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混合智能:AI和人脑的结合 – 译学馆
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混合智能:AI和人脑的结合

Hybrid Intelligence: Coupling AI and the Human Brain | Edward Boyden bigthink

人类与机器已经磨合了上千年
Humans and machines have been merging for thousands of years.
此时此刻我正穿着鞋子
Right now, I’m wearing shoes,
我的夹克上有一个麦克风
I have a microphone on my jacket.
我们几乎每天都至少会使用一次手机
We all probably use our phones at least once a day
我们与各种可以增强我们声音的设备交流
and we communicate with the augmentation of all sorts of amplification
甚至是翻译技术
and even translation technologies.
你可以对着一个机器讲话
You can speak into a machine
然后它可以做到几乎同时翻译
and it’ll translate the words you’re saying in nearly real time.
所以我觉得几年后的变化
So I think what might be different in the years to come
是发展到什么程度的问题 而不是可能不可能的问题
is a matter of degree, not a matter of kind.
我想到了的一个新概念
One concept that I think is emerging
我把它叫做大脑协同处理器
is what I like to call the brain coprocessor.
一个可以和人的大脑完美交互的设备
A device that intimately interacts with the brain.
它可以向大脑上传数据
It can upload information to the brain
也可以从大脑下载信息
and download information from it.
想象一下你可以使用一种技术替换你丢失的记忆
Imagine that you could have a technology that could replace lost memories,
或者增强你的决策力 使你注意力集中 或者增强认知能力
or augment decision-making or boost attention or cognition.
为了实现这些功能 我们需要
To do that though, we have to understand that
更深入地理解大脑的工作原理
how the brain works at a very deep level.
虽然一百万个病人当中有三分之一
Although over a third of a million patients
存在大脑移植或者神经细胞移植
have had brain implants or neural implants
这种移植会刺激神经系统
that stimulate the nervous system.
目前他们操作的方式是开放性的
So far, they’ve operated in an open loop fashion
就是推动大脑活动
that is a drive activity in the brain
不是以完全响应的方式
but not in a fully responsive fashion.
我们想做的是
What we want to do is
完成双向交流
have bi-directional communication to the right.
你可以连续的读写
Can you read and write information continuously
通过硅计算机交互获取到的
and supply maybe through coupling these interfaces to silicon computers
也正是大脑需要的信息
exactly the information the brain needs
我希望在接下来的五到十年
My hope is that over the next five to ten years,
我们可以通过技术对于
we’re going to get deep insights thanks to our technologies
大脑如何推算有更深刻的见解
and to how brain circuits compute.
这样可以推动交互的设计
And that will drive the design of these interfaces,
使得我们可以向大脑传输信息
so that we can deliver information to the brain
用大脑自己的语言
and record information from the brain,
将大脑中的信息记录下来
using the natural language of the brain.
以增加的方式读写信息
Reading and writing information in a way that augments,
比如你的大脑一次可以记住几样东西
for example, the number of things you can hold in your mind at once
或者是准确的回忆一些信息
or the ability to recall things nearly perfectly,
你知道的 这些与
which is, you know, not an ability so different from
你手机上的搜索引擎不一样
looking something up on a search engine on your phone, right?
我认为将来会
So I think what’s going to happen
保持这个趋势
is a continuation of this trend
在我看来目前有很多人喜欢
and I think a lot of people like to
谈论人工智能
talk about artificial intelligence right now.
人工智能也是基于
Artificial intelligence as it stands
几十年前发现的一些
is based on a lot of concepts that go back to many decades
很简单的大脑工作原理
that build from some very simple observations about the brain.
人工智能能做些什么 当我们一旦对于
What might AI do though, once we have
自然的创造力
incredibly deep insights into the nature of creativity
伦理和大脑独有的性能
and ethics and other things that a human brain
有了非常深刻的理解的时候
seems to be uniquely equipped for.
我觉得在我们尝试着把人工智能与大脑连接起来的时候
I think once we start to couple artificial intelligences to the brain,
这样可以加强大脑独有的功能
that can really augment these uniquely human capabilities.
将带领我们进入
It leads to a new, um, era,
可能会叫做混合智能的新纪元
of what you might call hybrid intelligence.
所以不仅是人工智能的消失
So it won’t just be AI running away
也是一些正面反馈
and some positive feedback loop,
在它们没有成对出现的情况下
It won’t be humans upgrading themselves
人类是不会提升自己的
in the absence a couple into the world.
我觉得会产生一种新的共生关系
But I think it’ll yield a new kind of symbiosis
这可能是最佳的方式
and I think that’s probably the best possible path,
并且已经发生了
and it’s also already,
如果你观察人们是怎样操作的
if you look at how people operate in the world,
你就会知道最普遍的模式是什么样子
what seems to be one of the most prevalent models.

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视频概述

未来的发展趋势不仅仅是机器与人的互动,而是机器与大脑更深层次的交互

听录译者

Maple

翻译译者

张总的小蜜

审核员

审核团SC

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YaUgKZl0JfQ

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