10 signs and symptoms of Hypersexual Disorder
What is hypersexual disorder
According to a proposed definition for the DSM–V
It’s defined as a sexual desire disorder with an impulsivity component
In 2010, the American Psychiatric Association
released a draft of symptoms that may define sex addiction
formally known as Hypersexual Disorder
1. Excessive masturbation
Excessive masturbation is one of the most common early sex addiction signs
PsychCentral reports that it is about how you are living your life instead of how often you masturbate
As long as masturbation remains simply a part of your life and does not take over daily activities,
then you don’t have a problem
People with hypersexual disorder often masturbate to escape problems in their lives or relationships
and they usually masturbate during other sexual activity,
like viewing pornography or talking to a phone sex operator
2. Obsession with Sex
Hypersexual Disorder causes its patients to become obsessed with sex to the point that it takes over their lives.
They spend an extraordinary amount of time fantasizing about their sexual urges
and engaging in sexual behavior.
Dr. Steven J. Seay, a clinical psychologist in the U.S.
explains that sexual obsessions are very common in people suffering from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
这些性强迫涉及不必要的关于性的想法 主意 冲动
These sexual obsessions involve unwanted thoughts, ideas, impulses,
or images focusing on sexual content.
患有过度性功能症的个人会感到内疚 羞耻 绝望和抑郁
While individuals with Hypersexual Disorder feel guilt, shame, hopelessness, and depression,
individuals with OCD and sexual symptoms see themselves as digusting, deviant, or evil.
3. Excessive time planning sexual activity
Just like drug addicts, sex addicts will spend a lot of time figuring out where and how they will get their next fix,
as Hypersexual Disorders puts it.
This can also become harmful if it takes over other aspects of their lives
For example, addicts usually prioritize planning sexual activity over work or personal relationships.
4. Frequent viewing of pornography
影片 成人杂志 网站 聊天室 网络视频
Whether it’s videos, adult magazines, websites, chat rooms, or webcams
people with Hypersexual Disorder view pornography in a variety of ways.
They may also use dating websites to connect with others who are interested in sexual relationships
然而 需要注意的是 色情成瘾并非性成瘾
It is important to note, however, that porn addiction is not the same as sex addiction.
色情成瘾是性成瘾的一种 但相对于性成瘾 它有着自己独立的成因和症状
Porn addiction is a type of sex addiction, but it has its own causes and symptoms independent from sex addiction
According to PsychGuides.com,
porn addiction is not yet an official diagnosis in the DSM-V, but it can lead to serious consequences.
5. Frequent use of phone sex services
Similar to pornography, sex addicts will often turn to phone sex services to satisfy their needs
This is because phone sex provides addicts with some form of human contact,
taking it a step further from masturbation and pornography.
The use of phone sex services can sometimes escalate into hiring prostitutes,
reckless sexual activity, substance abuseduring sexual activity,
性侵 或是危险性行为 比如自淫性窒息
sexual aggression, or dangerous sexual behavior, like autoerotic asphyxiation.
6. Having multiple sex partners and frequent one-night stands
In order to remain satisfied, sex addicts often have multiple sex partners and have frequent one-night stands.
This can be problematic
as studies have shown that there is a correlation between the number of sex partners and one’s mental health
Interestingly, researchers have found that the chances of developing substance dependence
increased with the number of sex partners that participants had
This correlational relationship was particularly stronger in women
然而 研究人员还指出 临时性关系通常源于缺乏情感满足
However, the researchers also noted that casual relationships usually stem from lack of emotional fulfillment
thus people in these relationships may turn to substance abuse to self-medicate.
7. Staying emotionally detached from sexual partners
Sex addicts are unable to establish and maintain normal, healthy connections with their partners,
so they often avoid becoming emotionally attached to their sexual partner
A survey done of more than 1,000 people in 2013
showed that having an emotional connection makes better sex
However, sex addicts lack the emotional intimacy and vulnerability that is needed to develop a real connection
so they often have mindless, meaningless, and emotional sex with their sexual partners
8. Engaging in sexual behavior that directly conflicts with personal values
The McKinley Health Center states that it is extremely important to know what your sexual values are
它可能与父母的性价值观 信仰 文化并不匹配
which may not match those of your parents, religion, or culture
For sex addicts, this causes a strong internal conflict
While some sex addicts may be devoutly religious,
they will still find it hard to stop and resist sexual activity because they are highly addicted
This causes a cycle where they cannot stop, but continue to engage in sexual activity to fulfill their needs
They might even progress into having multiple partners or extramarital partners,
frequent one-night stands, and sex with prostitutes.
9. Frequently engaging in paraphilias
Sex addicts often engage in paraphilias, which are sexual behaviors that are considered unusual or unacceptable
包括裸露癖 窥阴癖 性虐待 性受虐以及恋童癖
These include exhibitionism, voyeurism, sadism, masochism, and pedophilia
Exhibitionism involves exposing one’s genitals or sexual organs to a stranger, according to Psychology Today
窥阴癖是对观察他人裸体 或是脱衣服 或是进行性交
Voyeurism involves having sexual fantasies, urges, or behaviors regarding the act of observing a person who is naked
会产生性幻想 性冲动 或发生性行为
getting undressed, or engaging in sexual activities
Voyeurism became formally known as Voyeuristic Disorder in the DSM-IV
Sadomasochism is sexual activity in which one person enjoys inflicting pain on another person
who derives pleasure from experiencing pain
Lastly, pedophilia is when one experiences sexual feelings towards children.
10. Inability to stop
One of the primary signs of a sex addict is an inability to stop despite the consequences
这些后果包括财务上的 社会关系上的 健康上的 或是情感相关的
These consequences may be financial-, social-, health-, or emotionally-related
For example, being addicted to sex could begin to affect performance at work,
which could result in unemployment
Being addicted to sex is also a costly addiction because addicts spend on sex through prostitution, online sex services like
sexual fantasy chat rooms or phone sex services.
In terms of health consequences, sex addicts’ promiscuity can lead to unwanted pregnancy or STDs
Hypersexual Disorder, or sex addiction, is a serious disorder that affects nearly 12 million people in the United States
This number is increasing due to the availability of sexual material online,
as well as the increase in sexual chat rooms and webcam services.
If you are suffering from Hypersexual Disorder, or if you know someone who is,
try to find a Sex Addicts Anonymous group nearby or visit sexhelp.com to find a certified therapist near you
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