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Indigo无需电能疫苗储存方案

Indigo

疫苗有两大难题
Vaccines have two problems.
温度太高它们就会沸腾
They spoil if they get too hot,
里面的水分结冰 它们就不起作用了
and if the water in them freezes, they don ’ t work. So,
所以
it ’ s,
你需要把温度控制在2-8℃之间 而且要低于8℃
you ’ ve got to keep in this range of 2 degrees Centigrade and below 8 degrees Centigrade.
这很棘手因为你要去
It’s very tricky because you’re goingout to very rural areas
供电困难的农村地区
where there’s not reliable electricity.
不论是走路还是骑自行车
You want to be able to carry something small
或者骑摩托车
that one person, whether walking or on a bike
总希望一个人都能带点东西
or motor bike can get out and offer
把疫苗都送到人们住的地方
vaccination very close to where the people are.
经验上来说 如果你想要到偏远的地方
Historically, if you wanted to go to a remote place,
你要带一个装着一大堆冰的冰库
you would get an ice chest with a bunch
比如 装点啤酒
of ice like you would with, say, beer,
但它们融化得很快
and that ’ s going to melt on you pretty quickly.
不会持续很多天
It ’ s not going to last for a lot of days,
而且造冰也是很难的
and even making ice is very hard because that
因为那太耗能 比如一些电能
takes a lot of power, takes some type of electricity.
所以我们一直都在研究一种
So we ’ ve been working on an invention that uses no electricity,
能够不用电 冰 电池的发明
no ice, and no batteries.
它叫做Indigo
It’s called the Indigo.
这是一个带有额外低压装水的隔层的
It ’ s an insulated container
绝缘容器
with an extra layer that holds water at a low pressure.
打开开关时
When you turn it on,
水就会蒸发并且会将内部的温度降到
the water evaporates and that cools the chamber to between 2 and
2℃至8℃
8 degrees Centigrade.
水会以精准的速度流到外层
The water moves to the outer layer at an exact rate,
所以它一次性可以冷冻几天
so it stays cold for several days at a time.
这就是Indigo 而且它的操作也是十分简单
That’s what Indigo is, and its operationis dead simple.
不用等着冰形成
No waiting around for ice to freeze,
只有一个开关
there ’ s just an on/off switch.
只要你将它加热
As long as you can heat it back up –
因为加热就是将里面的水
because heating is how you push the water back to
蒸发 回到循环的起点 它就开始工作了
the start of its cycle – it works.
之后你打开它
Then when you turn it on,
你有5到7天的时间
you get your 5 to 7 days and you ’ re not thinking about ice
而且不需要考虑冰块或者电力 那些疫苗会保存在合适的温度
or electricity and those vaccines will stay at the temperature you want.
所以 这样一个完整的理想系统可以将疫苗保存在
So an ideal overall system would store vaccines at the bigger,
一个更大的健康中心
primary healthcare center,
之后你就可以带着Indigo到
and then you use this new Indigo to
艰苦的地方 所以无论住在哪里
go out to the tough locations so it ’ s easy for
家长带孩子来打疫苗都会变得很方便
the parents to bring their kids no matterwhere they live.

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视频概述

盖茨带你去看神奇发明-Indigo无需冰块,电池,便可以轻松保存疫苗。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

_ C_

审核员

审核员 HZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CzeILXKwe74

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