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情态动词MUST CAN WOULD SHOULD MIGHT WILL COULD SHALL MAY – 译学馆
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情态动词MUST CAN WOULD SHOULD MIGHT WILL COULD SHALL MAY

Modal Verbs | MUST CAN WOULD SHOULD MIGHT WILL COULD SHALL MAY

大家好!欢迎回到“跟露茜学英语”今天
hello and welcome back to english with
我有一个语法视频给大家
Lucy today I’ve got a grammar video for
我知道又过了挺长时间了
you I know it’s been a while since I did
自从我做的上一个语法视频以来
a grammar video but a lot of you have
但是很多人要求做一个情态动词的视频
asked for a video on modal verbs so here
所以这个就是啦 今天我要给大家介绍
it is today I’m going to introduce you
情态动词 我要介绍情态动词的规则
to modal verbs i’m going to tell you the
怎么使用、何时使用它们
rules how to use them when to use them
请一定要注意
do note that there are a lot of
有很多不同的情形 需要
different situations in which you need
使用不同的情态动词
to use different modal verbs and it would
并且我不可能把它们都讲完
be impossible for me to go
所以这仅仅是一个介绍
through them all so this is an introduction and
希望你学完这一课
hopefully you will leave the lesson
能更加自如地
feeling a lot more comfortable when
使用情态动词
using modal verbs let’s get started
那就开始吧首先 什么情态动词?
so firstly what are modal verbs well
它们是一个叫做“助动词”的词类下面的
they are part of a larger category
一个小类 这些动词会给
called auxiliary verbs and these are verbs
其他动词增添一些意义
that add meaning to another verbnow modal
情态动词是特殊的 因为它们遵循着
verbs are special because they follow a
一套严格的规则 它们的使用方法
strict set of rules and they are used in a
也很特殊 我今天要跟大家谈
very specific way I’m going to talk
九个情态动词
about the nine modal verbs today don’t
不要把它们跟“半情态动词”搞混了
get them confused with the semi models
因为它们只需遵守情态动词的一部分规则好的
that only follow some of the modal verb
如果我现在就请大家告诉我
rules now if I ask you right now to tell
这九个情态动词 能说出来吗?
me the nine modal verbs would you be able
如果能说出来
to tell me them if you can that’s
那就太棒了 但如果说不出来
great but for those who can’t
我有一个非常简单的方法
I’ve got a really easy way
记住它们 就是:三个M
of remembering them we’ve got 3 m’s 2 w’s
两个W两个C 以及两个S
to c’s and two s’ so when you
所以当你用这种方式把它们写下来 就会
write them out in a pattern it’s much
更轻松地把它们都记住
much easier to remember them all so we’ve
先看三个M分别是must、
got the 3 m’s we’ve got must
might和may 然后是两个W
might and may we’ve then got the 2 w’s will
will和would 接下来是两个C can和could
and would we then got the 2 c’s can and
再然后是两个S:shall和should请记住
could and then the two S’s shall and
will和would有点儿特别
should remember will and would our
在口语和非正式的语言中
special in spoken and informal language
它们可以缩写 will可以写成
they can be contracted so will can turn
两个“L” i will可写成i‘ll
into’ Double L i will i’ll and would
would可以写成一撇加字母D
can turn into apostrophe D so we have
所以she would可写成she’d
she would she’d now the majority of
大多数情态动词表达不同的含义 取决于上下文
these modal verbs express different meaning depending on the context
所以你一定要 把理解句子或问题当做一个整体
so you really have to understand the sentence or question as a
今天我就要帮大家了解这些
whole I’m going to help you with this today later
稍后的视频中我们会谈到
on in the video we can talk
每个情态动词的不同的含义但首先
about the different meanings that each modal verb
我们需要
can express but firstly we need to go
了解一下这些规则 能怎么用
through the rules what can you do with them what
不能怎么用 如果没有这些规则
can’t you do with them without these rules you
你会发现情态动词很难
‘re going to find it very difficult to use them
但是好消息是
but the good news is that all of
所有这些规则均适用于九个情态动词
these rules apply to the nine modal
也就是我们这次课讲到的全部
verbs that we’re looking at
规则1:动词不定式出现在
in this lesson so rule number one infinitives come
情态动词之后 但是不带to
after modal verbs but without to ok so
所以我们可以说:我也许吃披萨
we’re saying i might eat pizza
我会踢足球 规则2:
I can play football rule number 2 modal
情态动词的单数第三人称不加s
verbs take no s in the third person
她必须离开 或:
singular she must leave or it might
它可能发生 规则3:情态动词不会
happen rule number three modal verbs do not
随着时态发生词形变化
change their form according to tense so
所以它们没有过去式 也没有
they’ve got no past form and they
将来式 它们始终不变
‘ve got no future form it just stays the same so
所以记住它们的简单的方法是:
the easy way of remembering it is modal
情态动词不变形 它们总是原形规则4:
verbs don’t change they stay exactly as
我们在
they are so rule number four we use
否定句中使用情态动词
modal verbs in negative sentences like
跟其他助动词是一样的
we do with other auxiliary verbs ie
即没有“do” 所以我们在否定句里使用
without the word do so the way we use
情态动词的句型是:
modal verbs in negative sentences is
主语+情态动词+not+动词
subject modal verb not verb
让我们来看一些例子:you must
let’s look at some examples you must not
noteat my
eat my food
food你不能吃我的食物 或:I can
you must not eat my food or i can not
notspeak French 我不会说法语
speak French I cannot speak French so it’s always in
所以它总是这样的语序 就像其他助动词一样
that order just like we would
现在 还请记住 你必须学会​​情态动词
with other auxiliary verbs now remember you must learn the
否定式的缩略形式
contractions for the negatives which are
它们常常出现在口语或
used quite frequently in spokane or
非正式的交流中:might might
informal language might might not
notmightn’t;must must not mustn’t; may may
mightn’t must must not mustn’t may may not
not无缩略形式can
no contraction
cannot can’t;could could
can cannot can’t could could not
notcouldn’t;will will not won’t;would
couldn’t will will not won’t would would
wouldnot wouldn’t;shall shall not shan’t;
not wouldn’t shall shall not shan’t
should should not shouldn’t好了
should should not shouldn’t
这些就是否定式的 缩略形式
ok so those were the negative contractions number five
规则5:知道了规则4就很简单了
easy now we’ve looked at number four
在疑问句当中
with interrogative phrases modal verbs
情态动词的用法跟其他助动词一样
are used like other auxiliary verbs
情态动词+主语+动词
modal verb subject verb some examples
例如:can you help
can you help me
me你可以帮我吗?will you let
can you help me will you let him will
him你会同意他吗?这就是这些规则
you let him so those were the rules now
现在我们来一个一个看看这些
let’s have a look at the individual
情态动词 是怎么用的
modal verbs and how and when we can use
什么时候用先来看看might
them so firstly let’s look at might
might可以用来表示可能性
might can be used to show possibility
如:他们可能正在吃午餐 或:
they might be eating lunch or she might
她可能给我们一个优惠 接下来是may
give us a discount then we have may may
may也可以用来表示可能性
can also be used to show possibility the
如:今天老师可能迟到了
teacher may be late today and it can
它也可以用于请求准许 如:
also be used to ask for permission may I
我现在可以离开吗?请注意 使用may请求准许
leave now note that using may to ask for
会被看作非常正式的用法
permission can be seen as quite formal
下一个是must must可以用来
then we have must must can be used to
表示可能性或进行逻辑上的推断
show probability or to make a logical
她一定是堵车了 must还可以
assumption she must be stuck in traffic must can
用来表达必要性:
also be used to show necessity I must go
我现在必须回家 它还可以用于
home right now and it can also be used
禁止做某事:你不能在这儿抽烟
to show prohibition you must not smoke
下一个是will will可以用于
here then we have will we’ll can be used
表示将来的时间:我将在七点离开
to indicate future time i will leave at
它也可以
seven o’clock it can also be
用于做出承诺或
used to make a promise or
表明愿意:我会捐钱给慈善机构
to show willingness i will give money to
今年圣诞节 它也可以用于
charity this Christmas it can also be
礼貌的问句:
used to ask a polite question will you
你可以帮我做一下这个吗? 接下来是would
help me with this for example then we have would
would也可以用来发起一个礼貌的问句:
again would can be used to ask a polite
你可以帮我做一下这个吗?
question would you help me with this
它还可以用于邀请或
it can also be used for invitations or
表达喜好或愿望:我想要一杯茶或:
preferences or desires i would like a
您要苹果还是橙子?
cup of tea or would you prefer apples or
下一个是can can可以用于
oranges then we have can can can be used
表示能力:
to show ability i can speak English
我会讲英语它也可以用来表示一种
it can also be used to suggest a
可能性或给出一个选项
possibility or give an option for
例如:你可以明天给他打电话
example you can call him tomorrow it
它还可以用来表示不可能:
could also be used to show impossibility that
那不可能是她
can’t be her and it can also be
也可以用于请求:你能帮帮我吗?
used for a request can you help me could
另一方面could可以表示过去的能力:
on the other hand can show past ability
我五年前能解三角题
i could do trigonometry five years ago
它也可以用来发起一个礼貌的问句:
it can also be used to ask a polite
我可以给你打电话吗?
question could i call you
它也可以用来表示可能性和不可能:
it can also be used to show possibility
她可能在这里 或:
and impossibility she could be here or she couldn’t be
她不可能在这里 它还可以用于提出建议:
here and it can also be used to make a
你可以尝试这样做
suggestion you could try doing this then we have
接下来是should should用于建议:
should-should is used to recommend you
你应该来这家新酒吧试试
should try this new bar it
它也可以用来说什么是
can also be used to say what is
正确的或对的 例如:我们应该现在就处理
correct or right for example we should deal with
一下这事 它也可以表达一种不
this right now it can also be used
确定的推测: 他应该快到家了
for an uncertain prediction he should be home soon but
但我不确定 Shall shall可用于
i’m not sure shall shall can be used to
提供或给予:
make an offer shall i help you
需要我帮帮你吗?
with that it can also
它也可以可用于确认:
be used for confirmation
我会在午夜与你在那儿会面
I shall meet you there at midnight it
它也可用于承诺:
can also be used for promises you shall
你会是第一个知道的人 好了
be the first person to know ok so
这是我的非常简短的视频
that was my very condensed video
关于情态动词 那么 接下来您需要做什么呢?
on modal verbs so what can you do next well firstly
首先你的家庭作业是发言评论
your homework is to comment below with
这三个使用了情态动词的句子
three sentences using modal verbs I want
一个是肯定句 一个是否定句
one in affirmative one in the negative
一个是疑问句
and one in the interrogative and up
一直到午夜 我会尽可能多地纠正你们
until midnight i will correct as many as
我也很希望你们
possible and then i would like you guys to correct
互相纠正不要忘了联系我 通过我所有的
each other don’t forget to connect with me on
社交媒体 请记住我现在上传视频的
all of my social media remember I now upload
时间是:周一、 周三和周六 所以我会很快在下一个课里
lessons on mondays wednesdays and saturdays so i will see
见到你们 很快很快 么么哒!
you for another lesson very very soon mwah

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视频来源

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