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迈尔斯 – 布里格斯性格测试是什么? – 译学馆
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迈尔斯 - 布里格斯性格测试是什么?

Intro to the Myers-Briggs Personality Test

有时 测试似乎支配着你的生活
Sometimes it seems like tests dictate your life.
几乎每一个重大决定都有测试的存在
Almost every big decision seems to involve a test.
我能考到驾照吗 难道我还得继续乘公交?
will I get my permit or will I be taking the bus?
我的成绩能考到常春藤院校还是保底学校?
Will my scores get me into an Ivy league school or will I be heading to my safety school?
今天我们将告诉你一个
Today, we’re going to tell you about a test
可以帮你取得更好的成绩或让你掌握好的侧方停车技巧的测试
that will help you far more than good grades or great parallel parking skills.
这不会支配你的生活 但可以帮助你更好地了解自己和他人
It won’t dictate your life, but it’ll help you understand yourself, and others, better.
欢迎收看WellCast:
Welcome to WellCast:
今天我们要采纳同事丹尼
Today we’re taking a suggestion from our coworker Danny,
和忠实观众8MissGreeny8的建议
and our loyal viewer 8MissGreeny8.
考虑迈尔斯布里格斯类型指标(MBTI)
We’ll be looking at the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator,
一种能真正帮助
a personality test that actually started
女性走入职场的性格测试
as a way to get women into the workforce.
目前每年都有250万美国男性 女性 孩子们参加这项测试
Now it’s taken by 2.5 million American men, women and children each year.
我们将向你展示这项测试如何帮你更了解自己的性格特点
We’ll show you how this test can help you become more aware of your personality traits,
然后教你如何运用这些特点在学校里和职场上表现更好
and then teach you how to use this awareness to get more out of yourself at work and school.
准备好了吗?
Ready?
MBTI性格测试是由两位心理学家
The Myers-Briggs test was first developed in the 1940s
凯瑟琳•布里格斯和儿媳妇伊莎贝尔•迈尔斯于20世纪40年代首次发掘
by Katherine Cook Briggs and her daughter-in-law, Isabel Myers,
她们都是瑞士精神病学家 卡尔•容格的粉丝
two amateur psychologists who were huge fans of a Swiss psychiatrist named Carl Jung,
并且赞同他关于性格类型方面的理论
and his theory on personality types.
美国参与二战期间 许多女性才第一次进入职场
When the U.S. entered World War II, many women entered the workforce for the first time.
迈尔斯看到职场上对于性格测试是有特殊需求的
Myers saw a very specific need in the market for a personality test
这能帮助女性找到合适的工作
one that would help women figure out what sort of jobs they’d be well-suited for.
因而才有迈尔斯布里格斯性格测试的诞生
Thus, the Meyers-Briggs personality test was born.
今天的练习会让大家认识到不同的性格类型
Today’s exercise will give you an introduction to the different personality types,
所以 你可以想想你是属于哪种类型了
so you can start to think about which categories you fall into.
暂停并打印出WellCast的调查表
Pause and print this WellCast worksheet.
然后
Next to each category,
在你认为最符合你的那栏打个勾
tick off the box that you think most applies to you.
1.你是外向型还是内倾型?
Step one: Are you an extrovert or an introvert?
你是小蝶还是云宝黛西?
Are you a Fluttershy or a Rainbow Dash?
这可以帮助你了解人们受激励的原因
This category deals with what stimulates people
你是那种忙于社交的人
are you the kind of person who gets pumped up in busy, social situations,
还是满足于读书的人
or are you more fulfilled when reading a book?
外向型人群通常会回应外界刺激比如和一大群人见面
Extroverts respond to external stimuli—being around a large group of people, for example,
而内向型人群受到的刺激通常来自于
whereas introverts are stimulated internally
自我反省 对一些想法的盘算以及对于一系列有趣想法的分析
by reflection, toying around with ideas and analyzing an interesting train of thought.
2. 你是感觉型还是直觉型?
Step two: Do you sense or do you intuit?
这可以告诉你如何收集信息
This category deals with how you gather information learn.
有些人主要依赖于手头的信息
Some people rely mainly on the information at hand,
他们看重事实 具体细节以及真实数据
they look for facts, concrete details, tangible data.
他们不关注重要的细节 总想快点把事情干完
They’re mainly focused on minutiae and want to get to the bottom of things quickly.
就像弗雷迪所说 “他们只注重结果 夫人”
Like Joe Friday, they want “the facts, ma’am.”
其他人更喜欢寻找每个观点间的联系过程
Others prefer to look for connections between ideas
而不是结果
rather than nailing down facts,
相比细枝末节 他们对宏伟蓝图更感兴趣
they are more interested to the bigger picture than the nitty-gritty details.
这类人属于直觉型
These fall under intuition category.
3. 你认为自己是思考型还是情感型的?
Step three: Would you consider yourself more a thinker or a feeler?
这就好比在斯波克和柯克之间作选择
This one is the classic Spock vs. Kirk dilemma.
你选谁?
How do you make decisions?
你会仔细分析手头上所有的数据
Do you analyze all the data at hand exhaustively,
把他们的优缺点全部写下来 然后有逻辑性地思考一个问题吗?
write out pro and con lists, think logically through a problem?
还是说你要跟着感觉走 让情感来指引你?
Or do you go with your gut, let your emotions be your compass for a situation?
4. 你是理解型还是判断型?
Step four: Are you perceiving or judging?
针对这一问题 最简单的做法就是问一下自己是如何回应最后期限的
An easy way to look at this one is to ask yourself how you respond to deadlines.
如果你打算提前完成工作并且设法按时做完一切事务
If you plan your work out far in advance and manage to get everything done on time,
那么你可能就是判断型
you’re probably “judging.”
相反 如果你只是把最后期限看当作建议性时间而不是硬性要求
On the other hand, if you see deadlines as more of a suggestion than that hard-and-fast rule,
会时不时更改 并且工作到最后一秒钟
and are constantly changing your work up until the last second,
你就是知觉型
you’re a perceiver.
你得到了什么结果?ESFP?还是INTJ?
What did you come up with? ESFP? INTJ?
好吧 真扫兴
Alright, it’s a bummer.
但是 做官方测试得付费
But taking the official test costs money
不过也有一些不错的免费网上测试
but there are several fairly good, free knock-offs available on the Internet.
可以尝试下面测试的其中之一 然后看看你的答案
(Click here, here and here.) Try taking one of these tests now, and see how your answers stack up.
下周我们将会告诉你8种
Next week we’re gonna show you 8 great methods
根据你的性格类型来提高你的工作效率的好方法
for improving your productivity based on your personality type.
当提到要完成论文时 你要如何突出你的优势 克服你的弱点呢?
How to accentuate your strengths and combat your weaknesses when it comes to finishing a paper?
或是在办公室度过任务繁重的一周
Or getting through difficult week at the office
回顾一下:
Let’s recap:
我们今天讲了迈尔斯布里格斯性格测试中四种主要性格类型
Today we went over the four main personality categories of the Myers-Briggs personality test,
这是一项由业余心理学家在20世纪40年代研发的指标
an indicator developed in the 40s by amateur psychologists.
你的性格类型由一系列的四个字母组成:
Your personality is a series of four letters:
E(外向型)或 I(内倾型) S(感觉型)或 N(直觉型)
E (extrovert) or I (introvert), S (sensing) or N (intuitive),
F(情感型)或 T(思考型) 还有P(理解型)或 J(判断型)
F (feeling) or T (thinking), and P (perceiving) or J (judging).
可以用推特与我们联系 记得@WatchWellCast
Twitter us at WatchWellCast.
也可以通过电子邮箱哦watchWellCast@gmail.com
Email us at watchWellCast@gmail.com
也可以在下面评论
or leave a comment down below.
我们下期再见!
We will see you next time!
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视频概述

有没有人告诉过你,你的工作效率取决于你的性格类型。若是这样又应如何应对呢?俗话说得好,知己知彼,百战不殆。这个视频可以帮助你喔!

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nHSZ3_VMgjU

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