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毛绒绒的更格卢鼠是弹跳力惊人的忍者 – 译学馆
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毛绒绒的更格卢鼠是弹跳力惊人的忍者

Kangaroo Rats Are Furry, Spring-Loaded Ninjas | Deep Look

《微观深望》
Under cover of darkness,
在黑暗的掩盖下
the world is a safer place for a kangaroo rat.
世界对于更格卢鼠而言变得更加安全
It’s mostly hidden from predators,
在严酷的加州沙漠里
while it searches for seeds – its main source of food and water
当它寻找草籽这一食物和水的主要来源时
in this harsh California desert.
往往难以被敌人发现
But it’s not totally safe
但它并不是绝对安全
Ok, let’s slow that down.
我们慢回放刚才那一幕
Like some kind of furry, spring-loaded ninja,
就像某种毛茸茸的弹簧忍者一样
the kangaroo rat dodges those venomous fangs.
更格卢鼠躲开了那些毒牙
And it didn’t just get lucky.
而且这不只是运气好
These rats do this again…
这些更格卢鼠再一次逃脱……
响尾蛇
And again…
又一次……
We can see it thanks to night-vision cameras,
多亏了夜视相机 我们可以目睹这一幕
but it’s really dark out.
但外面真的很黑
So how does a kangaroo rat escape almost certain death?
那么更格卢鼠又是怎么死里逃生的呢?
Scientists think they can hear the slightest
科学家们认为它们可以听见
change in air pressure caused by a snake lunging
由蛇的猛扑或猫头鹰的振翼引起的
or the flutter of an owl wing.
极其细微的气压变化
Its hearing is ninety times more sensitive than ours.
它的听力要比我们灵敏九十倍
That hyper-sensitivity is mostly thanks to these giant hollow spaces in its skull
这种高灵敏度 主要归功于其头骨上
known as “tympanic bullae.”
称为“鼓室泡”的巨大中空空间
They act as natural amplifiers
它们充当自然扩音器
-kind of like how a small sound echoes in a large cave.
类似于微弱的声音 在一个大洞穴中回响
When it senses danger,
当更格卢鼠察觉到危险时
the rat kicks into action,
它那似袋鼠般有力的后腿
propelled by its powerful kangaroo like hind legs.
会推动它行动
Thick tendons and large muscles mean a super-fast reaction time.
厚壮的肌腱和肌肉意味着超短的反应时间
And their legs are huge in proportion to their body size.
它们的腿占身体的很大一部分
That’s how they blast off like that.
它们就是像那样腾空跳跃
See how its tail is whipping around?
看它的尾巴是如何快速摆动的?
That helps the rat twist out of the rattlesnake’s jaws,
这帮助更格卢鼠从响尾蛇的颚中扭出
stabilize, and land on its feet.
在空中降落时 保持平衡 安全着地
Even when it looks like the snake has a bullseye,
即使蛇有时看起来抓住了靶心
the rat uses those powerful legs to kick free,
在注射致命剂量的毒液之前
before the snake can inject its lethal dose of venom.
更格卢鼠会用强有力的腿灵活把蛇踢开
This all happens in a matter of milliseconds, faster than the blink of an eye.
这一切都发生在几毫秒间 比眨一次眼还快
Sometimes, the rats do lose this battle,
有时 更格卢鼠也会输掉这场战斗
but in one study,
但在一次研究中
researchers found that three quarters of the time,
研究人员发现四分之三的机率
they survive the snake attacks
更格卢鼠成功从蛇口逃生
and make it back to their burrows,safe and sound.
并安然无恙地回到了地洞
And sometimes, the best defense is a good offense.
有时 最好的防守是有效的进攻
Ok, now you’re just showing off.
好吧 现在你只是在炫耀
So kangaroo rats aren’t the only warrior rodents in the desert.
更格卢鼠不是沙漠中唯一的啮齿类战士
The southern grasshopper mouse has a taste for scorpions – sting and all.
南方的食蝗鼠对吃蝎子情有独钟——螯针和所有部位
And we’ve got more rattlesnakes.
我们还有更多的响尾蛇
How does that rattle actually work?
响尾蛇是如何发声的?
And lastly, if you’re a Deep Look super fan,
最后 如果您是《微观深望》的超级粉丝
why not join hundreds of others on Patreon
快加入Patreon数百赞助者
for special behind-the-scenes content, early access to episodes, and more.
以获得很多幕后内容 抢先观看剧集等
Link is in the description. Thanks.
网址在视频介绍栏 感谢观看

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视频概述

蛇鼠大战谁更胜一筹?让我们一起走进毛绒绒忍者更格卢鼠

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Charlie.

审核员

审核员LJ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-hyKWwiefF8

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