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苍蝇真奇妙

Lucy Cooke explores weird and wonderful flies at the Museum | Natural History Museum

Erica!
Erica
Hello! Nice to meet you.
你好!很高兴见到你!
This is part of our insect collection.
这是我们昆虫收藏的一部分
There must be millions.
这有几百万个吧
Uh, About approximately 34 million, to be
大约在3400万个左右
kind of precise, If we can be
这个数字相对来说比较准确
Yes, so it’s one of the largest collections in the world.
这是世界上最大的昆虫收藏之一
These are some of my babies.
这些是其中一部分宝贝
So I work on the best animals on the planet.
我研究的是地球上最棒的动物
I work with flies.
也就是苍蝇
Don’t laugh, it’s true.
别笑 我认真的
Do you know what, I’m gonna be really honest with you Erica.
Erica 我一定要对你说实话
Go on, say it.
来吧 说说看
I’ve never been that big on flies, and I’m…
我从没那么喜欢过苍蝇 而且…
Wait.
等等
In this drawer here, you can see some of the early dedication
在这个抽屉里你可以看到
that a lot of the experts work on these flies putting into these collections
大量前人对蝇类的专业研究收入其中
Do you think it’s a prerequisite of being a geeky animal collector
你认为会写蝇头小字是
that you can do teeny-tiny writing?
成为一个狂热动物收藏家的前提吗?
Yeah. Because we all have to do it in the end.
是的 因为我们最后都要做这项工作
And you know that somebody like me, in a hundred years’ time,
你想 一百年后 某位像我这样的人
is going to have to decipher what we’ve written.
必须要去辨认前人写的注解
If you look, this one says, ‘caught with knife’.
仔细看 这个藏品上写着“用刀捕获”
I have this image of this Indiana Jones dipterist
我想象的是一位印第安纳琼斯式的昆虫学家
like ‘whoosh’ – flying this knife across
像《夺宝奇兵》中那样“嗖”地把刀飞过去
Just a floating head and thorax.
只剩头部和胸腔
It is, but this was caught in 1905.
-是的 -但这是1905年捕获的
Oh my word, and it’s still here
我的天 它保存到了现在
its little story and everything.
以及它的故事 一切都保存着
长尾管蚜蝇 学名Eristalis tenax

These, their larvae,
这些是它们的幼虫
is what we call the ‘rat-tailed maggots’.
就是我们所说的“鼠尾蛆”
So, yeah, the thing that everyone hates.
对 就是所有人都讨厌的蛆
I hate maggots
我讨厌蛆
If these maggots weren’t around eating all that decomposing matter.
但如果没有蛆来吃掉腐烂的东西
No, I do understand
那不行 我明白
We’d be swimming in dead bodies.
我们将在尸体堆里游泳
We’d be swimming in excreta.
在各种排泄物里生活
Disease. Whatever,
我们会生病 随便怎么说
so their larvae are cleaning up after us
它们的幼虫为我们清理这些腐烂物
and the adults are pollinating for us.
而成虫则为植物授粉
This is why you’ve got to love a fly.
这就是你应该喜欢蝇类的原因
Oh my word, there really is
噢 我的天 杆子的末端上
an insect on the end of that, there isn’t it?
真的有一只昆虫对吗
That’s what we call or the Americans call ‘noseeums’.
这就是我们或美国人所说的“蠓”
Oh! Those things are…
噢!这些就是……
And you know everyone hates this?
大家都讨厌它吧?
I hate these, everyone hates
-我讨厌它 -大家都讨厌
Because the females are all blood suckers, they’re biters.
因为雌性蠓类都会吸血 它们会咬人
And they are the scourge of Scotland.
它们是苏格兰之灾
These – there are about 15 species –
这些 大约有15种
are some of the only pollinators of chocolate on the planet.
是地球上仅有的为可可树传粉昆虫中的一些
Exactly! So you get rid of flies,
是的 如果没有了蝇类
you get rid of chocolate. It’s up to you
也就吃不到巧克力了 你觉得呢
Now hang on a second, Erica,
等一下 Erica
have you snuck some spiders into your fly collection?
你偷偷放了些蜘蛛在你的蝇类收藏里吗?
Well, no. Count the legs.
不不 数数它们的足
They’ve got three pairs of legs, so they’re definitely an insect.
它们有三对足 所以它们显然是昆虫
Their common name is the terrible hairy fly.
它们俗称恐怖多毛苍蝇
That’s so great!
好厉害
I know.
我知道
Yes, they do look like spiders
是的 它们确实很像蜘蛛
and they do run around like spiders.
它们也确实像蜘蛛一样爬来爬去
Really?
真的吗?
But these have got tiny wings.
但是它们有小翅膀
Tiny little sticks poking up.
小翅膀可以伸展开来
But useless.
但不能飞
Useless. Absolutely not functional at all.
是的 翅膀完全没用
And these are arguably, maybe,
可以这么说 它们有可能
the rarest creature on the entire planet.
是地球上最罕见的生物
So, Erica, you’ve won me over with flies.
Erica 我被你说服了
You’ve basically won me over because of the diversity,
蝇类的多样性让我佩服
because I just had no idea.
因为我之前对此一无所知
And I think people think that they know flies but
人们自以为了解苍蝇
actually they’ve got all these different roles,
实际上蝇类扮演了如此多的角色
survival modes,
有各种各样的生存方式
and the diversity is just extraordinary isn’t it?
其多样性令人惊叹 不是吗
It is, just the bodies:
是的 其身体构造也很惊人
one group of animals has just run with
这种生物仅依据基本躯体蓝图发育
their basic body plan and gone berserk.
就能像狂战士般战斗
You don’t have to go to the tropics to find this.
你不必特意跑去热带找它们
This can be anywhere, this can be in your garden.
它们无处不在 可能就在你家花园里
There are more species of fly in the UK
英国的蝇类数量就多于
than there are mammals on the planet.
整个地球上的哺乳动物数量

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视频概述

你了解苍蝇吗?你知道苍蝇有多少种类吗?全世界最大的苍蝇收藏基地之一,带你一起看看苍蝇的多重面目……

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

CidEr酒神

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ytiYGERU_Fc

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