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五周跳对于花滑运动员来说可能吗?

Is It Possible for Figure Skaters to Complete a Quintuple Jump? | Is It Possible

大家好 我是宇野昌磨
Hello, I’m Shoma Uno.
如果你想在比赛中保持名列前茅
If you want to keep competing at the top,
你一定要能够做四周跳
you definitely need to hit quadruples.
一个四周跳转体意味着
To hit a quadruple jump,
从冰上跳起 旋转四周 然后落冰
you take off from the ice, spin four times, and land.
人们有可能完成五周跳吗
Is it possible to hit quintuples?
是可能的吗
(IS IT POSSIBLE)
花样滑冰运动员能完成一个五周跳吗?
(FOR FIGURE SKATERS TO COMPLETEA QUINTUPLE JUMP?)
花样滑冰是奥运会最具魅力的项目之一
Figure skating is one of the more mesmerising Olympic sports.
跳跃发展史烙在每个起跳与落冰
But behind all the highs and lows, the kisses and the cries,
每次亲吻和哭泣背后
lies a whole load of jumping history.
你说你记不得以前的事了?
What do you mean, you can’tremember that far back?
那我们来看个视频 回顾一下
I think we’re going to need a montage.
花样滑冰已有上百年的历史
Figure skating has been evolving for decades,
早在1908年奥运金牌之争前就已出现
even before skaters started battling for olympic gold in 1908.
真正的黑白胶片
(GENUINE BLACK & WHITE FOOTAGE)
我们从阿克塞尔开始说
Let’s start with an Axel.
阿克塞尔·保尔森——这个挪威人在1882年第一次
Axel Paulsen–to be precise, the Norwegian who land his namesake
完成单跳 并以自己的名字来命名
single jump for the first time all the way back in 1882.
自此 花滑运动员不断创新跳跃动作
From then on, skaters continuedto lay down new jumps.
后外点冰跳 后内结环跳 后外结环跳
The toe loop, the Salchow, the loop,
后内点冰跳 勾手跳
the flip, the Lutz,
袋鼠跳
the kangaroo.
等下 最后一个是我编的
OK, wait, I made the last one up.
接下来的创新呢?当然是增加周数
The next step? More rotations.
从一周跳到两周跳
Single jumps turned into doubles,
再到三周跳
which turned into triples.
最后迎来了四周跳
Then came the quad revolution,
1988年 柯特·布朗宁第一次
when Kurt Browning landed the first quadruple,
完成了四周后外点冰跳
a toe loop, back in 1988.
开辟了男子花滑新时代的道路
He paved the way for a new era in the men’s competition.
今天 男子女子花滑的优秀运动员
Today, male and female skating pioneers
跳跃水平更高
are taking jumping to greater heights.
那么让五周跳成为花滑热门动作
Is it only a matter of time before the quintuple
是否只是时间问题?
becomes the new hottest property in figure skating?
宇野昌磨是世界上最好的花滑运动员之一
Shoma Uno is one of the best figure skaters on the planet.
他的奥运奖牌可以佐证
In fact, he has an Olympic medal to prove it.
为了探寻花滑的顶尖技术
In our quest to explore the frontiers in figure skating,
我问了宇野 :“五周跳——是可能的吗?”
I asked Shoma,”The quintuple jump – is it possible?”
四周跳曾被认为
The quadruple jump was previously considered
是人类不可能完成的动作
as an unrealistic thing for human beings.
但现在 许多花滑运动员都能轻而易举地完成
But now, the fact that so many skaters hit it almost naturally
这意味着总有一天有人会完成五周跳
means somebody will landa quintuple someday,
尽管我不确定自己能否做到
although I’m not sure if I could do it or not.
我刚开始可以做三周跳
I landed a triple jump
后来能在三周阿克塞尔之前做一个四周
and then a quadruplebefore the triple axel.
跳跃的高远度和转速
As for jumping, the height,breadth and spin speed
每个花滑运动员各不相同
are all differentdepending on the skater,
你需要做的就是在做四周跳时
And what you need is,I never thought of it
不去想它
when I tried quadruples, so,
所以不论是五周跳还是四周跳
whether it’s a quintuple or a quadruple,
想象自己能做好并且去做就行了
to imagine yourself doing well and just execute it with your body.
我是这样做的
That’s all for me… So,
所以一切都归结为科学
it all boils downto the…science-y stuff.
还在困惑吗?
Confused yet?
让我们展开讲讲
Let’s break it down.
运动员做四周跳在空中的时间不到0.7秒
For a quad jump, skaters spent less than 0.7 seconds in the air.
他们需要腾空大约半米
They have to leap around half a metre to be
达到最佳高度才能完成四周跳
at the optimum height to land a quadruple.
五周跳起跳时需要更多的转动动能
For a quintuple, more rotational energyis needed at takeoff
来增加角动量
to increase angular momentum.
他们还要跳得更高 最重要的是转得更快
They also need to jump higher and, most importantly,spin faster,
达到平均一分钟400转数
averaging nearer 400 rpm. Clearly,
五周跳显然仍是迄今为止不易攻破的难题
the quintuple remainsa thus-far elusive feat.
但人们有可能完成吗?
But is it possible?
我们来听听专家怎么说
Let’s hear from some qualified voices.
这是和地心引力的对抗
It’s a race against gravity.
我认为最大的问题是
Is there enough time in the air to get five revolutions done?
运动员是否有足够的时间在空中旋转五周
This is, I think,the biggest question.
大多数四周跳并不一定是
Most quad jumps aren’t necessarily
在空中转满四圈
exactly four revolutions in the air.
所以如果你要完成五周后外点冰跳
So if you were going to do a quintuple toe loop,
你需要或多或少
you now need to do, give or take,
在空中转满四周半
4½ revolutions in the air.
从落地冲击力和空中跳跃来看
Looking at landing impactsand jumping up in the air,
四周跳和三周跳很类似
the quad and the triple are pretty similar.
在空中的时间
They’re in the air roughly the same amount of time
差不多是一样的
as they are for the triple.
但转速需要加快
But the spin rate has to increase.
你想知道五周是什么样子的?
Do you want to know whatfive rotations feels like?
你问我这一代花滑运动员
When you ask meif this generation of skaters
是否会出现第一个完成五周跳的人
are going to include the person who would be the first to land a quint,
我可能会说不会
I probably would say no.
因为最优秀的运动员要避免受伤
Because the best onesare trying to stay healthy.
他们也许不会去冒险
Maybe they wouldn’ttake the risk.
但我们还不太了解的那一代
It’s the generation thatwe don’t quite know yet,
没有那么多风险可冒 就是1988年的我的那一代
who don’t have as much to risk, and that was me in 1988.
不可思议!赛场上第一个成功落冰的四周跳!
Incredible! A landed quadruple jump in competition.
五周跳需要高超的技巧
It requires a high levelof technique,
你可能会受伤
and you might get injured.
因为还没人做到过
And it’s unchartedterritory for us
这对我们来说是个未知的领域
as there is no-onethat ever landed before.
一旦有人完成了五周跳 就会有很多人相继完成
But if someone hit a quintuple,then many skaters would follow.
是可能的吗
(IS IT POSSIBLE?)
收看奥林匹克频道 了解更多“是可能的吗”
Watch Olympic Channel and learn more about”Is It Possible?”

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五周跳对于花滑运动员来说可能吗

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