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心灵致动是真的吗? – 译学馆
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心灵致动是真的吗?

Is telekinesis real? - Emma Bryce

著名小说角色嘉莉•怀特
When the infamous fictional character, Carrie White,
点着了高中毕业舞会大厅
left her high school prom hall ablaze,
在她住的小镇引发一片恐慌
and brought terror upon her town,
正是靠着她心灵致动的超能力
she relied on her powers of telekinesis,
即仅用意念便可操纵物体的能力
the ability to manipulate physical objects using the power of the mind alone.
虽说《魔女嘉莉》只是根据
But while Carrie is just a
一本虚构的小说改编的电影
fictional film based upon a fictional book,
但确实有人相信心灵致动能力
belief in telekinesisisn’t fictional at all.
几百年来 不少人都曾声称他们的确
For centuries, humans have claimedthey really do have the power
能用意念来控制物体的运动
to control the motion of objectsusing only their minds. Levitation,
比较有趣的例子有使物体漂浮
opening doors at willand spoon bending
随意开门或把勺子扳弯
are all intriguing examples.
《黑客帝国》里的尼奥能让子弹悬浮在半空中
It happens in the Matrix when Neofreezes bullets midair,
尤达则用这一超能力来控制飞船
and it’s a skill thatYoda has honed to a T.
不过 心灵致动是真实存在 还是如嘉莉
But is telekinesis real, or just as fictional as Carrie,
尤达和尼奥那样只是虚构的
Yoda and Neo combined?
如要深究 我们还需通过科学实验的方法
To investigate, we need to evaluatetelekinetic claims
来研究一下关于心灵致动的说法
through a scientific lensusing the scientific method.
心灵致动现象属于心灵学的范畴
Telekinesis is part of the disciplinecalled parapsychology,
这是一门研究超自然现象的学科
in which researchers studypsychic phenomena.
心灵学家认为这是一门科学
Parapsychologists regard what theydo as a science,
但其他科学家并不这么认为
but other scientists disagree.
我们先来看看以往的一些研究结果
Let’s start with a few basic observations.
第一
Observation # 1:
虽然有很多关于心灵致动的奇闻轶事
While there are loads of anecdotes out there about telekinesis,
但科学无法证明其真实性
there’s no scientific proofthat it exists;
无论是科学研究 还是科学实验
no studies conducted according tothe scientific method
都无法证明其真实性
and repeated under lab conditionscan show that its real.
20世纪30年代的“心灵学之父”约瑟夫•班克斯•莱茵
In the 1930s, the so-called fatherof parapsychology, Joseph Banks Rhine,
通过实验来测试人是否能用心灵致动能力
tested in the lab whether peoplecould use telekinesis
随意操控骰子的点数
to make a dice roll the waythey wanted it to.
但后来的科学家却无法重现其实验结果
But afterwards, scientists couldn’treplicate his results,
而重现实验结果是证明观点的关键
and since replication is keyto proving an idea,
那就是问题所在
that was a problem.
除科学家之外 还有很多人自称是心灵致动者
Aside from scientists, there are also countlessself-proclaimed telekinetics,
不过后来或被证实为骗术
but all have been exposed as tricksters,
或在不受其控制的情况下无法做到心灵致动
or can’t perform under conditionswhere they’re not totally in control,
这说明这些现象实为他们特意操控
suggesting that they manipulate the situation to get the results they want. Today,
直至今天 仍有很多机构
there’s even a huge stash
愿意为那些能证明像心灵致动这样的
of prize money available from lots of organizations
超自然现象的人提供大笔奖金
for anyone who can prove that psychic abilities, like telekinesis, are real.
不过至今无人领奖
But these riches remain unclaimed.
第二 我们在研究心灵致动的时候
Observation # 2: When we investigate telekinesis,
无法确定具体的研究对象
there’s no consensus about what exactly is being measured.
总不能测试像尤达那样强有力的脑电波吧?
Are powerful, Yoda-like brainwavesat work perhaps?
由于大家都未达成一致 很难确定一个调查标准
Since nobody agrees, it’s difficultto apply a research standard,
而所有科学实验都需要一个统一标准
something required in allother types of science
来证明理论是否正确
to test the validity of ideas.
第三 科学的目的在于探测未知
Observation #3: The point of science is todiscover the unknown,
在科学研究史上
and in the history ofscientific investigation,
有很多新发现与已有研究互相矛盾
it’s definitely happened that new discoveries havegone against established science,
甚至将原来整个科学分支推翻的情况
and even overturnedwhole branches of science.
要证明这些新说法 必须加倍谨慎
Such discoveries must beproven extra carefully
才经得起质疑
to withstand skepticism.
心灵致动的说法与现有科学观点相违背
In the case of telekinesis, the idea goes against established science,
且缺乏强有力的证据
but lacks the powerfulevidence in favor of it.
我们的宇宙由物理学定律所诠释和支配
Our universe is controlledand explained by the laws of physics,
其中一条定律表明
and one of these laws tells us
脑电波无法控制物体
that brain waves can’t control objects
因为脑电波很弱 控制范围很小
because they’re neither strongnor far-reaching enough
无法影响到头骨以外的任何事物
to influence anythingoutside of our skulls.
物理学还告诉人们
Physics also tells us
只有具有磁力或引力的物体
that the only forces that can influence objects from afar
才能远距离影响其他物体
are magnetic and gravitational.
科学能解释的与心灵致动最相近的现象
Probably the closest thing totelekinesis that science can explain
或许就是用大脑控制机械手臂了
is the use of thoughtsto control a robotic arm.
研究人员在中风后无法移动的患者大脑里
In the brains of strokepatients who can’t move,
控制运动的区域植入细线
researchers can implant tiny wiresinto the region that controls movement,
然后训练患者集中精力
and then train the patient to concentrate
以控制机械手臂
on moving a robotic arm,
该手臂就像是思维的延伸 实验取得了成功
which acts like an extensionof their minds, and it works.
虽让人惊喜 但这并不是心灵致动
It’s amazing, but it isn’t telekinesis.
患者的思维并不是模糊的 不可测的
The patients thoughts aren’t just vague,undetectable things.
而是可测的大脑信号 由线路传送到机器手臂里
They’re measurable brain signals, translated through wires into a robot.
科学能够度量 测试并解释这种运动
Science can measure, testand explain the motion,
由此也向人们证明这一情况下的思维
and that’s how we’ve shown that this kind
对物体的控制是真实的
of mind control is real.
科学是一个逐渐积累支持或推翻
Science is a slow process of accumulating
某个观点的证据的过程
the evidence that either standsfor or against an idea.
两种证据不断积累
When we stack up evidence,
人们便能分辨该说法的真假
we can see which tower grows tallest,
对于心灵致动来说
and in the case of telekinesis,
几乎没有证据能证明其存在
it’s not the tower showing that it exists.
有人认为这种神秘现象
Some say this mystical phenomenon can’t fit
无法用科学来解释
within the confines of science,
这样认为也没错
and that’s okay.
但这样一来 心灵致动就纯粹只是一种个人信仰
But then telekinesis becomes purelya matter of personal conviction.
如果无法证实某事物的科学性
If something can’t beassessed scientifically,
那么这种事物便不能称其为科学存在
then it can’t be describedas scientific either.
因此 根据我们的调查结果
So the results of our investigation reveal
不管我们有多愿意相信
that however much we may want to believe
人真的有心灵致动的能力
that the force really is within us,
仍缺乏强有力的证据
the case for telekinesisremains weak.
抱歉了 尼奥们
Sorry Neo, Carrie and Yoda.
你们的技能的确很炫酷 但目前只存在于电影里
Your skills are mind-blowing, but for now, they belong in the movies.

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人是否真的能够用心灵控制物体?心灵致动是否真的存在?打开视频一探究竟吧

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