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#### 如果真的有超能力：体重

If superpowers were real: Body mass - Joy Lin

Great educators

and animators

collaborating to create

Some superheroes can grow

to the size of a building at will.

That’s very intimidating!

where the extra material is coming from.

The Law of Conservation of Mass implies

that mass can neither be created

nor destroyed,

which means that our hero’s mass

will not change just because his size changes.

For instance, when we bake a fluffy sponge cake,

even though the resulting delicious treat

is much bigger in size than the cake batter

that went into the oven,

the weight of the cake batter should still equal

the weight of the cake

plus the moisture that has evaporated.

In a chemical equation,

molecules rearrange to make new compounds,

but all the components should still be accounted for.

When our hero expands
6英尺高
from 6 feet tall

to 18 feet tall,

his height triples.

Galileo’s Square Cube Law says

his weight will be 27
3乘3乘3等于27——
– 3 times 3 times 3 equals 27 –

times his regular weight

since he has to expand in all three dimensions.

So, when our superhero transforms into a giant,

we are dealing with two possibilities.

Our hero towering at 18 feet

still only weighs 200 pounds,

the original weight in this human form.

Now, option two, our hero weighs 5,400 pounds
——200磅乘以27等于5400磅——
– 200 pounds times 27 equals 5,400 pounds –

when he is 18 feet tall,

which means he also weighs 5,400 pounds

when he is 6 feet tall.

Nobody can get in the same elevator with him

without the alarm going off.

Now, option two seems a little more

scientifically plausible,

but it begs the question,

how does he ever walk through the park

without sinking into the ground

since the pressure he is exerting on the soil

is calculated by his mass

divided by the area of the bottom of his feet?

And what kind of super socks and super shoes

is he putting on his feet to withstand all the friction

that results from dragging his 5,400 pound body

against the road when he runs?

And can he even run?

And I won’t even ask how he finds pants

flexible enough to withstand the expansion.

Now, let’s explore the density

of the two options mentioned above.

Density is defined as mass divided by volume.

The human body is made out of bones and flesh,

which has a relatively set density.

In option one, if the hero weighs 200 pounds all the time,

then he would be bones and flesh at normal size.

When he expands to a bigger size

while still weighing 200 pounds,

he essentially turns himself

into a giant, fluffy teddy bear.

In option two, if the hero weighs

5,400 pounds all the time,

then he would be bones and flesh at 18 feet

with 5,400 pounds of weight supported by two legs.

The weight would be exerted on the leg bones

at different angles as he moves.

Bones, while hard, are not malleable,

meaning they do not bend,

so they break easily.

The tendons would also be at risk of tearing.

Tall buildings stay standing

because they have steel frames

and do not run and jump around in the jungle.

Our hero, on the other hand,

when landing at a bad angle,

and he’s down.

Assuming his bodily function is the same as any mammal’s,

his heart would need to pump a large amount of blood

throughout his body to provide enough oxygen

for him to move 5,400 pounds of body weight around.

This would take tremendous energy,

which he would need to provide
27乘以3000卡路里的食物才能提供
by consuming 27 times 3,000 calories of food every day.

Now, that is roughly 150 Big Macs.
27乘以3000等于81000
27 times 3,000 calculated equals

81,000 calculated slash 550 calories
147
equals 147.

He wouldn’t have time to fight crime

because he would be eating all the time

and working a 9-to-5 job

in order to afford all the food he eats.

And what about superheroes who can turn their bodies into rocks or sand?

Well, everything on Earth is made out of elements.

And what defines each element

is the number of protons in the nucleus.

That is how our periodic table is organized.

Hydrogen has one proton,

helium, two protons,

lithium, three protons,

and so on.

The primary component of the most common form

of sand is silicon dioxide.

Meanwhile, the human body consists of
65％的氧元素
65% oxygen,
18％的碳元素
18% carbon,
10％的氢元素
10% hydrogen,

and 7% of various other elements

including 0.002% of silicon.

In a chemical reaction,

the elements recombine to make new compounds.

So, where is he getting all this silicon

necessary to make the sand?

Sure, we can alter elements

by nuclear fusion or nuclear fission.

However, nuclear fusion requires so much heat,

the only natural occurrence of this process is in stars.

In order to utilize fusion in a short amount of time,

the temperature of the area

needs to be hotter than the Sun.

Every innocent bystander will be burned to a crisp.

Rapid nuclear fission is not any better

since it often results in many radioactive particles.

Our hero would become

a walking, talking nuclear power plant,

ultimately harming every person he tries to save.

And do you really want the heat of the Sun

Now, which superpower physics lesson

will you explore next?

Shifting body size and content,

super speed,

flight,

super strength,

immortality,

and

invisibility.