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有什么比黑寡妇更致命的 – 译学馆
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有什么比黑寡妇更致命的

MORE DANGEROUS than a Black Widow?!

《野性勇者》
– There’s one right there, got one right there.
在那儿 找到了一只
Whooo, that is creepy.
哦 太恐怖了
Oh, no, no, no, she’s done it.
不 不 不 她跑了!
《Breaking Trail》出品
Oh, there it is right, there, look at that!
它在那儿 看那个!
When it comes to handling spiders, I am no stranger to danger,
把玩蜘蛛的危险性 我并不陌生
as in the past, I have let several species,
因为之前 几个物种……
including the infamous black widow, skitter across my bare skin.
臭名昭著的黑寡妇曾从我裸露的肌肤上爬过
Oh, she’s actually spun a little thread of web,
实际上她在吐少量的丝
she’s becoming secured to me.
对我没有啥戒备之心
Oh, its actually about to bite.
哦 它准备要咬我了
Even the golden orb weaver,
还有大木林蛛
one of the largest, most common species in Central and South America,
这是中南美洲最常见 个头最大的物种之一
cast its sticky spider silk across my hands and fingers.
把粘粘的蛛丝缠在我的手和手指上
Okay, spider is on my arm, okay.
蜘蛛在我手臂上 好的
However, there are also species, like the Brazilian wandering spider,
但也有一些种类 如巴西游走蛛
That’s simply far too dangerous to risk making direct contact with.
不能冒险与之直接接触 太危险了
Whoa (laughs), that was a little nerve-wracking!
(大笑) 真有点伤脑筋!
Today the crew and I are on location in Meandarra, Australia,
今天我和摄制组在澳大利亚Meandarra
one of the continent’s most common yet potentially dangerous species.
这里有这个陆地上最常见也最具潜在危险性的蜘蛛物种之一
And I know everyone is waiting in anticipation to find out
想必大家都猜到了
what will be my next close encounter of the arachnid kind.
我接下来要近距离接触的蜘蛛物种是什么
So without further delay,
所以不耽误时间了
let’s see, if I can find the redback spider.
看看我能否找到红背蜘蛛
Alright, guys, so we’ve done some pretty popular arachnid videos.
伙计们 我们制作了一些很受欢迎的蜘蛛视频
A lot of you have written in the comment sections
很多人在底下留言:
and have asked,”Coyote, if you ever go Australia,
狼叔 如果你去往澳大利亚
can you feature the redback spider?”
能给我们介绍一下红背蜘蛛吗?
Which is pretty much the Australian version of the black widow.
红背蜘蛛几乎就是澳大利亚版的黑寡妇
Now these spiders, follow me,
现在跟我来
are really common in areas of debris and rubble.
这种蜘蛛在废墟和瓦砾中太常见了
And right over here, we’ve got a pile of tires.
我们在那边找到了一堆轮胎
And I have a good feeling
我有不错的预感
that if we flip these tires and look on the inside,
如果我们翻开这些轮胎 看看里面
we may come across one of these creepy crawlies.
也许会见到这些令人毛骨悚然的小爬虫
Come on, let’s check it out.
来吧 去看看
Now, I don’t want to just go reaching my hands up underneath that rim,
我不想直接把手伸轮胎下面去
but I already see some webbing.
已经看到一些蛛网了
This is actually a really good sign.
这真是一个好兆头
– [Mark] Now, why would a tire be a good home for a redback spider?
为什么轮胎对于红背蜘蛛来说很适合居住?
– [Coyote] Well, because it is dark, it is warm,
因为这里阴暗 很暖和
and it’s the perfect place to spin a web.
而且很适合织网
And sure enough, right here, go ahead bring your camera up a little bit closer.
果不其然 就这儿 把相机拿近一点
And there is no spider on this.
上面没有蜘蛛
See here, you have some really loose webbing, looks very scattered.
看这里 有一些很松散的蛛网 看着很乱
There’s a good chance that that is redback webbing.
这很有可能就是红背蜘蛛的网
what I don’t want to do is just tuck my fingers up underneath this tire to lift them
我不想直接把手伸下去把轮胎抬起来
because that oftentimes is how people are bitten.
通常情况下 人就是这样被咬的
They press their fingers down on the arachnid.
他们用手指按压蜘蛛
It feels like it’s gon na get squished,
感觉就要把它压扁了
and then it inflicts a bite.
然后就被咬了
So what I’m going to do is gently pick this up,
所以我要轻轻地把轮胎抬起来
I’m going to roll it towards you a little bit, Mark.
我要把它朝你那边滚一点 马克
Oh, oh, there’s a big cricket there.
哦 那儿有一只大蟋蟀
And I’m going to just gently roll it in the light.
对着光线 慢慢地滚动
A big cricket creature, but no spider in that one.
有一只大蟋蟀 但没有蜘蛛
There is webbing, but oh, no, there’s a little male.
有网 不 有一只小的雄性蜘蛛
There’s a little male right inside there.
在里面
See you down there?
下面 看到了吗?
– [Mark] Oh, yeah.
哦 看到了
– That’s a male redback.
-那是一只雄性红背蜘蛛
Now they’re considerably smaller than the black widows that we find in the States.
相比之下 它们远小于我们在美国找到的黑寡妇
But we’re not really interested in the male,
事实上 我们对雄性蜘蛛不是很感兴趣
what we’re interested in looking at is the female.
我们更想见到雌性蜘蛛
And this tire is full of a lot of rocks.
这个轮胎里都是石头
I don’t think we’re going to (mumbles)…
我觉得我们不会(喃喃自语)……
Just gently put this in this direction, look on the underside.
轻轻地朝这边放好 看看底下
yeah, there’s definitely some webbing.
很明显 有一些网
Okay, there’s a lot of web down here, too (mumbles).
下面也有很多网(喃喃自语)
There’s one right there, got one right there.
在那儿 找到了一只
Right on the inside of the tire.
就在轮胎里面
Hold on a second,
等一下
let me see if I can flip it up and get it into the light.
我看看能不能把它翻过来 放到光线下
Can you see that, Mark?
你能看到吗 马克?
The spider is right there.
蜘蛛在那儿
But that’s pretty cool to see its shadow.
从影子看 它很酷
You see my finger pointing right at it, Mario.
我的手指着 马克
– [Mario] Yep.

– [Coyote] Whooo, that is creepy.
哇 恐怖!
And actually, I think you can see the shadow of a male just behind her.
我觉得你可以看到她后面雄性蜘蛛的影子
oftentimes, males or youngsters will hang out in the webs with the female.
通常 雄性蜘蛛或幼崽会和雌性蜘蛛一起挂在网上
But she is cannibalistic and will occasionally feed
但是她是同类相食的
and will occasionally feed on not only her mate but also her young.
偶尔会吃掉她的伴侣 甚至她的幼崽
Now what I want to do is gently coax the spider out of this tire using a stick.
现在我想用一根树枝 把它们慢慢从轮胎里引诱出来
This is one dangerous little game of Operation. Right here, folks.
这可是个危险的小游戏 伙计们
Come on, crawl on the stick, you.
来吧 爬到棍子上来
Oh, yeah, yeah, yeah, okay.
耶 耶 耶 好的
That webbing is pretty sticky.
那个网太黏了
– [Mark] Now she’ll rebuild her web, won’t she?
她会重新织网 不是吗
– [Coyote] Oh yeah, absolutely.
是的 当然
Oh no, no, no, she’s done it. Hold a second
不 不 不 她跑了 等等
There she is.
在那儿
– [Mark] Got her?
抓住了吗?
– Got it!
抓住了!
– [Mark] Nice!
太棒了!
– Wow, look at that arachnid.
哇 看那个蜘蛛
There we go, that is the redback spider,
好了 这就是红背蜘蛛——
Australia’s version of the black widow.
澳大利亚的黑寡妇
You’ll notice it’s a bit smaller than some of the black widows we’ve featured before.
你会注意到 它相对要小于我们之前介绍的一些黑寡妇
And this species does not grow as large as the American black widow.
这种蜘蛛不会长到美国黑寡妇那么大
Wow, look at how long their legs are,
哇 看他们长长的腿
and that big, bulbous abdomen.
还有那个巨大的球状腹部
What you’ll notice about the redback is that
你会注意到 红背蜘蛛
it gets its name from that distinct, aposematic red coloration on the back of its abdomen.
它主要得名于它腹背部独特的警戒性红色
As we know, the black widows in the States have the hourglass shape beneath their abdomen.
众所周知 美国的黑寡妇的腹部下面是沙漏形的
And these spiders do have coloration on the underside of their abdomen,
并且它们的红色在腹部下面
but it certainly is that big red spot on their backs
但是红背蜘蛛的红色 确切地是指它们背上的大红斑
that is an immediate warning that
那代表的是一种亟时警告:
that I am venomous, you do not want to bite by me?
我是有毒的 你不想被我咬的吧!
Look at that balance.
看看那种平衡感
Such a cool-looking spider.
多酷的一只蜘蛛
Now the bite of this spider does contain neurotoxic venom,
这种蜘蛛的叮咬确实带有神经毒素
and it is much more potent than that of the black widow.
比黑寡妇的毒素更具说服力
So you may be saying to yourselves, “Coyote, aren’t you going to free-handle this one?”
所以 你可能会嘀咕:狼叔 你就不能徒手把玩这只蜘蛛吗?
Honestly, and so guys, it probably would not bite me,
说实话 伙计们 它可能不会咬我
but it is not worth the risk.
但不值得冒这个险
Now if you are bitten by one of these spiders,
如果被其中一只蜘蛛咬了
it’s not likely to kill you,
你应该不会死
and they did develop an anti-venom in the mid-50s
在50年代中期发明了一种抗毒液
that has helped a lot of people overcome this bite.
已经帮助了很多人战胜了这种蜘蛛的毒素
Now this is a spider species that is very common,
这是一种很常见的蜘蛛
especially in residential areas,
尤其是在居民区
and it is one of species that people are bitten by almost on a daily basis.
几乎每天都有人被其中一种蜘蛛咬了
Close to 10,000 bites a year are reported in Australia.
据澳大利亚报道 每年被咬的人数将近有10000
If you are bitten by one of these arachnids,
如果你被这其中的一种蜘蛛咬了
I definitely suggest seeking medical attention,
我强烈建议你去看医生
but there are very few cases of adults suffering negative affects
但是有极少的成人案例相比于胃痉挛 头疼 恶心呕吐
other than cramping of stomach, headache and nausea, vomiting,
和叮咬部位四周的强烈疼痛来说
and intense pain near the bitten area.
还是经历了更痛苦的症状
now depending on how much venom is injected into the victim
当然这取决于有多少毒液被注进了受害者的身体
a lot of times these spiders will actually inflict what’s considered a warning bite.
大多时候 这些蜘蛛的叮咬只是一种警告
They can actually regulate how much venom they pump into something.
它们实际可以控制注入的毒液量
Now if it’s a prey item, something like a moth or a small other insect,
如果是猎物 类似于飞蛾或一些别的小昆虫
they’ve been known to even take things as large small lizards,
众所周知 蜘蛛甚至会捕食大小蜥蜴
What they will do is actually flick out this stick spider glue from their spinnerets.
它们会把蜘蛛胶从吐丝器里弹出来
They will let the prey get entangled in that webbing,
把猎物缠进网里
and then once it has sort of wrapped itself up,
然后一旦猎物把自己包裹起来
they will strike forward several times,
它们就不停地攻击猎物
inflicting various bites to parts of the victim’s body.
给猎物的身体造成不同程度的咬伤
Slowly, paralysis begins to set in, the victim dies,
慢慢地 猎物被麻痹 然后死了
and then they have their meal.
它们就开始享用大餐了
Now similar to the black widow, this species is cannibalistic,
和黑寡妇一样 这个物种也是同类相食的
and after the females have mated with the males,
在雌性和雄性交配之后
they will kill the male and eat it.
它们会杀死雄性蜘蛛 吃掉它
The females have actually even been known to eat their young.
事实上 雌性蜘蛛甚至还会吃掉它们的幼崽
This spider species has extremely small fangs.
这类蜘蛛长着极小的尖牙
And oftentimes when people are bitten,
通常情况下 被咬的人
they don’t even know that a bite has occurred
甚至都没有意识到自己被咬了
until close to 15 minutes afterward,
直到约15分钟之后
when you experience this intense, hot, radiating pain from the bite site.
被咬者会经历强烈的 发热的 辐射性的疼痛
Now it will swell up and be red, about the size of a silver dollar,
被咬部位大约一个银元那么大面积的红肿
and that pain will continue to spread.
且疼痛范围会持续扩散
Now one indication that you have been bitten by a redback
有一个迹象可以表明被红背蜘蛛咬了
is intense sweating and goosebumps actually on the appendage that has been bitten.
即咬伤的部位起疙瘩和疼痛出汗
Now this is one of the most common and widespread spider species in all of Australia,
这是存在于澳大利亚最普遍 分布最广的蜘蛛物种之一
and the reason that so many people are bitten by the species
这么多人被这种蜘蛛咬了的原因
is because it is oftentimes found in residential areas,
是因为它常在居民区被发现
anywhere that has debris, it could be tires,
任何有残骸的地方 可能是轮胎
it could be flat pieces of wood, it could be garbage near your trashcan.
可能是木板 也可能是垃圾桶附近的垃圾
If this spider has the opportunity to spin a web
一旦蜘蛛找到织网的机会
and potentially catch prey, there’s a good chance
就可能开始捕猎了 这是个好机会
there may be one in your backyard.
你的后院也许就有一只
But remember, this is not a creature you need to be afraid of.
但请记住 这不是你需要害怕的生物
These spiders have no interest in biting humans.
这些蜘蛛对咬人不感兴趣
As you can see, all it’s doing right now,
如你所见 它现在正
it’s trying to get away from us
试图从我们身边逃走
and back into the shade and shelter of its tire. Well,
回到轮胎的阴影处和避难所里去
Well, you guys requested it, and sure enough,
答应你们的 没错
we managed to get the Australian version of the black widow-the redback
我们成功找到了澳大利亚的黑寡妇——红背蜘蛛
up close for the cameras.
相机近一点
I’m Coyote Peterson.
我是狼叔
Be brave, stay wild.
做一个勇敢的人 保持野性
We’ll see you on the next adventure.
我们下一次探险再见
Alright, let’s stack her tires back up,
好了 让我们把轮胎摞起来放好
and release her back into her home. Alright,
放她回家
Alright, see you later.
好吧 再见
The Australian outback is home to many potentially dangerous animals
澳大利亚内陆是许多有潜在危险的动物的所在地
and hails as having the most deadly snake and spider species in the world.
并被誉为拥有世界上最致命的毒蛇和蜘蛛
If you were ever to come upon one of these creatures in the wild,
如果你在野外碰到了其中一种生物
It is imperative that you do not attempt to interact with it.
千万记住 不要尝试去靠近它
Always admire the animal from a safe distance
永远保持安全距离去欣赏这些生物
because your life could depend upon it.
因为你的命在它手上
Hey, Coyote Pack, I have some exciting news.
嘿 狼帮们 我带来了一些振奋人心的消息
I’m proud to announce that the crew and I
我很自豪地宣布摄制组和我
will be back on tour in 2018 with Brave Wilderness Live,
在2018年会带着《野性勇者》重新踏上旅程
visiting cities all across North America.
我们将去探索北美的城市
Our first shows are in Anaheim and San Diego, California.
我们的第一趟旅程将前往阿纳海姆 圣地亚哥 加利福尼亚
From there, we head to Phoenix, Arizona.
从那里出发 去往凤凰城 亚利桑那州
Beyond that, we will be visiting San Francisco, California, Portland,
除此之外 我们还将探索旧金山 加州 俄勒冈州波特兰
Oregon, Seattle, Washington and Boulder, Colorado,
俄勒冈州 西雅图 华盛顿和科罗拉多 博尔德
with many more shows to be announced
更多的节目敬请期待
In the coming months,
在接下来的几个月里
Tickets can be purchased at the Brave Wildness websites
门票可在《野性勇者》网站上买到
so make sure to reserve your seats today,
所以为了确保今天就可以订到座位
and don’t forget subscribe,
不要忘记订阅哦!
so you can join me and the crew on this season of Breaking Trail.
这样你就可以加入我和摄制组这一季的《Breaking Trail》啦!
I’m Coyote Peterson.
我是狼叔
Be brave!
做一个勇敢的人
– [Audience] Be wild!
[观众]保持野性!

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译制信息
视频概述

视频主要介绍了澳大利亚的黑寡妇-红背蜘蛛

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

紫琳轩

审核员

审核员XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RsvF_BcggPc

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