I never expected to be an activist.
But I was raised in a family with really strongvalues.
I was born in the mid’50s,
my parents were involved in the civil rights movement.
And I grew up in a family that believed
that everyone should have an equal opportunity.
And I was also raised in a family where they believed
that we all had a responsibility
to be good citizens, to be engaged.
And the real question in my life was:
When would my opportunity come up?
It wasn’t like I was looking for it.
It was more that there never seemed be anything going
on in which I could be a useful voice.
So when I began my career,
all of that went into the back of my mind.
But I still had a really strong value system.
And I noticed, beginning in 2007,
that the values of Silicon Valley were changing.
That Silicon Valley was moving away
from the value system of Steve Jobs and empowering users,
to starting to view the people
who used the products as a source of economic value,
not a beneficiary of it.
And I had to pass on a series
of companies that I knew were going to be successful; it
先是星家 声田 再是优步
started with and Zynga and then Spotify and then Uber,
all of which I could have been
an investor in practically at the beginning.
I don’t want to be critical of those companies,specifically.
But for me, my value system said:
I want to be involved in companies where our values
And they were comfortable exploiting certainpopulations.
And I just didn’t feel good about that.
And that’s what caused me to think
that maybe I couldn’t be an investor anymore.
I couldn’t manage other people’s money
if I wasn’t willing to invest in the best that
Silicon Valley had to offer.
So that’s the backdrop for 2016,
when I start to notice things going wrong on Facebook.
The thing is that I was convinced that Facebookwas different.
When Mark started the company,
he insisted on authenticated identity, right?
Everybody had to have an email account froma school.
And with that you got rid of trolls
because people couldn’t be mean and hide behind anonymity.
They had to be willing to take whatever
the social blowback was if they didn’t behave
And I thought that was the holy grail.
And it never occurred to me that Facebook would move away from that.
But that’s what they did.
And so in 2016, when I started to see things going wrong,
I eventually said, I can’t sit
back and watch this.
I was retired.
The easy thing to do would have been to just sit there and say,
this is not my problem.
I’ll leave it to young people who have aneconomic stake.
But for whatever reason,
my value system kicked in and said, this is my moment.
There’s something really wrong here.
I need to reach out to my friends.
I thought Mark and Sheryl were the victims.
I didn’t think that they were the cause of any of this.
And I wanted initially to protect them.
The hard part came when I discovered, no,
they weren’t interested in fixing the problem.
They wanted to treat it as a public relationsproblem.
Now I’m faced with a quandary.
This is a company I’ve been involved in,
not from the very beginning, but from year two,
or year three, I guess.
或者三年 因为我来的时候 它已经成立两年了
They were two years old when I first met them.
And if I was going to push back in public,
I was going to have to walk away from what was,
probably the most successful investment I’d made in an incredibly successful
And it didn’t take long to make that decision.
I realized that there was a real risk
that Facebook had been used to affect the outcome
of the 2016 election.
It was almost certainly a factor in the Brexit referendum in the United Kingdom.
And who knew what else.
I mean, we’ve since discovered it was a factor
in a genocide in Myanmar and in hate-speech-related
killings in Sri Lanka and election interference in many countries
in Europe, maybe even turning
over an election in Brazil with WhatsApp.
But I didn’t know that then.
What I knew was that I had seen something I couldn’t live with.
And I had profited from this thing.
And I couldn’t very well sit back and do nothing,
given I’d been involved.
And I saw something I knew wasn’t right.
It was one of those moments where you have to make a choice.
If I wasn’t going to stand up on this issue,
what issue was I going to stand up on, right?
This is where my value system comes into play.
Is it just talk, or am I going to walk the walk? Now,
what did it mean?
Most of the people that I’ve been most closely associated with professionally
are not comfortable with me anymore.
Some of them say really awful things about me,
much of it completely not true.
And I’m OK with that.
I’m OK with that because I believe in what I’m doing is right.
And I believe that if Mark and Sheryl get a good night’s sleep,
if Larry and Sergey
get a good night’s sleep, they’ll wake up and realize,
they’ll have an epiphany that
they’ve been successful beyond their wildestdreams.
And the time has come to be the hero in their own story.
That the next billion dollars isn’t worthanything to them.
That they can do more good in a year
by reforming their companies than they could ever do with