Today, I wanna talk about purpose.
But I’m not here to give you the standard commencement
about finding your purpose.
We’re millennials. We try to do that instinctively.
Instead, I’m here to tell you that finding your purpose isn’t enough.
The challenge for our generation is to create a world,
where everyone has a sense of purpose.
One of my favourite stories
is when JFK went to go visit the NASA Space Center,
and he saw a janitor holding a broom
and he asked what he was doing and the janitor replied,
“Mr. President, I’m helping put a man on the moon.”
Purpose is that feeling
that you are a part of something bigger than yourself,
that you are needed,
and that you have something better ahead to work for.
Purpose is what creates true happiness.
And you’re graduating at a time when this is especially important.
When our parents graduated, that sense of purpose reliably came from
工作 教会 或者社群
your job, your church, your community.
But today technology and automation are eliminating many jobs.
Membership and a lot of communities has been declining.
And a lot of people are feeling disconnected and depressed
and are trying to fill a void in their lives.
As I’ve travelled around, I’ve sat with children
in juvenile detention and opioid addicts who told me that
maybe their lives would have turn out differently if they just had something to do
and after school program or somewhere to go.
I’ve met factory workers who know their old jobs aren’t coming back
and are just trying to find their path ahead.
For our society to keep moving forward,
we have a generational challenge,
to not only create new jobs,
but create a renewed sense of purpose.
I remember that night I launched Facebook from
that little dorm in Kirkland House.
I went to Noch’s with my friend KX.
And I remember telling him clearly that
I was exicited to help connect the Harvard community
but one day someone would connect the whole world.
The thing is, it never even occured to me that someone might be us.
We were just college kids.
We didn’t know anything about that.
There are all these great big technology companies all these resources.
I just assumed one of them would do it.
But this idea was so clear to us
that all people want to connect.
So we just kept working on it day after day after day.
And I know that a lot of you’ll have your own stories just like this.
A change in the world that seems so clear
that you are sure someone else is going to do it.
But they’re not. You will.
But it’s not enough to have that purpose yourself.
You also have to create a sense of purpose for others.
And I found that out the hard way.
You see, my hope was never to build a company.
I wanted to have an impact.
And as all these people started joining us.
I just assumed that that’s what they wanted to do too.
So I never took the time
to explain what it was that I hoped we’d built.
A couple years in some big compaines wanted to buy us.
I didn’t want to sell.
I wanted to see if we could connect more people.
We were building the first version of News Feed at the time
and I thought if we could just launch this,
it could change how we all learnt about the world.
Nearly everyone else wanted to sell.
Without a sense of higher purpose,
this was their startup dream come true.
And it tore our company apart.
After one particularly tense argument,
one of my closest advisor told me if I didn’t agree to sell the company right now,
I would regret that decision for the rest of my life.
Relationships were so afraid that
within a year or so every single person on our management teams was gone.
That was my hardest time leading Facebook.
I believed in what we were doing but I felt alone.
And worse, it was my fault.
I wondered if I was just wrong,
an imposter, a 22 year-old kid
who had no idea how things actually worked.
Now years later,
我明白了 没有更高远的使命感 就会这样
I understand that is how things work when there’s no sense of higher purpose.
So it’s up to all of us to create it.
So we can all keep moving forward together.
And today I wanna talk about three ways
that we can create a world
where everyone has a sense of purpose
by taking on big meaningful projects together,
by redefining equality so everyone has the freedom to pursue their purpose,
and by building the community all across the world.
So first, let’s take on big meaningful projects.
Our generation is going to have to deal with tens of millions of jobs,
replaced by automation like self-driving cars and trucks.
But we have the potential to do so much more than that.
Every generation has its defining works.
More than 300,000 people worked to put a man on the moon including that janitor.
Millions of volunteers immunized children around the world against polio.
And millions of more people built the Hoover dam another great projects.
And now it’s our generation’s turn to do great things.
I know maybe you are thinking I don’t know how to build a dam.
I don’t know how to get a million people involved in anything.
Well, let me tell you a secret.
No one does when they begin.
Ideas don’t come out fully formed.
They only become clear as you work on them.
You just have to get started.
If I had to know everything about connecting people before I got started,
I never would have built Facebook.
Movies and pop culture just get this all wrong.
The idea of a single eureka moment is a dangerous lie.
It makes us feel inadequate,
because we feel we haven’t had ours yet.
And it prevents people with seeds of good ideas
from ever getting started in the first place.
Oh, you know what else movies get wrong about innovation?
No one writes math formulas on glass, okay?
All right. That’s not a thing okay?
It’s really good to be idealistic.
But be prepared to be misunderstood.
Anyone working on a big vision is going to get called crazy,
even if you end up right.
Anyone taking on a complex problem
is going to get blamed for not fully understanding it,
even though it’s impossible to know everything upfront.
Anyone taking initiative
will always get criticized for moving too fast.
Because there is always someone who wants to slow you down.
In our society, we often don’t take on big things
because we’re so afraid of making mistakes,
that we ignore all the things wrong today if we do nothing.
The reality is anything we do today
is going to have some issues in the future.
But that can’t stop us from getting started.
So what are we waiting for?
It is time for our generation defining great works.
How about stopping climate change before we destory the planet
and getting millions of people involved
manufacturing and installing solar panels?
How about curing all diseases and getting people involved
by asking volunteers to share their health data,
track their health data and share their genomes?
You know today,
our society spends more than 50 times as much,
treating people who are sick,
as we invest in finding cures so people don’t get sick in the first place.
It makes no sense.
We can fix this.
How about modernizing democracy so everyone can vote online?
And how about personalizing education so everyone can learn?
These achievements are all within our reach.
Let’s do them all
in a way that gives everyone in our society a role.
Let’s do big things,
not just to create progress,
but to create purpose.
So taking on big meaningful projects together
is the first thing we can do
to creat a world where everyone has a sense of purpose.
The second is redefining
our idea of equality.
So everyone has the freedom
to pursue their purpose.
Now many of our parents had stable jobs throughout their careers.
But in our generation, we’re all a little entrepreneurial
whether we’re starting our own projects or finding our role in another one.
And you know that’s great
because our cultural of entrepreneurship is how we create so much progress.
And entreprenurial culture thrives
when it is easy to try lots of new ideas.
Facebook wasn’t the first thing I built.
I also built chat systems and games,
做过学习工具 音乐播放器 而我也并非个例
study tools and music players and I’m not alone.
JK Rowling got rejected 12 times
before she finally wrote and published Harry Potter.
had to make hundreds of songs to get Halo.
The greatest successes
come from having the freedom to fail.
we have a level of wealth and equality that hurts everyone.
When you can’t, when you don’t have the freedom
to take your idea and turn it into a historic enterprise.
We all lose.
And right now today,
our society is way over indexed on rewarding people
when they’re successful.
And we don’t do nearly enough
to make sure that everyone can take lots of different shots.
Now let’s face it.
There is something wrong with our system,
when I can leave here and make billions of dollars in ten years,
while millions of students can’t even afford to pay off their loans,
let alone start a business.
I know a lot of entrepreneurs,
and I don’t know a single person who gave up on starting a business,
because they were worried they might not make enough money.
But I know too many people who haven’t had the chance to pursue their dreams
because they didn’t have a cushion to fall back on if they failed.
We all know you don’t get successful just by
having a good idea or working hard.
You get successful by being lucky too.
If I had to support my family growing up
instead of having the time to learn how to code,
if I didn’t know that I was going to be fine,
if Facebook didn’t work out, then I wouldn’t be standing up here today.
If we’re honest,
we all know how much luck we’ve had
to get this point in our lives.
Every generation expands its definition of equality.
Previous generations fought for the vote and civil rights.
They had the New Deal and Great Society.
And now it’s time for our generation to define a new social contract.
We should have a society that measures progress,
not just by economic metrics like GDP,
but by how many of us have a role we find meaningful.
We should explore ideas like universal basic income to make sure that
everyone has a cushion to try new ideas.
We’re going to change jobs and roles many times,
so we need affordable childcare to get to work
and healthcare that’s not tied to just one employer.
And we’re all going to make mistake,
so we need a society that’s less focused on
locking us up or stigmatizing us when we do.
And as our technology keeps on evolving,
we need a society that is more focused
on providing continuous education through our lives.
giving everyone the freedom to pursue purpose isn’t going to be free.
People like me should pay for it.
And a lot of you are going to do really well and you should too.
That is why Priscilla and I started the Chan Zuckerberg initiative,
and committed our wealth to promoting equal opportunity.
These are the values of our whole generation.
It was never a question of if we were going to do this
The only question was when.
Millennials are all ready one of the most charitable generations in history.
In just one year,
more than three in four U.S. millennials donated to charity,
and more than seven in ten raise money for another one.
But it’s not just about giving money.
You can also give time.
And I promise you
if you just take an hour to a week,
that’s all it takes to give someone a hand and help them reach their potenial.
Now maybe you’re thinking that’s a lot of time.
I’m not sure that I have much time.
I used to think that.
You know when Priscilla graduated from Harvard, she became a teacher.
And before she’d do education work with me,
she told me that I needed to get my own experience teaching a class.
At first, I complained,
“You know, I’m kind of busy running this company.”
But she insisted.
So I taught,
an after-school program at the local Boys and Girls Club on entreprenurship.
I taught those kids lessons on
product development and marketing
and they taught me what it was like growing up,
feeling targeted for your race.
what it’s like having a family member in prison.
I shared stories of my time in school.
And they shared their hope that one day they would get to go to college too.
For five years,
I’ve had dinner,
with those students every month.
One of them even threw Priscilla and me our first baby shower.
And next year, they’re going to college.
Every one of them,
first generation and their families.
We can all make time to give someone a hand.
Let’s give everyone the freedom to pursue purpose
not just because it’s the right thing to do,
but because when more people can turn their dreams into something great,
we are all better for it.
瞬间的灵感 | 扎克伯格2017哈佛毕业演讲节选