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内向者与外向者:有什么不同?

Introverts vs. Extroverts: What’s The Difference? Ft. Anthony Padilla

嗨!
Hey there!
欢迎收看《品生活》
Welcome to Life Noggin!
嗯 内向者和外向者之争由来已久
Ah, the age old debate of introverts versus extroverts.
这两类人经常互相吐槽对方
These two groups are often pitted against each other,
争论内向者和外向者哪种更好
with people arguing that one is better than the other
但是内向者和外向者间真的如此不同吗?
but are introverts and extroverts really all that different
这种差异背后的原因又是什么?
and what ’ s the science behind this?
接下来由我的好友
My good friend Anthony Padilla
Anthony Padilla来解释一下
is here to help explain.
交给你了 Anthony
Anthony, take it away.
好的 社会上关于内向者和外向者
Gladly, Society has some pretty typical stereotypes
已经有不少说法了
for introverts and extroverts.
一种喜欢蜷在床上看书
One is cuddled up with a book in bed
另一种喜欢参加各种聚会
and the other is out being the life of the party.
但是对于内向和外向的形成原因
But there’s actually a big misunderstanding
实际上有一个很大的误解
about what truly makes someone one or the other.
内向或者外向不是由
Being introverted or extroverted isn’t dictated by
你怎么度过空闲时间决定的
how you spend your free time.
它是由当你情绪低落时
It all depends on how you recharge
如何进行调整决定的
when you’re feeling low.
内向者选择独自解决
Introverts do it alone.
外向者寻求他人帮助
Extroverts with others.
人们怎么调整自己也许不是主要原因
How someone recharges may not seem like a huge deal,
但是它有一些引人关注的影响
but it has some interesting impacts.
人们的社交生活 事业
One’s social life, career,
甚至是互联网的使用都受影响
even internet usage can be affected.
这些差异不仅仅是外部的
And these differences aren’t just external.
内向者和外向者的大脑
The brains of introverts and extroverts
确实有着惊人的差异
are actually surprisingly different.
我们先来了解下多巴胺
Let ’ s start by looking at dopamine,
这是大脑中一种产生兴奋的化学物质
a chemical in the brain that causes an influx of good feelings.
外向者在进行紧张刺激的活动时
Extroverts receive more of it during high-energy,
比内向者会接收更多多巴胺
exciting activities than introverts do.
研究发现 内向者在分泌多巴胺的区域的
It’s been found that introverts have less blood flow in certain regions
血流活动更少
with a lot of dopamine terminals,
表明多巴胺的分泌在区分
indicating that dopamine presence plays a big role in
内向者和外向者中起着重要作用
whether someone is more extroverted or introverted.
外向者和内向者的大脑看起来也不同
The extrovert and introvert brains look different too.
内向者具有较厚的前额叶皮质
Introverts have thicker prefrontal cortices,
这能说明一些东西
which makes sense since this is the area
因为这个区域与深思和决策相关联
associated with deep thinking and decision making.
他们在大脑区域有更多的神经元活动
And they have more neuronal activity in the brain areas
与学习和警觉控制相关
associated with learning and vigilance control,
这些决定了他们会如何进行警觉
which dictates how alert someone is.
外向者的大脑比内向者的大脑
The brain’s of extroverts have larger right-hemisphere amygdalas
有着更大的右半球杏仁核
than their introverted counterparts.
杏仁核有助于情绪处理
The amygdala aids in emotional processing
研究人员认为比较大的杏仁核
and researchers believe that this increased size
可以降低外向者抑郁或者焦虑等
reduces an extrovert’s likelihood of developing conditions
情况的可能性
like depression or anxiety.
毫不奇怪 内向和外向的人格差异
Unsurprisingly, introvert and extrovert personality differences
会影响他们个人的许多方面
affect many aspects of their personal
和职业生涯
and professional lives.
例如 咖啡因对外向者的工作记忆
For example, caffeine has been found to have positive effects
具有积极的作用
on extroverts working memory,
而对内向者没有作用
but not on introverts.
当处在有音乐或者噪音等情况下
And extroverts are able to perform better
让人分心的情况中
than introverts when presented with distractions
外向者比内向者的表现更好
like music and background noise.
基本上 外向者在同时处理多件事情的时候
Basically, they work more effectively
他们的效率会更高
when there’s a lot going on.
可以把后面这个游行乐队去掉吗?
Could we actually get this marching band out of here?
谢谢
Thanks.
谢谢!
Th-thank you!
但内向者在世界上也有自己的一席之地
But introverts also have their own leg up in the world.
人们发现内向者更适合做
It ’ s been found that introverts are better fits for
依赖于团队协作的实业
leadership positions in industries
和办公类的领导职位
and offices that rely heavily on collaboration.
这是因为他们更容易接受别人的意见
This is because they are more receptive to input from others.
听听这个世界!
Ya hear that world!
我有潜力!
I have potential!
当谈到社交时
When it comes to socializing,
研究人员发现 外向者在社交媒体上
researchers found that extroverts display a less genuine
往往表现得不那么诚实
form of themselves on social media.
同时 这表明内向者
At the same time, it suggested that introverts,
在网络上更能够表现出“真实的自我”
who are more of their “real selves” online,
因此相比于同龄人面对面的交流
may find it easier to open up to people behind a computer screen
在网络上的交流更能够打开内向者的心扉
than peers in face to face interactions.
如果我们想转换性格类型怎么办?
But what if you wanted to switch personality types?
这是可行的吗?
Is that doable?
性格产生的机理尚未完全理解
Personality isn ’ t completely understood
但是性格在童年形成之后
but it’s thought to be pretty stable after
就很难改变了
it’s formed in childhood.
基因和多巴胺在性格形成中发挥主要作用
Genes and dopamine function come into play in its formation
所以性格基本上是根深蒂固的
so it ’ s fairly deeply rooted,
但如果你不喜欢你的性格
but if there’s certain traits of your personality that you don’t like,
你也可以尝试做些改变
you can always work on changing those
这里 有一个非常重要的细节
Now, all this comes with some very important fine print.
大多数人既不是内向者也不是外向者!
Most people aren’t introverts or extroverts!
人们发现 大约⅔的人是中立性格者
It’s been found that about two thirds of the population are ambiverts,
这意味着他们既有点内向又有点外向
meaning they’re a bit of both.
所以如果你觉得你既不是外向者也不是内向者
So if you feel like you don’t fit into one box or the other,
你不是一个人
you ’ re actually not alone.
你是一个性格中立 内向 还是外向的人呢?
Are you an ambivert, introvert or extrovert?
请在下面的评论中告诉我们!
Let us know in the comments below!
非常感谢Anthony帮我解决这个问题!
Thank you so much to Anthony for helping me out with this episode!
你可能看出来有些工作是在他频道的基础上做的
You might recognize some work we did over on his channel.
尖叫箱的里面安装了一块与她手机相连的屏幕
One wall will have a screen mounted to it connected to her phone,
所以她能在里边安全的浏览twitter
so she can view twitter from inside the safety of the scream box.
去看看并订阅他的视频吧
So go check out his awesome videos,
告诉他 是Blocko叫你们做的
subscribe, and tell him Blocko sent you!
一如既往 我的名字是Blocko!
As always my name is Blocko!
感谢收看《品生活》
This has been Life Noggin!
不要停止思考!
Don’t Forget To Keep On Thinking!

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视频概述

内向者与外向者:有什么不同? 为什么有的人内向,有的人外向? 其实,还有第三种性格,你知道吗?

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

林邑

审核员

审核员 EY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PWIp2GTZwCQ

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