Drawing from memory.
听起来很难 好像只有少数天才画家才可以做到 对么？
It sounds pretty hard, like something only a few naturally gifted artists could do, right?
Actually, drawing from memory is something every artist does already.
Technically you can only draw from memory.
When drawing a person, you look at them for a few seconds,
and then you look down at your paper to make your marks.
So in that moment, you are drawing just from your memory of what you saw.
Most of us repeatedly look at the subject every few seconds while drawing.
The more time you spend observing your subject while drawing,
the more accurately you can draw it,
if you’re doing a traditional portrait that’s what you want to do.
Quicksketch caricature artists on the other hand
do better exaggerations when they don’t look at their subject too frequently.
They take mental snapshots of the subject
but they spend the vast majority of their time looking at their drawings.
I got my start as a quicksketch caricature artist.
So I speak from experience.
当我开始画人的时候 我发现 如果看他太多次
When drawing a person live, I found that if I look at the subject too much,
I’m more likely to draw a more portraity sketch with a timid exaggeration.
But when I spend less time looking directly at the subject,
I rely more on my memory or my impression of what I think they look like.
And I tend to get better exaggerations.
That’s because memory is not perfect.
When you rely on your memory,
the thing that stand out as unusual or different from the norm make the strongest impressions.
比如 试着回想杰·雷诺的长相 令你印象最深的点是什么
If you try to recall what Jay Leno looks like, for instance, what you would remember most
一定是他最突出的特点 像他的大下巴 下颔 还有满头白发
are his more distinctive traits, like his big chin, jaw and white hair.
That’s not all there is to nailing his likeness, of course.
But that’s a great starting point for designing a caricature.
So, if you have difficulty coming up withthe initial exaggeration
and don’t know direction you should stretch the proportions, a great exercise to build your caricature
muscles is sketching a face purely from memory.
To do a memory sketch,
you’re going to study a photo of a person for 30 seconds without drawing anything.
When the photo disappears, you’ll draw a caricature of it just from your memory.
As you study the photo, run through a mental checklist of characteristics that stand out.
I find it helps to analyze the features in the order that I would normally draw them.
In my case, I first decide on what the head shape will be.
它是长的 瘦的 短的还是宽的
Is it tall and thin or short and wide?
Where is the head widest, where is it narrowest?
How does this head differ from the average head?
How does the hair relate to the head?
How about the eyes?
Are they high or low?
Are they close together or far apart?
Is it a big long nose or a short upturned nose?
Scan all of the features, and then try to see the face as a whole
and how all the pieces fit together.
接下来 随着记忆中的照片越发模糊 你需要尽可能迅速的画下草图
And then, with the photo gone, try to sketch as quickly as you can
while the impressions are still fresh in your mind.
Starting with the head shape is usually the best way to go.
Because once you have the head shape in,
it helps you to place the features in their proper relationships.
The shape of the head is the most important factor in determining the level of the exaggeration.
Once it is established, you can just sort of plug the features into the right places.
If the most distinctive trait about someone is a feature like their eyes or nose,
you may want to draw those features first and build everything around them.
But personally, I think drawing the big shapes first is more effective.
You can do these sketches as quickly or as slowly as you like.
Treat them like quick thumbnail concept sketches, or you can spend longer on them
and develope any of them into more of a rough sketch if it’s turning out well.
But remember, the point of this memory exercise is not to get a beautiful portfolio piece.
You’ll probably throw most of these sketches in the trash.
It’s simply a technique to help you strengthen your visual memory.
The individual results here really don’t matter.
You shouldn’t worry if you don’t get a great likeness.
Just doing the exercise, lots of times, is the goal.
这些都完成后 你可以再次看看照片 看看你是如何完成的
When you’re done, you can take a look at the photo again and see how you did.
At first, it’s likely that you will miss some important details of the likeness,
like I did here.
But keep practicing.
This kind of exercise is like weight-lifting.
You need a lot of repetition to build those muscles and just like at the gym
做的次数越多 你就会越强 越擅长凭记忆作画
you’ll get stronger and better at drawing from memory the more that you do it.
And as you get better, you should reduce the amount of time you spend looking at the photo reference.
After doing some 30 second memory sketches, try studying the photo for only 15 seconds.
Eventually, work your way down to a 3 second glimpse of a photo.
如果可以做到这一点 你要做的就是纯粹的脑动拍摄 而不需要添加任何细节分析
At that point, all that you can do is take a mental snapshot, without any detailed analysis.
You will be reacting and drawing purely on a visual and reflex level.
And that’s the place you want to be at.
That’s when you should notice a big improvement in your thumbnail sketching abilities.
我知道 用3秒观察模特就做到作品与本人极为相似 这听起来很难
I know that it sounds really hard to get agood likeness with only a 3 second glimpse of your subject.
And it can be.
但是我发现 越少的时间观察模特 夸张程度便可以做的越好
But personally, I find that I do better exaggerations the less time I spend looking at the subject
because I’m drawing more intuitively, from my gut.
When you’re still learning, if your memory drawings are even slightly recognizable,
you can give yourself a pat on the back.
You’ll get more consistent results as you build your caricature muscles.
To practice memory sketches at home, use the photo reference from the link in the description
and time yourself while you study each face for about 30 seconds.
Hide the photo and then do a quick thumbnail caricature sketch.
If you discover that you’re getting good likenesses, but weak exaggerations,
spend less time looking at your photos.
After a few 30 second sketches, do some where you study the photo for just 15 seconds.
And then try some 3 second sketches.
Remember, you don’t have to draw them that quickly.
Spend as much time as you need on the sketch.
接下来的课程中 我们会学习到真正有意思和有用的练习 帮助你提高夸张能力
In our next lesson, we’ll be learning a really fun and useful exercise for pushing your exaggerations.
We’ll be doing caricatures of our caricatures,
and then doing caricatures of those caricatures.
It’s a great way of getting out of your comfort zone.
For premium students of this course, there’s a more detailed version of this lesson.
Also, we’ve put together some training videos that show the photo reference for 30 seconds,
15 seconds and 3 seconds along with a convenient timer.
Use them to help you do your own memory sketches.
For inspiration there are also some videos of my own sketches done from memory.
I’ve included several celebrity memory sketches,
and sketches done as some of you who submitted your photos.
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