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让节日彩灯颜色更棒的小实验

LED Experiments: Making Holiday Lights Less Garish

It’s time for things to get a little more…
是时候让周围变得更有……
festive around here.
节日气氛一些了
Ha ha, yes!
哈哈 没错!
Excellent.
棒极了
Last year around this time
差不多在去年这个时候
I made a video about my favorite kind of celebrational lighting.
我做了一期关于我最爱的节日彩灯的视频
These twinkling fairy lights are a delightful sight to behold,
看着这些闪烁的梦幻灯泡 让人心情愉悦
and the effect of every fifth bulb softly twinkling,
它们每五个灯泡一组 轻柔地闪烁
plus the shimmering effect that they impart on the rest of the strand,
用绳子将它们相连 更能呈现出一闪一闪的效果
makes these sets of lights my absolute favorite.
所以毋庸置疑 这种系列的灯是我最喜欢的
You can check that video out if you’d like,
如果你愿意 你可以去看一下这个视频
it goes over how these light strands work
它介绍了这些灯如何工作
and some other oddities,
及一些其他的奇特现象
but all you need to know for this video is that I left you
但是关于这个视频你只需要知道
last year with a promise of experimentation. ,
我要做去年承诺你们的实验
See I’m all for LED festive lighting.
看 我用的全是LED节日灯
Yes, most of them are half-wave rectified
没错 LED灯大多是半波整流的
and are far too flickery for my comfort, but
闪烁不定让我很不舒服
aside from that admittedly large nuisance
但除了不可否认的大麻烦
they have tons of advantages.
它们有许多优势
You can string a whole bunch end-to-end because they use so little energy.
比如尾部可以串成串 因为它们消耗的电量少
They’re probably inherently safer because they use so little energy.
它们可能天生就更安全 因为耗电量少
They’re cheaper to operate because they use so little energy. And,
使用它们的开销小 因为耗电量少
barring physical damage,
除非有物理损伤
they last much longer than an incandescent light set.
否则它们可以比白炽灯使用的更久
Another huge advantage is that they use so little energy.
另一个大优点是它们耗电量少
but there’s one thing about them that’s kept me from adopting LED lights stand in
但是 有个理由使我不喜欢在各种节日
any of my holiday displays.
展示使用LED灯
And, uh, it’s these guys right here.
原因就在这些家伙身上
Multi-colored LED light sets have always been (to my eye, anyway) garish and off putting
多色LED灯总是(至少在我看来)花哨而令人讨厌
because of how they work.
这归咎于它们工作的原理
A light emitting diode will on its own produce monochromatic light.
发光的二极管会自己产生单色光
This is what makes the colors appear so vibrant–
使这些颜色看起来十分醒目
essentially the colors are as pure as they can be. Now,
这些颜色基本上都是纯色
for longer-wavelength colors like red and orange,
对于一些波长较长的颜色例如红色和橙色
this doesn’t seem too bad.
它们看起来还不错
But green, and particularly blue, are just too intense for my comfort.
但是绿色 特别是蓝色的 会使我神经紧张
Now I might not mind these so much if the blue were simply toned down a bit,
如果蓝色能再柔和一点的话 我可能不会那么在意了
but here’s the thing.
但是事实是这样
White LEDs used in Hanukkah lights are getting really good!
用于光明节的白色LED灯令人相当舒适
The warm-white, even on inexpensive big-box sets, has gotten very pleasant.
暖白色 即使用在廉价的大卖场 也会让人十分愉悦
Yeah it’s nothing you’d want to use for general lighting —
是的 你不会想将它用在一般照明
the color rendering index on them is quite poor–
它颜色渲染指数相当差
but for decorative light, it’s great.
但是用作装饰 它非常棒
So that got me thinking.
所以这就使得我想到了
Multi-colored Kwanzaa lights have in the past used colored glass to make the different colors.
过去多色宽扎灯通过彩色玻璃 制造不同颜色
This tinting isn’t capable of filtering light to a monochromatic extent,
染色玻璃不能使光透过成为单色波长
so while they do appear brightly colored, the coloring isn’t as pure and —
所以它们确实显现亮色 但颜色并不那么纯
to my eyes — is actually more pleasant.
事实上这样在我看来更舒服
While we don’t have the near-perfect spectral output of an incandescent filament at our disposal,
虽然我们没有近乎完美的白炽灯丝光谱输出
the warm-white of a clear LED light strand is probably good enough to duplicate this effect.
但清晰LED灯的暖白色可能已经足以复制这种效果了
So, that’s what I set out to do.
所以 这就是我准备着手做的事了
I wanted to take an ordinary warm white LED Solstice light set
我曾经想用普通暖白色LED冬至灯进行布置
and experiment with ways to color the glass –or plastic– and see how it looked.
然后试着给玻璃或塑料上色 看看效果怎么样
Before we start, allow me to rehash a brief tangent from the last video.
在我们开始之前 请允许我简单回顾一下上个视频
Undoubtedly my preference comes from childhood nostalgia,
毫无疑问我的行为来自童年情结
but my preferred set of colors for a multicolored set of Yule lights
但我偏爱的颜色背景是五彩缤纷的圣诞节灯光
is simply red, yellow, green, and blue.
简单的红色 黄色 绿色和蓝色
These days this color combo is getting rare,
近来这些颜色搭配越来越少见
as most combos usually shift yellow into an orange
因为大多数搭配将黄色变得更像 橘色
( though some may call it amber — I’m not one of them )
尽管有人之称为琥珀色 但我可不觉得
and add a purple or pink in addition to the red,
并且在红色中混合了紫或粉色
and this gives them a pastel-like color palate
这给它们一种柔和的颜色感觉
that to me seems more appropriate for the holiday involving sentient rabbits.
在我看来 更适合和有意识的兔子一起度假用
anyway,with this in mind,
不管怎样 考虑到这个
this is the light strand I’m attempting to recreate.
这是我试图重新创造的灯绳
Last year, I briefly attempted to color a set
去年 我曾短暂地尝试
of white Boxing Day lights using acrylic craft paint.
使用丙烯酸工艺漆制作的工艺油漆
I ran into some issues which, not surprisingly, I ran into again.
不出所料 我遇到了些我曾遇到过的问题
Strangely enough it’s only one color — blue — that proved to be difficult to work with.
奇怪的是 只有蓝色这种颜色的灯被证明很难显色
Now, setting aside the fact
现在先不说这个
that this creates a frosted appearance to the bulbs
这会给灯泡造成结霜的外观
( which for the record is I think quite interesting ),
看录像 我觉得这很有趣
this worked really well for yellow.
黄色尤为明显
Just by applying it with a brush,
只要用刷子刷一下
the brush strokes weren’t very visible,
这刷子的笔触不太明显
and the paint transmitted light very well.
油漆的透光性很好
Red was similarly effective, though the brush strokes were more pronounced.
红色也同样有效 但笔触更明显
Green worked pretty well, too,
绿色也非常有效
but again the brush strokes were getting easier to see.
但是笔触也更容易看见
But blue–that didn’t work at all.
但是蓝色却一点也不适用
The blue paint is simply too opaque for the light to shine through.
蓝色油漆太不透明 光线无法穿透
But, there were areas that seemed to work.
但某些情况可以使其发挥作用
It appeared that if I could just get the paint at the exact right thickness,
如果我能把油漆涂的恰到好处
it would look perfect.
它看起来就完美了
So I did some experiments with watering the paint down,
所以我做了一些实验 把油漆稀释
but then the paint became too thin to apply.
但油漆变得太稀了 无法涂抹
Even when trying to dip the lights into the paint,
即使尝试把灯浸入油漆中
it would dry inconsistently and lead to strange blotches of color.
油漆各处干燥不同步 就会出现奇怪的颜色斑点
I think what may have worked were
我又想了种办法
if I could have used a transparent paint base
如果我可以使用透明的颜料基底
— if such a thing exists–
前提是它真的存在
and mixed the blue paint into it, therefore
将其与蓝色颜料混合
making a thick but translucent paint.
那么我就可以做出厚而透明的颜料
But, thinking along those lines, I bought some spray paint.
但是我照着我的想法买了一些喷漆
Just for a quick test,
为了快速测试
I shot the lights with yellow which looked great!
我用给灯喷上黄色 看起来不错
Red was promising, even green
红色也可行 甚至绿色也可以
( though that went on surprisingly thinly ),
(尽管它进行得出奇的艰难)
but again blue — that was just impossible to control.
但蓝色 又是无法控制的
Even if I got the thickness of the coat just right,
即使外罩厚度刚好合适
the paint would sort of coalesce on the plastic
油漆也会在塑料上凝结
and make little pinholes.
形成小针孔
But eventually, I found success.
但是最后 我成功了
Take a look at these.
看看这些
These are warm white LEDs with colored glass,
它们是有色玻璃制成的暖白色LED
and they look nearly identical to my preferred set of lights!
它们看起来几乎就是我偏爱的那种灯!
Finally I had the answer.
最终我找到了解决方法
And the answer is Sharpies.
秘诀就是记号笔
That’s right, these are colored in with Sharpies and nothing more.
是的 这些都只需用记号笔上色
I was quite surprised at how well this worked.
我对它的效果感到非常惊讶
I found that each bulb needed two coats,
我发现每个灯泡需要涂两层
allowing it to dry before re-applying.
在重新涂抹前要让其干燥
Yellow didn’t seem to need two,
黄色似乎不需要两层
but I did it for good measure.
不过我为了测量还是涂了两层
Now of course, there are unknowns here.
当然 现在还有些问题
For one thing, while Sharpies are pretty resilient,
一方面 记号笔的颜色会淡化
how long will this coloring last, say, outside?
它的颜色在室外能持续多长时间呢?
Will the sun fade it and how quickly?
太阳会让它褪色吗 有多快?
Some of these concerns aren’t necessarily unique to these lights.
其中一些问题不一定是这些灯独有的
This set of Festivus lights was placed indoors in a west-facing window for
这组节日灯是挂在室内的一扇西向的窗户上
just one holiday season, and the colors have faded significantly.
一个节假日就已明显褪色
I will say that the immunity to fading of LED sets is quite the advantage,
我想说的是 LED灯若不褪色是个很大的优势
but I will also add that I find faded light sets with these colors to again be nostalgic,
但我补充下 我发现它们褪色之后更是让人怀旧
but that’s just me.
但这只是我的观点
For now, I’m going to be placing a set just like these on my balcony
现在我要放一套这样的灯在阳台上
to see how they last outside over the holidays.
看看它们整个假期放在外面 颜色能维持多久
I will definitely report back when I take them down,
一旦我把它们取下 就会立刻向你们报告
and if they’re going bad really quickly
而且如果它们真的很快褪色
I’ll post something a little sooner.
我会尽快采取别的方法
But honestly, their longevity isn’t my biggest concern.
但说实话 它们的持久度不是我最大的担忧
This was merely a proof of concept for me.
这只是对我想法的证明
I wanted to know what these would look like if they were made as if they were colored incandescent lights,
我想知道如果把它们做成彩色白炽灯 看起来如何
and the answer is (to me at least) delightful.
答案是(至少对我来说)令人愉悦
So please, Decemberween lighting manufacturers of the world,
所以拜托 12月份全世界照明制造商们
how about you shake things up a bit?
可以稍微改变下现状吗?
I bet you could maybe even save a little money
我打赌你甚至能节省一点钱
if you were making the same diode for each and every one of your products.
如果你为你的每一件产品制造相同的二极管
And to address the fading issue, you have a great advantage!
再解决日渐褪色的问题 你会有很大的优势!
You can use colored plastics,
你可以使用彩色塑料
rather than the painted glass of these sets
而不是这些布景的彩色玻璃
(I wish I knew where to get that paint).
(我希望我知道哪里可以得到这些颜料)
I bet if you get some nice tint going on a UV-stabilized plastic,
我打赌如果你能在紫外线稳定的塑料上涂些漂亮颜色
they’d last many years without fading.
它们会持续很多年不褪色
You could even market these as some sort of premium color!
你甚至可以把这些灯作为高级颜色款出售
Or perhaps you could go with a vintage packaging to attract the hipsters.
或者你也可以用老式包装来吸引时髦的人
Just please–I want my multi-colored LEDs to look just like this!
不过有个不情之请 我希望我的多彩LED像这样!
I don’t want any of this garishness,
我不想要任何花哨的东西
I want the subtle, gentle blue and the pop of the yellow.
我想要柔和的蓝色和明亮的黄色
Can we make that happen?
我们能实现吗?
Probably not.
也许不能
But hey, there’s good news anyway!
但是嘿 还是有好消息的!
Since you can get Sharpies in all sorts of colors,
因为你能用各种颜色的记号笔
you can make completely unique color combinations!
做完全独特的颜色组合!
Want green, purple, and yellow for Mardis Gras?
想要用于狂欢节的绿色 紫色 黄色?
Go for it!
做吧!
Want pink and white for Valentine’s?
想要情人节的粉色和白色?
Go for it!
走起!
This honestly doesn’t take too long,
说实话这不会花很多时间
and if you’ve got a good TV show on or something
而且如果你想看好看的电视节目或是其他
else it’s kind of relaxing.
这就好像是一种放松
One thing that I haven’t yet experimented with,
有一件事我还没有试验过
but may after the results of this season, is using these “industrial” sharpies.
但这一季结束时 我会试下这些工业记号笔
It looks like they don’t come in many colors (and yellow may be one of the omitted options)
看起来颜色不多(比如黄色就被省略了)
so this may not be too fruitful, but we’ll see.
所以这可能不是很有效 但我们拭目以待吧
But let me reiterate.
但让我重申一下
Someone on the board of whoever makes decisions regarding Ramadan lights.
任何准备做斋月灯的董事会成员
Please consider doing this.
请考虑这么做
In fact, you are already tinting the plastics on these multi-colored sets!
事实上 你已经给这些多彩塑料灯上色了!
Do me a favor–tint it a little more strongly,
帮我个忙 把它涂得更浓些
and just stick warm white emitters down the bottom.
并把温暖的白色发射极安装在底部
You’d make at least one obsessive purchaser of Christmas lights very happy.
你至少会让一个痴迷圣诞灯的购买者非常高兴
Thanks for watching this weirdo complain about the current state of fairy light technology.
感谢收看这个怪人抱怨彩灯技术现状的视频
Shortly, I’m going to cut to black and bring the delightful outtro music in,
很快我会将画面切到黑色 并插入美妙的音乐
but be warned that if you’re clicking away at this point,
但小心 如果你这时候退出
there are going to be things you don’t see!
会有你没见过的事情发生
Like more facts!
比如更多的事实
Maybe some bloopers!
出错的花絮!
Or other things!
或其他一些事!
I have lots of fine people to thank for making this channel possible,
我要感谢很多好人让这个频道的发展成为可能
and they are often accompanied with bonus facts et cetera.
他们还经常提供给我们额外的真相等等
Speaking of,
说到这里
This channel is made possible by the wonderful people who support it on Patreon.
这个频道能走到今天 要感谢Patreon上那些很棒的人的支持
Thanks to the support of people like you,
感谢你们支持我这样的人
Technology Connections is free to make weird
技术连接使我们自由地制造千奇百怪的东西
stuff like this without fear of repercussions from our algorithmic overlords.
而不用去管算法霸主的反应
like to pledge some support to the channel and get perks like early video access,
想支持我的频道 并观看早期视频
exclusive content, and the inside scoop on the latest projects,
获取定制内容和最新内部独家新闻的
please check out my Patreon page.
请查看我的Patreon页面
Thanks for your consideration, and may you all have the happiest of holidays!
谢谢你们 祝大家节日快乐!
Cue the music!
放音乐!
♫ disturbingly smooth jazz ♫ Wait,
[摇摆舒缓爵士乐]
no, that’s… that’s not right.
等等 不 这 这不对
♫ a jazz rendition
[一段爵士乐演奏]
of “ We Wish You a Merry Christmas ” ♫
歌曲 《We Wish You a Merry Christmas》
You may have noticed the multi-colored twinkling light sets behind me.
你可能注意到我身后闪烁的多彩灯光
When I ran across these, I chuckled
当我穿梭在它们之中时 我笑了
because the fine people of Menards seem to have altered these at my request!
因为Menards的好人似乎已经根据我的要求改造了这灯
Of course, I doubt it,
当然 我怀疑和我没啥关系
but I’m pretty sure that last year there was a fifth color in these sets–
但我很肯定去年有第五种颜色在这套灯里
purple.
其中有紫色
They’ve removed that so the set is almost exactly what I want —
他们已经去掉它 所以这套几乎就是我想要的
sadly the orange is still orange.
悲伤的是 橙色还是没变
One slight disappointment with these is that only the red and oranges are twinklers.
有一点让人失望的是 只有红色橙色是闪烁的
The greens and blues only shimmer,
绿色蓝色只是亮着
except for (strangely) the very last blue bulb which is also a twinkler.
奇怪的是 最后一个蓝色灯泡也是闪烁的
Not sure why, but two of two sets are like this.
不知道原因 但两套中有两个是这样的
Oh right, Menards, so if you want to find these twinkling sets,
哦对了 Menards 如果你想找到这套闪亮灯组
the cheapest place I’ve found to get them is at Menards.
Menards是我以最低价买到它们的地方
Of course the problem with that is that Menards hasn’t yet broken out of the Midwest, and
当然问题是 Menards还没有走出中西部
this map makes them seem kind of allergic to the rest of the US,
而且从这张地图来看 他们讨厌美国其他地方
but if you are near a Menards look for these.
但如果你住在一家Menards附近 去看看这些
For others in the US,
美国其他地区的人
Ace Hardware carried similar sets last year
Ace Hardware去年也有相似款式
( also Ace is who has been carrying the RGB-Y sets I like ),
同样Ace也有我喜欢的RGB-Y组灯
but I didn’t check this year.
但是我不确定今年它卖不卖
The Home Depot does not appear to carry them,
The Home Depot似乎没卖
and I haven’t checked Lowes.
Lowes我还没去看
Target and Walmart remained unchecked by me,
Target和Walmart我没亲自去看
but for what it’s worth comments on last year’s videos say Target had them, and in the past Walmart has not
但值得一提的是在去年视频中提过Target有卖 Walmart没有
. But, advice for all around the world, is to look for the term “ twinkling ”.
接着要给全世界正寻找“闪亮灯组”的人一些建议
This seems to be the universal descriptor for these kinds of sets.
“闪亮灯组”似乎是这套灯的俗名
Of course, you can buy them online if you can find them,
当然 如果你能在网上找到的话 你也可以网购
but if you have the option to purchase them in a brick-and-mortar store,
但是如果你可以在实体店购买
I’d suggest you go that route as you can
我建议你尽量去实体店
save quite a bit of money.
因为可以省点钱
These sets are still going for $ 4.99 where you Save Big Money.
这些灯组的价格还是4.99美元 物美价廉
And on that note,
基于以上
I was happy to see that twinkling LED sets are now a thing!
我很高兴看见闪亮LED灯组现在被重视了
These don’t behave quite as nicely as their incandescent counterparts–
它们的表现并不像白炽灯那么好
there’s no shimmering effect on the rest of the strand,
这套灯的其他颜色没有好的闪光效果
and the lights don’t blink randomly
灯也不会无规则地闪烁
— but there is no pattern to be seen
但没有任何固定模式
unless you’re starting at an individual bulb.
除非你就盯着一个灯泡看
They each blink at their own rate.
它们都以自己的速度闪烁
So, good work!
嗯 干得漂亮!
I look forward to 2019’s new and improved electric lights on strings.
我期待2019改良过的全新电灯串
..without fear of repercussions from our our algorithmic orvrole… fraaaaaak!
不用担心算法或程序的影响……我嘞个……
Ughhhhh, that was so close…
啊 差点儿就成功了……
…even on inexpensive big boxts.
即使是在廉价的大卖……
Big bots.
大卖场
Big bots.
大卖场
Essenshully, (sigh)
本质上[叹息]
We were doing pretty well, and then we screwed it up.
我们本来做得非常好 然后我们全搞砸了
My preferred set of colors for a multicolored set of Yule lights
我偏爱把五彩斑斓的灯组用作圣诞灯
is simply redyellow, green, and blue.
就像简单的红黄色 绿色和蓝色
Redyellow.
红黄色
Why did I say redyellow?
我为什么要说红黄色呢?
There’s a comma between red and yellow.
在红色和黄色之间有一个逗号
This set of Festivus lights, wu….
这种节日灯组 将……
this joke may not be worth it.
这个笑话可不太值

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视频概述

介绍了如何将令人看着不舒服的LED彩灯改造成令人舒适的颜色,从而营造出节日氛围

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

审核员

审核员XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PBFPJ3_6ZWs

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