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宇航员的一生 – 译学馆
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宇航员的一生

Life of an astronaut - Jerry Carr

宇航员训练通常需要大约一整年时间
Normally astronaut training takes about one full year,
训练项目包括
and it includes such subjects as
天文学
astronomy,
天体物理学
astrophysics,
航天生理学
flight physiology,
轨道轨迹
orbital trajectories,
或轨道管理
or orbital management.
宇航员基础训练的另一部分是生存训练
Another part of the astronaut basic training is survival training.
在双子座计划期间
In the days of Gemini,
如果出现紧急情况脱离轨道
you never knew for sure where a spacecraft might land
你永远无法确定飞船会在哪着陆
if there was an emergency, deorbit.
所以我们必须进行沙漠生存训练
So, we had to take desert training,
水下训练
water training,
和丛林求生训练
and jungle survival training.
我们必须学习如何煮蛇
So, we had to learn how to cook and eat snake
或别的之类的东西来吃
and all other, such other good things as that,
还要学习怎么在沙漠中制水
and how to make water in a desert.
经过一年半的宇航员基础训练以后
After that year and a half of astronaut basic training,
我们的名字就被列到一张表上
our names were all put on a list
而在那时那张表上的人数比起
and that list was quite a bit longer at that time
可用舱位多得多了
then there were seats available.
因此 我们分配到了其他任务
And so, we were all given other duties
以防我们闲着
to keep us occupied
并且帮助我们继续训练
and to help continue our training.
我们中的五个人被分配到了登月舱
Five of us were assigned to the lunar module,
我们的工作就是在这些登月舱的
and our job was to be with these lunar modules
建造期间待在那
as they were being built.
所以我们花了很多时间待在那里
So, we spent a lot of time there.
我必须承认或许
I must admit that probably I had more time
我睡在6号登月舱的时间
sleeping on the floor of Lunar Module #6
比起登月的宇航员还要多
than the crew who flew it on the moon.
我的下一个任务是加入阿波罗8号的支持团队
Well, my next job was to be on the support crew of Apollo 8,
阿波罗8号是执行绕月任务并返回的飞船
and Apollo 8 was the spacecraft that flew to the moon
但它并不登陆月球
and came back but did not land.
当他们到了月球背面时
When they went behind the moon,
应该进行一次推力机动
they were supposed to do a thrusting maneuver
来减速
to slow them down
从而顺利进入月球轨道
so they would be captured into lunar orbit.
所以当他们到了月球背面后
So we just had to sit and cool our heels
我们只能坐下来耐心等待
when they went behind the moon,
而且我们知道如果他们从月背出现过早
and we knew if they came out a little early on the other side,
那他们就是推力不够
that they had not burned enough,
没能减到预定速度
not slowed down enough,
他们就会飞向太空
and were going to skip out into space,
无法顺利入轨
they wouldn’t be captured in orbit.
如果他们出现迟了
If they came out a little bit late,
则意味着推力过大了
it meant they had over-done it,
他们也将无法入轨
and they weren’t going to be in orbit,
而会螺旋坠入月球表面
but were going to begin a spiral down to the lunar surface.
当然了 没了登月舱
And, of course, without a lunar module,
你的一天就毁了
that kind of ruins your whole day.
你可以想象
You can imagine how relieved we were
当他们从月背中
at the instant that they were supposed
按时出现的时候
to appear on the other side of the moon
我们大大松了一口气
that they appeared!
我的下一个任务还是在支持团队 这次是阿波罗12号
My next assignment was again a support crew assignment on Apollo 12,
阿波罗12号在离开发射塔的时候
and Apollo 12 was struck by lightning
遭到了雷击
on its way off the pad.
附近的暴风雨
A nearby thunderstorm,
击过一道雷电
there was a lightning bolt that went over
击中了飞船的顶端
and hit the very tip of the spacecraft.
电流通过飞船
The charge went down through the spacecraft,
一级火箭
through the booster,
再到废气
down the exhaust gases,
最后击中发射平台
and grounded out on the launching pad.
雷击使电力系统
It killed the electrical power system
和所有的电脑都瘫痪了
and the computers all died.
你可以想象飞船里的宇航员会是怎么样
You can imagine what it must have been like
因为突然间所有的灯光都灭掉了
for them inside because suddenly the lights all went out
然后电池接上以后又
and then they came back on
重新亮了起来
when the batteries picked up the load.
接着 飞船上的所有警示灯
And, every single warning light and caution light
都闪烁起来
in the spacecraft was on and flashing,
所有必要的警铃 警笛 鸣笛警报
and all the necessary bells, whistles, and buzzards
和里面的一些其他东西
and things that are in there,
都在同时突然响起
all were going off at the same time.
乘员们对发生了什么事情
The crew was totally confused
一概不知
as to what was going on.
我们把飞船送入轨道后
When we were settled in orbit,
测试了各种系统
we tested all the various systems
看起来一切都还好
and everything looked good.
那么现在 我想就这样了
So, that, now I figured this is it,
没错 我得到了一个新任务
and sure enough, I did get an assignment,
一次航行任务
a flight assignment.
我被分配到了阿波罗16号的替补团队里
I was assigned to the back-up crew of Apollo 16,
这也就意味着我将成为阿波罗19号的船员
which meant that I was to be on the param crew of Apollo 19.
然而几周的训练之后
And, several weeks into the training,
NASA(美国国家航空航天局)惊人地宣布
NASA made the surprise announcment
他们要取消阿波罗18 19和20号任务
that they were going to cancel Apollos 18, 19, and 20.
当时正是越南战争时期
We were in the middle of the Vietnam War,
预算被剧烈削减
the budget was in bad shape,
所以你可以想象到我们三个
so you can imagine there were three
相当郁闷的家伙是得有多沮丧
very, very sad hangdog guys moping around the office
我们失去了飞往月球的机会啊
because we lost our flight to the moon.
不过 几周后 我接到了 Tom Stafford 的电话
But, several weeks later, I got a call from Tom Stafford,
那时候他是资深宇航员
the Senior Astronaut at that time,
他让我去他的办公室
and he wanted me in his office,
于是我就去了
and I went in,
他对我失去登月机会
and he told me that he was sorry
这事儿表示遗憾
that I had missed my opportunity for the moon,
不过他又说 我有另一个任务可以给你
but he said, “I’ve got another assignment for you.”
他说 我想让你当第三次
He said, “I want you to be the commander
也是最后一次太空实验室任务的指挥官
of the third and final Skylab mission.”
他问我 你觉得你能胜任这份工作吗
And, he said, “Do you think you could do the job?”
我回答道 当然了 没问题
And I said, “Of course, yes!”
我必须承认
And, I’ll have to admit,
我对这事还是很激动的
a certain lump in my chest and in my stomach,
因为我只是个新手
because I was a rookie,
而他们通常并不委派新手做指挥官
and they normally don’t assign a rookie to be a commander,
通常来说你至少要有一次航行经验才行
usually you have to have at least one flight under your belt,
但他们就是委派我了
but they assigned me to that,
我还是挺震惊的
which was really kind of a shock
因为上一个新手指挥官还是 Neil Armstrong 在双子座8号的时候
because the last rookie commander was Neil Armstrong on Gemini 8.
从1974年到1978年 Gerald Carr 和他的队员们共同保持了个人在太空时间的世界纪录
From 1974 to 1978, Gerald Carr and his teammates shared the world record for individual time in space
2017小时15分钟32秒
2017 hours, 15minutes and 32 seconds
在轨道工作站外 Carr 记录了15小时48分的出舱活动时间
Carr logged 15 hours and 48minutes in three EVAs outside the Orbital Workshop

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