “to go”.
宾语是一个动词短语 “to go”
You can of course say: “Yes, I want to go.”
你可以回答”Yes, I want to go. “
That’s fine. No problem.
完全可以 没有问题
However, it’s much more common, much more natural
但是 更常见 更自然的回答是
just to say: “I WANT TO. ”
只要回答” I want to.”
“YAEH, I WANT TO. “
And the same for any other verb.
其他动词也是一样的
– “DO YOU WANT TO SLEEP? ” – “YES, I WANT TO VERY MUCH. “
Let’s change the verb for a noun.
我们把动词换成名词看看
For example, “Do you want a coffee? “
举个例子 “Do you want a coffee?”
In your reply you still need that object.
你的回答仍然需要一个宾语
Which object should I use for a coffee?
对于一杯咖啡 我该用什么宾语?
Just say, “Yeah, I want one. “
只要回答 “Yeah, I want one. “
“I always want one. “
This talks about something general.
这说的是一些常见的事物
But if you’re talking about a specific thing.
但如果你说的是一个特定的东西
Then the question might be
那么这个问题就应该说成
“Do you want this? “
“Do you want that? “
In which case
在这种情况下
the reply would not be “I want one”.
就不能用“I want one”回答
When we’re talking about a specific thing,
当我们谈到一个特定的东西时候
the reply is: “It”.
回答是“it”
“Yes, I want it! “
“Give it to me. “
But honestly, this happens in many other examples.
但其实这种情况也发生在许多其他例子里
This is an example of not using the object when you should.
下面是一个本应使用宾语 但没有用的例子
DID YOU LIKE BACK TO THE FUTURE?
YES, I LOVED!
For example, if you want to ask
举个例子 如果你想问
“Did you like/love/hate this thing? “
this one singular thing.
这个特定的事物
Then your answer should not be “Yes, I loved.”
你的回答不能是”Yes, I loved. “
You’re missing that object.
因为这样你就遗漏了宾语
In this case,
在这种情况下
it’s a singular thing we’re talking specifically.
它是我们具体讨论的一个特定的事物
So what is that object?
那么它的宾语是什么呢?
It’s a pronoun.
应该是一个代词
“It”. Of course.
当然是“it”
So don’t forget your objects,
所以 不要遗漏宾语
don’t forget your pronouns.
也不要遗漏代词
But be careful,
但是 请注意
modal verbs don’t work the same.
情态动词的用法不是这样的
CAN YOU DANCE?
In a question like “Can you dance?”
像这类问句”Can you dance?”
Notice that modal verbs don’t have “to” with the verb.
注意 情态动词和动词之间不加“to”
So it works different.
所以 情态动词的用法不同
Your answer should not be:
你的回答不能是
YES, I CAN TO.
“Yes, I can TO.”
No!
这样不对
Because remember in the question
因为在这个问句里
there’s no “Can you TO dance?” No!
不是”Can you TO dance? “不是!
So the answer: no “to”!
所以回答的时候没有“to”
So never forget your objects and your “to” preposition in sentences and questions.
永远不要忘记句子和问句中的宾语和介词“to”
Thank you so much for watching.
感谢你的收看
If there’s something that you’d like me to talk about in a future video.
如果你想让我在今后的视频中讨论什么
Let me know in the comments.
留言告诉我
Or get in touch with me on social media.
或者在社交软件上联系我
I’ve got Instagram, Twitter, Facebook those things.
Ins 推特 脸书账号我都有
Or you can watch another video right here!
或者你还可以在这里看其他的视频

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视频概述

本视频将纠正日常生活中最容易出现错误的语法问题。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

还是要戒糖的肥豹子

审核员

审核员BY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X0qRT9nRoFU

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