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部分英语的非正式缩略语

Informal Contractions in English - Free Spoken English lesson to learn English

规范地流利说英语
Let’s Talk Fluent English With Neutral Accentwww.letstalkpodcast.com
学在英语 爱在英语 活在英语
learn English, love English, live English
大家好,我是Niharika
Hello, my name is Niharika.
我又为你们带来了新的课程
And I’m back with a new lesson for you.
今天我们将会学到非正式缩略语表达
Today, we are going to look at Informal Contractions.
那么它是什么意思呢
Now, what it means?
“缩略”本身的意思是“把东西挤到一起”
Well, the word contract itself means “squeezing something together”.
这就是“缩略”
So, that’s contract.
因此 “缩略语”的意思就是
So, the word contractions means
“把两个单词挤到一起使其变得更短”
“to squeeze two words together to make it short”.
你可以用上一个撇号
And you can place an apostrophe.
除了用一个撇号
It’s either placed with an apostrophe,
也可以删去一些字母 使两个单词变得更短
or some letters are deleted, and two words are made short.
这就是缩略语
OK, so that(is) our contractions.
现在你看到这些单词
Now, if you look at these words here,
你能看到任何的撇号么?
do you see any apostrophe?
没有 是吧?
No, we don’t, right?
所以 这就意味着这些单词有点类似于俚语
So, which means these words are something like slang.
但是它们并不是俚语
But they are not slang words.
他们是非正式缩略语
They are informal contractions.
正式的缩略语是类似于“I’m”的这类词
Now, formal contractions are something like “I’m”,
因此我们不说“I am Niharika”
OK, so rather than writing “I am Niharika”,
而是说“I’m Niharika”
I would say “I’m Niharika.”
这就是正式的缩略语 懂了么?
So, this is formal contraction, OK?
但是在今天的课程里
But in today’s lesson,
我们会学习非正式缩略语
we are gonna learn about informal contractions.
所以 让我们来看看这些单词
So, let’s have a look at these words here.
当然也请记住
And also, please remember that
不要在正式场合使用这些单词 好吗?
do not use these words in formal speech, OK?
另外 这些单词也绝对不能书面使用
And these words are never used in writing, either.
除非你是在发短信或者在脸书上写东西 这是可以的
Unless you’re a texting or you’re writing on Facebook, which is fine.
但是 不要在商业上用这些词 好吗?
But, do not use it in the business world, right?
好的 第一个单词是“gimme”
So, the first word here is gimme, gimme.
“gimme”是一个非正式缩略词
Now, gimme is an informal contraction
来源于“give me”
of the words “give me”.
例如 “gimme some money”, “gimme some chocolates”.
So, gimme some money, gimme some chocolates.
就是在说
So, rather than saying
“give me some money ”, “give me some chocolates ”
“give me some money”, “give me some chocolates”,
我将单词词组进行了压缩
I’m just contracting the words,
它就成为了非正式缩略语 类似于“gimme” 懂了吗?
and making it into an informal contraction, which is gimme, OK?
另一个词是“gonna”
The other one is gonna.
I ‘m gonna go to party.
I’m gonna go to a party.
I ‘m gonna go for a movie.
I’m gonna go for a movie.
所以 “gonna”是一个非正式缩略语
So, gonna is an informal contraction
来源于“going to ”
of the words “going to”.
所以 与其说“I’m going to go for a movie”
So, rather than saying “I’m going to go for a movie”,
不如用“gonna”这个缩写
I am using this contraction this word, which is gonna.
I’m gonna go for a movie,明白吗?
I’m gonna go for a movie, OK?
另一个是“gotta”
Another one is gotta.
它怎么使用呢?
How do I use it?
I gotta go.
I gotta go.
所以说 “gotta”是词组( have to go)的非正式缩略语
So, gotta is an informal contraction of the words…
明白吗?
OK?
因此 与其说“I have to go”
So, rather than saying “I have to go”,
或者“I have to eat”
or “I have to eat”,
不如用“gotta”这个缩写词
so I’m using the informal contraction that is gotta.
“I gotta eat “,”I gotta go”, 明白吗?
“I gotta eat”, “I gotta go”, OK?
然后另一个是“kinda”
Then the other one is kinda.
“kinda”是这两个单词的缩写
Now, kinda is a contraction of two words that is
” kind of “.
“kind of”.
噢,看那个小男孩, he’s kinda cute.
Oh, look at the boy, he’s kinda cute.
所以 与其说“he’s kind of cute”
So, rather than saying “he’s kind of cute”,
不如使用缩略语“he’s kinda cute”
I am using the contraction “he’s kinda cute”.
He’s kinda cute.
He’s kinda cute.
Look at the girl there, she’s kinda hot.明白吗?
Look at the girl there, she’s kinda hot. OK?
所以 可以用“kinda”这个词
So, I’m using the word kinda.
下一个单词是“wanna”
Then we have wanna.
“wanna”意思是“want to”.
Wanna is “want to”.
I wanna go.I wanna party.
I wanna go. I wanna party.
这里我不用( want to )这两个单词
So, I’m not using these two words
不说成”I want to go “,或者”I want to party “.
that is “I want to go”, or “I want to party”,
“I want to eat “,”I want to dance”.
“I want to eat”, “I want to dance”,
我用了“wanna”这个非正式缩略语
I am using the contraction, informal contraction, that’s wanna.
就是”I wanna dance “,” I wanna go”,” I wanna eat “,理解吗?
“I wanna dance”, “I wanna go”, “I wanna eat”, got it?
然后是“whatcha”
And then we have whatcha.
“whatcha”的意思是“what you”
Now, whatcha is…(what you)
” What you doing “.
“what you doing”.
所以 与其说
OK, so rather than me saying that
“Hey, what you doing? “
“Hey, what you doing?”
我会说“hey, whatcha doing?” 明白吗?
I’m gonna say “hey, whatcha doing?”, OK?
因此 在这个情况下你会用到非正式缩略语
So, this is the way you would use this informal contraction
而不是使用“what you” 明白吗?
against the words “what you”, OK?
最后一个是“ya”
And then the last one is ya.
你认为它代表什么?
What do you think it stands for?
呃 他是单词“你”的缩写
Well, it’s a contraction of the word “you”.
真的吗?呃 我说的 “you”是个非常小的单词
Really? Well, I taught, you is a very small word.
但神奇的是 它也可以写成缩略语
But surprise, it has a contraction, too.
因此 人们会说 “Hey, what ya doing?”
So, people do end up saying “Hey, what ya doing?”
而不是说“what you doing”
So, rather than saying “what you doing?”,
他们会说“what ya doing”
they’re gonna say “what ya doing?”.
” ya”就是” you”,明白了?
So, ya is you, OK?
或者” I wanna dance with ya”.
Or, I wanna dance with ya.
因此是” I wanna dance with ya”.
So, I wanna dance with ya.
好了 希望你弄清楚了
OK, so hope you got it clear.
这些就是非正式缩略语
So, these are informal contractions.
它们不会在写作、商业或正式信件中使用
They are not to be used when writing, business or formal letters.
仅仅在你跟朋友或家人交谈时使用
It is only to be used while speaking with your friends or family.
如果你非要写下来
And if you have to write it,
可以在Facebook或写短信给你朋友时使用
you can write it on Facebook, or while texting your friends.
希望大家理解清楚非正式缩略语
OK, so hope you got this clear.
下次我会教授你们新的课程 希望大家注意身体
I’ll be back with a new lesson for you, till then you take care.
生活愉快
And have a great day.
订阅Niharika的英语课程频道
Subscribe to our channel English lessons by Niharika.
如何通过电话高效沟通?
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如何在每天学习和记忆一个新词?
How to learn&remember a new word daily?
如何建立英语口语自信?
How to build your spoken English confidence?

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视频概述

本视频将介绍部分英语的非正式缩略语,并简要介绍非正式缩略语的含义及其用法

听录译者

dumass

翻译译者

zoey斯幽

审核员

审核员B

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RC5p8q6t9Ik

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