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消失了的墨西哥Bermeja岛

Mexico’s Lost Island of Bermeja

In 1997 the Mexican government sent a vessel
1997年 墨西哥政府曾派遣船只
to locate the island of Bermeja.
前往寻找Bermeja岛
Off the northwest coast of the Yucatan Peninsula
该岛位于尤卡坦半岛的西北海岸外
and approximately 80 square kilometres in size,
面积约80平方公里
it surely could be found,
它无疑会被找到
and formally claimed for Mexico
并被正式确认为墨西哥领土
But the expedition proved unsuccessful,
但探险队却未能成功
the island was nowhere to be seen.
此岛无处可寻
《独白》
Now, the Mexican government were not completely lost
墨西哥政府在寻找Bermeja岛方面
in their search for Bermeja.
并非毫无头绪
From the 16th century through to 1921 the island appeared on numerous maps.
从16世纪到1921年 该岛曾出现在许多地图上
First in 1539,
先是1539年出现在
in a Spanish list of all the islands of the region,
一个列举了该地所有岛屿的西班牙语清单上
and then precisely located by Spanish navigator and cartographer,
随后西班牙航海家兼制图师Alonso de Chaves
Alonso de Chaves
对其精确定位
who reported that the little island was “blondish or reddish”,
在他的记录中小岛是“浅黄色或淡红色”的
leading to its name,
小岛亦由此得名
as Bermeja in older Iberian dialects means“reddish in colour”.
较旧的伊比利亚方言中Bermeja意为“红色”
And the stakes in finding this island were high.
寻找这个岛屿的赌注很大
Bermeja would be Mexico’s most northern island in the Gulf of Mexico;
Bermeja岛是墨西哥湾最北的墨西哥岛屿
and as such extend Mexico’s
由此 墨西哥的专属经济区
exclusive economic zone further out into the gulf;
也将在墨西哥湾进一步扩展
and thereby securing Mexico’s rights to the massive oil deposits
由此保障了墨西哥对海床底下
that lay beneath the sea floor;
大量油藏的拥有权
and as they searched for it,
在他们寻找该岛时
America and Mexico were undertaking negotiations
美国和墨西哥正在就
over their maritime border in the Gulf.
墨西哥湾的海域边界进行谈判
so the pressure was on to find it.
因此寻找该岛是项重任
These talks, however, with the island undiscovered,
若该岛未能被发现
concluded with allocating vast maritime territories to America
广阔的海域最终将拱手让给美国
But where did the island go?
但这个岛究竟去哪了?
One politician who had been a long-time advocate of existence of Bermeja
墨西哥参议员José Ángel Conchello
was Mexican Senator José Ángel Conchello.
长期坚称Bermeja岛是存在的
On August 4th 1998,
1998年8月4日
just a year after the navy had failed to find the island,
即海军寻岛失败仅一年后
he was killed in an “accident”
一辆半卡车撞到了他的车侧
when a semi-truck slammed into the side of his car.
他在这场“事故”中丧生了
The Senator’s death fuelled a conspiracy theory,
这位参议员的死助长了一个阴谋论
that the island he wanted so desperately to find for Mexico
即他急切想为墨西哥寻找的岛屿
was destroyed by the CIA
已被美国中情局摧毁
to further an oil fuelled American agenda.
这能进一步推动美国得到海域属权的进程
That seems unlikely;
这看起来不太可能
island removal is a generally noticeable affair.
移除岛屿通常是一件引人注意的事
But where could it have gone?
但它能去哪儿呢?
Other less conspiratorial theories for the apparent disappearance
还有一些关于岛屿的明显失踪的
have also being suggested.
不那么阴谋的理论
Some have argued that the island located at the edge of the continental shelf
有人称这个位于大陆架边缘的岛屿
was sunk by an earthquake or an underwater landslide.
因地震或水下滑坡而沉没
Or perhaps, Bermeja was not a coral reef island
或者 Bermeja岛不是
like the islands that exist nearby
周围岛屿那样的珊瑚礁岛
but a sandy shoal that simply washed away,
而是能被水轻易冲走的沙质浅滩
but given how far out to sea it is
但考虑到它离大陆较远
I wouldn’t count on that one.
我不认为是这样
So in all likelihood it never existed in the first place;
因此 它很可能一开始就不存在
and a 2009 ultrasonic survey of the sea floor
2009年的海底超声波调查结果显示
where the island is supposed to be found nothing but a flat sandy bottom.
在这个岛应该在的位置 只有平坦的沙底
So perhaps the truth is Bermeja was simply drawn
所以 事实也许是一个探险家在16世纪
onto a map when an explorer mistook something,
误将某处或某物认成Bermeja岛
or somewhere else, for the island in the 1500s,
并将它错误地绘制到了地图上
and copied by cartographers for centuries after.
而在几百年后又被制图师复制下来
This video was made possible
正是在Patreon上如您这样
with the support of people like you on Patreon,
能提前看到视频的人的支持下
who got to see this video early.
这个视频才得以成功制作
The theme tune is by Richard Jones,
主题曲由Richard Jones创作
and whether by liking, subscribing,
感谢所有支持此频道的人
or anything else, thanks to everyone who supports the channel.
无论他们通过以下哪种方式来支持:点赞 订阅或其他

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视频概述

Bermeja岛曾经出现在许多地图之上,找不到它会对墨西哥产生重大影响,但是一个小岛就这样消失了吗?

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白云深处有人家

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审核员RC

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eq93NpgI8zc

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