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一幅画作里能包含多少信息? – 译学馆
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一幅画作里能包含多少信息?

#MetKids—Can a Painting Tell More Than One Story?

一幅画能包含多个故事吗?
你好 我是Carmelo
Hi, my name is Carmelo.
你好 我是Gaia
hi.my name is Gaia.
我们来这里和Betsy谈论《华盛顿渡过特拉华河》这幅画
We are here to talk to Betsy about Washington Crossing the Delaware……River.
你好 我是Betsy Kornhauser
hi,I’m Betsy Kornhauser
我负责管理大都会博物馆的美国油画展区
and I’m the Curator of American Painting here at The Met.
我第一次来这里
So when I first came here
是与我的妈妈和她班里的学生一起来的
with my mom and her class
我穿过走廊
I was walking through the hallway and I
看到了门口处这幅巨大的画
saw the enormous painting in the whole doorway.
它十分庞大 我感到很惊讶
It was just like huge, and I was like so surprised.
在上学时我有一本书 上面有这幅画
When I was in school I had a book that had this painting.
因为那本书很小
Since it was like a smaller book,
我只能看到乔治·华盛顿
I only got to see George Washington and then that guy
和那个穿棕色厚外套的人
who’s wearing that brown, heavy coat.
我很吃惊
I was very surprised, like,
我从不知道这幅画那么大
I didn’t even know it was that big, ‘ cause I thought it
因为我觉得它是很小的一幅画
was just like a little picture.
这幅画经常出现在我们在学校学习的
This painting is very often used in books on American revolution
关于美国独立战争的书里
which you were studying in school.
当你尝试在书中再现这一情景
When you try to reproduce it in a book
一开始你并不能注意到所有
you can’t begin to see all the detail
画家埃玛纽埃尔·洛伊茨想要人们注意的细节
the artist,Emmanuel Leutze, wanted people to see.
我想知道为什么画家描绘的场景
So I was wondering why did the painter paint the scene
是白天而不是夜晚呢?
during early morning instead of during the night?
因为他们在夜晚渡河
Because they were crossing during the nighttime
希望突袭能成功
and they were hoping to do a surprise attack.
画家Emmanuel Leutze
The artist, Emmanuel Leutze,
喜欢对现实进行一点小小的加工
he likes to kind of play around with fact a little bit
以达到最大限度的戏剧性
to make the painting as dramatic as he possibly could make it.
所以他决定画他们即将渡河成功的场景
So he decided to paint when they’re almostacross the river,
那会儿正是凌晨
which would have been early morning.
他对于如何在画作里囊括进天空中晨星这一细节很感兴趣
And he was really interested in including that detail in the sky of the morning star.
华盛顿朝着晨星的方向
Washington is facing that and they’re moving forward,
即将赢得胜利
about to win the day.
你们知道这幅画很出名
So you guys know how famous this painting has become,
时间流逝
you know, over time.
这幅画给了艺术家们很多灵感
And it inspires artists to do responses.
非裔美国艺术家雅各布·劳伦斯
An African-American artist, Jacob Lawrence,
画出了自己心中的这幅画的样子
did his own version of Washington Crossing the Delaware,
他的画中船上有非裔美国人
but he invokes African-Americanfigures in the boat.
我注意到这幅画的风格 就像你所说的抽象画
I notice the way its painted, like an abstract way like you said.
我注意到这幅画里河面上没有冰
yeah,I notice that there’s no ice on thewater.
洛伊茨的画表现的是那个时代中某一瞬间
While the Leutze painting shows a single moment in time,
雅各布·劳伦斯表现的是
Jacob Lawrence is showing generation
作为奴隶被迫来到美国的非裔美国人挣扎的时代
of struggle of African-Americans who were brought to this country as slaves
原画中有一位非裔美国人
and we know there’s one in the actual original painting.
他就是华盛顿身后的那个船员
behind Washington you see another rower who is an african-american
他曾是个奴隶
He had been previously a slave.
他的名字是Prince Whipple
His name was Prince Whipple,
由于他在独立战争中的英勇表现
and because of his heroic actions during the Revolutionary War,
他获得了自由
he gained his freedom.
其他的细节传达着
Other details represent the fact
不同种族的美国人都在
that all different types of Americans were fighting
为国家独立而战的事实
to gain independence.
Besty 谢谢你向我们介绍这幅画
Thank you, Betsy, for telling us about thepainting.

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视频概述

通过相互探讨,更深刻地了解华盛顿渡过特拉华河这幅画作,以及这幅画所传达的历史事实和独立战争时期的时代面貌。

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收集自网络

翻译译者

river

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审核员BY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RzYGoiBZz4s

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