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座椅颂歌

In Praise of Chairs

嗨 我是托尼这里是 帧影帧画
Hi, my name is Tony and this is “Every Frame a Painting”.
这有一个奇怪的问题 你有没有看过一个场景并且这样思考过
Here’s a weird question: have you ever watched a scene and thought
这是一把伟大的椅子
That’s a great chair.
我不是说椅子本身很伟大
I don’t mean the chair would be great to own
虽然它真的很好
though that would be nice.
【惊叹声】
[Gasping]
只是一些人花时间去寻找这把椅子的故事
Just that somebody took the time to find the exact right chair for the story.
并且在某些方面对细节的关注初见成效
And that attention to detail has paid off in some way.
皮特 在这个房间里有5把不同类型的椅子
Pete: There’re 5 different types of chairs in this hotel room.
本 哦 天啊 它们竟然都在这里
Ben: Holy fuck! What’re they all doing in here!
皮特 这是5种椅子的类型
Pete: There’re 5 different types of chairs.
本 把它们拿走 兄弟
Ben: Get’em out here, man!
因为在电影里 一把椅子并不仅仅是椅子
Because in film, a chair is not just the chair.
它是一件设计品
It’s a piece of productuon design.
并且你选择的椅子类型可以是任何
And the type of chair you choose can say everything
有关人和他们居住的世界的椅子
about the person and the world they inhabit.
斯基 你知道 我的文件 商业文件
Lebowski: You know, my papers, business papers.
所以让我们货比三家
So let’s shop around.
如果你想要看电影的名字
If you’d like to see the names of the films
按下面按钮CC
press the CC button below.
假设你已经写了一个故事
Let’s say you’ve already written a story.
这类事这对你来说有什么用呢
What use is something like this to you?
嗯 第一个也是最常用的一把椅子
Well, the first and most common use of a chair
作为世界上的一个延伸点
is as an extention of the world.
你和我每天都看到他们
This is how you and I see them everyday.
我认为 他们像是环境的一部分
We think them as part of the environment.
但是观众可以看一眼他们
But an audience can take one look at them and tell
并且说世界是光洁的
whether the world is bright and clean
或者再多看两眼
or a little more run down.
无论我们的角色有很少钱
Whether our characters have very little money
或有很多的钱
or planty of it.
南森 你不能卖无用的桌子和椅子
Nathan: You can’t sell leaf-tables and no chairs.
有了椅子 你就有了一个小餐室 没有椅子 你什么都没有
Chairs, you got a dinette set. No chairs, you got dick!
像所有的产品设计一样 合适的椅子
Like all production design, the right chair
给我们一个超出想象的完整世界
gives us an entire world to imagine beyond the frame.
瓦里斯 丑陋的老东西
Varys: Ugly old thing.
贝里席:但是它有一定的吸引力
Baelish: Yet it has certain appeal.
瓦里斯:这是莱莎 莱林的椅子
Varys: The Lysa Arryn of chairs.
它还提供了一个非常简单的方式来展示力量和等级
And it also offers a very simple way to show power and hierachy.
君主制的开头
The head of the monarchy.
这艘船的船长
The captain of the ship.
或是整个帝国的统治者
Or the ruler of the whole empire.
帕尔帕庭大帝:欢迎 年轻的天行者
Emperor Palpatine: Welcome, young Skywalker!
第二个也是使用更为普遍的一把椅子
The second and more unusual use of a chair
是一个特殊特性的延伸
is as an extension of a particular character.
例如 你可能有着别人也有的软弱和没有安全感
For instance, you might have someone who’s weak and insecure.
戈培尔:我有预设的人生 所以他总是仰望你
Garbitsch: I have so arrenged that he will always be looking up at you…
你总是低看他
…you looking down at him.
希特勒 额 非常好
Adenoid Hynkel: Hum… very good!
他试图压制别人
Who tries to keep other people down.
并且他的计划总是充满挑战并且他永远不可能在首位
And yet his plans are always challenged and he can never be on top.
奈帕勒尼:非常好希特勒:你喜欢就好
-Benzino Napaloni: Very good!-Adenoid Hynkel: So you like it!
换句话说 一把椅子可以代表人的一种心理
In other words, a chair can repersent the psycology of a person.
如果他们是无用的
If they are vain…
如果他们缺乏抑制力
If they lack inhibition…
或者如果他们喜欢操纵别人
or if they really like joysticks.
如果你想到动画了 你可以进一步推动它
And if you consider animation, you can push this even further.
通过画椅子来表达相似的类型
By drawing chairs that resemble the character.
注意这里 如何将卡尔的方形头与他的椅子相似
Notice here how Carl’s square head is similar to his chair
而埃莉的圆形头与耳朵代表了她的特点
while Ellie’s round head and ears resemble hers.
在她死后 卡尔将她的椅子放到他的附近
After she dies, Carl keeps her chair nearby.
所以每次我们看到它
So that every time we see it
我们都会想起他有多爱她
we’re reminded how much he loved her.
但是第三种选择是最广泛使用的
But the third option is probably the most widely applicable.
一把椅子可以是情景的扩张
A chair can be the extention of the situation.
迈克科里昂:你相信那个故事么
Michael Corleone: You believed that story?
你相信么
You believed that?
在这个场景 从教父的第二部分
In this scene, from the Godfather part 2
注意弗雷多尝试坐起来
notice how Fredo tries to sit up.
迈克:我会一直照顾你 弗雷多
Michael: I’ve always taking care of you, Fredo.
弗雷多:照顾我?
Fredo: Taking care of me?
但是他的椅子不让他起来
But his chair won’t let him.
弗雷多:你是我的弟弟 你照顾我
Fredo: You’re my kid brother! You take care of me!
他越惊慌 他的表情就越无力
And the more he fidgets, the more powerless he looks.
弗朗西斯科波拉:椅子在这种情况下有这么强大的作用的原因是
Fransis Coppola: There was something about that chair that works so great for the scene because
他不停的说 我是你的哥哥 之类的话
he kept saying “I am you older brother!” and stuff like that
并且这把椅子让他
and then the chair just kind of made him be so
一瘸一拐的 来回晃 是挺有效的
limping, springy and kind of… just work great.
椅子的伟大之处在于他们能改变演员的姿势
The great thing about chairs is that they change the posture of the actors.
一些椅子并不能给他们带来十分舒适的感觉
Some chairs don’t let them get comfortable at all.
其他的一些让他们感到太舒适
Others let them get too comfortable.
汤姆:你好 伯尼
Tom: Hello, Bernie.
本尼:你好 汤姆
Benny: Hello, Tom!
伯尼:吵什么呢
Bernie: What’s the rumpus?
其他人鼓励他们做……
And others encourage them to be a little…
邦德:布鲁福
Bond: Blofeld!
戏剧性的
…theatrical.
【戏剧性的音乐】
[theatrical music]
这些是用来互补的
None of these uses are mutually exclusive.
事实上 最好玩的是
In fact, the most fun happens when you
开始始于一个东西但在结束时得到其他的东西
starts with one thing and end up with something else.
从游戏时间的场景中听到制作椅子的声音
In the scene from “Playtime”, listen to the sound that chair makes.
【声音听起来像放屁】
[Sounds like farting]
这是一个玩笑
It’s a simple joke.
但几分钟后 这个玩笑得以扩展
But a few minutes later that joke gets extented
通过两个人和两把椅子
with 2 people and 2 chairs.
【有趣的声音】
[Funny sound]
【有趣的声音】
[Funny sound]
随着椅子在屏幕中的重复出现
And as the chair keeps re-appearing in scene after scene after scene.
它变成了一个大笑话
It becomes a much large joke
现代人总是购买该死的同样的椅子
about how morden people always buy the same damn chairs.
这是你能得到的伟大的设计品
This is what great porduction design can get you.
一个细节会以你意想不到的方式来回报你
That 1 detail that pays off in unexpected ways.
【玻璃破碎声】
[Glass broken]
它不一定只是一把椅子
And it doesn’t have to be a chair.
它们非常普通 并且非常便宜
They are just very common and pretty cheap.
【椅子的打闹声】
[Fighting with chairs]
但是下次你会有这样一个场景 你要求演员坐下
But the next time you have a scene and you ask the actors to sit
考虑这个:他们坐在什么上面
consider this: what did they sit on?
尼欧:这不是真的
Neo: This isn’t real.
并且是否要赋予椅子更重要的意义
And if there is a way for that object to be something more.

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WeiRan

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https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=FfGKNJ4mldE

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