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找工作?强调你的能力,而不是你的经验 – 译学馆
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找工作?强调你的能力,而不是你的经验

Looking for a job? Highlight your ability, not your experience | Jason Shen

你们知道我羡慕谁吗?
You know who I’m envious of?
工作和大学主修专业有关的人
People who work in a job that has to do with their college major.
(大笑)
(Laughter)
新闻记者研究新闻业
Journalists who studied journalism,
工程师研究工程学
engineers who studied engineering.
真相是 这些人已不是常规
The truth is, these folksare no longer the rule,
而是例外了
but the exception.
2010年的一项研究发现
A 2010 study found that
只有四分之一的大学毕业生
only a quarter of college graduates
到和自己学位相关的领域去工作
work in a fieldthat relates to their degree.
我毕业的时候在生物学专业
I graduated with not one
取得了不是一个而是两个学位
but two degrees in biology.
让我爸妈很伤心的是
To my parents’ dismay,
我不是医生 也不是科学家
I am neither a doctor nor a scientist.
(大笑)
(Laughter)
花了数年学习DNA复制和光合作用
Years of studying DNA replicationand photosynthesis
对于我进入科技业工作做准备的帮助不大
did little to prepare mefor a career in technology.
我得要自学很多东西 业务 营销 策略
I had to teach myself everythingfrom sales, marketing, strategy,
甚至要会写一些编程
even a little programming, on my own.
在我把简历投到Etsy之前
I had never held the titleof Product Manager
我从来没拥有过产品经理的头衔
before I sent my resume in to Etsy.
我已经被谷歌
I had already been turned down
及其他几家公司拒绝
by Google and several other firms
所以觉得越来越挫败
and was getting frustrated.
当时Etsy这间公司才刚上市
The company had recently gone public,
所以我申请工作的一部分
so as part of my job application,
就是把首次公开募股的档案从头读到尾
I read the IPO filings from cover to cover
从无到有建立一个网站
and built a website
内容包括我对于业务的分析
from scratch which included my analysis of the business
以及对新功能的四个点子
and four ideas for new features.
结果 该团队在积极
It turned out the team was actively working
努力实行其中两个点子
on two of those ideas
并很认真在考虑实行第三个
and had seriously considered a third.
我得到那份工作了
I got the job.
我们都认识这样的人
We all know people
他们一开始会被忽略或忽视
who were ignored or overlooked at first
但后来证明批评他们的人是错的
but went on to prove their critics wrong.
我最爱的故事?
My favorite story?
布莱恩•阿克顿 一个工程经理
Brian Acton, an engineering manager
他曾被推特和脸书拒绝
who was rejectedby both Twitter and Facebook
后来联合创办了WhatsApp 一个可以卖到
before cofounding WhatsApp, the mobile messaging platform that would sell
190亿美元的移动信息平台
for 19 billion dollars.
我们在二十世纪所建立的
The hiring systems we built
雇佣系统 让我们失望
in the 20th century are failing us
我们错过了具有强大潜能的人
and causing us to miss outon people with incredible potential.
机器人学和机器学习的进步
The advances in roboticsand machine learning
在转变我们的工作方式
and transforming the way we work,
在许多职业中 重复性工作都被自动化
automating routine tasks in many occupations
在其他职业中 则是扩增或放大了人力
while augmenting and amplifyinghuman labor in others.
照这样的话
At this rate,
在剩下的职业生涯 我们应该对
we should all be expecting to do jobs we’ve never done before
以前从未做过的工作满怀期待
for the rest of our careers.
所以 我们需要什么工具和策略
So what are the toolsand strategies we need
来辨识出谁在未来会表现出色?
to identify tomorrow’s high performers?
为了找到答案 我请教了许多不同部门的领导人
In search for answers, I’ve consultedwith leaders across many sectors,
读了数十篇的报告和研究论文
read dozens of reports and research papers
进行了一些我自己的人才实验
and conducted some of my owntalent experiments.
我的探索离结束还很远
My quest is far from over,
但 以下是三个值得执行的想法
but here are three ideas to take forward.
第一:扩大你的搜索范围
One: expand your search.
如果我们只在常去的人才市场
If we only look for talent
寻找人才——
in the same places we always do —
像天才少年班 常青藤盟校
gifted child programs, Ivy League schools,
以及有名望的组织–那么得到的结果会和过去都一样
prestigious organizations — we’re going to get the same results we always have.
棒球之所以转变 是因为缺钱的奥克兰运动队
Baseball was transformedwhen the cash-strapped Oakland Athletics
开始招募在传统评价标准上得分不高的运动员
started recruiting playerswho didn’t score highly
比如上场打击次数
on traditionally valued metrics,like runs batted in,
但这些人有能力协助球队得分
but who had the abilityto help the team score points
并赢得比赛
and win games.
这个想法也在运动之外产生影响
This idea is taking holdoutside of sports.
Pinterset的设计研究主管告诉我
The Head of Designand Research at Pinterest
他们的团队 是硅谷最多元化
told me that they’ve builtone of the most diverse
且表现出色的团队之一
and high-performing teamsin Silicon Valley
因为他们相信 没有哪一类人
because they believethat no one type of person
是绝对的人才
holds a monopoly on talent.
他们努力地到科技中心以外去寻找
They’ve worked hardto look beyond major tech hubs
把焦点放在设计师的作品里
and focus on designers’ portfolios,
而非他们的家世背景
not their pedigrees.
第二: 针对绩效来雇佣
Two: hire for performance.
我自己的工作经验带给我灵感
Inspired by my own job experience,
让我和别人共同创办了雇佣平台Headlight
I cofounded a hiring platformcalled Headlight,
它让候选人有发光的机会
which gives candidatesan opportunity to shine.
就像球队有选拔测试 舞台剧有试演一样
Just as teams have tryoutsand plays have auditions,
在候选人被雇佣之前 他们应被要求
candidates should be askedto demonstrate their skills
展示他们的技能
before they’re hired.
我们的客户受惠于85年的聘雇研究
Our clients are benefitingfrom 85 years of employment research,
研究显示 工作样本是工作上能否成功的
which shows that work samples are one of the best predictors
最佳预测因子之一
of success on the job.
若你要找资料分析师
If you’re hiring a data analyst,
给他一张过去资料的试算表
give them a spreadsheet of historical data
请他们提出关键洞见
and ask them for their key insights.
若你要找营销经理
If you’re hiring a marketing manager,
让他们规划一项新产品上市活动
have them plan a launch campaign for a new product.
若你是候选人
And if you’re a candidate,
别等雇主来问
don’t wait for an employer to ask.
去找找看有什么方式
Seek out ways to showcase
可以把你的独特技能和能力呈现出来
your unique skills and abilities
不要只用标准的简历和求职信
outside of just the standardresume and cover letter.
第三:了解更宏观的局势
Three: get the bigger picture.
我听过
I’ve heard
招聘人员很快就认定候选人经常跳槽
about recruiters who are quick to label a candidate a job-hopper
因为他的简历上 有一次工作时间很短
based on a singleshort stint on their resume;
我听说过有的教授
read about professors who are more
会忽略非裔和亚裔名字学生的信息
likely to ignore identical messages from students
而不会忽略白人名字学生的信息
because their namewas black or Asian instead of white.
我以前差点就被归为 有特殊要求的孩子
I was almost put on a special needs track as a child.
进幼儿园后的第一个月
A month into kindergarten,
我的老师写了一整页的备忘录
my teacher wrote a page-long
说明我很容易冲动 注意力很不持久
memo noting that I was impulsive, had a short
尽管我有很好的好奇心
attention span, and despite my wonderful curiosity,
但带我真的会累死人
I was exhausting to work with.
(笑声)
(Laughter)
园长和我的父母见面
The principal askedmy parents into a meeting,
问我母亲 我出生时有没有什么并发症
asked my mother if therehad been complications at birth
暗示我应该要去看学校的精神医生
and suggested I meetwith a school psychologist.
我父亲了解发生的状况
My father saw what was happening
很快解释了我们家中的状况
and quickly explained our family situation.
我们才刚移民 住在阁楼
As recent immigrants,we lived in the attic
成人精神疾病患者护理院的阁楼
of a home that cared for adultswith mental disabilities.
我父母工作到晚上 才能勉强糊口
My parents worked nightsto make ends meet,
我很少有机会
and I had little opportunity
和同年龄的孩子相处
to spend time with kids my own age.
一个缺少娱乐的五岁男孩
Is it really a surprise
整个夏天都独自一人过
that an understimulated five-year-old boy
因此在幼稚园教室里会有一点兴奋
might be a little excitedin a kindergarten classroom
这状况会很让人吃惊吗?
after an entire summer by himself?
在我们对一个人有全面性的了解之前
Until we get a holistic view of someone,
我们对他的评断都一定会是有瑕疵的
our judgment of themwill always be flawed.
别再把经验当做是能力
Let’s stop equatingexperience with ability,
把证书当做是技能了
credentials with competence.
别再妥协只做安全 熟悉的选择
Let’s stop settlingfor the safe, familiar choice
把门打开 让有机会发光发热的人进来
and leave the door openfor someone who could be amazing.
我们需要雇主放弃过时的招聘雇用做法
We need employers to let goof outdated hiring practices
接受辨识和培养人才的新方式
and embrace new waysof identifying and cultivating talent,
候选人也可以 学着用强大且有说服力的方式
and candidates can helpby learning to tell their story
来说出自己的经历
in powerful and compelling ways.
这样我们就能让世上的人
We could live in a world where people are seen
因为自己真正的才能而被看见
for what they’re truly capable of
并且有机会去挖掘自己的全部潜力
and have the opportunityto realize their full potential.
让我们开始行动吧!
So let’s go out and build it.
谢谢!
Thank you.
(掌声)
(Applause)

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视频概述

我们中很少人找的工作能和自己的专业匹配。杰森沈他学过生物学并获得了两个学位,但后来在一家科技公司担任产品经理。 在这篇关于人类潜能快速而深刻的讨论中,他分享了一些关于求职者如何让自己变得有吸引力的新思路。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

甪里

审核员

审核员 LD

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=guXxy8LH2QM

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