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刀功——如何料理洋蓟

Knife Skills 2 – How to Prepare An Artichoke – Bruno Albouze – THE REAL DEAL

嗨 朋友们!今天我非常高兴
Hi, guys! I’m pretty excited today because
因为我将要处理这个奇怪的东西
I am going to deal with this wierd thing,
它的名字叫洋蓟
which is called an artichoke,
这是一种属蓟科的可食用植物花蕾
which is an edible flower bud of plants in a thistle family,
暗示了它不想被吃掉
suggests that it doesn’t want to be eaten,
否则它会让你噎着
otherwise it will make you choke.
然而洋蓟是一种超级食物
Artichokes are however a superfood in every sense of the word.
洋蓟中的植物营养素提供了有效的抗氧化功效
The phytonutrients in artichokes provide potent antioxidant benefits.
一份洋蓟可以提供
A serving of artichokes provides
比许多传统上被认为富含抗氧化剂的食物
greater antioxidant benefits per serving than
更大的抗氧化功效
many other food traditionally considered to be antioxidant-rich,
例如:黑巧克力 蓝莓和红酒
such as dark chocolate, blueberries and red wine.
处理洋蓟虽然可能有些吓人
Dealing with artichokes though could be a little intimidating,
特别是转刀技巧
especially the turning technique.
开始之前 准备一大碗冰水
Before you start, fill a large bowl with cold water,
挤入一些柠檬
squeeze in a couple of lemons
留一半来擦试修剪过的新鲜洋蓟
but save one half to rubble your freshly trimmed artichokes.
以下是带茎洋蓟的处理方法
Here is the method with the stem left on.
首先 你要用这种方法拿刀
To begin with, you want to hold your knife this way.
直立的
Straight up.
洋蓟也一样 垂直拿起
Same for the artichoke, straight up.
哎哟 你要把这个放到下面
Oops, you want to put this underneath.
这样可以保持工作台的干净
So you keep your station clean.
然后这样
Then you go that way,
首先 你要用一把锋利的刀
First, you’re gonna work with a sharp knife.
旋转洋蓟的意思是
Turning an artichoke or tourner un artichaut in French means
去掉苞叶 直至洋蓟心 边去除边转动它
cleaning down to the heart, rotating it as you go.
当削到淡黄色的叶子时
When you have reached the lighter yellow leaves,
可以清楚地看到洋蓟心在和你打招呼
you should clearly see the shape of the heart saying hello.
保持它的圆状是非常重要的
It is very important to keep it round.
现在用一把水果刀小心地修整它 去除它绿色的东西
Now with a paring knife and carefully trim off, removing green stuff,
从洋蓟的底部 绕着茎开始
starting from the base of the artichoke and around the stem.
要把所有的绿色部分除掉
You just want to go after all remaining green spots,
然后用面包刀把顶部切掉
then cut the top off using a bread knife.
然后用一个瓜勺来去除毛茸茸的幼嫩花瓣
Then with a melon baller remove the fuzzy choke,
用柠檬涂抹表面防止氧化
and rub with lemon to prevent oxidizing.
把洋蓟心放在柠檬水中几天
Keep the heart in lemony water for a few days
或者放在冰袋中冷藏几个星期
or frozen in freezer bags for weeks.
你也可以这样做
What you can also do is
把洋蓟茎折断而不是切掉
snapping off the stem rather than cutting it.
据说这样会有更多的纤维从洋蓟心中出来
It says that more fibrous stuff come out from the heart,
但那需要你自己来搞清楚
but that’s something you would have to figure out yourself,
但根据洋蓟品种和季节
depending on the variety and the season though.
有的茎比其它的要多肉一些
Some stems are meatier than others.
坦白说 对于很多准备工作来说 你都不需要把茎留下来
And quite frankly, you don’t need to leave the stem on for most preparations,
例如炒或填充洋蓟心
such as sauteing or stuffing artichoke hearts anyway.
然而在某些场合它看起来很好
However it looks good with in some occasions.
所以无论你选择什么方法
So whatever method you choose,
清洗过程都一样
the cleaning process remains the same.
就像之前说的 毛茸茸的幼嫩花瓣
As showed earlier, the fuzzy choke
可以在烹饪之前或之后除掉
can be removed before or after cooking.
老实说 一旦烹饪更容易去除
To be honest, easier once cooked,
这又取决于食谱
but again it depends on the recipe.
洋蓟心用香料很容易煮熟
Artichoke heart can be simply boiled
或者蒸熟
or steamed with some aromatics,
或用文火炖熟
or braised à la Barigoule.
接下来 我将会给你们示范怎么蒸洋蓟
Next, I am going to show you how to steam artichokes.
我喜欢在水里放一些茴香酒
In my water, I like to throw in a little bit of star anis,
黑胡椒 盐和柠檬进去
black pepper corns, salt and lemon.
用一把有锯齿锋利的刀
With a good serrated knife,
修剪掉洋蓟茎 去掉小的外叶或苞片
trim off the stem, remove small outer leaves or bracts.
修剪顶部并切掉
Trim off top and cut off
洋蓟叶顶端的尖刺
any of the sharp thorns in the tip of the artichoke leaves.
看着我 是不是很漂亮
Look at me, I’m so pretty.
接下来 把这朵华丽的花浸泡在柠檬水里
Next, you want to soak this gorgeous flower in lemony water
然后转移到锅里
and transfer into the pot.
开大火
Turn the heat on on full blast.
开始沸腾的时候调小火
And when it begins to boil, lower the heat,
让它炖大约30分钟
and let’s simmer for about 30 minutes.
如果你想把你的洋蓟填满
If you want to stuff your artichokes though,
趁热拿掉中间部分
remove the choke now while it is hot,
塞满东西 烤它然后用它来招待别人
and stuff them, bake them and serve.
另外 你可以用一些融化的黄油
Otherwise, enjoy these beauties with
蛋黄酱或蒜泥蛋黄酱来享用这些美味
some melted butter, mayonnaise or aioli,
甚至比这更健康的是 我喜欢
or even healthier than that, I like them dip into
以红酒醋和橄榄油为基础的醋汁
a vinaigrette based on red wine vinegar and olive oil.
太好吃了
So delicious.
我希望你们喜欢这个洋蓟的视频
I hope you guys enjoyed this artichoke episode.
请在脸书上关注我 给我点赞
Please subscribe, like me on Facebook
在推特 Ins和Pinterest上关注我
and follow me on Twitter, Instagram and Pinterest.
不要忘了去brunoskitchen.net查看我的全部食谱
And don’t forget to check all of my recipes on brunoskitchen.net.
再见
Ciao ciao.
海鲈鱼松饼
SEA BASS IN PUFF PASTRY

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译制信息
视频概述

处理洋蓟的方法

听录译者

jm

翻译译者

杜小雅

审核员

审核员 T

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jghZyFsQ-tw

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