Photography was crucial to Andy Warhol’s art.
It was this exposure to current events at a young age that
he later said shaped his obsession with pop culture and celebrities.
After graduating and moving to New York in 1949
Warhol quickly became established as one of New York’s
most sought-after, commercial illustrators
working for magazines such as Glamour and Harper’s Bazaar.
However, it was in the early-sixties that
he began to produce the work for which he is most celebrated.
As the most famous proponent of Pop Art,
his earliest ‘Pop’ works depict consumer goods and images from the press.
This evolved to reveal his enduring fascination with celebrity and mortality
with many of his most powerful images touching on these themes.
Although Warhol’s renowned screenprinted paintings,
such as his portraits of the rich and famous,
have become his defining work,
he also extensively explored the medium of photography
created ground-breaking films
and produced some inspirational advertising campaigns.
– Do you work hard? I mean, I just suspect
– I just work, mmm, work all the time
我就工作 嗯 就一直不停地工作
我认为 不管做什么 我都像台机器一样行事
Warhol’s own celebrity was defined by his pithy style of public pronouncements –
often reduced to a mere ‘yes’, ‘no’ or ‘uh-uh’.
This can be seen as part and parcel of his desire to be a machine,
a sort of automation with no feelings
no spontaneous deviation from a pre-programmed response.
A public façade to avoid having to engage in public debate.
But, in fact, it was much more serious and considered than that.
He had been fascinated by the idea of industrial design and mechanised production
epitomized by processes such as photography and screen printing.
Andy Warhol was obsessed with fame
and produced many pictures of the rich and famous.
However, he was never afraid to solicit commissions for portraits
and would often suggest that he could create a portrait of a pet,
if someone was unwilling to sit for their own portrait.
Maurice was the beloved dachshund of the famous collector Gabrielle Keiller.
To create this screen-printed image,
he worked from Polaroids of Maurice, taken from Kieller’s London home.
– Now people – if they want a portrait of their animal, can commission you? – Yeah.
– 如果人们想有张自己宠物的肖像 他们可以委托你？ – 是的
– And what, this is the first one?
– 那么 这是第一个？
– Yeah, this is the first one. It’s the nicest dog I’ve ever met.
-是的 这是第一个 它是我见过的最棒的狗
Reporter: When will you do him?
Warhol: It’s nicer than my dog.
– [Laughs] Is it? – [Laughs] Yes.
– [笑声]是吗？ – [笑声]是的
He may have wanted to be seen as a machine,
but Warhol’s work was the result of more than mere button pushing.
Though when it came to the art world, the media and the viewing public,
不过 在面对艺术界 媒体界和大众时
he certainly enjoyed pushing buttons.