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像宝宝一样学英语:地道发音

Learn English like a Baby – How to Sound Native

今天你们将要通过
Today you are going to learn tips on speaking English
研究宝宝如何学英语
like a native from studying how babies
来学习一些讲地道英语的小贴士
learn to speak English.
我教了十年多的英语
I ’ ve been teaching English for over
但是
10 years, but it ’ s only
在去年
in the past year that I ’ ve
我才有机会观察我儿子如何开始学英语
had the chance to watch my son start to pick up language.
他20个月大 正是语言能力暴涨的时候
He’s 20 months and his language skills areexploding.
我将给你三个我儿子学习语言的技巧
I ’ m going to give you three tricks to
来帮助你学英语
help you study the language the way he is working on it.
你要去游乐场了吗 Stoney
Are you ready to go to play yard Stoney?
准备好了吗
Are you ready to go?
你确定?
Are you sure? Uh-oh!
你掉了什么
What did you drop?
当一个宝宝最初尝试说话时
When a baby is first experimenting with language,
只是呀呀学语 啦啦啦
it ’ s babble, la, la, la,
叭叭叭
ba, ba, ba.
Stoney几乎没学会什么发音
Stoney had almost no sounds developed.
他会说元音ah 啊 会说m音 妈妈
He had an AH vowel, and he had m, mama,
和b音 巴巴
and a B, baba, baba.
比起语音 他模仿的更多的是重音
What he seemed to be imitating and playing with more than sounds was stress.
有太多学生都专注于语音
So many students get hung up on the sounds.
而实际上我觉得重音更重要
I actually think stress is more important.
重音和节奏以及语调相关
Stress relates to rhythm and intonation.
相比语音 他们更好的建立了英语的感觉
These make up the feeling of English more than the sounds do. Somehow,
有时候 我不知道为什么
I don ’ t know how,
我儿子他沉迷于“意大利的曼波舞”这首歌
he got obsessed with the song ‘ Mambo Italiano ’.
副歌部分是这么唱的 嘿 曼波 意大利的曼波
The chorus goes like this: Hey mambo, mamboItaliano.
这个时候 他有点学会说 嘿曼波 这句歌词了
At this point, he can kind of say ‘hey mambo’.
但是还不会说 意大利的曼波
But he cannot say ‘mambo italiano’.
所以他还是用类似 嘿曼波 嘛嘛嘛嘛嘛嘛嘛的话代替
Instead he says something like “Hey Mambo…..”
他是真的领悟到了语调和重音
He really gets the intonation and stress down.
所以完美匹配了这首歌
It matches the song perfectly.
发音不对
The sounds aren’t there.
但感觉到位了
But the feeling is there.
那就是这个句子的感觉
It’s the feeling of the sentence.
等他掌握更多发音
As he gets better with sounds,
学会怎么发音 如果他还在唱这首歌的话
as he learns them, he ’ ll go back and fill them
他就会回头把歌词填全
in if he’s still singing this song.
但是现在 他只会唱 嘿曼波嘛嘛嘛嘛嘛嘛嘛
But for now, it’s”Hey Mambo!”
神奇的是 他在一年半的时间里
Pretty amazing. A year and a half
一直模仿语调和重音
and he’s matching the pitch and the stress.
这就是我想要鼓励你们去做的
This is something I encourage my studentsto do.
不要仅仅着眼于单个的语音
Think about not just the individual sounds but also think
也要考虑整个句子的感觉
about the overall feeling of the sentence.
你好吗
How are you?
啊啊啊
Uhhh.
你好吗
How are you.
感觉就像所有音都连在一起 音高平稳过度 啊~
The feeling is, everything connected, pitch changes smoothly, uuhhh,
上升然后下降 啊~
scooping up then down. Uuuhhh.
你好吗
How are you?
这样练习说话有助于你找到感觉
Practicing sentences this way helps you practice the feeling. Uh,
你好吗
how are you?
你愿意只用 啊 来练习短语吗
Uuuhhh Are you willing to practice phrases that are just on ‘ uh ’?
宝宝们在开口说话前
Babies are laying a foundation of the feeling
会花费数月时间 为这种感觉打下基础
of English for months before they put in all the details,
然后加入舌头运动和语音这些细节
the finer pieces of the tonguemovements and the sounds.
我觉得你们也应该这样练习英语
I think you should also be practicing English this way. Sometimes,
有时候 仅仅是练习句子的感觉 啊~
just practice the feeling of a sentence. Uuhhhh.
你好吗 啊~
How are you? Uuhhhh.
你好吗
How are you?
小贴士2 当我抱着Stoney 他的脸离我很近 就在这儿
Tip #2: When I’m holding Stoney in my arm and his face is very close to me, it’s right here,
我注意到 他是这样看我的
I’ve noticed something. He looks at me like this.
他全神贯注地盯着我的嘴巴
Total concentration, focused in.He’s staring right at my mouth.
我妈妈也注意到了这点
My mom noticed this too.
她说我说话的时候他紧紧地观察我的嘴巴
She said, he watches my mouth so closely when I speak.
他很好奇 想要把看到的信息
He ’ s curious, he wants the combination of the visual information
和听到的结合起来
along with what he ’ s hearing.
我认为观察母语者的嘴巴
I think it can be incredibly helpful to
对学习英语会有很大的帮助
study native speaker ’ s mouths when learning.
我的每一个发音视频都有
Every one of my sound videos has close ups
嘴巴的慢动作特写
of the mouth in slow motion,
我的另一些视频也是如此
and lots of my other videos do too,
比如th连读音的那个视频
like one I did on linking with the TH.
我会在视频描述里放上链接
I’ll put links to those videos in the description.
有时候我让学生用镜子
Sometimes I tell students to watch themselves
或者录视频来观察自己
in a mirror or make a video and watch that.
我的一个网校学生
One of my students
刚刚在我们的脸书群里po出了一个视频
in my online school just posted a video to our Facebook group where
嘴巴运动幅度很小
there was very little mouth movement happening.
如果你不太动你的嘴巴
And it ’ s hard for your English
你的英语听起来
to be natural and clear when you ’
很难自然或清晰
re hardly moving your mouth at all.
当她回看视频的时候 她发现
When she went back and looked at it, she saw,
啊 是的 我明白了
oh yeah, I understand, I ’ m cheating the
我在一些
mouth position of some
需要压低下巴或者撅嘴的地方偷懒了
of the sounds that use more jaw drop or lip rounding.
所以要关注母语者的嘴巴
So focus in on the mouth of native speakers
然后在练习发音的时候注意你自己嘴巴的位置
and then pay attention to your own mouth positions as you’re practicing sounds.
小贴士3 孩子们做的什么事是非常令人讨厌的
Tip #3: What do toddlers do that is incredibly annoying?
他们一直重复说着和做着一样的事
They say and do the same thing over and over and over.
在我家的旁边的停车场
In the park by our house,
有一个游乐设施 那里有一棵树上刻了浣熊的脸
there ’ s a play structure with a fake raccoon face carved into a tree.
我儿子把他叫做 aa-coon 然后不停的想玩
Stoney calls it ‘aa-coon’ and asks forit constantly.
有时候他会把这个词连续说上20遍
There are times where he probably says the word 20 times in a row.
所有父母和照料人都知道孩子会自己重复上多少遍
Any parent or caregiver out there knows how much children repeat themselves.
这是学习如何建立肌肉记忆的一部分
This is part of learning, of building musclememory,
精通和掌握嘴巴精确位置
building mastery, developing the fine and subtle changes in mouth position
是学习一门语言所需要掌握的
native for speaking a language.
重复不仅能让成人提高英语口语
Repetition can not only help adults speak better English,
而且也是必须的
but I would say it ’ s essential.
如果你的发音不太好
Let’s say your pronunciation isn’t very good.
你可以学会如何更好的发音
You can learn how to pronounce something better,
以及怎么发音
or how something should be pronounced.
比如 通过观看我频道上的视频
For example, by watching videos on my channel.
但是知道很多道理无法改变身体和习惯
But knowing something does nothing to change your body and your habit.
成年人已经建立了顽固的肌肉记忆
You already have strong muscle memory establishedas an adult.
想要发出一个在母语里没有的语音
Creating a sound that you don ’ t have
或是找到一种英语的新感觉
in your native language, or creating a new
如果不重复的话是不行的
feeling of English is impossible without repetition.
在我教英语之前 我唱过歌剧
Before I started teaching English, I sang opera.
在练习的时候
In practicing, it would make no sense
把歌从头到尾一遍遍的唱是没有意义的
to sing the song from start to finish over and over.
你会分几部分来进行
You work in sections.
你会挑出棘手的那几段
You pick out specific lines that are tricky,
重复练习
and you do them over and over and over.
你可能会把内容从音乐中剔除 然后反复练习
Maybe you take the text away from the music and you practice that separately.
大声歌唱
Just sing out loud.
要点就是 你把它分解开来
The point is, you break it down,
然后反复练习
and you work with it over and over and over.
你会休息 睡觉
You take a break, you sleep, and your body,
而你的身体和记忆会做一些工作
your mind, does something with that.
记住音乐
It saves it.
然后第二天你回来继续
And then the next day you come back and you work again.
所以像孩子一样把同一件事反复练习
So be like a toddler and practice the same thing over and over.
假设 舒服 这个词对你来说很难
Let’s say’comfortable’ is a tricky word for you. First,
首先学会怎么发音
learn how to pronounce it.
我有关于这个单词的视频
I have a video on that.
然后播放和朗读
Then play it and say it,
一遍一遍地播放和朗读
play it and say it over and over again.
你可以上网站 像forvo.com
You can use a site like forvo.com,
上面有很多母语者上传的发音视频
where native speakers have uploaded word pronunciations.
播放视频 大声读出来
Play the native speaker, say it out loud.
播放视频 大声读出来
Play the native speaker, say it out loud.
一次做10到20遍
Do this 10, 20 times in row.
当你发的很好的时候 不要停
Once it gets really good, don’t stop.
这时候你需要继续
That’s when you need to keep going!
为了巩固正确 自然的发音
To solidify the correct, natural way of doing it.
重复练习会帮你做的更好
This repetition will help you get better.
作为一个语言老师
So as a teacher of language, I
我意识到
realize I have so much to learn about
通过观察我儿子这个母语者从头学开始说话
teaching a language by watching my son,
我可以学到很多
a native speaker, learn from the beginning.
在视频中我提到了我的网校
At one point in this video, I mentioned myonline school.
叫做瑞秋的英语学院
It’s called Rachel’s English Academy,
那里有
and I have thousands
数千个分解 降速的音频
of audio files broken up and slowed down
因此我的学生们能应用反复播放和朗读的方法
so that my students can practice little bits
练习一些对话
of conversation with the play it, say it method.
效果令人吃惊
It’s amazing.
我会观察一个正在学习的学生
I ’ ll watch a student doing this,
我甚至不用告诉他哪里需要修正
and I don ’ t even have to tell him what to fix.
仅仅是反反复复
Just by playing it and saying it
不停地播放和朗读
over and over without stopping,
一些微妙的变化产生了 他的发音开始变得很好
subtle changes happen, and it starts to sound so good.
如果你有兴趣在网校学习更多知识
If you ’ re interested in learning more
请访问RachelsEnglishAcademy.com
about the school, please visit RachelsEnglishAcademy.com

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视频概述

关于地道发音的三个技巧

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

神吉馬鹿也

审核员

译学馆审核团D

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QY1Hcm-RtG4

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