未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

羽毛笔是怎样制作的

Making Manuscripts: Quills

The feathers that are used to make quills come
用来做羽毛笔的通常是
from the wings of large birds like swans and geese.
天鹅和鹅这种大型鸟类翅膀上的羽毛
The feathers that are here
这些羽毛
– these white feathers – are from swans
这些白色的羽毛 是天鹅身上的
and the darker ones here are from Canada geese, which are large birds.
这些颜色更深的羽毛是加拿大鹅身上的 它们都是大型鸟类
We need large birds because we make pens from the barrels
我们需要大鸟 因为我们用筒做笔
and they need to be
它们需要有
of a reasonable size to be able to cut a pen nib shape into it.
合适的尺寸才能做出笔尖的形状
There are actually feathers for right- and left-handers.
事实上 羽毛可以分为供右撇子或左撇子使用
So the feathers for a right-hander come
供右撇子使用的羽毛由
from the left wing of the bird
鸟的左翼上获取
and the feathers for a left-hander come from the right wing of the bird. So,
供左撇子使用的羽毛从鸟的右翼获取
the feathers are first of all cut,
首先这些羽毛都要经过
using a knife or scissors,
小刀或剪刀的裁剪
to about eight or nine inches,
剪成八或九英寸长
because this is the length of a pen.
因为钢笔就是这么长
If they’re not cut,
如果不剪掉它们
then the whole length of a feather gets in the way.
完全长度的羽毛就会有点碍事
The tip is also cut off
羽毛的尖端也要剪掉
and then the outer waxy covering of a feather,
羽毛表面的蜡质覆盖物要去除
which would get in the way of writing, is removed.
否则会影响书写
And here, I’m removing it with my fingernail.
这里我用指甲去除
It can be removed
也可以用
with the back of a knife or scissors in exactly the same way.
小刀或剪刀的刀背用同样的方法去除
The membrane that carries the blood supply to the tip
之后 这层将血液输送到翅尖的膜
of the feather then needs to be removed
也需要被去除
and nowadays we try and pull this out
现在我们试着把它拉出来
with a crochet hook, as here.
像这里用一个钩针
It’s sometimes quite difficult to get it out.
有时候把它弄出来非常难
Then the nib shape is cut into the tip of the feather.
然后在羽毛尖端削出笔尖的形状
We use a curved bladed knife because traditionally this is a penknife.
我们用一种弯刃刀 习惯上用一种小折刀
So the first cut is the scoop cut
第一个切口是勺状切口
and this is about just over an inch
从羽毛尖端开始
from the tip of the feather
大约一英寸多一点
and it goes at an angle in
然后让它成一个角度
and along the length of the feather, about halfway through.
并沿着羽毛长度延伸到切口的一半处
Then the shoulders are shaped, and these are made either side,
这样笔肩就成形了 两边都这样做
not quite as deep as a scoop cut obviously,
显然不像勺形切口一样挖那么深
along and out to the tip on both sides
一直切到两边的尖端
and you can see that these are shaping the shoulders of the nib.
你可以看到 这样笔尖的肩部就成形了
We trim the end off,
我们再修剪一下末端
so it looks a little bit like now
现在看起来有点像
the shape of an old-fashioned nib in a fountain pen
钢笔中老式笔尖的形状
So this pen won’t write unless there is a slit
这支笔还不能用来写字 除非加上一条裂缝
which carries the ink through down to the tip of the nib. So,
才能把墨水从笔尖吸上来
the slit needs to be put in next,
接下来需要加上裂缝
and now that’s that: a feather changed into a quill.
然后就结束了:羽毛变成了羽毛笔

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

古老的羽毛笔作为书写工具记录欧洲文明进程的每一阶段,这个视频将向我们展示传统羽毛笔的制作方法。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Hlq

审核员

审核员_XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ocnhYzKLeHU

相关推荐