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玉米是水果、蔬菜还是谷物?

Is Corn a Fruit, Vegetable, or Grain?

We all know
我们都知道
the is-a-tomato-a-fruit debate
关于西红柿是不是水果的争论
the answer is yes,
答案是肯定的
but you still shouldn’t put it in a fruit salad.
但你仍不会把它放进水果沙拉里
Now we’d like to bring you a whole new botanical question
现在我想提一个全新的植物学问题
you never knew you had.
是你们没考虑过的
Is corn a fruit or a vegetable? or is it a grain?
玉米是水果还是蔬菜 还是谷物?
The answer is complicated.
答案是复杂的
It has to do with the way foods are categorized and defined.
这需要考虑到食物被分类和定义的方式
We differentiate between fruits and vegetables
我们是根据所吃植物的部分
based on the parts of the plant we eat.
来区分水果和蔬菜
If we ingest the part derived from the ovaries or other reproductive tissue,
如果我们能摄取它的子房或其他生殖组织
we call it a fruit.
我们称之为水果
Everything else we call a vegetable.
其他的我们都叫做蔬菜
Going strictly by that definition alone, corn is a fruit.
严格按这个定义来说 玉米算是一种水果
Hear me out, this isn’t that crazy.
听我说完 疯狂的还在后面
A single corn stalk grows several ears,
一根玉米秸秆会长出几个穗子
which are the female bits of the plant,
这是植物的雌性部分
and it has one pollen-producing tassel up top, which is the male part.
它顶部还有一根生产花粉的雄穗
Before those corn cobs look anything like what we eat,
在玉米棒成长为我们的食物之前
they’re essentially hard cylinders
它们基本上是坚硬的圆柱体
covered in hundreds of unfertilized ovules.
覆盖着数百个未受精的胚珠
Each of these ovules grows a single silk,
这些胚珠的每一个都长出一条丝
which reaches up and out of the top of the husk.
从外壳的顶部向上伸展
If you’ve ever shucked an ear of corn,
如果你曾经剥过玉米穗
those corn hairs are the silks.
这些毛就是那些丝
These sticky hairs dangle
这些黏糊糊的毛垂挂着
in the hopes of catching a bit of pollen
是为了能沾到一点点花粉
if they do, the silk grows a pollen tube,
如果它们做到了 丝就会长出一个花粉管
enabling the male genes to travel towards the ovule and fertilize it.
使雄性基因能够向胚珠移动 使其受精
That fertilized ovule will grow into a single kernel.
受精的胚珠会长成单独的一个核
Once that happens 400-600 more times,
一旦这个过程重复400-600次
you’ve got an ear of corn.
就得到了一根玉米穗
Here’s the thing though.
事情是这样的
For most fruits, you eat the fleshy bit,
大多数水果你吃的是果肉
but not the seeds
而不是种子
like snacking on an apple or a pear.
就像吃苹果和梨
[takes bite of apple]
咬了一口苹果
But corn is a special type of fruit called a caryopsis.
但是玉米是一种特殊的水果 叫做颖果
Caryopses are fruits where the flesh and seed pods are fused tightly,
颖果是果肉和种子荚融合在一起的果实
so they dry out more easily.
因此它们更容易变干
You might be more familiar with other varieties
你可能更熟悉其他品种
like wheat, millet, or oats.
如小麦 小米或燕麦
That’s right, caryopses are also grains.
没错 颖果也是谷物
So now that we know
现在我们知道了
corn is both a fruit and grain,
玉米既是水果也是谷物
that brings us to our final question:
这就引出了最后一个问题
is corn a vegetable too?
玉米也是一种蔬菜吗?
Scientifically and botanically,
从科学和植物学的角度看
the answer is no.
答案是否定的
But there’s still a case that you could make for it.
但仍有一个情况说得通
“Vegetable” has become somewhat of an arbitrary term in modern language,
“Vegetable”在现代语言中已经演变为一个主观的术语
due to its catchall nature.
由于其包罗万象的性质
Fruit is something that you can pick up and eat immediately.
水果是你可以马上拿起来吃的东西
Anything that’s not a fruit is labeled a vegetable.
任何不是水果的东西都被标为蔬菜
And we have a few preconceptions about veggies.
我们对蔬菜有一些先入之见
They’re hard until they’re cooked and they aren’t sweet or juicy.
煮熟之前 它们是硬的 不甜也不多汁
But fruits can have those same characteristics too.
但是水果也有同样的特点
Pumpkins, peas, and peppers are all technically fruits,
南瓜 豌豆和辣椒 严格来说都是水果
but they’re treated as and called vegetables by most people.
但是它们被大多数人当做蔬菜
There’s a decent, albeit philosophical, argument to be made
有这么个不错的观点 尽管是在哲学范畴内
that we should go by the definition that most people use.
就是我们应该认同多数人使用的定义
But in the end, the categories you assign to corn are up to you.
但最终 你给玉米分配的类别取决你自己
It turns out there’s a kernel of truth to them all.
事实证明 它们都藏有一个真相

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视频概述

我们根据植物所吃部分区分水果和蔬菜,而玉米具备其独特的生长情况。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

小其

审核员

审核员SF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W5EtXSrCsOM

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