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如何选择合适的水彩画纸

Improve Your Watercolor Paintings With The Right Paper!

大家好 欢迎再次收看我的节目
– Hey, guys, welcome back to my channel.
你们经常说到 画水彩画时
One of the top strugglesthat you guys kept saying
最让人纠结的问题之一就是纸的选择
that you have is with paper when it comes to painting with watercolors.
你不知道为什么当水彩画干了之后
You don’t know why the paperbuckles, tears, stains,
纸张就会产生褶皱 裂缝及瑕疵
or why the colors look so
或者是颜色看起来很暗淡无彩
pale when the paint has dried,
这就是为什么通过给你们展示了各种纸之后
and that’s why I want tosolve some of the issues
我想为你们解答 你们可能
you might have by walking you through
遇上的一些问题 这些问题代表什么
all the different types of papers, what certain things mean,
什么是重要的
what is important,
以及当你在购买水彩纸时应如何选择
and what to look for whenyou buy watercolor paper.
顾名思义 水彩画需要使用到水
As the name watercolor suggests, you work with water,
这就是为什么你需要的是
and that’s why you need paper
为水彩画特制的纸
that is made especially for that.
打印纸 素描纸及水彩纸中
One of the differencesbetween printer, drawing,
其一差别就是纸张的重量
and watercolor paper is their weight.
它并不是质量的指标
It’s not a indicator
因为薄纸和厚纸有不一样的质量
of quality because light and heavy paper come in different qualities,
但重量还是很重要的
but it’s still very important
因为厚纸要比一般的纸
because heavy paper can absorb and hold
更能吸收和保留更多的水份
a lot more water than regular paper.
纸越厚就会越重
The heavier the paper,the more it weights,
同时也能承载更多水份 不会产生褶皱或裂痕
and the more water it will take without buckling or warping.
你可以发现水彩纸都是
You can find watercolor paper between 90
在90到400磅或者更重
to even 400 pounds or even higher.
另一个要观察的重点是纸张的原材料
Another important aspect to look into is what the paper is actually made of. Now,
现在纸张能够
paper can be made
通过不同的材料制成
out of a lot of different materials
比如木材 棉花
that are, for example,derived from wood, cotton,
或者其他的材料
or other materials, and that’s important
材料对于纸张实际能呈现的效果
for how the paper actually behaves
以及效果的持久度也是非常关键的
and how long it will last you.
由木材制成的纸张
Paper that is made out of wood,
跟棉浆纸相比更便宜
it’s usually a lot cheapercompared to cotton paper,
但同时也存在很多缺点
but it also has a lot of downsides.
例如木质纤维制成的纸张
For example, paper thatis made out of wood fibers
由于纤维的结构性质
is naturally more fragileand prone to tearing
纸张更加脆弱 容易破裂
due to the structure of the fibers.
水也不能在纸上更好地流动
It also won’t allow thewater to flow properly,
从而在纸上产生条纹和斑点状的水痕
it can create streakingand blotchy washes,
纸也会随着时间慢慢褪色 变得容易裂开
and it can discolor withage and become brittle. Now,
另一方面 现在的水彩纸
on the other hand, watercolor paper,
都是100%纯棉制成的
it is made out of 100% percent cotton,
常被认为是质量最好的纸
it’s generally consideredas the best-quality paper,
而且会使你的绘画作品有不一样的效果
and it can make a hugedifference in your artwork.
棉浆纸的质量好是因为棉花的纤维结构
It’s high quality becausecotton is stronger
使棉花的质地更加坚韧和耐用
and more durable due to thestructure of the fibers.
从而你可以画出不带有任何斑点状的
You can create beautiful flat washes
漂亮平水画 而且纸在变干的过程中
without any blotches and the paper can handle
能同时处理不同含量的水份
different amounts of water in the drying stages at the same time.
如你看到的那样 左边我用的是木浆纸
As you can see, on the left side, I used wood-made paper,
右边用的是
and on the right side,
100%棉浆纸
100% cotton paper.
我使用的是同样的水彩 但效果却是完全不一样的
I used the same watercolors but the result is completely different.
另外我想补充的是 你们想要找的
Another side note I wanted to add is you want to
通常是无酸纸 因为这种纸不会
look for paper that is generally acid free, because this
随着时间变得老旧
will prevent your paper to age over time.
现在我们知道
Now we know it’s important to look
对于纸来说
into the weight of the paper
重量和材料都是很重要的
and also, the ingredients, but there’s
但是还有一个非常重要的方面
also a very important aspect that plays a huge
而且它对纸的展现效果有着很大的决定因素
role in the way the paper performs,
那就是胶料
and that’s sizing.
不是纸的大小 而是完全不一样的东西
Not the size of the paper, but something completely different.
我所说的胶料
The sizing that I’m talking about
就是在纸的表面
is rather a glue or a
或者里面的一种类似
glaze that is on top of the paper
胶或者釉的东西
or inside the paper.
在制作水彩纸的时候
When watercolor paper is produced,
水彩纸通常会涂上明胶和糊浆
it’s usually sized with a coating of gelatin, starch,
或者其他合成的材料
or other synthetic materials,
用来提高纸的表面韧度
which improves the surface strength
和耐水性
and the water resistance. So,
用这些材料的目的是
the goal here is to keep the paint
保持颜料纸面上慢慢变干
on top of the paper and let it dry there
不会即刻就被吸收到纸中 使颜料的色彩变得暗淡
without being just absorbed into the paper and becoming dull. Instead,
相反 这种胶料会使
the sizing allows the
颜料慢慢渗透进纤维里
paint to slowly seep into the fibers,
并保持颜料的色泽度和在纸面上的均匀度
staying vibrant and veryeven on the surface.
如果纸上没有胶料
If there were no sizing on the paper,
水彩颜料就会渗透进纸里面
the watercolors would justsoak right into the paper
就跟纸巾一样
just like a paper towel.
胶料纸上的颜料也可以被擦拭掉
Sizing also allows youto lift off the paint
并不会弄脏纸
without staining the paper,
但记住有些颜料相对其他来说着色力更强
but keep in mind that some pigments are naturally more staining than others.
你可以选择那些表面或内部带有胶料的纸
You can get paper as surface sized,
或表面和内部都带有胶料的纸
internally sized, or both.
如果是纸的内部有胶料
If the paper is internally sized,
那么纸会更加耐用 而且在经过反复的擦拭
it is even more durable andwill survive lots of scrubbing, erasing,
和涂画后仍能完好无损
and other watercolor techniques
不会破裂
without tearing or breaking. Now,
现在 水彩纸的商标上都不会
some watercolor paperbrands don’t really say
对纸的胶料进行说明
how they size the paper, so,
所以你们可以
what you can do
通过产品调查
is you can either research in that
或者直接选择那些
or just go straight to watercolor paper
产品的正面或背面
that already says onthe front or on the back
有对胶料进行说明的水彩纸
of the paper how it is sized. Okay,
好了 现在我们知道
now we know we need heavy, acid free
由棉浆精良制成的 且表面或内部
watercolor paper that ispreferably made out of cotton,
或者同时都带有胶料的无酸厚纸
and it also has either asurface or internal sizing
它的绘画效果更好
or both for better painting results. But,
既然有许多不同纹理的纸
since there is somany different textures
可供选择 那么你们应选择哪种呢
to choose from, which type should you get
本质的区别又是什么呢
and what is actually different? Now,
现在水彩纸分为三种不同的纹理
watercolor paper comesin three different textures.
你可以选择的水彩纸有冷压纸
You can get watercolor paperthat is either cold pressed,
热压纸或者糙面纸
hot pressed, or that is rough.
其中一个最普及的是冷压纸
Cold pressed paper is oneof the most popular papers
因为它的用途很广
because it’s so versatile.
冷压纸是由冷金属辊压制成的
It is made by pressingthrough cold metal rollers
压制成的纹理
that create a little bit
可让你的画有些不错的质感
of texture that then only gives you the option to give your painting some nice texture,
同时这种纹理也有利于湿式叠层的画法
but it’s also great forwet-on-wet techniques,
因为表面的微小凹痕能将水份锁住
because the little dimpleswill hold the water
使你有更充足的时间去涂画
and give you more time to paint.
而热压纸
Hot pressed paper, on the other hand,
是放在两个烫金属辊压制成的
is pressed between two hot metal rollers,
这种压制的表面会非常平整和光滑
making the surface super flat and smooth,
这种效果是通过熨斗熨平的
and it’s with an iron.
这种平滑的纸面适用于细节和精致类的绘画
It is great for detailedand delicate artworks,
例如插画类
for example, for illustrations,
因为纸面上几乎没有一丝纹理
and because there’s almost fewer texture,
你在绘画的时候会更加地流畅
your paint can glidesmoothly over the paper
而且这些颜料在纸上会涂抹地更均匀
and the paint can bedistribute very evenly. But,
但对于湿式叠层的画法并不那么适合
it isn’t so greatfor wet-on-wet techniques
相比下纸面会干得更快些
and it dries a lot quicker. Lastly,
最后的就是糙面纸 这类纸表面粗糙
we have the roughpaper, it has a rough surface.
厚纹理比较适合干笔的画法
The heavy texture is greatfor drybrush techniques
和其他大胆且富有表现力的画法
and other bold and expressivepainting techniques
因为你在这种纹理上绘画
because the texture willgive you a hard time
更精致或复杂的画作会比较困难
painting super detailed or intricate.
我们之前提到的各种包装和尺寸的纸
You can get most of thepaper we talked about
大多数你都可以找到
in different packages and sizes.
比如水彩本 封胶本 散页纸
You can get pad, blocks, loose sheets,
或者是卷纸 素描册
or rolls, sketch books.
通常使用的是水彩本或者封胶本
Most common is usually to getwatercolor pads or blocks.
如果你想省点钱的话
If you want to save money,
也可以购买散页纸并裁剪成合适的尺寸
you can just get a loose sheet and cut it to size.
这样会更实惠些
It’s a lot more economical.
我个人比较喜欢绘画本 因为它有
I personally like pads because they are good
四种合适的尺寸
on all four sizes,
也可以防止弯曲和褶皱
it helps to prevent warping and buckling.
但如果你想收集你的绘画作品
But if you want to storeyour art books together
而且你也在这么做的话
and if you’re on the go,
那你就可以使用水彩册
then you can go for a watercolor sketchbook. Now,
我知道现在说到如何选择
I know the struggle is real when
画材用品时 总是让人特别纠结
it comes to art supplies, because you want
因为你想知道哪些是最好的
to know what’s the best,
应该如何选择及在哪里可以购买
what should I get, and where can I get it,
这就是为什么我不想直接
that’s why I didn’t want to focus
给你们推荐某个品牌
on any specific brand, because it’s really depends
因为这和绘画手法和你所在的地方
on the technique, where you’re from, what
以及你能接受的价格范围相关的
your price range is, so, it isn’t
因此直接告诉你选择哪种并不容易
easy to tell you what you should get.
但我会在下方的描述框
But I will link some of myfavorite watercolor papers
附上一些我喜欢的水彩纸链接
in the description box down below, so,
如果你们感兴趣的话可以查看
you can check it out if you’re interested.
通常情况下 我会选择冷压纸
In general, I would gofor cold pressed paper
可能也会用一种小的绘画本
and maybe get a small pad,
这样你就可以测试下
so you can really test it
看看你是否喜欢这种质地
out and see if you like the texture,
是否喜欢这种纸的绘画效果
if you like how the paper behaves,
这样你就不用使用厚厚一本可能到最后
so you don’t have to commit to a huge, thick pad
你也不喜欢的绘画本了 或者你也可以用
that you don’t like in the end, or you can get a big sheet of paper,
一张大纸裁剪成一定的尺寸
and then cut it to size and decide
来决定你是否喜欢
if you like it,
这样你就可以测试不同类型 不同质量不同质地
so you can test out different types, different qualities, different textures,
以及不同重量的纸 然后再来选择和购买更多
different weights, and then,you can decide what you prefer,
你较喜欢的那一种纸了
and then, buy more of this type of paper.
我个人不会选择混合材料的纸
I personally wouldn’tgo for mixed media paper
因为就目前为止尝试的那些纸中
because I personally didn’tlike any of the paper
我都没有喜欢的
I tried so far.
想要一种纸完全适合任何绘画是真的很难
It’s really difficult to make paper that actually works for everything, so,
所以我更倾向于
I would rather go straight to
水彩专用纸
paper that is made only for watercolors.
你可以使用最好的水彩工具
You can have the best watercolor set,
但如果纸质很差 绘画效果也不会很好
but if the paper is bad,it can’t really shine
也展现不了原有的亮点了
and show the full potential it has.
当然你可以利用你现有的资源
It’s true you can work with what you have,
去解决劣质纸的所有缺点
and yeah, you can workaround all the shortcomings
但你得意识到纸质会影响你的绘画效果
the bad paper has, but then you need to be aware of that.
我只是不希望 仅仅因为纸质造成的
I just don’t want youto be super frustrated
绘画效果不佳 或者是水彩颜料
and unhappy and just give up on painting
干后出现色彩暗淡甚至是颜料脱落
just because the paperdidn’t want to behave,
会让你感到挫败和不开心
or the watercolors justdried pale or chalky
从而使你放弃了绘画
or they just fall off.
但这只是我的想法 你当然可以
But it’s my personalopinion, you can, of course,
选择你自己喜欢的
go for anything you like,
如果你对实惠的画材用品满意的话
and if you’re happy with really cheap art supplies,
那也是没问题的
it’s totally fine.
如果你希望了解更多的内容
Let me know in the comments
请在下方留言告诉我
below if you would like me to go into more details
也包括我们前期讨论的话题
in anything we talked about earlier,
或者是你有什么其他的问题
or if you have any other troubles, let me
都可以在下方留言
know in the comments below, and I will try
我会尽量通过后期的视频为你解答
to solve it in my future videos. Here,
在这里你能看到更多视频来提升你的绘画技巧
you can watch more videos that can help you improve your art.
衷心希望这个视频能对你有所帮助
I really hope you foundthis video very helpful.
如果你认可 那请多多支持
If you did, please givethis video a thumbs up
给节目点个赞吧
to support this channel, and if you’re
如果你第一次来 请不要忘记订阅节目
new here, don’t forget to subscribe because
因为你们许多人在看完节目后
a lot of you guys are watching this channel
都会忘记订阅
but are not subscribed.
请记得订阅以免错过之后的视频哦
Please subscribe so youdon’t miss any future videos.
最后 感谢大家的收看
Other than that, thank youso much for watching, guys!
祝你有愉快的一天 我们很快会再见
Have a wonderful day,and we’ll see you soon!
拜拜
Bye!

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视频概述

针对纸的分类和特点,为水彩画选择合适的纸质,合适的纸能提升水彩画绘画技巧,也能展现更完美的效果。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Elisa

审核员

审核员 GK

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xUhBdNKf10c

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