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瑞秋英语-教你地道英语发音 – 译学馆
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瑞秋英语-教你地道英语发音

Learning English: Your Accent Training Guide to Perfect English | Rachel’s English

You’re learning a lot about American English pronunciation.
你已经学过很多美式英语发音知识
How Americans talk and how to sound American.
美国人的说话方式 以及如何听起来有美国味
And as you’ve learned, you’ve started to become aware
正因为你学过这么多 你才开始意识到
of all of your English habits that you’d like to change.
很多英语习惯需要你去改变
You start to become incredibly frustrated.
你开始感到异常沮丧
It feels impossible to take what you learning about prounication
你会觉得自己无法将所学到的发音知识
and apply it to actual real conversations that you’re having.
充分掌握并应用到实际对话当中
In this video, we’re going to talk about the process
在这个视频里 我们将谈论
that takes you from knowing something
能让你从仅仅知道
to being able to do regularly without even having to think about it.
到甚至不用思考就能做出正确反应的过程
[Music playing] 
[音乐播放中]
As I’ve been raising my son who’s two,
当我在照顾我两岁的儿子时
I have noticed lots of little things
我注意到了诸多小事
that made me think about teaching my adult students and accent training.
这让我思考到 我该如何教导我的成年学生们 以及如何进行发音训练
One of the things that’s so different about pronunciation training
发音训练方面 有一点与众不同
is that it’s different for most of the learning we do as adults.
即这与我们成年人所进行的大多数学习不同
When you were learning English,
当你在学习英语时
you were likely learning it as knowledge for the mind,
你很可能把它当做大脑里的知识储备
which is what almost all of the learning we do
这就像大一点的孩子和成年人
as older children and adults is, at least here in the US.
学习所有别的知识那样 至少在美国是这样的
We’re learning things to know,
我们在学习中发现
like memorizing vocabulary or English verb conjugations,
单词的记忆和英语动词的搭配
things that you can write and talk about.
以及你的写与读
Training in a sport or on a musical instrument or singing
就像是接受运动项目 音乐乐器或者歌唱方面的训练
is a lot more like working on your accent than studying English is.
这更像是训练你的语音技能而不是学习英语
Some people think I’m an English teacher.
有些人认为我是一名英语老师
I correct them. I’m not.
我告诉他们我不是
That’s not how I think about myself at all.
那不是我对自己的定位
I’m primarily an accent trainer.
我只是名发音训练员
I try to figure out how
我一直在想
to help students understand and change their habits
如何帮助学生理解并且改变他们的习惯
to be more comfortable and confident speaking English.
让他们能够更流畅更自信地说英语
A while ago I was reading a book about raising kids.
不久前 我读了一本育儿书籍
that really reminded me of the different phases of learning when working on your accent.
这本书使我深刻意识到 纠正自己的口音有着不同的阶段
I talked through this same sequence all the time with my adult students.
我一直在跟我的成人学生们强调这个相同的顺序
And you know what the book was about?
你知道这本书是关于什么的吗
It was about potty training.
它关于孩子的如厕训练
That’s right.
仅此而已
This is where Stoney was learning
就是这本书让Stoney对自己的
something totally new about his body
身体有了全新的认识
and I had to try to understand his experience,
而我也必须尝试理解他的经历
to help guide him through it.
并以此来指引他
The book said this: the first phase is diapers.
书里说 第一个阶段是换尿布
From newborn until it starts to become something
从新生儿到他开始关注到一些事情
that he notices or we start talking about.
或者我们开始谈论的东西
Think of a newborn.
想像一下新生儿
Total unawareness about something like peeing.
对一切一无所知 比如小便
This is phase one.
这是第一个阶段
As he moves out of diapers
当他变成小小少年
he has to start noticing something about his body
他就会开始注意到 在自己的身体里
that he hadn’t paid attention to before.
他以前所没有注意到的东西
This is phase two.
这是第二个阶段
This isn’t just like my adult students working on their accent
这就跟我的成人学生们练习他们口音时一样
and being easily understood when speaking.
当他们开始说的时候就很容易理解
You’re starting to notice something about your body,
你开始注意到你自身
the way that you sound,
以前从未留意过的
that you hadn’t necessarily paid attention to before
关于口音的问题
or even known how to pay attention to.
甚至不知道该如何留意到它
The book talked about how first,
书中讲述了如何进行第一步
Stoney will notice after he’s peed.
在Stoney尿尿后就会注意到
He’ll be able to say: I peed.
他就会说 我尿尿了
Of course that’s disappointing
当然 这可能会令你失望
if your goal is not to have your kid pee his pants.
如果你的目的是不让孩子尿到裤子里
But it’s a necessary step in this process.
但这是必须经历的一个阶段
This is not a habit yet.
因为这还没成为习惯
He’s still understanding what’s happening.
他还在了解发生了什么
This is phase two.
这是第二阶段
He no longer has total unawareness,
他不再完全没有意识
he now has awareness when something has happened.
他现在意识到事件的发生
Phase three is being able to tell me
到第三个阶段时 他就会告诉我们
when he’s peeing as it’s actually happening.
他什么时候真正会小便
So phase two is past.
所以第二阶段过去了
You notice it after it happens.
在它发生之后 你才会注意到它
Phase three is present.
第三阶段就是现在
You notice it as you do it.
当你这样做时 你会注意到它
Phase four, you may have been able to guess, is future.
第四阶段 你可能已经猜到 是未来
You think about it just before it happens.
在它发生之前 你就会想到它
This is the phase he’s in now,
正是他现在所处阶段
thankfully, where he can say:
谢天谢地 他会说
I’m going to pee, or I need to pee.
我想尿尿或是我要去尿尿了
That’s a lot easier to deal with than, I peed or I am peeding.
相较于他说 我尿了或是我正在尿 要好多了
And there’s a fifth phase.
还有第五阶段
That’s the phase where he doesn’t tell us anymore.
在这个阶段 他不会告诉任何人
It’s just part of normal life and
当他需要上厕所时
he goes to the bathroom when he needs to.
他就直接去了 因为这只是正常生活的一部分
Let’s talk about these phases
现在我们就来谈谈这些阶段
with changing a pronunciation habit.
如何改变我们的发音习惯
Phase 1, total unawareness.
第一个阶段 完全不认识
You’ve never known about the sounds of American English
你一点都不了解美式英语发音
or what you were doing wrong.
或不知道自己错在哪儿了
You’ve learned English but
你学习过英语
you’ve never specifically studied pronunciation.
但你从未仔细研究过发音问题
So when you first start studying, you learn all kinds of new things.
所以 当你第一次开始学习 你会学到很多新知识
like exactly how the AH vowel sounds
比如ɑ:元音的发音在你的语言中
that it’s not in your language and how it’s made.
是怎么发音的 以及怎么产生的
That’s something you learn with the mind and that’s very satisfying.
这是你用心学的 所以你会觉得特别满意
You could describe it and teach it to someone else.
你能描述它 甚至把它教给别人
As I said, this is the kind of learning most of us do as adults.
就像我说的那样 这是一种大多数成人学习的方法
It’s moving from phase 1 to phase 2,
从第一阶段到第二阶段
total unawareness to understanding.
从无知到理解
But there are still three more transitions to make
但是在养成某种习惯之前
before making something a habit
还有三个转变
and this is where many of my students get frustrated.
这也是许多学生感到沮丧的地方
They’re stuck in Phase two,
他们困在了第二个阶段
and that is you know you’re doing it wrong
因为你学习过
because you learned about it, you notice it,
所以知道自己错了 并且自己也注意到了
but you notice you’re still constantly doing it wrong in conversation.
但是你依旧经常在谈话中犯错
You can’t think of what to say and pronunciation at the same time.
因为说话的时候 你不能同时想着 说什么和怎么说
You’re stuck in Phase two.
你就被困在了第二个阶段
The past phase.
成了已发生的过去式
You notice it after you’ve already made a mistake.
在发生错误以后 你才注意到它
That can be very frustrating.
这很令人沮丧
This is where some people want to give up.
在这个时候 很多人就想要放弃
It’s their habit and they don’t see how they can ever change it.
这是他们的习惯 他们不知道如何改正
How can they ever think of two things at once?
他们怎么能同时一心二用呢
But you can get all the way to phase five.
但你可以一直到第五个阶段
I always try to tell my students this is actually progress.
我一直试图告诉我的学生 这实际上是进步
You’ve gone from not knowing something at all to knowing it.
你从一无所知到有所了解
Don’t give up so early in the journey.
在学习的过程中 不要过早地放弃
For example, let’s say you’re working on getting the UH
例如 我们假设你正在学习ə
as in butter vowel to sound really natural and American.
在单词butter中 元音的发音特别自然非常美式
This one can be tough
而这个就很困难
because it depends a lot on placement too.
因为这仅仅是因为字母顺序的放置
You’ve learned how it’s made
你已经学会了它
and how it’s different from other sounds,
及它与其他发音的不同
you’ve listened to a lot of minimal pairs
你已经听了最小对立体了
and now you can hear it as its own sound.
现在你已经可以听到它本身的发音了
You left phase one for phase two.
这也就意味着你从第一阶段进入到第二阶段了
You have awareness.
你有了这方面的意识
And you can practice it over and over.
并且你可以反复地练习
But when you’re in conversation, thinking about what to say,
但是当你在谈话的过程中 考虑到要说什么时
you find you still say it wrong.
你发现自己仍会说错
You notice it after it comes out of your mouth,
你说出来之后 就注意到了
and this feels really disappointing to you.
这时你就会对自己感到很失望
This is where some students want to quit.
这个时候 又有一些学生想放弃了
You’ve started training the sound,
你已经开始训练发音
doing the repetitions to retrain your muscles.
并重复练习来训练你的肌肉
How do you bridge your practice time in real conversation?
如何将你的练习应用到实际情况中去?
It’s actually simple, just more training.
其实很简单 更多的练习就好了
By noticing what you’re doing wrong,
注意到自己做错了什么
you can focus on your practice more.
就可以对错误的地方进行更多的练习
If there are any words that consistently don’t feel right,
如果有一些词汇怎样练习都感觉不太对
write them down.
那就写下来
Make sure that’s one of the words that you’re training ten,
确保那些单词你一天要练习十遍
twenty, or more times a day.
二十遍 甚至是更多遍
You just need more repetitions of doing it right
你只需要重复训练直到正确为止
to change the habit.
直到改变自己的习惯
A great tool can be to record yourself.
把它录下来是很好的方法
Many people now have phones that can record audio.
现在许多人的手机都可以录音
Record a conversation you have at some point during the day.
录下你在一天内的某个对话
Listen to it later.
稍后再听
Now that you’ve increased your knowledge,
既然你的知识累计已经够多了
you’ll be able to be your own teacher.
你完全可以做自己的老师
You’ll be able to notice things that aren’t right,
你能够注意到那些不对的地方
and you can write them down,
并且你能把它们写下来
and work with them over and over.
然后再去做重复练习
This is great if there are certain words
如果是你在工作或日常生活中
you’re using a lot for work or your daily life.
常使用的词汇 那就更好了
Take the words or phrases that intimidate you the most
选择那些最让你害怕的单词或短语
and practice them 20 or more times, several times throughout the day.
每天练习20次或更多次
This repetition is necessary
这种重复很有必要
but it will only take a few minutes.
它们只花费你几分钟
Practice it slowly and at regular pace.
慢慢地有规律地练习
Imitate a native speaker by going to Forvo.com or Youglish.com to hear many samples.
通过访问Forvo.com或Youglish.com来学习英语 以英语为母语的人为例 模仿他们的发音
This is how you bridge the gap
这就是你如何克服困难
between practicing and real conversation.
将练习应用到实际中去的方法
It’s simply more focused practice
其实这很简单
on the actual words you’ll use in your daily life.
多练习日常生活中常用的单词
And as you train more and more,
当你练习越来越多时
you’ll go through the same phases that Stoney went through for potty training.
你将会经历和Stoney上厕所训练一样的阶段
You’ll go from noticing your mistake after you’ve made it,
在你犯错以后你会注意到自己的错误
phase 2 to phase 3
阶段二到阶段三
where as you start to stay the word, brain gets triggered
当你记住这个词的时 你的大脑也记住了
and you remember how you want to try to say it.
你就会记住该怎么去说它
Don’t be afraid to repeat your word with a better pronunciation.
不要害怕用更好的发音来重复你的话
As you do more training,
因为你已经做了足够多的训练
you’ll be able to think about the right pronunciation
当你想到这个单词的正确发音时
just as your brain has come up
你就能脱口而出
with the word and you want to say it.
你想要用的词和想要说的话
And with more training and more time,
随着训练的增加和时间的延长
you’ll no longer even think about it.
你甚至都不用思考
Your confidence on a particular word or sound will be that high.
你将会对某个词或发音胸有成竹
You won’t need to think about it, you won’t notice it,
你不需要思考它 也不需要注意它
it’s no longer a problem for you.
对于你来说 它已不再是问题了
So it can be very frustrating,
这可能非常令人沮丧
because the first thing that happens after you learn something
因为这是在你学会一件事后首先会想到的
is realizing how often you do it wrong,
你以前错了多少次
and how hard it is to change a habit.
以及改变一个习惯有多么困难
That’s true.
的确如此
And the more you learn about pronunciation
对发音学得越多
the more habits you’ll want to change but you can change them.
你就越想要改变更多的习惯 但是你可以改变它们
And don’t let the work that is necessary turn you off.
不要让那些必要的工作把你吓退
You can do it.
你可以做到的
I’ve seen hundreds of students change their habit through regular training, repetition.
我看到过许多的学生 已经通过定期重复训练改掉了他们的习惯
A little hard work and the payoff is so big.
点滴努力可汇聚成巨大收获
If you get frustrated at the beginning,
如果你一开始就感到沮丧
you’ll never move on to the next phase.
你永远都不会进入到下一阶段
But if you take it as a tool for learning,
但如果你把它当做一种学习工具
and you keep training, you will get there.
并且坚持训练 你就会达到目标
You’ll get to where you want to be.
成为你想成为的样子
What are some of your best tips for
对于你自身练习口音并且最终取得成功
how you’ve worked your accent and made a real change?
还有哪些好的建议呢?
Or for how you’ve stayed motivated?
或者你是如何保持积极性的呢?
Maybe there’s a particular word
也许对你而言有一个特别的词
that you couldn’t say correctly that you now say without effort.
以前说不对 而现在毫不费力地说对了
Share the tips or tricks that you use in practicing
请在下方评论中分享
and improving in the comments below.
你在练习和进步时所采用的小窍门
What is one major victory you’ve had while studying English?
你在英语学习中取得最大的成就是什么?
Share these things in the comments below
可以在评论区分享
so everyone can learn from you and feel motivated
这样别人也能向你学习
by you and your successes.
并且因为你的分享和你的成就 而拥有动力
And don’t forget, keep working.
请不要忘记继续努力
You can’t change a habit overnight,
你不可能在一夜之间改变一个习惯
it does takes some time and dedication, but it’s worth it,
它需要一些时间和精力投入 但它是值得的
and you can do it.
并且你可以做到的
I believe in you.
我相信你
That’s it and thanks so much for using
最后 非常感谢你使用《瑞秋英语》
Rachel’s English.
《瑞秋英语》

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还在苦恼学习英语中的问题吗?关于英语的发音不知道怎么去发?来跟着瑞秋来一起看一看怎么高效的学习英语~

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视频来源

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