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幼儿园的发展史 – 译学馆
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幼儿园的发展史

Inventing the new school: the origins of kindergarten

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幼儿园最初由谁创办?
Who Invented kindergarten?
18世纪70年代前 学龄前儿童只能接受家庭教育
Until the 1770s, pre-school children were taught at home.
1800年左右 第一个幼儿园
The first preschools and playgrounds opened their doors
在法国与英国开张
around 1800 in France and the Uk.
瑞士人约翰·裴斯泰洛齐目光长远 他在一位坦率且影响力巨大的哲学家
In 1805, Swiss visionary Johann Pestalozzi pioneered a new type of school.
让·雅克·卢梭的鼓励下 率先于1805年创立了一种新型学校
inspired by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, an outspoken and influential philosopher.
裴斯泰洛齐的学校主张学生动手操作
Pestalozzi’s school championed hands-on activities.
鼓励孩子发展兴趣 养成自己的学习模式
allowing children to develop their own interests and learning style.
史学家认为他替瑞士在19世纪30年代清除了文盲
Historians think he helped end illiteracy in Switzerland by the 1830s.
裴斯泰洛齐的一个德国学生 弗里德里希·福禄贝尔
A student of Pestalozzi, Friedrich Froebel from Germany.
在1837年开办了一个儿童活动中心
opened an activity center for kids in 1837.
随后他将其改名为“幼儿园”
He later renamed it ‘kindergarten’.
福禄贝尔自己的成长经历
Froebel’s own upbringing played a big part
对其幼儿园教育理念影响巨大:
in his vision for kindergarten:
童年母爱的缺乏
the absence of motherly love during his childhood,
他对大自然的热爱
his affinity for nature,
及对几何学的痴迷
and fascination with geometry.
玩耍 动手操作 亲近自然 母亲般的老师
Play,hands-on activities,unity with nature,and motherly figures
这便是他改革的学校的模式特点
were defining features of Froebel’s revolutionary schooling model,
在这所专为孩子创办的学校里
helping cultivate all aspects of children’s development
全方位培养他们
in the ‘garden for children’.
伊丽莎白·皮博迪于1860年
Elizabeth Peabody opened a kindergarten in the US,
在美国开设了德国外第一所幼儿园
the first outside Germany, in 1860.
今天 幼儿园已遍布全球40个国家 让孩子提前学习
And today, kindergarten in 40 countries worldwide give kids a head start.
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幼儿园的前世今生~

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收集自网络

翻译译者

郑丹翎

审核员

审核员 RN

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M1-nOFwdRNU

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