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给艺术家们看的人体解剖学 – 译学馆
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给艺术家们看的人体解剖学

Introduction to Human Anatomy for Artists

好久不见 大家好吗
Things have changed since we last saw each other..
大家好 先做一下自我介绍
Hey in case you forgot Who I am,
我叫Stan Prokopenko
my name is Stan Prokopenko.
我是本课程的教员
I’ll be your instructor for this course
负责为大家讲解艺术家的
on Anatomy of the Human Body..
人体解剖学课程
for Artists..
本视频中我将综述一下人体解剖学这个课程:
In this video I’m gonna give you an overview of the course.
学习解剖学的原因
Why we study anatomy,
本课程的具体内容
what you’ll learn from this course,
还有本课程高级版的内容
and what’s in the premium version of the course.
首先我们来看看学习解剖学的原因
First, let’s examine why we should study anatomy..
艺术家不应该对任何身体部位有陌生感
There should be no part of the body that is a mystery to you.
如果你觉得身体很神秘
If it’s a mystery,
那你就不能在没有参照模型的情况下
then you won’t be able to draw it accurately
准确地将它画出来
without copying the reference,
或者你的作画就是在无中生有
or just making up stuff that doesn’t exist.
通过学习本课程
With knowledge,
你就能灵活绘制人体
you can design the body tomake changes.
你就能决定参照模型中哪些地方应该突出表现
You can decide what to exaggerate, what to eliminate,
哪些地方应该淡化处理 或者哪里应该添加一些
or what to add that’s not noticeable
你不曾注意到的东西
in the reference.
当你能够给参照模型的细节提意见时
When you’re able to change your reference
你就不再受制于它
you are no longer a slave to the reference.
需要的话你随时能把参照模型唤出来
You can call on it when you need to.
并从中汲取灵感
You can ask it for inspiration.
你可以创造出独一无二的艺术作品
And you can create your own unique work
它能够忠于你所见
of art that stays true to your vision and the
忠实地叙述出你想说的故事
story you’re trying to tell.
当你的图片中一只胳膊举起
When an arm is up in your photo,
但你需要它放下来达到更好的作品效果
but you need it to be down to create a better composition,
你就能做到
you can do that.
当人体的腿部信息过于密集
When a leg of some figure is too busy with information,
你可以使肌肉放松
you can relax it and show just
只画大体肌肉轮廓
the major forms.
如果你想呈现一个结实有力的形象
You can show more structure
你可以画更详细的构造
in a figure that you want to feel more solid and heavy.
你可以创造一些现实中不存在的形象
You can create characters that don’t exist in reality.
却不用去找一个看起来和绿巨人和丧尸一样的
You’re not going to find a model that looks
参考模型
like the Hulk or a zombie.
这种形象得靠你自己虚构
That has to be invented.
如果你有很强的理解力和一定的创造力
With a high level of understanding and some creativity
你就有能力创造
you have the power to create whatever
任何你想要的形象
characters you want.
说起创造力
And speaking of creativity,
流畅度可以带给你更多创造力
fluency allows you to be more creative.
你可以挖掘你浩瀚的想法知识库
You can tap into your vast knowledge base for ideas,
以一种新的方式
to combine pieces of information
整合碎片信息
in a new way.
流畅的艺术家效率很高
A fluent artist works quicker,
可以进行更自然更富有创造力的工作过程
creating a more natural, fluid creative process.
但解剖学知识不仅能给你带来
But knowledge of anatomy doesn’t only give
改变参照模型的能力
you the ability to change reference or draw
或者将想象之物画出来的能力
from imagination.
它还能帮你把人体画得更加自然
It also helps to draw the body to feel natural.
更加可信 更加栩栩如生
To be believable and to feel alive.
你可以捕捉到肉眼会错过的微妙之处
You can pick up on the subtleties that an untrained eye would miss.
你会明白人体以这种方式呈现的原因
You understand what makes the body look the way it looks,
这样你就知道如何最大程度地
so you know how to draw it to
将人体原貌付诸笔端
look that way.
如果画人物时依赖复制
If you have to rely on copying,
你就会产生许多误解
you will misinterpret a lot of things.
你可能会错过许多真正重要的部分
And you might not see a lot of things that are actually important.
如果你不知道你要寻找什么
If you don’t know WHAT you’re looking for,
你就可能什么也找不到
you probably won’t find it…
你可以去戳人家的肌肉
You can poke people and
并叫出名字 好让他尴尬
name their muscles to make them feel awkward.
肱二头肌
biceps brachii
胸大肌
pectoralis major
臀大肌
gluteus maximus
为什么要学习骨骼
Why study the skeleton,
只学习人体的表面形式不行吗?
why not just surface forms?
我想给你介绍一个非常特别的人
I want to introduce you to someone very special,
在这个解剖学课程中 你将频繁遇到他
someone you’ll be seeing a lot of in this anatomy course.
掌声有请 小骷髅
please give it up for, Skellyyyyy!!
在课程中 我的讲解会经常深入到人体
You’ll notice in this course that I’ll often go very deep into the body,
直达骨骼
all the way down to the bones.
许多新学生会疑惑
Many newer students will wonder,
为什么我们要学习骨骼呢?
why are we studying the bones?
我只想画肌肉啊
I just want to draw the muscles..
这是因为骨骼的构造十分重要
The forms of the skeleton are very important
它们是人体的基础
because they’re the foundation of the body.
骨骼标志能帮我们追寻肌肉的形状
The bony landmarks help us track the muscles,
我会在人物素描课上为大家展示这一点
as I showed in the Figure Drawing Course,
我还会为大家展示更多相关内容
and will show a lot more in this course.
肌肉是依附在骨骼上的
The muscle are attached to the skeleton,
所以如果你了解骨骼
so if you know the skeleton and where the muscles
并且知道肌肉和骨骼的连接位置
attach to the skeleton,
那么在对肌肉进行素描 绘画和雕刻时就会更容易
the muscles become much easier to draw, paint and sculpt.
对于不同的人来说 他们的骨骼是很相似的
The skeleton is also very consistent fromperson to person.
两个不同体型的人 他们的肌肉和脂肪成分
Muscles and body fat composition can vary a lot
会有很多的不同
between two body types,
但我们可以根据所学的骨骼知识
but we can rely on the skeleton
来还原他们的体格状态
to inform us of what we’re seeing.
健美运动者和葛优瘫可能骨架相同
A bodybuilder and a couch potato could have the same size skeleton.
所以他们的骨标在相同的位置
So, the landmarks will be in the same spots,
只需填充不同的肌肉即可
just filled in with very different stuff..
同时 理解了关节意味着
Also, understanding the joints
你理解了每个关节的移动
means you understand the motion of each joint.
这会帮助你弄清
And it will help you figure out
动作是如何影响人体的表面形式的
how this motion affects the surface forms.
所以请不要跳过骨骼的课程
Please, don’t skip the lessons on bones.
没有骨骼 人就只剩一堆肉了
You’ll just be left with a pile of meat.
那这们课程是关于什么的呢?
What’s the course all about?
Stan 这个课程是关于什么的?
So stan, what’s this course all about?
正如标题所示
As the title implies,
这门课程是为艺术家准备的
this course is intended for artists.
而非医学参考
It’s not meant to be a medical reference.
我们着重关注的解剖学内容
We will be hyper focusing on the parts
是那些艺术家应该了解的部分
of anatomy that an artist will need to know and
至于其它无关紧要的部分我们就略过
ignoring the parts we don’t need to know.
深层肌肉不会影响到表层形式
The deep muscles that don’t affect the surface forms are
绘图者 画家 雕刻家 动画家
of little interest to draftsmen, painters,
也对底深层肌肉不太感兴趣
sculptors or animators.
除非你要画的是一只丧尸
Unless you’re drawing a zombie…
那你或许会对它感兴趣
then maybe..
2D图表和3D图表
2d diagram vs 3d forms
身体是由不同类型的骨头
The body is constructed from many types of forms.
韧带 肌肉 肌腱 脂肪等组成
Bones, ligaments, muscles, tendons, fat..
这些东西相互重叠 交错
These forms overlap, insert under and wrap
缠绕
around each other..
人体是非常复杂的多层系统
the human body is a very complex system of layers.
表皮内容也非常复杂
And the volumes at the surface are also very complex.
在解剖学书中
It’s not enough to just study the front,
你会经常看到正面 反面 侧面视图
back and side views you typically see in anatomy books.
来看一下这个简单的形式组合
Look at this group of simple forms.
从这个角度看它是这样的
From this angle it looks like this,
从另一个角度看它是这样的
and from another angle it looks like this..
从不同角度看的话
The way these forms overlap each other
这些形式彼此覆盖的方式有很大的不同
appears very different, from different angles.
为了准确地从不同角度画出这些组织
To accurately draw the forms from any angle,
你需要真正理解这些组织以及它们之间的关系
you need to truly understand the forms and their relationship.
你不能只记住它们的2D轮廓
You can’t just memorize the 2d contours..
对身体来说也是同样的道理
The body is the same way.
肌肉以不同的方式彼此交错
The muscles overlap each other in ways that when viewed
从不同的角度去看时 有很大的不同
from different angles, look very different.
所以只学习人体的2D图表
So, learning the 2-dimensional diagrams of the body
是不够的
is not good enough.
你需要一个对解剖学的3D理解
You need to have a 3-dimensional understanding of anatomy.
本节课我将向你展示
In this course, I’ll try to give you that –
一幅完整的人体图
a complete picture of the human body.
我们会看到2D的图解
We’ ll look at the 2d diagrams,
然后我们会学习3D肌肉组织
and then study the 3d forms of the muscles..
我们也会由外到内观察一下人体构造
We’ll also look at the tracking from origin to insertion,
观察一下不同层次的肌肉 脂肪
layering of muscles, fat, and
和其它组织
other tissues and
最重要的是要注意当身体往不同方向移动时
most importantly how the muscles look
肌肉的变化
when the body moves to various positions.
如果你知道解剖学上的一些肌肉知识
It’s great if you know the shape
那就再好不过了
in the anatomical pose,
你就会明白肌肉弯曲和伸直时的不同
but what does it look like when its flexed or stretched.
你就会明白
And finally, how does it all look
往肌肉上加上皮肤是什么样
like on the surface when you add skin over it.
课程结构
Course Structure
已经看了预售页面的你
Those of you who already visited the presale page,
可能会注意到这个课程
probably noticed that this course is
它分为三部分——
split into 3 parts –
躯干 手臂 腿部
Torso, arms and legs.
作为身体的一个部分
Each section is going to be a thorough investigation
我们将对它们进行彻底研究
of that portion of the body.
3D模型
3D Model
我们学到的所有骨头和肌肉群
Each bone and muscle group we learn will be available
都能以3D模型的形式显现在浏览器上
as a 3D model for you to use right in your browser.
上完课后 你可以打开3D模型巩固所学
After each lesson you can open up the 3d model and study it further.
3D模型可以旋转
Being able to spin it around and look
让你从任意角度观看肌肉
at the muscles from any angle
这样能帮助你
is helpful in truly
真正理解3D组织
understanding the 3d forms.
教学内容
Information taught
那么 我能从这门课程中学到什么?
So, what will I learn from this course?”
我会教你们所有知识
I’ll teach you everything from the details
从深层肌肉的细节到
of the deep muscles to the simplified blocky
乔治·伯里曼简化的解剖学理念
forms common to George Bridgman.
我们会学到人体表皮的
How the layering of muscles looks like
肌肉层的面貌
on the surface of a real person.
横截面可以使肌肉层可视化
Cross sections to help you visualize the layering of the muscles.
我会展示不同身体类型的区别
I’ll present variations of body types.
我会展示理想体型 关节
Idealization, articulation and
以及动作如何改变肌肉的形状
how movements changes muscle shapes,
动作的范围
range of motion, function
人体的机械功能
of the body as a machine
我还会教你如何准确地画出实物
and I ‘ll show you how to actually draw the stuff..
任务和课后作业
Assignments and homework
嗯 没错 我们会有作业
Ya that’s right! There will be homework..
我们会有各种练习来帮你消化所学的知识
A variety of exercises to help you learn the information.
只听我讲课 你是不能学好解剖学的
You can’t learn anatomy just by listening to me talking about it.
重要的是你在绘画时
It’s important to actually use the
能运用到所学信息
information while you are drawing.
请认真对待每节课的任务
Put in the effort by doing the assignments for each lesson.
要练习你所学的内容
Practice what you’ve learned
而非大规模地听课
rather than binge watching all the lessons.
不管怎么说这些任务是非常有趣的
The assignments are enjoyable anyway.
所以如果你喜欢绘画 并且愿意去学
So, if you like drawing and you like learning,
这将是一个非常有益的课程
this should be a very rewarding course.
你为什么而学
What you’re working for
我提到过解剖学的学习
I’ve mentioned that studying anatomy is
是一个漫长而艰难的过程
a long and difficult process.
但是 它是如此的有意义
But man it’s so rewarding!
所有的汗水和挫折必将有所回报
All that sweat and frustration is worth it.
不信就看看那些将时间用于修习解剖学的
Just look at some of the artwork that’s done
艺术家们完成的作品吧
by artists that put in the time to master human anatomy!
这些作品深深地鼓舞了我们
I find these incredibly inspiring.
当你遇到这样鼓舞人心的艺术家
As you come across artists like these,
请把他们放进文件夹
save them in a folder and use them as idols of
将之作为你奋斗过程中的偶像
what you’re working for.
高级课程是什么?
What’s in Premium?
正如许多人目前所知道的
As many of you know by now,
我喜欢发布许多免费课程
I like to give away a lot of free lessons..
这些课程不是只有付费的人才可以学
It allows everyone to learn something,
所有人都能学
not just the people that can afford the full course.
对于那些想要继续学习的人来说
Every lesson in this Anatomy course will have free content and
解剖学的每个课程都会有一些免费内容
for those that want to continue learning,
但若想深入学习
more in-depth lessons will be available
请登录proko.com/anatomy购买全套课程
by purchasing the full course at proko.com/anatomy.
首先 你会获得拓展课程
First, you’ll get extended lessons.
所以视频时间会更长
So, the videos will be longer,
课程中会更有更多信息来为你介绍
covering more information about each muscle and
每块肌肉和一些深层次的肌肉
and some of the deeper muscles.
你会看到更多的例子
You’ll get to see more examples
和绘画示范
and drawing demonstrations.
高级课程会有备忘单和任务“答案”视频
Cheat sheets and assignment ‘answer’ videos.
我说的答案视频意思是
What I mean by answer videos is..
每个课程我都会给学习任务
In each lesson I’ll give you assignments.
在高级课程的答案视频中
In the premium videos,
我会教你如何做任务
I will actually show you how to do the assignment
这样你就能核对你的任务答案是否正确
so that you can check your work.
高级课程的另一个重要特色我之前也提到过
Another really big premium feature, as I’ve already mentioned,
就是浏览器上的3D模型
is the 3d models right in your browser.
这些会帮助你进一步学习解剖学
These will help you study the anatomy further
还可以辅助你完成任务
and it’s a great aid for the assignments..
哇 Stan 那太棒了!
Wow stan.. That’s awesome!
我完全准备好去报名高级课程了
I’m totally ready to sign up for the Premium Course..
好啊 去proko.com/anatomy网站
Well then, go to proko.com/anatomy
希望大家把你学习这些课后的画作
If you’re posting your own drawings
贴到社交网络上
from these lessons on social networks
并打上proko的标签
use the hashtag proko or
如果你把画作发到Facebook上 就加标签proko
tag me at proko on Facebook or at
如果发到Instagram上 就加标签Stan Prokopenko
Stan Prokopenko on Instagram,
这样我就能看到你的画作
so I could see your drawings.
如果你喜欢本视频
If you like this video,
请把它分享给你的朋友和同学
pass it on to your friends and classmates
并点击这个按钮订阅proko的时事通讯
and click this button here to subscribe to the proko newsletter
这样你就不会错过任何新视频
so you don’t miss any new videos.
拜拜
Bye bye.

Hey.

Hey.
-你在笑吗?-嗯
You are smiling? Yep.
好吧 你怎么还在笑?
All right, how come you’re still smiling?
一定要说完
Make sure you say every work.
嗨 还记得俺吗
Hi, in case you f…
臀大肌
gluteus maximus
好吧 再来一次
All right, let’s do it again.
好久没干这种事了
Haven’t done this for a while.
哇 Stan 那太棒了
Wow Stan that’s awesome.
我已经准备好注册购买高级课程了
Totally ready to sign up for the Premium course.
-你能把手放下来吗?-好的
Can you hand yourself over something? Yeah.
-再来一次 -我刚才在整理耳环
Cool stuff again. It was fixing my earings.
好吧
Okay.
我的面部表情很多
My face moves so much.
身体由不同的形式构建
The body is constructed from many types of forms.
你的面部表情本来就很多
That’s how you always look.
-嘿 再来一次?-好的 Stan
Hey then, happy? Well Stan.
哦 再来一次吧
Oh, okay let’s do it again.
如果你已经看了预售页面
If you’ve already visited the pre-sale page
你可能已经注意到 该课程分为几部分…你在笑吗?
you probably noticed that this course is split up…are you laughing?
没有 天啊
No, oh my god.
你怎么回事啊?
How are you doing?
我好像听到你偷笑了
I thought I heard you chuckling.
-好吧 再来一次 -来吧
Right, one more. One more.
-好了 -开始吧
-Yeah. -Well done.
你乐够了吗?
Are you happy with enough?
-开始不? -好
Fine again. Yeah.
哇 Stan
Wow Stan.
我会向你们展示如何把这些画下来
I’m actually going to show you how to draw the stuff.
你拿的什么
What are you having.
什么啊?
What.

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视频概述

这是给艺术家看的人体解剖学课程。本视频主要对该课程进行概述。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

ABC

审核员

审核员 EM

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pDgyQjNFVQk

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