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日本真的量产萌版方形西瓜,要不要来一枚? – 译学馆
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日本真的量产萌版方形西瓜,要不要来一枚?

Japan's Square Watermelon Adventure ★ ONLY in JAPAN #55

日本制造
Only in Japan
欢迎在这个夏天最热的时候来到四国岛!
Welcome to Shikoku on the hottest days of the summer!
日本人总是在寻找改善生活的方式
Japan is always trying to find a way to improve life.
不断地提高生活质量
Take it to the another level
其中包括 技术 住房
That could include technology, accomodation,
吉祥物 娱乐活动
Mascots, entertainment
甚至食物
Even food
这一次我来到了位于香川县的善通寺市
This time I’m in Zentsuji in Kagawa Prefecture
我将要尝试一种我最喜欢的食物 它已经被改善了
to try a favorite food of mine that has evolved
到了更高的水平
to that next level
那就是善通寺市的方形西瓜
The square watermelon of Zentsuji
在我们去农场和仓库之前
Before we head to the farm and warehouse,
先来看下这种西瓜在东京的销售情况
Let’s take a look at those watermelons on sale in Tokyo
这种方形西瓜就像是一种珍宝似的
The square watermelon is like a piece of treasure
从形状和价钱就能看出来
reflected in its shape and its price
甚至跟国外进口的西瓜一样贵
which can be as high as this even more abroad.
当你买到了方形西瓜 会忍不住想要炫耀一番
When you have a square watermelon, you want to show it off.
有时它们甚至都是非卖品
Sometimes they’re not even for sale.
在东京它们的出售价格一般是18000到20000日元(约合人民币1200到1300元)
When they are, they are around 18000 to 20,000 yen in Tokyo
在新宿区著名的水果店里
This famous fruit stand in Shinjuku,
总会出售一些特别的水果
always has some unique fruit on sale.
而方形西瓜就是其中之一
and there it is
它的售价是20000日元(合人民币1300元)
for 20,000 yen
那么是什么让这种西瓜如此昂贵?
What makes these watermelons so valuable?
有些情况你需要了解
Here are some facts
它们可以保鲜6个月
They can last up until 6 months
因为它们还没熟就被摘下来了
because they are harvested unriped.
它们只供观赏
They are ornamental.
这意味着它们只是用来展示的 不能吃
meant for display, not dessert
善通寺市每年只能产出200个方形西瓜
Zentsuji grows only 200 of them a year.
因此它们很稀有
so they’re rare
每个西瓜的平均价格是10000到20000日元
The average price is 10,000 to 20,000 yen each.
尽管这种稀缺性会影响市场价格
although its rarity can affect the market price.
并且它们只能在善通寺市种植
and they are made only in Zentsuji
法律如此规定
legally
那么 善通寺市在哪呢?
So where is Zentsuji
我们要去日本最小的四个主岛上看看
We have to travel to the smallest of Japan’s 4 main islands.
四国岛
Shikoku
在高松市外就是善通寺市
Just outside the City of Takamatsu lies Zentsuji
属于香川县
in Kagawa prefecture.
善通寺市坐落在四国岛88寺的朝圣路上
situated on the 88 temple Shikoku pilgrimage route.
有3万4千人口
Population 34,000 people.
这是一个被山峦环抱着的绿地
It’s a green area surrounded by hills.
方形西瓜就种植在这里
and the square watermelons are grown right down there.
善通寺市与京都和东京不同
Zentsuji isn’t Kyoto or Tokyo
但这儿也有许多值得一看和尝试的事
but it sure has some things to see and do.
这是一个宁静的城市
It’s a peaceful city
这里就是善通寺
That’s Zentsuj temple over there.
建于公元813年
Founded in 813.
这座5层的宝塔被列为
The 5 storey pagoda is listed as
日本重要文化遗产
culturally important property of Japan.
看上去就是这样
It sure looks it.
寺里有一间地下室
There is a basement in the temple
可以让你在黑暗中行走
where you can walk in the dark.
用来清理思绪
for clearing your mind
直到你想明白后出来
until you have to feel your way out.
附近还有一间小寺院是用来生孩子
Nearby is a small temple dedicated to child bearing
生育和哺乳婴儿的
and breast feeding
香川县拥有全日本最好的乌冬面
Kagawa has some of the best Udon noodles in japan.
善通寺市就布满了赞歧乌冬面馆
and Zentsuji is loaded with self service Sanuki Udon restaurants.
还可以在你的朝圣之路上 来个金色的冰激凌冷静冷静
Cool down from your pilgrimage with some gold icecream.
想来点更刺激的?
Want something harder?
试试坚包
Try Katapan
这是一种有着120年历史的食物
120 years of history.
这家糕饼店
This confectionary shop
号称他们卖的是全世界最硬的面包
boasts the hardest bread in the world.
方形西瓜的探险从这片西瓜地开始
The square watermelon adventure starts in the watermelon field
山下先生会给我们讲它们的种植方式
where Yamashita san shows me how they are grown.
这里不是所有的西瓜都会长成方形
Not all of the watermelons here are grown into cubes.
但找到一个也不困难
It doesn’t take long before you find one.
这里
It’s here.
反正它也逃不出这片地
Well, it’s really can’t escape from there.
它要在这片地里长多久呢?
How many months has it been in there?
要说天数的话
Well, if you count the days it’s inside
从开始到结束大概要10天
I’d have to say about 10 days from start to finish.
我们通常是把比这个大一点的西瓜……放进这个箱子里面
We usually put in something bigger than this … inside the box.
比这个大一点的
Well, a little bigger than this.
从你把它放进去到可以拿出来 一个方形西瓜的形成
From the time you put it in to the time you take it out is approximately 10 days
大概需要10天
until there’s a finished square watermelon.
10天
10 days.
那还真快啊
That’s pretty fast.
是啊
It is.
要等到它填满这个箱子的四个角
It needs to fill in the corners around the box.
当西瓜长到一定大小
When a watermelon gets to a size,
长得最好的会被放到这种箱子里
the best ones are put into the box
这种箱子农民们已经用了很多年了
which the farmers have been using for many years
可以看到西瓜的茎伸了出来
You can see the stem popping out
箱子被固定在一块木板上
and the box stabilized on a wooden plank.
平衡和位置是关键
Balance and placement are critical.
这是露在外面的茎
Here’s the stem on the outside.
为什么有时候会失败呢?
Why does it fail sometimes?
当你把它放进去的时候
So when you put it in,
它要像这样放着
it has to be like this or
不然的话 它的条纹就不会很好地得到伸展
the stripes won’t line up perfectly.
顶部朝上放着
From the top.
如果西瓜是倾斜的 那上面的条纹也不会直
If it’s tilted, the stripes will tilt
如果在放入的过程中擦伤了的话
and if it gets scratched when inserted,
当它长大后 擦伤和损坏的面积会是原来的两三倍
the size of scratch or damage with double or triple in size as it grows.
西瓜的卖相就会不好
The look of the watermelon will be bad.
销售价值也就低了
The selling value won’t be good.
像那边那个……如果它染病了 它就不值钱了
Like that one over there … if it gets a disease, it’s valueless.
看 这一个就有点不太好了
Look. This one is a little sick.
培育出一颗方形西瓜并不是一件容易的事
It’s not easy to make a square watermelon
新手农夫一开始往往会遇到困难
New farmers have a tough time of it.
善通寺市平均每年产出200颗西瓜
Zentsuji normally grows 200 annually.
但遇到糟糕的年景 可能只会产出70颗
but on bad years, it can yields as few as 70.
如果外观达不到要求 就不会出售
If not beautiful, not for sale.
哇哦 那真要努力啊
Wow… Do your best.
每一颗都应该是完美的
Each one has to be perfect.
每一年 善通寺市农民们的种植技巧都会提高一点
Every year, Zentsuji farmers get a little better at making them.
谢谢
Thanks.
他们一直在进步
They evolve
成品西瓜会被送到
The finished spuare watermelons are taken
一个合作的仓库来包装
to a cooperative warehouse for packaging.
然后一般从六月底开始向外运送
and distributed typically starting at the end of June
现在已是七月的第二个收获日
This was the second harvest day in July
所以收获的量比较少
so yields were lower
善通寺市的农民自己完成所有的包装流程
Zentsuji farmers do all the packaging themselves.
年长的农夫与比他们
All of them seniors with more energy
年纪小一半的农夫比 精力还更旺盛
than those half their age.
[交谈声]
[talking]
这个标签是方形西瓜的官方印章
The sticker is the official seal for the square watermelon.
一个注册商标
A registered trademark.
[激昂的音乐]
[stirring music]
这种方形西瓜放进一只18厘米的盒子里正好合适
The square watermelon fits perfectly in the 18cm box.
如何用丝带装饰它的指南也被装在里面
A guide for decorating it with ribbon is enclosed.
[舒缓的音乐]
[soft music]
完成后 效果是这样的
When completed, it looks like this.
叉车把农民们的西瓜运过去
A fork lift carries each farmers’ watermelons
用胶带粘上
to be taped up.
现今方形西瓜的处理 只需要一小时多一点的时间
Today’s square watermelon processing took just a little more than a hour
西瓜被储藏在一个冷冻仓库里
The watermelon is stored in this chilled warehouse
这让我想起了银行的保险库
which reminded me of a bank vault
这些西瓜的价值要比
These watermelons have a lot of value
一般的西瓜高上3-5倍
3,4,5 times more than a normal watermelon.
你们的方形西瓜将送往哪里呢?
Where are your aquare watermelons are going?
送到哪里?
Where is it going?
这么说的话 我们也不知道
When it comes to that, we don’t really know.
-你们不知道吗?-嗯
– You don’t know?- That’s right.
那边那个人应该知道
Actually, that guy over there knows.
也许它会销往美国
So maybe it’s going to America.
可能是吧 不太清楚
Could be. Not really sure.
这些漂亮的绿色小方块们正在抵达目的地
A happy Von Voyage to those beautiful green cubes
它们会经历一段愉快的旅程
destination, somewhere else
方形西瓜的经营状况如何呢?
What’s the deal with these square watermelons?
我问了山下君 他告诉我这个故事
I asked Yamashita-san for the story
他的父亲在45年前就开始
It was his father who originally tried this out
尝试了
over 45 years ago
当时他还不知道该怎么卖出去
When he couldn’t manage the square watermelon,
在当地委员会也没有人愿意接管这件事
and no one at the local committee raised their hand to take over,
于是他的儿子担起了责任
his son took responsibility
继承他父亲的遗志
continuing his father’s legacy.
现在他俩都已经闻名世界了
Now they’re world famous,
也是善通寺市的代表人物
and a big part of Zentsuji identity.
那还是以前……
This was before …
善通寺市曾因为盛产西瓜而出名
Zentsuji used to be a famous place for growing watermelons.
但是随着冰激凌和各种饮料的流行
With the growth of ice cream and beverages,
人们对西瓜的需求就下降了 西瓜卖得越来越少
the demand went down and fewer watermelons were sold.
但我们还是想继续卖西瓜
But we wanted to keep selling watermelons
所以我们开始研究方形西瓜
so that began the square watermelon.
这个西瓜放在18cm×18cm的冰箱的
This watermelon fits right on the shelf
架子上刚刚好
of the refrigerator which is 18cm by 18cm.
一开始我们把它放在冰箱里的时候 它还是可以吃的
It bagan as an edible watermelon that fit in the refrigerator
所以我们一开始的目标是培育可食用的方形西瓜
So our first aim was to make watermelon edible.
但现在不能吃了
But now it’s not eaten.
经过反复的试验和失误后
After so much trial and error,
如果只是用来吃的的话 价格就太高了
the price was just too high for only eating it.
这时我们就把目标转向了
That was when we switched the aim to
将方形西瓜作为展览品
square watermelons for displaying
然后它就开始在水果店
It became displays for fruit stores
学校 和一些公共场所进行展览
or in schools and social facilities.
现在它主要用于百货商店
Mainly it is now used for department stores
和水果店的展示
and fruit store displays.
如果西瓜成熟了 它就只能保存一周左右
If it becomes ripe, it will last only for a week or so.
我们在它成熟之前就摘下来了
We cut it off before it’s becomes ripe
所以它的内部还没熟
so the inside isn’t ripe yet.
所以不能吃
Not edible.
嗯 它吃是可以吃 但是不好吃
Well, it’s edible but doesn’t taste good.
你吃过吗?
Have you ever eaten one?
没有[笑声]
No.[laughing]
为什么?
Why ?
为什么没人吃方形西瓜?
Why don’t people eat square watermelons?
这个西瓜上的条纹并不直
The stripes on this watermelon are not straight.
所以用来测试再好不过了
so it’s perfect for a test
山下君的妻子在西瓜中间横切了一刀
Yamashita-san’s wife goes for a center cut
让我们看看里面是什么样的
Let’s see what’s inside
[欢快的音乐]
[cheerful music]
只有一部分是粉红色的
It’s only partially pink
橘色和黄色的部分表示尚未成熟
The orange and yellow part exposed as unriped.
切开的部分都平放在砧板上
It lies flat on the cutting board.
山下夫妇好像对味道并不感到稀奇
The Yamashitas don’t seem impressed with the taste.
而是觉得理应如此
but that’s to be expected
我只是不能理解这个角
I just can’t get over the angle.
看 就这儿
right here.
事实上它是方形的 你绝对没看过任何东西
The fact that it’s square. You never see anything…
与此相同
like this.
是时候尝尝鲜了
Time for a quick taste test
[咀嚼声]
[chewing]
嗯……
Em…
[笑声]
[laughing]
嗯……它并不甜
It’s not sweet.
口感的话……也不错
It’s not…it’s not bad
感觉
It tastes
水分很足 感觉就像 呃……
Waterly….kind of like a…ah…
南瓜
a squash
确实不是很甜
Certainly not sweet
也和我以前吃过的西瓜完全不同
and defintely not like any watermelon I ever tasted before
但是它看起来却很是吸引人
but it’s pretty amazing to look at.
不是吗?
isn’t it?
如果你不把它摘下来 让它继续留在藤上
If you don’t cut it off, and leave it on the vine
直到它成熟的话 你就可以吃了
until it becomes ripe, you can eat it!
但是如果我们这样做 直到它成熟才采摘的话
But if we did that and harvested it like that,
运到商店就需要好几天
it would take several days to get to the store
然后这个方形西瓜就只能保存两三天了
and that would only leave 2 or 3 days for the square watermelon to last.
对于那些花高价购买的人来说
For someone paying such a high price
这就很不划算了
that wouldn’t make for a very good item
这就是我们在它成熟之前就摘下来的原因
That is why we cut it off before it becomes ripe.
如果我花了10000日元买这个西瓜
If I bought this for about 10000 yen,
我才不会想吃它!
I wouldn’t want to eat it!
我只想拿给别人看看!
I’d want to display it!
嘿 大家好!看过来!我有一个方形西瓜!
Hey everyone! Look here! I have a square watermelon!
噢!我还是小心点比较好
Oh! I’d better be careful with this.
只有善通寺市才有吗?
Only in Zentsuji?
-嗯 只有善通寺市才有-为什么?
– That’s right. Only in Zentsuji.- Why?
嗯……
Well…
因为我们对这个方形箱子申请了专利
Probably because we had the square box patented,
这个产品标签也被我们注册了
and this product sticker is registered.
我们得到了东京专利局的认可
We got approval from the patent office in Tokyo.
如果我们不加以控制的话 就会有人抄袭
If we don’t keep it under control, it gets copied.
它在中国被完全模仿了 他们把它销往加拿大
It has been completely copied in China, and they’re selling it in Canada.
所以这个有标志的才是真的 这很重要啊
So this seal means real. That’s an important thing.
日本方形西瓜
The Japanese square watermelon
毫无疑问很独特并富有创造力
is certainly creative and unique
但是比起把它当做食物
But there is more to it than that
它更倾向于艺术品
What we see as food, can also be seen as art
这样的事在日本并不少见
certainly nothing new in Japan
在这儿 随处可见的东西总是能被进一步开发
where everyday item always find a way to evolve
达到新的水平
to the next level
在善通寺市 方形西瓜就是代表
and in Zentsuji, that means these
它很漂亮 如果你有钱的话 这还是很值得的
Beautiful, and very much worth it if you have the cash
方形西瓜
square watermelons
下期节目:鸟取沙丘冒险
Next time: Tottori Sand Dune Adventure

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