Normally astronaut training takes about one full year,
and it includes such subjects as
or orbital management.
Another part of the astronaut basic training is survival training.
In the days of Gemini,
you never knew for sure where a spacecraft might land
if there was an emergency, deorbit.
So, we had to take desert training,
and jungle survival training.
So, we had to learn how to cook and eat snake
and all other, such other good things as that,
and how to make water in a desert.
After that year and a half of astronaut basic training,
our names were all put on a list
and that list was quite a bit longer at that time
then there were seats available.
And so, we were all given other duties
to keep us occupied
and to help continue our training.
Five of us were assigned to the lunar module,
and our job was to be with these lunar modules
as they were being built.
So, we spent a lot of time there.
I must admit that probably I had more time
sleeping on the floor of Lunar Module #6
than the crew who flew it on the moon.
Well, my next job was to be on the support crew of Apollo 8,
and Apollo 8 was the spacecraft that flew to the moon
and came back but did not land.
When they went behind the moon,
they were supposed to do a thrusting maneuver
to slow them down
so they would be captured into lunar orbit.
So we just had to sit and cool our heels
when they went behind the moon,
and we knew if they came out a little early on the other side,
that they had not burned enough,
not slowed down enough,
and were going to skip out into space,
they wouldn’t be captured in orbit.
If they came out a little bit late,
it meant they had over-done it,
and they weren’t going to be in orbit,
but were going to begin a spiral down to the lunar surface.
And, of course, without a lunar module,
that kind of ruins your whole day.
You can imagine how relieved we were
at the instant that they were supposed
to appear on the other side of the moon
that they appeared!
My next assignment was again a support crew assignment on Apollo 12,
and Apollo 12 was struck by lightning
on its way off the pad.
A nearby thunderstorm,
there was a lightning bolt that went over
and hit the very tip of the spacecraft.
The charge went down through the spacecraft,
through the booster,
down the exhaust gases,
and grounded out on the launching pad.
It killed the electrical power system
and the computers all died.
You can imagine what it must have been like
for them inside because suddenly the lights all went out
and then they came back on
when the batteries picked up the load.
And, every single warning light and caution light
in the spacecraft was on and flashing,
所有必要的警铃 警笛 鸣笛警报
and all the necessary bells, whistles, and buzzards
and things that are in there,
all were going off at the same time.
The crew was totally confused
as to what was going on.
When we were settled in orbit,
we tested all the various systems
and everything looked good.
So, that, now I figured this is it,
and sure enough, I did get an assignment,
a flight assignment.
I was assigned to the back-up crew of Apollo 16,
which meant that I was to be on the param crew of Apollo 19.
And, several weeks into the training,
NASA made the surprise announcment
that they were going to cancel Apollos 18, 19, and 20.
We were in the middle of the Vietnam War,
the budget was in bad shape,
so you can imagine there were three
very, very sad hangdog guys moping around the office
because we lost our flight to the moon.
不过 几周后 我接到了 Tom Stafford 的电话
But, several weeks later, I got a call from Tom Stafford,
the Senior Astronaut at that time,
and he wanted me in his office,
and I went in,
and he told me that he was sorry
that I had missed my opportunity for the moon,
but he said, “I’ve got another assignment for you.”
He said, “I want you to be the commander
of the third and final Skylab mission.”
And, he said, “Do you think you could do the job?”
我回答道 当然了 没问题
And I said, “Of course, yes!”
And, I’ll have to admit,
a certain lump in my chest and in my stomach,
because I was a rookie,
and they normally don’t assign a rookie to be a commander,
usually you have to have at least one flight under your belt,
but they assigned me to that,
which was really kind of a shock
因为上一个新手指挥官还是 Neil Armstrong 在双子座8号的时候
because the last rookie commander was Neil Armstrong on Gemini 8.
从1974年到1978年 Gerald Carr 和他的队员们共同保持了个人在太空时间的世界纪录
From 1974 to 1978, Gerald Carr and his teammates shared the world record for individual time in space
2017 hours, 15minutes and 32 seconds
在轨道工作站外 Carr 记录了15小时48分的出舱活动时间
Carr logged 15 hours and 48minutes in three EVAs outside the Orbital Workshop