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你常用的学习方法真的能帮到你吗

Learning Styles - A Complete Myth

学习模式完全是空穴来风
Learning styles are a complete myth.
你说啥??
Say what??
这是真的 我马上就会说到这点
It’s true, but I’ll get to that in a moment.
首先 什么是学习模式?
First of all, what are learning styles?
除非你在上过的每堂课上都睡觉 不然你肯定知道
Unless you’ve slept through every single class you’ve ever attended, you’ll know
它是说 每个人在吸收知识的时候都有自己偏好的一套方法
it’s the idea that everyone has a preferred way to take in information.
如果用这个模式来教你 或者你用这个模式去学习 你的学习效果会更好
If you’re taught or you study using your preferred style, you’ll learn more effectively.
有人在上世纪70年代提出了这个理论
This idea’s been around since the 1970’s and it’s been continued on by well-meaning
现在热忱的老师和勤奋的学生们仍在继续沿用它以实现更有效的学习
teachers and diligent students aiming for effective learning.
大家都想更快更有效地学习 这不足为奇
We all want to learn faster and more effectively, that’s no surprise.
不幸的是 没有可靠的证据说明真的有学习模式这个东西
Unfortunately, there is no credible evidence that learning styles exist.
实际上 最有力的证据表明它根本不存在
In fact, the best evidence indicates the opposite.
每个学生都有不同的能力水平 兴趣爱好 背景知识
Every student will have different levels of ability, interest and background knowledge,
却没有不同的学习模式
but not learning styles.
研究者表示 人们最爱展现的模式往往只是出于一种偏好
Research shows that when people have a favorite style of presentation, it’s usually a preference
当人们很擅长某个学科 或者感觉自己某项工作做得不错
for a type of task or subject they have a high ability for, and already feel successful
就会产生这种偏好
at.
如果你擅长音乐 你可能觉得自己的学习模式是听觉型 或者如果你是个
If you’re good at music, you might think you’re an auditory leaner, or if you’re
艺术家 你也许认为自己的学习模式是视觉型
artistic you might think you’re visual.
你可能偏爱用某种特定方式学习 但是没有证据表明
You might prefer to learn in a particular way, but there’s no evidence that it will
它能帮你学得更有效
help you learn more effectively.
据研究者观察 那些用自己偏好的模式学习的学生们的学习成果
When researchers now look at students who are using their preferred style, the results
不比那些没有用偏好模式学的学生
of those students aren’t any better than students who are not using their preferred
更好
style.
但是有一个真的很疯狂的事实
But here’s the really crazy thing.
那就是90%的老师仍然相信学习模式是真的
Up to 90% of teachers still believe learning styles are real.
这里有几个有趣的测试 你可以尝试一下
Here’s a couple of interesting tests for you to try.
问一问你的老师他们是否支持学习模式的说法
Ask your teacher if they support the idea of learning styles.
在谷歌或者YouTube上搜索“学习模式”
Search Google or YouTube for ‘learning styles’ and see how many of the top results still
看看有多少热门结果仍在鼓吹这个错误说法
push this myth.
还有几个测试的好方法
And here’s a good one to check out.
在任何一所学院或大学的网站上搜索“学习模式”
Go to the website for any college or university and search for ‘learning styles’.
那些数量巨大的研究机构也许会令你震惊无比 他们致力于教授那些已经被相关研究证伪的
You might be amazed how many research institutions teach something that’s been debunked by
东西
research.
所以为什么这个说法还没被淘汰 为什么这个谬论仍在流传?
So why hasn’t the message gotten out, why is this myth still perpetuated?
原因有很多 但是我认为一个重大原因是学术和科研人员
There’re a number of reasons, but I think a big one is because academic and scientific
通常不擅长营销
researchers are typically not great at marketing.
就好像 一份报纸的头版是假消息
It’s like when a newspaper makes a false claim or statement on their front page.
所有人都听说的是最初的版本并且相信这是真的
Everybody hears about the original claim and thinks it’s true.
不幸的是 当这家报社撤回了这条消息并为这个谬误道歉
Unfortunately, when the newspaper retracts that statement and apologizes for their error,
致歉声明只会出现在第8版
it only appears on page 8.
没人知道 没人关心
Nobody knows or cares.
所以如果学习模式不是真的 那该如何解决这个问题呢?
So if learning styles aren’t real, what’s the solution?
什么才是最有效的学习方法?
What’s the most effective way to learn and study?
按照屏幕上的这张卡片 查一下我关于六大最佳学习策略的视频
Follow the card on your screen and check out my video on the top six study strategies that
它们是有理论支持的
are supported by academic research.
但是如果你仍然不相信所有的最新研究呢?
But what happens if you still don’t believe all the latest evidence?
如果你决心要坚持用自认为最强大的
What if you’re determined to keep using what you think is your strongest learning
学习模式呢?
style?
嗯 你只会比别人学得更慢 效果更差
Well, you’ll just learn more slowly and less effectively than other people, get lower
取得的成绩体现不出你的真实水平 还会浪费大量时间和精力
grades than you’re capable of achieving and waste a lot of time and effort.
也可能会显得有点傻
And you’ll probably look a bit silly too.
在下面留言告诉我你还能找到哪些大学还在
Leave a comment below and tell me what school or university you can find that’s still
鼓吹学习模式的谬论
pushing the myth of learning styles.

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视频概述

“学习模式”——一个源自70年代的教育理论,其实只是谎言?

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

April

审核员

译学馆审核员B

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o_SQrRa73U0

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