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英语答疑:that、this、these、those

Learners' Questions: This, that, these and those

大家好 我是BBC学英语频道的Dan 这周的《学员答疑》由我来主持
Hi guys! Dan for BBC Learning English here with this week’s Learner Question.
马上为你揭密疑问
Find out what it is after this.
《学员答疑》
Learners’ Questions
好的 本周的学员疑问来自埃及的Achmed
OK! This week’s learners’ questioncomes from Achmed from Egypt,
他的问题是that this these和those之间的区别是什么
who says: What’s the differencebetween that and this and these and those?
这个问题很好 Achmed 准备好了吗
It’s a good question Achmed. Are you ready?
that this these和those都是限定词
So, that and this and theseand those are all determiners.
它们用在名词前 表明所要谈及的名词
They go before a noun andthey tell us which noun we’re talking about.
也可用作代词 但这样的话 就不需要名词了
You can also use them as pronouns,but if you do, we don’t include a noun as well
我们只能用它们做代词来指事物 而不能指人
and we can only use them as pronounswhen we talk about things, not people.
this或these指代空间或时间上接近的事物
This or these refer to thingswhich are close in space or in time.
比如当下 this指代单数或不可数名词
For example in the present.This refers to a singular or uncountable noun,
而these用于复数名词
and these is used for plural nouns.
例如 这是我的笔
For example, this is my pen.
这些是我的笔
These are my pens.
就时间而言 我们通常谈论的是不久将要开始 或已在进行中的事情
With time, we usually talk about things which aregoing to start soon, or which are already in progress.
比如 这场音乐会将会令人惊异
For example, this concert is going to be amazing.
或者 这太不可思议了 我简直不敢相信我们赢了
Or, this is fantastic, I can’t believe we’re winning.
that和those用于指空间和时间上遥远的事物
That and those are used for thingswhich are distant in space or in time,
比如过去
For example in the past.
that用于单数或不可数名词 而those用于复数名词
That is for singular or uncountable nouns, and those are used for plural nouns.
比如 那是我的笔
For example, that is my pen.
那些是我的笔
Those are my pens.
就时间而言 that通常指代过去
In terms of time, that often refers to the past.
比如 那顿饭真不错 谢谢你
For example, that was a really nice meal, thank you.
那些日子是我人生中最美好的日子
Those were the best days of my life.
如果是预期的事情
When things are expected,
即使是当下或未来 我们也可以用that
we can also use that even ifit’s in the present or the future.
比如 那应该是John 我告诉过他早点给我打电话
For example, that will be John.I told him to call me earlier.
我希望这能解答你的疑问Achmed 十分感谢你的来信
I hope that answers your question Achmed.Thank you very much for writing to us.
如果其他人也有疑问想向本栏目提出
If anybody else out there hasa question for Learners’ Questions,
可以发邮件至learning.english@bbc.co.uk
you can email us on: learning.english@bbc.co.uk.
请记得在主题框中写上《学员答疑》
Please remember to putLearners’ Questions in the subject box
以及你的名字和寄信地址
and your name and the place that you’re writing from.
由于收到的邮件太多 我们无法进行一一回复
We get so many emails, guys, that wecan’t possibly answer every single question,
但我们看了所有的邮件 对此我们深表歉意
but we do read them all. Sorry for that.
欢迎访问我们的网站bbclearningenglish.com以获取更多信息
And for more information, go toour website bbclearningenglish.com.
这就是本周的《学员答疑》
That’s it for this week’s Learners’ Questions.
下节课见 拜拜
I’ll see you next time. Bye!
BBC学英语频道
BBC LEARNING ENGLISH

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视频概述

that、this、these、those的区别是什么呢?请看本期的《学员答疑》~

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Nam

审核员

vicky

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RdwhKOhT0GI

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