ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

虚假就业 – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

虚假就业

Misemployment

每当失业率有所下降 哪怕只是很轻微地下降 这听起来似乎是个好消息
Whenever unemployment comes down – even if only very slightly – it sounds like really
因为这有利于经济生产力的进展 从而
good news. It’s great that productive forces in the economy are growing and there’ll
更多的金钱会流入人们的口袋里
be a little more money in people’s pockets soon
但要是有人对人类潜能比较有野心 那么情况就变得更加复杂、
But if one gets more ambitious about human potential, the picture gets more complicated
更加让人忧虑 比起政府所欲预想的那样
and darker than what governments make out.
失业,一般来说,就是没有工作。
Unemployment means being, generically, out of work.
但是,让我们来创造一个新的词汇,虚假就业
But let’s coin a new word: MISEMPLOYMENT
它的意思是,一个人虽然在工作,但是并没有真正的满足其他人的需求
It means being in work but of a kind that fails to tackle with any real sincerity the
取而代之的是,他的工作仅仅是刺激了其他人,让他们得不到令人满足的欲望和快乐
true needs of other people: merely exciting them to unsatisfactory desires and pleasures
比如普里马克(品牌名)、百达翡丽、youporn(色情网站)他们可能做到的效果
instead; the way Primark, Patek Philippe and youporn.com might.
这个人就是虚假就业
This man is misemployed:
类似的,一个人受雇于拉斯维加斯的金沙赌场,他的工作是向旅客分发传单
Similarly, a man employed by the Sands Casino in Las Vegas to hand out flyers to tourists
怂恿顾客使用自动贩卖机,他名义上是没被雇佣了的员工
in order to entice them to use slot machines is clearly ’employed’ in the technical sense.
他没有在失业人员的名单上。他能拿到工资
He’s marked as being off the unemployment registers. He is receiving a wage in return
通过帮助他人解决一些问题,从而给雇主带去利益
for helping to solve some (small) puzzle of the human condition of interest to his employers:
具体而言,就是(不这样做的话),这些旅客就会因大街的蓝天白云和高温的气候
that not enough tourists might otherwise leave the blue skies and heat of main street to
而走进一个以埃及为主题的赌场,因为他们的大厅开了空调
enter the air-conditioned halls of an Egyptian-themed casino.
这个人,是真的受雇佣了的,但是有趣的真相是,他其实是虚假就业者
The man is indeed employed, but he’s also in truth dramatically misemployed.
他的劳动力确实带来了资金,但是他对社会福利和社会经济增长,没有做出什么实质性的贡献
His labour is generating capital, but it is making no contribution to human welfare and
他被列入了虚假就业的范围。这个范围还包括了那些制造香烟的人,创作了很容易上瘾
flourishing. He is joined in the misemployment ranks by people who make cigarettes, addictive
但是毫无意义的电视节目的人,建造了了粗制劣造的公寓大楼,设计了假冒伪劣又不合身的衣服的人
but sterile television shows, badly designed condos, ill-fitting and shoddy clothes, deceptive
制作虚假广告的人,制造了吃了会导致动脉堵塞的饼干和高含糖量饮料的那些人。
advertisements, artery-clogging biscuits and highly-sugared drinks.
虚假就业的比率在现代经济中是非常高的
The rate of misemployment in modern economies is very high.
尽管,我们会因为得到一份工作而感恩戴德,但是,到头来
While we may be genuinely grateful for any job we’re given, at the back of our minds
我们作为雇员,还是希望做些别的什么
we all – as employees – hope for something else:
做些能够给社会提供实际利益的工作
that our work can contribute in some real way to the common good; that we can make a
能够给社会带去一点点的不同
modest difference.
政府通过一些技术手段降低了总体的就业率,并取得了一定的成效
Governments have, with some success, been learning techniques to reduce the overall
用专业术语来说,就是他们刺激了需求
rate of unemployment. In the language of the field, they do this by ‘stimulating demand.’
虽然表面上这是有效的。但是这些举措,没有细致的区分什么是好的需求
Though technically effective, this method fails to draw any distinction between good
什么不好的需求,也没有区分真正地就业和虚假就业
and bad demand and therefore between employment and misemployment.
真正的能够降低虚假就业的技巧本质上不仅仅是刺激需求
The real trick to bringing down the rate of misemployment isn’t just to stimulate demand
而是去刺激一些正确的需求,去鼓励人们购买真正能让人满意的物品
per se, it’s to stimulate the right sort of demand: to excite people to buy the ingredients
去满足那些真正重要的需求,并且,给个人
of true satisfaction, to want the things that really matter, and therefore to give individuals
给商业提供一个获得直接劳动力和赚取利益的机会
and businesses a chance to direct their labour, and make profits, in meaningful areas of the
在有意义的经济领域内
economy.
就业率并非不相关,相反,这个数据相当重要,这个是首先就要关注的数据。
Employment figures aren’t irrelevant – they matter a great deal. They are the first things
但是,这些原始数据掩盖了我们在将来想要达到的指数,那是一个很高远的目标
to be attended to. But these raw figures mask a more ambitious index we should get around
一个可以估量虚假就业,并因此能够展示
to building in the future: one that measures misemployment and hence shows how intelligently
我们如何机智又负责地利用人力资本,将人力资本的利用率达到最大化的数据
and responsibly we are deploying human capital, that is, using up people’s lives.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述
听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

收集自网络

审核员

自动通过审核

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SawYdOz1Wa8

相关推荐