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供食:日本学校供餐

Kyushoku: The Making of a Japanese School Lunch

日本学校供餐
Hello world, welcome to Wumeijima elementary school.
大家好 欢迎来到武梅岛小学
I don’t think it’s a place many would consider cool.
我不认为很多人会觉得这地儿酷
No, we all know cool Japan.
是吧 众所周知 日本很酷
It’s neon lights, samurai, shrine, kimonos,
它的霓虹灯 武士 神社 和服
robots, anime, sushi,
机器人 动漫 寿司
lots of people crossing the road.
还有熙熙攘攘的街道
Yeah, sure. Those are all great.
嗯 没错 那些都很棒
But what I think is cool, and Japan can truly teach the world about
但我认为的酷 日本真正能教给世界的
is how to do the humble school lunch, how to do kyushoku.
是如何做简易的校园午餐 校园如何供餐
First things first, in Japan virtually all public elementary schools
首先 在日本 几乎所有的公立小学
nearly all public Junior high schools provide kyushoku.
和公立初中都有学校供餐
While school lunches can be traced back to the late 1800s,
学校供餐的历史可以追溯到19世纪末
when local civilians provided lunches for poor children.
那时当地民众为贫困儿童提供午餐
It was during reconstruction after world war two and things got offical.
在二战后的重建期间 午餐供应变得正式
In 1946 GHQ recommended a systematic of health education
1946年 GHQ建议在日本学校施行
and the school lunch program in Japanese schools.
系统的健康教育和午餐供应项目
Japanese government took note
日本政府加以重视
and started provding school lunches
并开始为东京都
in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area to 250,000 children.
25万学生提供学校午餐
And then expanded the program nationalwide shortly after.
随后不久 这个项目就在全国范围内实行
Much funding came from relief aid
该项目大量的资金来自于
provided by foreign goverments and charities.
外国政府和慈善机构的援助
However, when Janpan regained independence in 1951,
然而 在1951年日本重新独立后
that funding stopped.
这种资助停止了
And the minister of finance wanted to terminate school lunch subsidies.
财政部部长曾想停止发放校园午餐津贴
However, PTAs from all over Japan opposed this
然而却遭到了日本各地PTA成员的反对
and in 1954 the school lunch law was enacted.
最终在1954年颁布了《学校供餐法》
Before lunch some students ready the classroom for eating
午餐前 一部分学生收拾教室以便就餐
while others settle themselves for food.
其他同学则准备开饭
It’s all part of the school lunch program.
这都是学校午餐项目的一部分
I’m the principal of Umejima Elementary School in Adachi-ku, Tokyo.
我是东京足立区梅岛小学的校长
My name is Atsushi Ebara.
我叫江原淳
Since this’s an elementary school, one thing I wondered
由于这是小学 我很好奇一件事
is if the students in different grades have different responsibilities.
不同年级的学生是否有着不同的职责
Not at all.
并非如此
Students from grade 1 to 6 have exactly the same duties.
一到六年级学生的职责完全相同
They all dish out food,
他们都要负责分发食物
but with grade 1 and 2’s
不过对于一二年级学生
the teachers sometimes support and assist.
老师们有时候会帮助他们
But by the time they’re in grade six, they are able to do everything.
到了六年级 学生们就有能力做任何事了
What now transpire is a serving of the school lunch
这位拿着写字板身穿champion的同学
spearheaded by a champion with the clipboard.
正带领大家分发午餐
you will notice that at the start of this
一开始你会注意到
there is only one student in a white kyoshokuyi are apparent
表面看来只有一名穿着白色午餐服的学生
but what you will see over the course of minute
但在这个过程中你会看到
is how the students trade off and join in to get the job down.
学生们是如何交替完成任务的
For example, you’ll see the champion take over
例如 这位身穿champion的同学接过餐盘
and dish up for the first student in line.
给队伍的第一位同学盛菜
All well, other service are geared up.
之后其他分发食物的同学也动起来了
If you have a keen eye
如果你目光敏锐
you will be noticing not everyone currently serving has an apron on
你会发现并非每个发食物的学生都穿着围裙
I’m really sure that the aprons are just for show.
我很确定穿围裙只是为了更有型
But in case you worry about the food safety,
不过为了避免你担心食品的安全
I can tell you that everyone has washed their hands.
我可以负责的告诉你 每个人都已经洗干净手了
Since every kid knows what to do,
每个学生对自己的任务了如指掌
they’ve been doing this for six years now.
因为这些事他们已经做六年了
It was impressive to see how seamlessly they work together as a team.
他们默契的团队配合真是令我印象深刻
After a hectic start, all staff are in place.
一阵忙碌后 所有人员都已经各就各位
Now all that left to do is waiting till everyone has been served
剩下就等每个人都打好饭菜
– Put your hands together. – Okay.
-大家双手合十 -好的
Itadakimasu (I humbly receive).
我要开动了
The purpose and the role of kyushoku are
学校供餐的目的及意义是
for the students to learn that
为了让学生认识到
to have a healthy body, eating is very important.
饮食对维持身体健康很重要
Secondly, to experience
其次是让学生
our own food culture through kyushoku.
体验我国的饮食文化
Lastly to appreciate the hard work
最后是要学会感激
of many people who are involved in making kyushoku
对于参与学校供餐的所有人员
from farmers to kitchen staff,
从农民到厨房职员
to anyone who helps.
感激给予帮助的每一个人
All the homeroom teachers eat with their students in the classroom.
所有的班主任都和其学生一起在教室就餐
What do we have next period? Teacher, teacher!
老师我们下节课干嘛 老师老师
-A test. -Teacher, the camera is facing towards you.
-有个测验 -老师 摄像机正对着你呢
-So do like this. -I wouldn’t do such a bad manered thing.
-来像这样做 -我才不做这么失礼的事
As a principal,
身为校长
I have to eat and check the food
在把食物提供给学生前
before it’s served to the children.
我必须试吃和检查
So I barely have the chance to eat with children.
所以我几乎没有与学生一起用餐的机会
Yeah, so I forgot to mention that before all the food was served
没错 我忘记说了 在提供所有食物前
before there was someone waiting for the comeout of the elevator
在工作人员等着推车从电梯里出来之前
before start it rolling down the hallway, before everything,
在把推车推过大堂之前 在一切发生之前
it seems like this happened.
似乎是这样的
No, it wasn’t some damn looking foreigner grinning to dig in,
不 不是某个长相可怕的外国人咧嘴准备用餐
but the principal doing his duty and eating first.
而是校长在履行他的职责 试吃饭菜
It just so happened that today i got the chance to do it as well and this smile.
碰巧今天我也有了这个机会 才有了这个微笑
I’m Rie Kuwabara, the school nutritionist.
我是学校的营养师桑原理惠 请多多关照
Kuwabara sensei works at Wumeijima elementary school full time.
桑原老师是武梅岛小学的全职职工
Some of her many duties include designing the lunch menu,
她的工作之一就是设计午餐菜单
that is both nutritious and tasty,
既要营养丰富又要味道可口
keeping the meal within budget which is about 216 yen each meal
还要将每餐预算控制在216日元以内
educating the students and apparently filming for me.
并教育学生 还有就是帮我拍摄
In our school, we have a staff of 12.
我们学校食堂共有12名员工
But with me, there are 13 people working on the school’s lunch.
加上我 就有13个人负责学校的午餐
There are 634 children in the school,
学校有634个孩子
but we have lots of staff,
但是我们有很多教职工
so we make 690 meals in total.
所以我们总共要做690份午餐
The food is made from scratch using the in-house commercial kitchen.
食物是使用内部商业厨房从零开始制作的
If you previously worked in restaurants like I have,
如果你以前也像我一样在餐厅工作过
I’m sure you’re also admiring all the stainless steel.
我相信你也会羡慕这全套的不锈钢用具
We have food from all over the world,
我们的食材来自世界各地
but basically the vegetables are domestic
不过蔬菜基本上都是国产的
and come from the Kanto and even Shikoku areas.
来自于关东 甚至四国地区
Today I’m introducing food from Kochi prefecture.
今天我要介绍来自高知县的食物
Ginger chicken. In Kochi they grow ginger.
姜汁鸡肉 高知县盛产生姜
Ginger’s essence prevents us from being sick.
生姜里的成分能帮我们预防疾病
Guruni (stew). In Tosa dialect
Guruni又称乱炖 在土佐方言中
guru means friends getting together.
guru就是朋友聚会的意思
This stew is called guruni
这种炖菜之所以叫guruni
because various vegetables are gathered and cooked together.
是因为它将不同的蔬菜杂烩在一起
Basically ingredients are domestic,
基本上食材都源自国内
but on some occasions
但有时
some ingredients are processed in foreign countries.
也会采购一些国外加工过的食材
But basically, fish, meat, vegetables,
但基本上像是鱼 肉 蔬菜
fresh ingredients are domestic.
这些新鲜食材都来自国内
We buy local ingredients, it’s delivered, and we cook it.
采购的当地食材 送过来后就会进行烹饪
Hold on a second, I want to point out
等一下 这儿我想说明
I had to ask Kuwabara sensei
我得到了桑原老师的同意
if I can film the entire meal from start to finish
能够拍摄午餐制作的全过程
so this is my second day filming, well her second day.
所以这是我拍摄的第二天 好吧 是她的
But anyways I came to the school especially for the 8 am delivery of meat.
总之 我特意早上八点来学校等肉送过来
When I saw the food just delivery, I thought that’s it?
我看到刚到的肉时想 这是全部?
This meal has other source of protein?
这顿有其他蛋白质来源?
So yes. This is all the meat for the 690 meals being made.
没错 这些肉要用来做690份饭
Oh ya this was the stew where the meat went into.
哦对了 这碗里的就是炖肉
But let’s get back on track. This may look like another local Japanese home.
回到正题 这儿看似是个当地的日式房子
But if you walk behind the wall, it’s not quite what it seems.
但当你走到墙后 它就不是看上去那样了
They pick it like this
他们四个现在在做的是
all four of them.
像这样把豆荚摘下来
How is it? Hard? Difficult ?
怎么样?硬吗?难吗?
-Difficult. -Yeah, difficult.
-很难 -嗯 没错 是有点难
I teach kids that by eating,
我教导孩子们 好好吃饭
we take life from vegetables so that we can live
我们能从蔬菜中吸取营养活下来
and we must appreciate this.
因此我们要心怀感激
Students don’t help cook the food,
学生并不帮忙烹煮食物
but the 1st and 2nd grades
但一 二年级的小朋友
help peel vegetables
会帮忙处理蔬菜
like broad beans, corn, and green peas.
像是剥蚕豆 玉米和青豆这些
Today 2th graders came to my farm
今天 二年级的学生来农场
to do their work experience.
体验劳作
Tomorrow for their kyshoku’s edamame rice dish,
明天 学校的午餐要做毛豆米饭
the edamame they’re working on will be used.
他们现在就是在准备需要用到的食材
As you might guess by now, this is a working farm.
你没猜错 这是一个劳作农场
And it actually located in the same city not too far away.
它其实与学校在同个城市并且离得不远
I don’t want to pretend that all the protocols for this school come from here
这所学校采购的食材并不都来自这里
but some items can be grown quite locally
但有些食材确实能在这里种
and offers a chance for the students to easily see
并且能便于学生观察
where some of their food are grown.
他们的食物是如何长成的
Thank you!
谢谢!
It will be used in the school lunch’s salad.
它可以用来做午餐沙拉
-Ah, is it okay if I eat it? -Yes, go ahead.
-我能吃吗? -当然可以 试试
Mm, very sweet.
嗯 很甜
These are called fruit tomatoes.
这叫水果番茄
And in addition to this nearby farm
此外在这个农场附近 校园范围内
there is a garden within the school ground that the children tend to.
还有一个孩子们都想去的花园
This is tiny that will never feed the school.
它很小 远满足不了学校食材的需求
But it’s rather a place for kids can get their hands dirty
但在这儿 孩子们能够自己动手
and see the whole process from start to finish.
还能见证食物从种下到成熟的全过程
Every month I plan the menu one month in advance.
我每个月都会提前计划好下个月的菜单
First of all, I write down what vegetables are in season.
首先 我写下这个季节会有的所有蔬菜
so that I can cook food that’s in season.
这样我就能做应季的食物
Secondly, there is event food every month.
其次 每个月都有节令菜
For example, next month is Tanabata (seasonal festival).
例如 下个月是七夕节(季节性节日)
So I’m planning food for the event.
于是我会考虑做对应的节令菜
Lastly, we don’t want to use meat many days in a row.
最后 我们不会连续几天用肉类食材
For example, I don’t want to offer chicken today,
例如 我不希望今天用了鸡肉
and then pork the next day,
明天又用猪肉
so I try to put on the menu,
所以我尝试把这条加入菜单
fish, then meat, then egg, then tofu.
像是先用鱼后用肉再是蛋然后用豆腐
I try to take turns using those ingredients.
我尽量轮流着使用这些食材
And the basic thing is that I have to offer a certain amount of nutrition.
最基本的就是菜单必须提供足够的营养
This is regulated by the city.
这个是由市政府规定的
So I try to hit 100% of the required nutritional targets.
所以我会尽力去达到100%的营养目标
Well, having a menu that hits 100% nutritional target is fantastic.
呃 满足100%的营养目标当然很好
We all know kids committed meat eaters
可众所周知孩子都是肉食主义者
so we have to ask.
那么我们去问问吧
Are there any ingredients or menus that the kids don’t like?
孩子们会有哪些不喜欢的食材或菜单吗?
And do you repeat those items
如果有 你们是重复那些菜品
or do you try to change them?
还是尝试改变一下呢?
Because they’re young chidren, there are things they don’t like,
毕竟还是孩子 他们肯定有不喜欢的东西
and there are so many things they’ve never eaten before,
而且有很多食材他们从未吃过
so they don’t want to touch it.
所以肯定有不想尝的
So on the day they see ingredients for the first time,
刚开始他们第一次见到一些食材或料理时
they can be very honest and there’s a lot left behind.
他们很诚实地剩下了很多
Then that day I get so down,
所以那次我很失落
but when they get used to the food, they’ll eat it,
但等他们慢慢适应食物后 就能接受了
and I want them to expand their exposure to different types of food.
而且我希望他们能尝试不同种类的食物
However I try not to be down,
所以我会打起精神来
and I’ll once again offer the food they don’t like
再试试那些他们不喜欢的食物
trying to change the flavour a little bit,
像是 改变一下口味
change how it’s cooked,
或者改变烹煮方法
trying different approaches.
又或是尝试不同的处理方法
As for food researches like allergies
至于像对食物过敏源的研究
I was informed that depending on the recipe, ingredients can be taken out.
他们告诉我 会根据食谱去掉相应的致敏成分
So on certain days there may be special meals like this.
因此在某些日子里会有像这样特殊的饭菜
If your moving ingredients can’t be done
如果无法去除相应成分
a student would substitute by eating more observant dish
那么学生会多吃点不含过敏源的菜来代替
since there are several dishes each day.
因为每天都会有好多道菜供选择
And that probably answers your next question which is
这可能也回答了你的下个问题
what happens when someone is still hungry. Not all the kids are the same size.
要是有人还饿怎么办 每个孩子饭量不同
Students can have a okewati which means seconds.
学生可以加饭 再来一碗
Do you offer dessert? Dessert, yes I offer it,
-你们提供甜点吗? -甜点 有的
but it’s not everyday.
但不是每天都有
It’s on special occasions.
一些特殊场合会提供
And so, one thing we do is using fruits to mark the change in seasons.
我们提供水果 一个原因是为了表示季节更替
For example, this month it’s watermelons and cantaloupes.
例如 这个月是西瓜和甜瓜
And at our school we have birthday lunches.
在我们学校还有生日午餐
So each month the birthday kids
每个月过生日的孩子
get jelly for their special dessert.
会得到他们的特殊甜点 果冻
So I think dessert can be something they look forward to.
因为我认为他们很喜欢吃甜点
At Umejima Elementary School
在武梅岛小学
what’s your favourite school lunch menu?
你们最喜欢的午餐是什么呢?
What would you say? Today’s hard worker, Kasuya-san.
谁来说?今天最用功的和也同学
Fried rice with sweet sauce.
甜酱炒饭
Really?
真的?
And so….
嗯……
Ou-san.
王同学
It’s curry. Ah, -me too.
-咖喱饭 -啊 我也喜欢
Ah, curry!
嗯嗯 咖喱!
We don’t cook the same menu item more than once a month.
我们一个月内不会做重样的菜
For example, curry and rice is very popular,
例如 大家都很喜欢咖喱饭
but I can’t make it every week.
但我不会每周都做
I can offer it once a month,
可以每月提供一次
or once every two months,
又或是两个月一次
but I wouldn’t offer it twice in the same month.
却不会一个月提供两次
But compared to other menu items, I schedule it more often.
但相对于其它菜品 它会安排地更频繁一些
Now let me address the elephant in the room. This is a rich school, isn’t it?
接着我们来谈谈这个 这学校挺富有的吧?
If you taught in japan
如果你在日本教过书
you know that heating and cooling in the gym is a rare thing
你会知道体育馆里很少有冷暖气
and what’s up with the open design no wall thing
还有这种无墙的开放性设计是怎么回事
ok, sure some classes have them
是 有些教室是有墙
but what’s the deal?
但为什么这么设计呢?
I can totally understand how people would think that.
我能完全理解人们会这样想
In reality, it’s nothing like that,
实际上并不是那样
it’s like any other public school in Japan.
这儿就和日本的其他公立学校一样
It’s not like there are a lot of wealthy people living here.
这附近并没有很多富人住着
Sorry to butt in but I want to back up kotyo-sensei on this one.
抱歉插一句 这儿我得支持下校长先生
For Adachi-ku is the poorest of Tokyo’s 23 wards
足立区是东京23区中最穷的区
so yeah definitely not a place known for it’s wealth.
所以这儿绝不是一个因富有出名的地儿
When the school was rebuilt,
在学校重建时
Adachi city and the local people
足立区和当地人们
wished for a nice school (for the children).
希望能给孩子们建一个好校舍
The rebuild happened during the bubble,
当时正值泡沫经济时期
so they had a good budget,
所以他们预算不错
but it’s nothing special,
但也没什么特别的
it’s a regular public school.
这儿只是一所常规的公立学校
But isn’t this school’s lunch special?
学校的午餐不特殊吗?
Is this school’s lunch special?
午餐菜品的安排的话
No it’s not special.
确实并不特殊
Kotyo-sensei might say that this meal is nothing special
校长先生说这顿饭没有什么特别的
and in fact, looking at it I’d have to agree that looks rather plain.
事实上 就这么看起来确实很平常
That’s only so much you can do with standard dishes
那是因为用这个标准做出来的菜有限
of pink trees and the rush to feed school for a hungry mouth.
还要养活学校中一个个嗷嗷待哺的孩子们
However and it’s a big however the flavor was wonderful.
但是 味道真的超棒
To tell you the truth,
说实话
I was expecting a hospital like meal
我本以为这会像医院餐一般
with all the talk of nutrition and all
有所需的营养但不好吃
but I was pleasantly surprised.
但我真的很惊喜
Even though, Japan’s family restaurant present the food nicer
虽然日本的家庭餐馆把食物摆得更好看
I found the two meals I tried to
但在这儿 我曾吃过的两道菜
be taster and of course healthier
更美味 当然 也更健康
so the cities’ Oishi Kyushoku are tasty
学校美味午餐确实味道不错
school lunch program is definitely working.
学校午餐工程确实很有效
I would eat these meals everyday for my lunch if I could.
要是可以 我愿意每天都吃这些午餐
Well not every city has a special tasty school lunch program.
不是每个城市都有美味午餐计划
Virtually every public elementary school in Japan does provide school lunch.
但是日本几乎每个公立小学都会提供午餐
So how’s it all founded?
那它是如何建立的?
Well the national and perfectural government share costs
国家和地方政府会平摊开支
and there’s a focus on ensuring equality across the nation.
从而着重确保全国均衡
the school system builds the kitchen and pays for staffing
学校管理层会建厨房然后给员工发工资
while families cover the cost of ingredients.
每个家庭平摊原材料的费用
As for the families that can’t afford the school lunch fee,
至于那些低收入家庭
basically for low-income households,
他们负担不起学校的午餐费
in Japan we have a social welfare system
在日本 我们有一个社会福利系统
that will provide the fees.
会帮助提供学生的午餐费
Adachi city has an Oishi Kyushoku (tasty school lunch program)
足立区的美味学校午餐项目的发起
because the percentage of adults living in Adachi
是因为足立区的成年居民中
with obesity and diaebetes is high.
患肥胖和糖尿病的比例高
So with kyushoku we want to educate kids
因此我们想用学校供餐来教育孩子
that to have a healthy body
想要有一个健康的体魄
eating healthy is important.
健康饮食很重要
So Adachi city started the program
所以足立区开展了这个项目
so kids could learn the importance of healthy habits
一边为孩子们提供好吃的料理
by eating and enjoying tasty food.
一边让他们懂得健康习惯的重要性
In Adachi, once a month there’s an Oishi Kyushoku meeting
每月足立区都会有一场学校供餐会议
that nutritionists from the 104 schools in my city attend.
参与者是来自本区104所学校的营养师
We gather altogether in one place
我们会相聚一堂
to exchange ideas and menu plans.
来交流经验和菜单
One of the things I picked up on was
我发现了一件事儿
that the food education really was intergrated into the school.
食物教育真正地融入了学校
For example, this is the poster for the wumeijima banto (our lunch box) contest
比如这张宣传武梅岛小学午餐便当比赛的海报
As part of their summer homework parents and
这是孩子们暑假作业的一部分
children design their own bentos at home.
就是家长和孩子们一起在家制作便当
We pick out the best ones
我们会从中挑出最好的几份
and include them in the kyushoku menu.
将它们加入学校的供餐菜单
We then invite the community to come
我们还会邀请当地居民
and eat the chosen menus together.
来一起品尝这些新的菜单
Thanks for the food.
我吃饱了
Thanks for the food.
我吃饱了
Look left!
向左看
OK, so this is something I heard rumours of growing up in Canada
我在加拿大长大 听到过那些打扫教室的传言
and honestly as a student way back then
坦白说 学生时代
I thought to myself how lucky was I
我自以为很幸运
that I didn’t need to clean up my school like those poor Japanese students.
从不需要像日本学生那样可怜地打扫学校
But now as a parent I’m like yeah get those kids cleaning
但是现在我作为一个家长觉得让小孩打扫
it’ll teach them some responsibility.
这会教给他们责任感
Seriously though my kids seem not to mind the cleaning process,
说真的 我的孩子似乎和这些日本孩子一样
just like these students.
并不在意清洁过程
I even got in on the act myself.
我自己也尝试了打扫
The thing I found was that
我发现
because Japanese students are told to think about the well being of the group
因为日本学生很重视集体感
to think about how their actions affect others
且在意他们的行为会如何影响其他人
the class was messy to begin with
所以虽然教室一开始很乱
so cleaning really was not that bad at all.
但打扫下也还挺不错
Even if I have to work harder,
虽然我必须得很努力工作
struggling to come up with good menus,
必须拼命制作出好的菜品
when the kids react well and say tasty,
但在孩子们反响很好 称赞食物可口时
when they say they’re able to eat food they previously didn’t like,
在他们说爱上了以前并不喜欢的食物时
that makes me feel like it was worth the effort.
这些会让我感觉到所有的努力都是值得的
Never mind.
别介意
Apparently there is no other nationwide
显然世界上也找不到第二个
school lunch program like this in the world.
这种全国范围的学校午餐计划
I don’t know for sure
我也不确定
but perhaps you can inform me.
但如果你知道有的话 请告诉我
Regardless I think Japan does it well
不论如何 我觉得日本做得很棒
and while I can’t speak for the rest of the world
虽然我不能就其他国家发表意见
I wish Canadian policys would import this
但我希望加拿大可以引进
particular Japanese thing.
这一日式学校供餐制度
I have a lot of thanks to give.
我要诚挚地表达谢意
Thanks to all the children and teachers would invite me to lunch.
感谢所有邀请我共进午餐的学生和老师
It was a fantastic experience.
这是一次奇妙的经历
Special thanks to Ebara sensei who spare all his efforts
尤其感谢不遗余力帮助我的江原淳校长
without him willing to take a chance on me
要不是他愿意给我一次机会
who as he did verify was not that kind of youtuber
当然是在他确认过我不是那种油管博主后
I wouldn’t have enabled to share the story with you.
我可能就没法向各位展示这一切了
Real special thanks, Kuwabara Sensei
特别感谢桑原理惠老师
for doing most to my work filming.
帮我做了大部分拍摄工作
Seriously, you see how these workers are geared up, it’s full-on.
说真的 你看这些员工都是全副武装
and the rule is, no outsiders allowed,
这里还规定外来者不许入内
which meant me.
当然这里指的是我
When I suggested putting my camera on a push trolley
当我提议把摄像机放在手推车上时
she did one better and offered to hold my camera.
她提出更好的建议说帮我拿着摄像机
Her help put a difference betwteen this faded, looking through the window shots
在她的帮助下 透过这个窗户拍 效果好了很多
and discrease inside the action once that you’re able to see.
既能拍清楚 又减少了对工作人员的影响
It’d also be rude for me not to thank all the kitchen staff working hard in the heat of the kitchen.
我还要向在高温厨房辛勤工作的员工致谢
Lastly I’d thank all those on Patreon
最后我想要向在Patreon中
continue to support projects like this.
不断支持这样的项目的人表示感谢
Thanks for watching. See you next time. Bye.
感谢观看 下回见 拜拜
What’s school lunch like where you’re from.
你的校园午餐是怎么样的呢

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

日式学生午餐的由来与制作

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Layla

审核员

审核员LJ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fze5s1SlqB8

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