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做DNA测试有隐私泄露风险吗? – 译学馆
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做DNA测试有隐私泄露风险吗?

Is It Safe To Get Your DNA Tested?

大家好 这里是“分钟地球” 我是凯特
Hi, this is Kate from MinuteEarth.
最近 我们中的几个人去做了DNA检测
Recently, a couple of us got our DNA tested.
分析结果让我们了解到自己的好多事情
We learned lots of stuff about ourselves from the analysis,
但把基因数据加入到遍布世界各地
but adding our genetic data to all the other personal information
还储存着其他个人信息的服务器中
currently living on the world’s servers
也让我们产生疑问:
also made us wonder:
我们的数据安全吗?
Is that data safe?
事实证明商业基因测试公司
It turns out that commercial genetic testing companies
只分析你DNA中0.2%的内容
only analyze.02 % of your DNA,
这意味着即使有人拿到了你的基因数据
which means that even if someone got a hold of your genetic data,
也没法克隆一个你
they couldn’t actually clone you.
但是 这0.2%的信息是基因中很重要的一部分
However, that tiny subset is a highlight reel of the genes
这些数据可用于分辨出不同的人
that vary from one person to the next
所以得到访问权限的人
so someone with access to it
配合正确的解读工具
and the right knowledge tools
不仅可以重建大部分基因检测报告
could not only recreate most of your genetic report,
还可以大概描绘出你长什么样
but also figure out roughly what your face looks like.
再用基因编码中特定的部分
And by comparing certain sections of your code with genetic data
对比人们自愿放入开源数据库中的信息
from people who have participated in open-source projects,
他们甚至可以推测出你的亲属关系
they could probably even figure out who some of your relatives are,
甚至可以利用数据交叉分析出你的姓名
and perhaps even triangulate from there to put a name to your face.
根据制作本视频时采访的独立专家的说法
Still, according the the independent expert we talked to for this video,
基因测试公司非常看重数据安全
genetic testing companies take data security pretty seriously,
所以它们的服务器被黑客进入的可能性极低
so the likelihood of a server hack is pretty low.
但是总的来说
However, ultimately,
你给基因报告设定的独一无二的用户名
your unique string of genetic letters
要和你的基因编码一样独特才安全
are only as secure as the string of letters you use to access them.
如果你和80%的人一样
If you’re like the 80% of people
在各处重复使用相同的密码
who use the same username and password over and over again,
黑客只需要黑进安全薄弱的网站
hackers would just need to break in to a less secure site
盗取你的登陆授权信息
and steal your credentials to
就能得到你基因数据的完全访问权限
gain full access to your genetic data.
这份数据不知哪天会在黑市卖给医疗欺诈的人
That data could someday be sold on the black market to medical fraudsters.
基因数据在合法市场也很有价值
And it would probably also be valuable on the regular market:
已经有执法机关通过犯罪现场发现的DNA
Using DNA found at crime scenes,
在基因数据库中进行对比
law enforcement officials have already accessed genetic databases
寻找嫌疑人和他的亲属
to search for suspects and their relatives.
广告商会购买有特定医疗需求的人群清单
Advertisers – who already buy lists of people with certain medical conditions
实现广告的精准投放
to serve targeted ads
结合基因数据能以可怕的手段
could use genetic information to target people
精准定位受众
in even creepier ways.
已经有雇主浏览未来员工的脸书订阅源
Employers who already scan prospective employees’ Facebook feeds
以避免潜在的麻烦
for signs of trouble,
可能哪天雇主也会尝试看下求职者的DNA
might one day try to take a peek at applicants’ DNA, too.
当然还有
And of course,
保险公司可以通过拒绝
insurance companies could profit by denying coverage
向患有某些疾病相关基因的人提供保险来获利
to people with certain illness-linked genes.
好消息是 至少现在
The good news is that – right now at least
某些地方有法律禁止
there are laws in some places that prohibit employers
雇主和健康保险公司对特定人群的基因歧视
and health insurance companies from gene-based discrimination.
大多数基因数据公司明确承诺
And most genetic data companies explicitly promise
任何个人基因数据只会被
not to hand over any personal genetic data
移交给持有法院批准的执法机关
to anyone except authorities with a court order.
更重要的是 如果你向他们要求
What’s more, if you ask them to,
测试公司会销毁你的唾液样本和检测结果
testing companies will trash your spit sample and your data.
但无论你是否要做基因检测
But whether you decide to get your DNA tested or not,
把你的个人信息放在那里不可能完全没有风险
putting your personal information out there will probably never be totally risk-free,
所以你最好设置不重复的用户名
so the best thing you can do to keep your unique string of letters private
再给每个地方设定唯一的字符串
is to make each of those other strings of letters –
再加上数字和特殊字符 也要是唯一的
and numbers and special characters unique, too.
本视频由Dashlane赞助
This video was sponsored by Dashlane,
Dashlane是一个可以为你储存
a password manager that generates and stores
和生成密码的安全管理软件
secure passwords for your accounts.
密码管理软件赞助本视频并非巧合
It’s no coincidence that a password manager is sponsoring this video
当我们意识到密码安全对于保护
we actually reached out to Dashlane when we realized
我们的基因数据的问题有多么重要时
just how important password security is to this question
我们主动联系了Dashlane
of safeguarding our genetic data.
我们团队使用Dashlane已经很多年了
Our team has been using Dashlane for years,
无论是个人还是“分钟地球”的共享账号
both for personal use and to share MinuteEarth’s account credentials with one another.
想立即免费获得Dashlane
To get Dashlane for free today,
只需点击视频详情中的链接
simply click on the link in the description
你还可以使用独家促销代码“youtube2018”
you can also use the special promo code youtube2018
以9折价格开通高级版Dashlane
to get 10 % off Dashlane Premium.
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视频概述

好像突然之间,DNA测试就火了起来。最低只要几百元,你就可以获得一份有关自己的详细报告。可仔细想想,你留存在检测公司的基因安全吗?这份报告会不会被别人看到?怎么避免基因检测带来的隐私泄露风险?如果你不清楚问题的答案,看看视频里怎么建议吧。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uyRgk8Cqmzg

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