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冷静面对莫慌张

“Let Them Scream Whatever They Want” | Marcus Aurelius on Panic

How should we act when people around us are panicking?
周围的人陷入恐慌时 我们该怎么做?
And how can we avoid panicking ourselves?
我们该如何避免自己陷入恐慌?
Panic gets us nowhere,
恐慌对我们毫无益处
as it is a state of emotional turmoil
它是一种情绪的混乱状态
during which our rationality is thrown overboard.
在这种状态下 我们的理智被抛诸脑后
So when we’re faced with a wide variety of opinions,
于是 当我们面对形形色色的观点
the strong language of influencers,
面对充满影响力的话语
and decisions based on fear and greed,
面对基于恐惧和贪婪的决定时
it can be difficult to find direction and maintain course.
会难以找到方向并保持航向
But during times of mass hysteria,
然而 当大众歇斯底里时
it’s essential to use our capacity for rationality.
运用我们的理性潜力很是必要
From a Stoic point of view,
从斯多葛派的角度看来
our decisions should be based on facts and logic,
我们的决定应基于事实与逻辑
and our actions have to be in the interest of the common good.
我们的行为必须符合公共利益
In times of hardship,
身处困境时
it’s not an unnecessary exercise to fortify our minds with philosophical ideas,
用哲学思想强化内心是一种必要的修炼
So we don’t slip into the trap of panic.
由此 我们就不会落入恐慌的陷阱
Roman emperor and Stoic philosopher Marcus Aurelius had some valuable insights
就如何强化内心 以免偏离正道
on how to strengthen the mind,so we don’t deviate from the right path.
罗马皇帝 斯多葛学派哲学家马可·奥勒留有宝贵的见解
panic
恐慌
Now, let’s start with the second question
现在 我们从第二个问题开始
as it paves the way to answering the first one:
它为解决第一个问题铺平了道路:
How can we avoid panicking ourselves?
如何才能避免自己陷入恐慌呢?
To navigate our minds back into tranquility,
为了引导内心重归宁静
it is important to become aware of the nature of what we are panicking about, and also the reasons why we panic.
了解恐慌的本质和原因是重点
In his meditations, Marcus Aurelius mentions
在《沉思录》中 马可·奥勒留提到
that no matter what happens,it’s something that has happened before.
无论发生什么事 都是以前就已发生过的事
When we are ruled by the issues of the day, we lose sight of the bigger picture.
在被当前问题操控时 我们会忽略大局
So, what unfolds in the moment may seem totally new and alien.
所以 当下出现的事可能看似崭新 陌生
In a way, this is true,
某种意义上 也确实如此
because nothing that happens now takes place in the past.
因为现在的一切都不会发生在过去
However, when we look at historical accounts
然而 看看历史记载
we see that they are filled with the same old, same old.
我们会发现 它们全都是老一套 老样子
Marcus Aurelius shifts the paradigm
马可·奥勒留改变了这种范式
by pointing out that life is simply history repeating itself.
他指出 生活只不过是历史的重复
So, we could say that we experience the same archetypal storylines
可以说 我们重复经历着原型相同的故事情节
over and over again,
一遍接着一遍
just with different characters and in different formats.
只是角色和表述有所不同罢了
Lost all your money?
失去所有财富?
Your job?
丢了工作 ?
Millions of people are going through the same thing as we speak,
数百万人正经历着我们谈论的事
and have been in the past.
而且自古如此
Is the world ravaged by the plague?
世界正惨遭瘟疫蹂躏吗?
We had the Spanish Flu, the Black Death, SARS, MERS.
我们遭受过西班牙流感 黑死病 非典 中东呼吸综合症
Humanity has gone through many different crises,
人类已经历过多种多样的危机
individual people have faced a lot of hardship in their lives,
每个人生活中都面临过很多困难
there have been good times and bad times,
有苦也有甜
and we have gone through peace and war.
我们也经历过和平与战争
History taught us
历史教导我们
that this mechanism never as long as we exist.
只要人类存在 这种机制就不会改变
It is simply life manifesting the same patterns.
即 生命只是一直在以相同模式显现
Everything is transient, like yin and yang.
一切都短暂无常 如同阴阳之道
So, why do we panic when it’s just another manifestation of the same?
那么 既然一切只是同一模式的不同表现 我们为什么会恐慌呢?
Probably because the thing we panic about
很可能因为我们惧怕的事物
disguised itself as something unprecedented,
把自己伪装成前所未有的样子
it triggers our fear of the unknown.
它触发了我们对未知的恐惧
While, in reality, it has happened many times before.
而实际上 这在以前就发生过多次
What’s new and scary now, will be old and familiar tomorrow.
现在新鲜可怕的 明天就会是陈旧熟悉的
That’s because we are adaptable creatures
因为我们是善于适应的生物
who can change along with the transient nature of the universe.
可以随着宇宙的无常而变化
So, to keep a cool head when things around us start to change quickly,
所以 为了在环境开始极速变化时保持冷静
we might want to repeat the following quote by Marcus Aurelius:
我们可以重复马可·奥勒留说过的话:
“No matter what happens, keep this in mind:
“无论发生什么事 须铭记:
It’s the same old thing, from one end of the world to the other.
一切都是老一套 从世界的一头到另一头
It fills the history books, ancient and modern,
它充斥着古今的历史书籍
and the cities, and the houses too.
也充斥着(现在的)城邦和房舍
Nothing new at all.
毫无新意
Familiar, transient.”
一切都寻常不变 短暂易逝”
End quote.
引文结束
All comes down to seeing things as they are, as much as possible,
总之 要尽可能按事物的原样来看待它
and doing the right thing, based on rationality and not based on fear.
以理性而非恐惧为依据 做正确的事
Thus, in a crisis,
因此 身处危机
we ought to prepare but not overdo it.
我们应有所准备 却不要过度反应
Especially when it undermines the community.
特别是在它破坏社区时
Marcus Aurelius emphasizes repeatedly that we should work together,
马可·奥勒留反复强调 我们应同心协力
and act conformably to our own nature, and the nature of the whole.
按自己和整体的本性从容行事
Or as he puts it: “to do what the community needs done.”
即:“做社区需要做的事”
When we panic, we are often inclined to act unintelligently
恐慌时 我们往往不能明智行事
and in ways that only make things worse,
这只会令情况更糟
or overlook the things that actually need to be done.
或是令人忽略真正要做的事
That’s why it’s essential to keep calm in the face of adversity
这就是在逆境中保持冷静很重要的原因
because if we don’t we can screw things up.
否则 我们只会将事情搞砸
In the case of a virus outbreak, for example,
例如 病毒爆发时
instead of trying to be the hero of the day,
与其努力做时代的英雄
it’s probably much better to simply stay at home.
不如好好呆在家里
Also, we may want to keep in mind
此外 我们应记住
that the media are companies motivated by profit,
媒体是受利益驱动的公司
So they recreat and filtrate reality by constantly focusing
通过持续关注某些热点话题
on certain topics that attract attetion
他们得以重构并过滤现实
When we expose ourselves to the media all day,
整天暴露在媒体面前
we become deluded,
我们会受到欺骗诱导
because we start to believe
因为我们开始相信
that there’s nothing else going on in the world besides disaster.
除了灾难 世间再无其他
And this is not true.
但事实并非如此
So instead, it’s better to focus on our direct environment
因此 最好还是多关注我们的直接环境
(something that we can actually influence)
(直接环境即我们可以真正影响的环境)
and see how we can do something beneficial.
看看我们怎么能做些有益的事
Thus, don’t try change the things you cannot change.
不要试图去改变无能为力的事
Instead, give your grandmother a call.
相反地 给你的祖母打个电话吧
Now, when it comes to dealing with panicking people,
现在 谈谈如何应对陷入恐慌的人
staying calm in the herd is much easier
当自身能力够强
when our own faculties are strong.
在群体中保持冷静会容易得多
If we are determined
如果下定决心
and don’t let ourselves be carried away by our irrational thoughts and emotions,
不被非理性的想法和情感冲昏头脑
we become towers of strength that are immune to all compulsion,
我们会成为不受任何冲动影响的中流砥柱
like, for example, the cravings for toilet paper.
比如 对厕纸的强烈渴望
Even when world leaders act irrationally,
即使世界领袖们行事不理智
and the things they say don’t make any sense,
其言论毫无道理
or when hostility and violence dominate the streets,
抑或 在敌视和暴力统治街头
and people scream bloody murder,
人们尖叫着血腥谋杀时
Marcus Aurelius would probably advise us to not engage,
马可·奥勒留可能会建议我们不要牵涉其中
and to calmly do what the situation asks of us.
要冷静地按形势要求行事
I quote: Let them scream whatever they want.
原文如下:“让他们想怎么叫就怎么叫吧
Let animals dismember this soft flesh that covers you.
让野兽撕裂裹覆着你的软弱皮囊
How would any of that stop you from keeping your mind calm
所有那些怎能阻止你保持内心宁静呢?
reliably sizing up what’s around you
怎能让你失去对周围事物的准确判断呢?
and ready to make good use of whatever happens?
怎能让你不再对发生的一切善加利用呢?”
End quote.
引文结束
At the end of the day, what the people around us are doing is not up to us.
说到底 周围的人在做什么并不取决于我们
If they feel that panic is the answer,
如果他们觉得恐慌就是答案
we can only change their minds
那么只有在他们愿意接受其他可能时
if they’re open to alternatives.
我们才能改变他们的想法
But when they aren’t, we’ll only waste time trying.
否则 我们的努力纯属浪费时间
In such cases,
在这种情况下
we are better off preventing ourselves to go along with their panic,
避免自己同他们一道恐慌才是明智之举
so we maitain our inner peace
如此 我们才能保持内心宁静
I quote:
原文如下:
The tranquillity that comes when you stop caring what they say. Or think, or do.
当你不再介意他们的所言所思所行 宁静降临
Only what you do. Not to be distracted by their darkness.
你要做的 就是不被他们的黑暗分心
To run straight for the finish line, unswerving.
直奔终点 坚定不移
Thank you for watching and be kind to each other.
感谢收看 善待彼此

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视频概述

今时今日该如何应对自身与他人的恐慌?来看看千年前罗马皇帝 斯多葛学派哲学家马可·奥勒留的宝贵见解吧

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tkaheggogm0

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