See if you’ve learned how to say “You’re lying!”, “I don’t believe you”,
你已经会表达 你在说谎 或 我不相信你
and also how to try to convince someone that you’re telling the truth.
But what do you call someone who lies all the time?
These are some nouns that you can use.
If someone lies all the time you can call them A LIAR
如果一个人总是说谎 你可以称他们为A LIAR
Now remember that most British accents are non-rhotic,
so that R won’t be super pronounced,
所以这里的 R 不会很明显
it will sound like Liar A Liar
它听起起来像/‘laɪə/ A /’laɪə/
In most American accents , however, it’s rhotic
So that R will be quite pronounced
For example, Liar, liar, R
比如说 /ˈlaɪɚ/ /ˈlaɪɚ/ /ɚ/
That’s someone who lies in general
but let’s get more specific
what about a person who lies in order to steal money
Think business people ,when someone lies for financial gain,
you can say this. “Fraud”, “a fraud”,
你可以这样说 “Fraud” “a fraud”
you could also say “conman”, but that’s just for men.
你也可以说 “conman” 但只适用于男性
The gender-neutral version of this is a “con artist”, a con artist.
中性的表达是 “con artist” 一个骗子
Or another interesting thing you could call someone is this
A Snake Oil Salesman
“A Snake Oil Salesmen”
Or more commonly, you are just say that they are selling snake oil
或者 更通常的说法是 “They are selling snake oil.”
Now this is fun because it’s also a bit of history.
Many years ago
People would travel across the country
selling this little things of snake oil
they would sell it as a medicine to cure all disease
and everything that is wrong with people
From headaches, colds, flu.
从头疼 感冒 流感
I shade you not even deafness.
Of course it was bollocks.
It wasn’t real medicine, it didn’t work.
So even nowadays when someone tries to sell you an idea
or a product or specifically a medicine
that they claim will change your life, will cure everything
but it sounds like bullshit
you will say they are selling snake oil.
你就可以说 “They are selling snake oil.”
A product which doesn’t work.
That’s for people who lie
how about people who tells the truth
When someone always tells the truth, or
most of the time, tells the truth
you can use these adjectives to talk about that person.
You can say she or he is…
你可以说 “she or he is……”
because they are adjectives
She is honest, trustworthy, or reliable.
如 “She is honest / trustworthy / reliable.”
Be careful of the pronunciation with this one. The H is silent.
So honest. Not ho-nest. New Honest.
所以是 /ˈɒnɪst/ 不是 /’hɒ-nɪst/ 是 /ˈɒnɪst/
Be careful with the stress of the words, too.
Honest. Trustworthy. Reliable.
/ˈɒnɪst/ /ˈtrʌstwɜːði/ /rɪˈlaɪəbl/
Now you’ve learned how to say “You’re lying!” by saying “That’s bollocks!”
现在你已经学会如何用“That’s bullocks ”来表达“You’re lying”
But how can you say the type of lie that person is telling?
Not all lies are the same.
When someone is talking about the size or the amount of something,
and they want to say “It’s this much”.
when in realities, it’s only this much
The verb is: To Exaggerate.
这个动词就是 To Exaggerate
So when your friend is talking about the size of his his fish, that he caught,
and he’s saying “Yeah it’s this big!”
You know in reality it’s only this big,
so you can say,
Emm, I think you’re exaggerating.”
“Emm, I think you’re exaggerating.”
This next type of lie has to do with attraction and love.
This next lie is about making someone believe that
you are attracted to them or maybe in love with them
But that’s a lie,
maybe in order to get something from that person
The verb for this type of lie is: lead on
这种谎言对应的动词是 lead on
To lead someone on.
“To lead someone on.”
So she could say in a past tense
“Oh my god.. he said that he loved me.
But that was a lie
“He, he lead me on”
“He, he lead me on.”
Just don’t lead people on, it’s not nice.
But are all lies bad?
I would have to say no
especially in this case
For example: If you’ve had a long day at work and no sleep,
and you come home like “ah! I look like a zombie I’m so tired!”
然后你回到家说 ”Ah! I look like a zombie. I’m so tired!”
And she wants to make you feel good!
She’s not gonna say “Yeah you look awful!”
No, she’s not going to hurt your feelings, cuz she is a good friend
不 她不会去伤害你的感情 因为她是个贴心的朋友
and she will say “No, you don’t look tired at all!”
This type of lie is harmless,
it’s in order to not hurt the person’s feelings.
The name of this lie is A White Lie or A little White lie
这种谎言被称为“A White Lie”或者“A Little White Lie”
Now be careful, this is not used as a verb.
You won’t say, for example, “I white lied”.
你不能这样说 例如“I white lied.”
You don’t say it like a verb, this is only a noun.
To say it like a verb, you need to say
He said he looked tired, so I told a white lie, I said he looked great!
他说他看起来很疲倦 “so I told a white lie” 我说他看起来棒极了
I don’t think this situation would happen but let’s imagine
Maybe someone wants to rob you and they’re saying
“Give me your money, or I’ll shoot this very cute dog!”
When someone makes a threat that you don’t believe is actually going to happen,
or when someone claims to have power that you don’t think they actually have,
this type of lie is called A Bluff
这种谎言称为 “A Bluff”
“Bluff” is a verb and a noun.
And for example he’s saying: “You’re bluffing,
比如 他说 “You’re bluffing.”
I don’t believe you will do what you say you will do in that threat”.
Of course he’s not going to kill the dog,
look at this little face!
This is the same type of lie as in poker.
When you want to pretend like you have really high cards
but really have nothing!
It’s “a bluff”, or “you’re bluffing”.
这就是 “a bluff” 或者 “You’re bluffing.”
If you haven’t already, make sure you see the previous video!
Where I show you how to say “I think you’re lying!” “You’re definitely lying!”
Or how to try to convince someone that you’re being honest,
that you’re telling the truth.
You can also help me make these videos
by buying me a coffee support me on Patreon here
or if you want to see more, Clicke Here
或者 如果你想学习更多内容 点击这里