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在学校的正念

Mindfulness in Schools

学校的正念
Mindfulness in schools.
什么是正念
What is mindfulness?
它又如何能在现行的学校体制下帮助我们
How can it help our current school systems?
让我们从什么是正念说起吧
Let’s start off with what mindfulness is.
有一个叫做正念减压疗法的项目
There is a program called mindfulness based stress reduction,
创立者是乔恩·卡巴金博士
created by Dr. Jon kabat-zinn.
他把正念定义为即时的投入注意力
He defines mindfulness as paying attention in purpose in the present moment.
而非评判性地将经验时刻展现在眼前
And non-judgementally to be unfolding experience moment to moment.
在正常情况下它使你既专注于当下又能正常生活
In regular terms, it’s keeping yourself focused in the now while living your life normally.
那这对学校意味着什么呢
What does this mean for schools?
研究表明 将正念融入到学校中
Research shows that intergrating this into the school system
能促进更高的标准化考试的得分
resulted in better standardized test scores.
促进了在课堂的辩论
Let’s conflict in class.
也得到了学生的好评
And higher ratings from students about their happiness.
但好处不仅仅体现在学生的身上
But the benefits don’t end with the students.
把我们对正念和领导力的认识结合起来
Combining what we know about mindfulness with leadership,
我们的老师和领导也可以从中受益
our teachers and leaders can benefit from it too.
通过对正念和冥想的运用
By using mindfulness and meditation,
老师能变得更专注
teachers can learn to be more attentive,
更融入学生 更加的细致与体贴
focused, nonreactive, and carrying.
如瑜伽
Exercises such as yoga,
视觉意象和实践自我意识等练习会对
visual imagery and practice self awareness can bring change
曾经可能混乱的教学环境带来很大的改变
to what may be chaotic classroom environments.
我们生活在一个青少年焦虑和抑郁正在上升的时代
We live in a time where teenage anxiety and depression is on the rise.
全国各地的学校都采用了其他的替代方法来帮助学生
And schools all over the country have used alternative methods to help students
处理生活带来的重担
deal with the stressed life brings.
这无疑对社会经济困难地区的儿童
This is incredibly important for children in areas of social economic distress,
或生活中没有父母坚强后盾的孩子们影响重大
or who don’t have strong parental figures in their lives.
正因为这些原因 我们希望能向加州的正念过渡
Because of these reasons, we should hope to move towards California’s mindfulness intergration.
他们的一些项目 如内心的孩子 正念学校
They have programs like inner kids, mindful schools,
和一直保持安静的地方
and still quiet place.
他们把冥想带给了教育工作者和学生
They brought meditation to educators and students leading to
从而导致了对学习环境的彻底改变。
a drastic overall change to the learning environment.
拿内在小孩举个例子
Inner kids, for example,
这项计划是在格陵兰岛的作者完成的
made their program off of author at Greenland.
格林兰强调呼吸和自我意识是人格发展的基础
Greenland emphasises breathing and self awareness for character development.
关于它如何影响在校表现的研究
Studies into how it affects performance in school
在注意力 学业
have consistent results in attention,
和其他许多方面都有着一致的结果
academics and most other benefits.
这一研究也表明 学习环境中的压力减少 能
This research has also shown that stress reduction in the learning environment
提高教师和学生的注意力 促进情绪调节
increases teacher and student focus and emotional regulation.
不仅在加州如此
It’s not just California too.
在加拿大,有一些像Mind Up一样的项目
In Canada, there are programs like Mind Up,
它们基于神经科学来帮助那些患有注意力缺陷多动症
which are based in neuroscience in our helping kids with ADHD,
焦虑 抑郁和其他精神疾病的孩子们
anxiety, depression, and other mental ailments.
这个项目让教师学会了解自我
The program presents teachers with skills to become self aware,
并能在教学过程中使用放松和冥想技巧
and to use relaxation and meditation techniques when they teach.
在这种技术指导下的研究表明了注意力集中所带来的
The research done in these techniques show an increase in academic productivity
学术生产率的提高
due to increased concentration.
这意味着在课堂上需要少些的行为的修正
This means less behavior modifications are needed in the classroom
而让他们有更多的时间去工作
giving them more time to work.
这是由于孩子们在怜悯
This is due to the shift in perspective kids acquire
同情心和善良的基础上
when they have a foundation in compassion,
所获得的观点的转变
empathy and kindness.
哥伦比亚大学对Mind up做出了评估
The University of Bridge Columbia evaluated mind up.
他们发现四年级和五年级的学生
Among students in grades four and five,
有82%的孩子提高了对未来的积极展望
they saw an 82%increase in positive outlooks.
也感受到学生们让自己高兴的能力也得到了提升
And an increase in the students abilities to make themselves happy,
学生也更愿意帮助同学了
and to help fellow students.
他们通过测量唾液皮质醇水平进行评估
They did this by measuring salivary cortisol levels,
而唾液皮质醇是孩子们调节情绪的能力的表现
which showed proof of the children’s ability to regulate emotions.
最终 通过mind up项目 15%人的数学成绩得到了提高
Finally, with mind up, there was 15% increase in math grades.
并在该项目如何改善教学环境方面
And 100% positive response from teachers and faculty
得到了教师和教员的一直认可
discussing how it altered their classrooms.
这些惊人的信息表明
With all this awesome information,
小小的正念实际在被惊人的使用
it’s alarming how little mindfulness is actually being used.
你有过正念的经历吗
Do you have any experiences with mindfulness?
如果你有任何你想要分享的观点或经验 在屏幕下方留言吧
If you have any opinions or experiences you want to share, comment below.

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视频概述
听录译者

Daisy

翻译译者

洛洛

审核员

审核员HL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0iUsKvGRYRo

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