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制作一门TED-Ed课程:共同感觉和播放卡片 – 译学馆
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制作一门TED-Ed课程:共同感觉和播放卡片

Making a TED-Ed Lesson: Synesthesia and playing cards

In this short video,
在这个短视频中
we’re going to show you how we used animation
我们在讲解“通感”的TED-Ed课程里
to make custom playing cards to do magical tricks
如何用动画来
in TED-Ed’s Lesson on synesthesia.
让纸牌变出神奇的戏法
Synesthesia is a neurological condition
通感是种神经意义上的状态
in which two or more senses are paired together
当超过一种的感觉汇聚在一起时
to create a completely new experience.
就会产生全新的体验
For example, many synesthetes see letters and numbers in colors
比如 很多通感的人看到的字母和数字都是有颜色的
even when they are printed in black.
即使它们都被印刷成黑色
Or they can taste certain words.
或者有的人可以感受到某些词的味道
For instance, jail tastes like bacon.
比如 监狱的味道像培根
Because synesthesia generally involves the brain pairing up two or more senses,
因为大脑会将两个或多个感觉配对
we paired up playing cards with unique, colorful, and visceral symbols.
因此我们可以给纸牌赋予特殊的 彩色的内在符号
We then used an animation technique called stop motion
然后使用定格动画技术
to manipulate the cards in ways that would be otherwise physically impossible.
来操作纸牌 这是一种真实世界不可能的操作方式
And as the cards were flipping, shuffling, and sliding,
当我们翻牌 洗牌 发牌时
we used a mixture of animation and reality
动画和现实融合在一起
to ensure that the symbols on the cards
来确保纸牌上的符号
did their part to explain the nuances of synesthesia.
能够展示出通感的细节
This type of animation is very difficult to pull off without some planning first.
如果没有事先准备 动画会很难达到效果
A storyboard is a series of still images
故事板是一组静止的图片
that basically serve as a road map
是整个动画从头到尾的
for an animation from beginning to end.
一个路线图
An animatic is a storyboard in motion.
样片是一个动态的故事板
By making the animatic,
通过制作样片
we were able to review the digital motion for each shot,
我们可以检查每个镜头的数码动作效果
which allowed us to progressively work out timing,
这样就能持续优化速度
camera positioning,
镜头位置
and, most importantly,
以及 最重要的
any challenges we anticipated in the final animation process.
在最终动画处理时 可能遇到的各种挑战
为什么用定格动画? 为什么不直接拍摄?
How many hands do you need to shuffle a deck of cards?
你洗一沓牌需要几只手
Here, we wanted to emphasize each nucleotide in the DNA sequence
这里 我们打算强调DNA中核苷酸的顺序
and stop motion allows for more control.
定格动画能允许我们做更多的控制
By shuffling between individual frames,
通过在每个独立帧之间调整
we could ensure that each card
我们可以保证每张纸牌
had a controlled amount of screen time,
的出现时间都是一定的且可控的
in this case, three frames,
这个例子中 每张牌三帧
and that the card’s placement was consistent.
这样纸牌的改变就是连续的了
But sometimes four hands just isn’t enough.
但是 有时候四只手都不够
牌为什么会自己翻转? 用了什么神秘材料?
We use this trick a lot in this lesson,
这节课里我们用了很多这个技巧
all thanks to one secret ingredient:
这全是多亏了一个神秘的成分
Play-Doh!
橡皮泥!
By molding the Play-Doh into different sized pyramids,
把橡皮泥捏成不同大小的金字塔形
the cards can be held in different positions,
纸牌就能被摆放在不同的位置
always keeping the pyramid big enough to support the card,
注意 金字塔的尺寸要足够大到能支撑纸牌
but small enough to not be seen and to not cast its own revealing shadow.
但是也要小到连影子都不会被看到
Why green play-dough? What is green screen?
为什么用绿色橡皮泥? 绿色幕布是什么?
Making an animated movie
制作一个动画电影
is like making a delicious layer cake.
就像做一个好吃的千层蛋糕
It’s up to the animators
创作多少层
to create the many planes, or layers.
取决于动画制作者
The use of green screen
绿幕的应用
enables us to shoot individual elements moving,
使我们能够分开拍摄动态元素
and to later assemble those layers one on top of the other.
之后再将这些层组合在一起
Using software, we key out the green color, both on the background and Play-Doh.
通过软件 我们可以抠掉背景和橡皮泥的绿色
Layer the cards, add the hands,
将纸牌叠在一起 再加上手
insert a background,
插入背景
and if you planned your ingredients carefully,
如果你的素材准备的很仔细
everything should come together just right.
那么它们在一起时 应该是完美的
So, grab some fishing wire,
拿上一些钓鱼线
glue,
胶水
masking tape,
胶带
chopsticks,
筷子
and whatever else you can find.
以及其它你能找到的东西
We’d love to see you make some of your own animated illusions.
希望你也能制作出自己的动画影片!

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视频概述

通过对帧的控制做出神奇的视频

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HMpi8Zf6FFc

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