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刷剧对你有害处吗?

Is Binge Watching Bad For You?

当你在座位上观看完网飞公司系列的电视剧
Whether you are watching an entire Netflix series in one sitting
或者从头到尾播放最新的塞尔达
or playing the newest Zelda from start to finish,
我们大多数人都花费大量时间在屏幕前
most of us spend a significant time in front of screens.
但是疯狂地看剧对你的大脑和身体有害吗
But is Binge watching bad for your brain and body ?
在过去这真的有可能是致命的
In the past it may have actually been deadly !
在1967年 一个大量制造销售电视的时代
In 1967, an era in manufacturing led to the selling of TV’s
电视发射出的X射线比今天人们认为
which emitted harmful X-Rays with radiation levels 100,000 times higher
安全的等级高出10万倍
than what is considered safe today.
即使现代电视也给你的双眼带来了负担
But even modern televisions cause a strain on your eyes.
正常情况下 人类每分钟眨眼大约18次
Under normal circumstances humans blink about 18 times per minute,
但在盯着屏幕时 这速率急剧下降
but when staring at a screen, this rate decreases drastically,
造成眼部疲劳酸痛
causing sore and tired eyes.
幸运的是 这些症状是短期的
Fortunately, these symptoms are generally short term.
然而对孩子来说 延长室内的时间也造成长久影响
In children, however, simply spending extended hours indoors can have developmental effects
眼睛无法适当聚焦的情况我们称作近视
A condition called Myopia where the eyes cannot focus properly
这在花更多时间在室内的孩子身上更为常见
is seen much more frequently in children who spend more time inside.
不仅是你一直强迫自己注意附近的物体
Not only are you constantly forced to focus on nearby objects
与看着远处的距离相反
as opposed to far off landscapes and distances.
但科学家认为太阳其实也对眼的健康产生影响
But scientists believe that the sun itself, may actually play a role in healthy eye regulation.
当看电视成为你身体和大脑放松的方式时
And while TV might feel like a nice way to relax your body and brain,
那也不一定是件好事
that may not always be a good thing.
久坐的生活方式不仅是造成肥胖的一个重要原因
Not only is a sedentary lifestyle a major contributor to obesity,
研究表明看电视更少的人能燃烧更多的卡路里
but studies have shown that, people who watch less TV tend to burn more calories.
即使他们并没有做更多的体育锻炼
Even if they aren’t doing more physical activity.
简单地做更多精神上的活动 比如阅读 下棋
Simply doing more mentally rigorous tasks like reading, playing a board game or
或简单的家务会消耗更多能量和燃烧更多的卡路里
simple household activities requires more energy and burns more calories.
如果你想真正地放松 睡前看电视对你也有伤害
And if you want to truly relax, TV before bed may also be hurting you.
研究表明 这会减少高质量的睡眠时间
Studies have shown that it may actually reduce the hours of quality sleep.
造成长期睡眠不足
Contributing to chronic sleep debt.
可能也影响其他睡眠活动
It may also affect other bed time activities.
研究人员发现 那些每周多看二十小时电视的人
Researchers have found that those who watch more than twenty hours of TV a week
精子数量平均减少44%
have on average a 44% reduction in sperm.
但也许最直接影响与你有关的是你的寿命
But perhaps the most significant findings relate directly to your lifespan.
有记录表明看电视时间
Not only is there a documented correlation between
与糖尿病和心脏疾病有关系
TV viewing time and risk for diabetes and heart disease
而且令人震惊的是它可能与
but as shocking as it might be multiple studies have found a correlation between
所有死因有关
TV viewing time and all causes of death .
一个研究结论表明 每在电视前消耗一小时
One study concluded that every hour spent in front of the TV
会减少你生命的22分钟
may cut as much of 22 minutes of your life.
当然这并不是完全对应的关系
Of course correlation does not equal causation
你可以建立健康的看电视方式 花适当的时间
and you can have a healthy relationship with TV if consumed in moderation like anything else.
这许多问题的根源与长期看电视身体不活跃有关
At the root of many of these claims is the physical inactivity associated with prolonged TV watching.
你活动得越多 你活得越久
Ultimately the more you move, the more you live.
点击屏幕的链接以观看我们的最新视频
Be sure to check out our newest videos by clicking the screen or using the links in the description
订阅更多每周四的科学视频
and subscribe for more weekly science videos every Thursday.

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视频概述

过多地看电视对你有害吗?观看视频,了解刷剧的危害与正确的生活方式!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

G_One

审核员

审核团G

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KJRzgl0FuMA

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