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最难发音的辅音群:THR

Learn English | The IMPOSSIBLE 😳consonant cluster: THR | How to Speak English | Rachel’s English

最近 我的儿子Stoney三岁了
Recently, my son Stoney turned 3.
于是我开始思考THR的辅音群
And it got me thinking about the THR consonant cluster.
THR辅音群是美式英语最难的两个发音的组合
The THR cluster combines two of the hardest sounds in American English.
所以今天的视频里面
So in today’s video,
我们将会把这个发音分解成简单有效的步骤
we’re going to break it down into easy and efficient steps.
我会告诉你怎么去练习
I’ll show you how to practice to help make the words
才能更容易发出含有这种发音的词
with these sounds more comfortable.
你也会学习到许多有用的新单词
You’ll also learn powerful new vocabulary
带着THR的音 比如throng
words that have this THR cluster like, throng,
throwback 还有 threadbare
throwback, and threadbare.
瑞秋英文
我儿子现在还不能发出TH的音
Stoney still can’t do a TH.
他只会说free而不是three
He says free instead of three.
最近他满三岁后才慢慢说清楚了很多
This became especially clear when heturned three recently.
Three
Three.
你能说出来three吗?
Can you say three?
TH在这个词里是不发音的
The TH is unvoiced.
我不记得TH在任何词里会发音
I can’t think of any words where the TH in this cluster is voiced.
所以如果你记得有什么词会有发音的
So if you can think of any words
留下你的评论
put them in the comments.
对于不发音的TH 舌尖须略伸出门牙之间
For the unvoiced th, the tongue tip must come through the teeth.
Thh–
Thh–
只是舌尖的部分
It’s just the very tip.
我录制了一些视频来帮助加深理解TH的发音
I’ve made a couple of videos that go more in depth on the TH.
如果你看不到这些视频 请查看播放列表
And if you haven’t seen them yet check out this playlist.
请注意只是舌尖部分
And please note it’s just the tip.
我见过很多学生因为舌头伸太长导致发音错误
I’ve seen lots of students put way too much of the tongue out incorrect.
只是舌尖
Just the tip.
不需要用力 只要一丝轻快的气流
There’s no pressure, just a light free flow of air.
TH的发音是所有发音里
The tongue tip is the most forward for TH
舌头伸得最长的
out of all of the sounds.
而在所有的发音里
And out of all of the sounds,
舌尖缩得最后的是R音
the tongue tip is the furthest back for the R.
让我们看两张图
Let’s look at two photos.
TH音在图左 R音在图右
We have the TH on the left and the R on the right.
舌尖伸出门牙发出TH的音
Tongue tip through the teeth for the TH
然后往回缩一点发R音
then pulled slightly back for the R.
下面我把这些图片上下重叠
I’m going to put the photos one on top of the other now.
我想让你来观察
I want you to see
在英语发音中 尽管这两个音的舌尖处于最前和最后的位置
that even though they are the two extremes for tongue position in English.
但是它们的区别不是太大
The difference isn’t huge.
舌尖略微伸出门牙 然后轻轻缩回
The tip is slightly through the front teeth and then pulled slightly back.
Thir–Thir–Thir–再并排观察舌尖的位置
Thir–Thir–Thir– Look at the positions side-by-side again.
还有哪些不同点?
What else is different?
嘴唇
The lips.
发TH音时嘴唇完全放松 发R音时嘴唇张开
They’re totally relaxed for the TH but flared for the R.
让我们靠近些看慢镜头
Let’s look at some closed slow-motion footage.
这是我之前录制的视频
This is from an older video where I’m going
在视频里我念一个单词thrifty
over the pronunciation of the word thrifty,
thrifty是用来描述花钱节约的人
which is used to describe someone who spends money carefully,
不想浪费金钱 尽量省吃俭用的人
does not waste money tries to spend aslittle as possible.
舌尖略伸出门牙
The tongue tip comes through the teeth.
舌头不要伸出太多 只是舌尖一点
Not too much of the tongue, just the tip.
现在嘴唇略微收起 微微张开
Now, the lips come in a bit, a little flair.
你看到了嘴角边上拉紧了吗?
Do you see that tension in the corners of the lips?
这么做是为了能将嘴唇收起 略微张开
That’s what we do to make the lips come in for that small flare.
下面跟嘴唇完全放松做个比较
Compare that with the corners of the lips totally relaxed.
这是元音字母E在单词SHE词尾的发音情况
This is for the EE as in she vowel at the end of the word.
让我们再观察一次 这次从正面来看
Let’s look again. This time from the front.
舌尖略伸出门牙 然后嘴唇稍微张开
Tongue tip through the teeth, then the lips flare slightly.
记住 发这个音时舌尖要略微缩回
Remember, the tongue tip is pulled back a bit for the sound.
跟我练习这个发音
Practice this cluster with me.
Thr–thr–thr–
Thr– thr– thr–
我真心建议在练习时拖着R的音
I really recommend practicing holding out the R.
Thrrr—
Thrrr—
这样能够帮助我的学生找到准确的发音位置
it often helps my students find the correct position.
让我们做些发音练习 跟我大声念
Let’s do some words. Say them out loud with me.
不要只是看着
Don’t just watch.
我们先念一遍单词 第二次念时拖住R的音
We’ll say the word once, then we’ll say it holding out the R,
然后我们再念一遍
then we’ll say it again.
同时我也会用单词造句
I’ll also do a sentence for each word,
我想你现在可能不认识这些词
and for each word that I think you might not know,
我会给你单词的解释
I’ll give you the definition.
你会发现 这此是发THR音最常见的单词
These are all of the most common words with THR that you might find.
Three, thrrr–three, three
Three, thrrr– three, three.
我儿子刚满三岁
My son just turned 3.
Through, thrrr– through.
Through, thrrr– through.
这是困难的时刻 但我们成功度过了
It’s a difficult time but we’ll get through it.
Throw, threw, thrown, throwing, throws, throwback.
Throw, threw, thrown, throwing, throws, throwback.
Throw, thrrrow, throw.
Throw, thrrrow, throw.
注意throw是个不规则动词
Notice this is an irregular verb.
它的过去式不是在词尾加ED
For the past tense, you don’t add ED.
而是由throw变成threw
Throw becomes threw.
这是个同音词 它和我们刚练习的单词through同音
That’s a homophone, meaning it sounds exactly the same as the word we just did: through.
Threw, through.
Threw, through.
但在这里这个词是throw
But here the word is throw.
Throw
Throw.
不要丢掉它 我可能还需要
Don’t throw it away, I might need it later.
Threat, threaten, threatened, threatening, threats.
Threat, threaten, threatened, threatening, threats.
不要欺负我 不要威胁我
Don’t bully me. Don’t threaten me.
Threat, thrrrrreat, threat.
Threat, thrrrrreat, threat.
Throat, thrrrrroat, throat.
Throat, thrrrrroat, throat.
我的喉咙疼
I have a sore throat.
Thrust, thrrrrreat, thrust.
Thrust, thrrrrrust, thrust.
他拿着剑刺进敌人的身体
He thrusts the sword into his enemy.
Thread, thrrrrreat, thread.
Thread, thrrrrrread, thread.
我的衬衣有个松脱的线头
There’s a loose thread on my shirt.
Threadbare, thrrrreadbare.
Threadbare, thrrrreadbare.
一个用布料做成的东西 比如衣服或家俱
This is when something made of fabric like clothing or furniture,
或者一个布绒动物玩具 因时间长而破损
maybe a stuffed animal, gets very worn with age.
酒店的地毯很破旧了
The rugs in the hotel were threadbare.
需要更换
They need to be replaced.
Threshold.
Threshold.
这个单词很有趣 因为H和S
This word is interesting because the letter H goes with S
一起来发SH的音
to make the SH sound,
但是SH也会发H的音
but then it also makes an H.
Threshold.
Threshold.
这个词是指门前那段路的尽头部分
This is the bottom part of a doorway.
你迈过门槛而进到一个房间
You cross over it to get into a room.
也可以用它来指处于某个点时 事情就会发生变化
We also use it to mean the point at which something changes.
你必须保持GPA在3.0以上才能保住奖学金
You have to keep a GPA at 3.0 to keep your scholarship,
低于这个分数你就保不住了
below that threshold and you lose it.
Threshold, thrrrrresh-hold, threshold.
Threshold, thrrrrresh-hold, threshold.
Thrill, thrilling, thrills, thrilled.
Thrill, thrilling, thrills, thrilled.
有你这样的学生 我很兴奋
I’m thrilled to have you as my student.
Thrill, thrrrrill, thrill.
Thrill, thrrrrill, thrill.
Thrive, thrives, thriving.
Thrive, thrives, thriving.
繁荣 成长 或发展
To prosper, grow, or develop.
Stoney在他的新托儿所进步很大
Stoney is thriving at his new daycare.
Thrive, thrrrive, thrive.
Thrive, thrrrive, thrive.
Thrash, thrashing.
Thrash, thrashing.
thrash某个东西 就是指抽打 击打该东西
To thrash something is to beat it, hit it.
在体育比赛中 一个队伍大胜对手时 也可以用thrash
We also use it in sports when a team wins by a large margin.
该足球队昨晚遭遇惨败 他们以0比5输了
The soccer team took a thrashing last night, they lost 0 to 5.
Thrash, thrrrash.
Thrash, thrrrash.
Thrush.
Thrush.
Thrush是一种鸟
This is a kind of bird.
画眉鸟有悦耳的歌声
The thrush has a lovely song.
Thrrrush. Thrush.
Thrrrush. Thrush.
Throng.
Throng.
throng指人群 很多人 拥挤 塞满的人
A throng is a crowd, many people, densely packed in.
暴风雪来临前 食品杂货店里真是人山人海
There was a throng of people at the grocery store just before the snowstorm.
Throng, thrrrrrong, throng.
Throng, thrrrrrong, throng.
Throttle.
Throttle.
一个轻拍音T 一个暗音L 这是个很难发音的词
A flap T, a dark L, this is a very tricky word.
这指控制液体的流动 就像发动机的汽油
This means to control the flow of something like fuel to an engine,
或者说糟糕的政策可能会压制革新 减缓速度
or bad policies could throttle innovation, slow it down.
也可指去掐一个人
It can also mean to choke someone.
Full throttle指全速前进
Full throttle means at top speed.
你昨晚做完全部工作了吗?
Did you finish all your work last night?
是的 我用尽全力做完了
Yeah, I was going full throttle.
Throttle, thrrrrottle, throttle.
Throttle, thrrrrottle, throttle.
Throb, throbbing.
Throb, throbbing.
击打 悸动
To beat, pulsate.
我太紧张了 我的心砰砰直跳
I was so nervous my heart was throbbing.
Throb, thrrrob, throb.
Throb, thrrrob, throb.
Thrift, thrifty.
Thrift, thrifty.
这个月我们确实得省吃俭用 因为上个月超支了
We have to be really thrifty this month because we overspent last month.
Thrifty, thrrrifty, thrifty.
Thrifty, thrrrifty, thrifty.
Thrombosis.
Thrombosis.
这是个医学名词 指在血管里形成一个血块
A medical term the formation of a blood clot in a blood vessel.
Thrombosis, thrrrrombosis, thrombosis.
Thrombosis, thrrrrombosis, thrombosis.
就是这些词了
There you have it.
我们学习了许多带THR音簇的词
We’re through the throng of words with a THR cluster.
你的心砰砰跳了吗?
Is your heart throbbing?
你学到了吗?是否已经开始理解如何发音了呢?
Have you reached the threshold where you really understand how to make this cluster?
太激动了!
What a thrill!
你确实进步了!
You are really thriving!
干嘛不继续全力以赴学习呢?
Why don’t you keep going full throttle?
观看视频来复习一个习语:to pay through the nose
Watch my video that goes over the idiom to pay through the nose.
through, thr –, 一个THR音簇词
through, thr –, a THR cluster word.
你觉得哪个发音组合是最难的呢?
What combinations are the hardest for you?
对你最有帮助的是哪部分?
What’s been the most helpful about this video?
你如何把今天学到的内容运用到你的日常中呢?
How can you take today’s lesson and put it into action in your life?
在下面留言告诉我
Let me know in the comments below.
今天讲到这里 感谢观看《瑞秋英文》
That’s it and thanks so much for using Rachel’s English.

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视频概述

本视频讲解THR辅音群的发音方法和注意事项。THR包含英语里最难的两个辅音TH和R,瑞秋老师通过示范和对比来讲解发音技巧,并列举常见的单词,教会大家练习的技巧。让我们一起来看看吧!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Michael

审核员

审核员BY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I-klqOUlBA4

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