ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

捕猎可以拯救珊瑚礁 – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

捕猎可以拯救珊瑚礁

Hunting Wild Pigs Could Save Hawaii's Coral Reefs

Yeap. That’s me on a pig hunt in Hawaii.
大家好,这是在夏威夷猎猪的我
But this isn’t exactly how it looks.
但这并不是为了猎猪而猎猪
Pigs are there.
看 那有猪
I’m actually doing this to save coral reefs.
我猎猪是为了保护珊瑚礁
Let me explain.
让我给你们解释一下
I came to the big island of Hawaii
我之所以来到这夏威夷大岛
to understand how feral pigs
是为了了解这的野猪
along with climate change are contributing to the distraction of the coral reefs here.
还有气候的变化是如何损害珊瑚礁的
It’s dead bro.
它死了
What’s happening is the pigs here are Mauka in the forest.
现在我们面临的问题是这里的野猪就是这雨林里面的头头
They’re foraging up there for worms and for snails
他们在这里搜寻虫子和蜗牛当作食物
and so they dig up the soil.
所以他们到处挖洞
Once the rains come, in a minute, will flood these streams.
等大雨倾盆的时候 不用多久 小溪和河流就会发洪灾
That’s when we get a big pulse of sediment out onto the reef.
大量的水流里的沉淀物会被冲到珊瑚礁区域
As soon as sediment covers the coral, the coral typically dies.
待到这些沉淀物挡在珊瑚礁的上方 珊瑚礁通常会死亡
So if they smothered, they can’t get sunlight, they can’t get oxygen
它们会窒息 照不到阳光 吸收不到阳光
they can’t get nutrients and it’s dead.
没办法获取养分 所以它们变死去
If the coral manages to survive, every time the waves come, it gets re-suspended
即使珊瑚礁可以幸存 当巨浪再次来临的时候 它就会再一次被覆盖
The sediments continues to do damage. Sometimes in decades.
这些沉淀物会不断地摧毁这些珊瑚礁 甚至十年或者几十年
Last year the big island of Hawaii experienced
去年夏威夷大岛经历了珊瑚礁历史中
the largest coral bleaching event in a coral history.
最严重的颜色变淡事件
Right now, I’m on the boat with scientists from
现在 我在一艘小船上 和我在一起的有来自
the division of aquatic resources and NOAA
水生资源部和美国国家海洋和大气管理局的科学家们
to survey the current state of coral.
一起调查了解现在珊瑚礁的状态如何
Even to my untrained eye, I can see
即使我没有经过对珊瑚礁认知的专业训练 我也可以看到
that the decaying coral had lost their vibrancy.
腐烂的珊瑚已经不再翩翩起舞
And there were significantly fewer fish.
而且很明显的看出在这里活动的鱼更少了
To actually see these huge
等到真的看到这些巨大的(珊瑚)
You know multi hundred or many hundreds years old colonies
你知道在这里生存了百年或更久的珊瑚
completely bleached and stressed and
受外界的环境影响 颜色渐渐变淡
you know with that good chance they weren’t gonna survive.
你知道么 很大的可能它们不能幸存
It was really devastating.
这真的具灾难性的 可怕的一幕
Really awful to see.
十分的不愿意见到的一幕
I think that was the first time for me, that the magnitude
这是我第一次面对这些 这灾难的重要性
of this was obvious that you know we may not see recovery
是有目共睹的 你知道么 我们很有可能
from this event and in our lifetimes.
在这一褪色事件后乃至我们一生都无法再看到这些珊瑚礁可以恢复原样
Coral reefs are important for a number of reasons.
珊瑚礁之所以重要是有很多原因的
There’s no other ecosystem
没有一个生物圈能像珊瑚礁这样
on this planet
在这地球上
that occupied such a small geographic area
仅仅需要一点点的占地面积
but has more forms of life than a coral reef ecosystem’s.
但是却可以提供给很多中不一样形态的生物一个赖以生存的环境
They are unprecedented.
它们是空前绝后的 特别的
One and for of all marine organisms living in
一片珊瑚礁就可以为很多种海洋微生物提供住所
association with coral reefs,
很多种海洋微生物提供住所
but they occupy less than 1/10 or 1% of the sea floor.
但是他们却仅仅占据十分之一,百分之一的海底面积
This is Dr. Jamie Gove
这是 杰米博士
a research oceanographer for the National Ocean and Atmosphere Administration.
一位美国国家海洋大气管理局的海洋学研究专家
He also let me sleep on his couch.
他有时会让我睡在他的长椅上
So without coral reefs all of those waves and storms
如果没有珊瑚礁 那么那些海浪和海上的暴风雨
and currents would reach shore and wreak havoc on
还有水流会对海岸上我们现在看到的
all of the shoreline property that we saw today among all other things.
这些美丽的景观进行大型地破坏
Since feral pigs are contributing to the damage we saw underwater,
就野猪是造成海底珊瑚礁损坏一事
I met up with Chad back on dry land
我和查得在回到地面上见了一面
to see how fencing is helping to control the problem.
探讨使用栅栏会不会有效地控制野猪
once a fence is constructed in a priority area
当栅栏建在指定的那些
where you want to conserve the rainforest to retain the sediments.
你认为的应该确保不会发生泥土流失的热带雨林面积之后
Hunters can come in and reduce the populations.
猎人就可以介入帮助减少野猪的数量
It’s important to know that the eradication of
当然我们必须清楚 把野猪尽数猎杀
feral pigs is not the goal here.
并不是我们的目的
In fact, pigs are extremely significant to the islands
事实上在这大岛上 这些猪是十分具有标志性的物种
historically and culturally.
且具有历史意义和文化意义
When pigs and goats were dropped off by Captain Cook in 1778.
1778年的时候 猪和羔羊被库克船长带到了这岛上
They found paradise here.
它们简直找到了天堂
Domestic pig breed with the Polynesian pig
这些圈养的外来猪
which was already here at the time of arrival.
和当地的波利尼西亚猪交配 繁殖
The facts that pigs were already here when Captain Cook arrived
事实上在库克船长来到大岛之前 这些波利尼西亚猪就已经存在了
means that the Polynesians valued them enough to bring them
这代表这些波利尼西亚猪有
across the ocean to Hawaii and cultivate them.
让他们不远千里漂洋过海也要来驯养的价值和意义
Pigs are still highly valued by locals here.
在当地 猪还是十分有价值的
The problem is their population is exploding.
但问题是他们的数量真的是太庞大了
You would have to remove 70% of the current
我们要确保每年会除掉
pig population each year to keep them under control.
百分之七十的猪来确保他们会在我们的掌控之下
Which is why people like Justin Lee and
这就是 贾斯汀·李贺
Wayne Cypriyano are hunting pigs.
韦恩·西皮利亚诺 猎猪的原因了
Without hunters, Without people regulating the numbers
如果没有猎人 没有人来控制这些猪的数量
the Hawaii as we know will never be the same.
那么我们今天看到的夏威夷将大不相同
All of the useful meat from these animals is
这些猪身上有价值的肉
going to be made into appetizers at a
会做成婴儿满月或者
baby first luau or a wedding.
婚礼的纪念品
It will be food on the table not just for our family,
是为所有宾客 和
but for a lot of different families.
主任呈上餐桌的美食
And Justin made a good argument.
贾斯汀提出了很好的一个论题
Which is why I found myself on this hunt.
就是我为什么会出现在这猎猪的原因
Climate change is endanger in Coral reefs all over the world
气候的变化正潜移默化地影响着全世界的珊瑚礁
and our ability to deal with land based impact like feral pig
然而我们的力所能及的也无非就是解决像野猪一样会给生态环境带来恶劣影响的难题
could make the difference in the survival of these reefs.
尽可能地为拯救珊瑚礁做出一份贡献
Are you aware of other invasive species
你知道身边的那些
impacting the environment where you live? Let us know in the comments below.
正在渐渐破坏者环境的物种么?欢迎在评论区留言让我们知道
And check out this next episode on another island in Hawaii.
如果有兴趣可以观看屏幕上方的有关夏威夷群岛的视频
Where one company is growing algae to power airplanes and more.
是关于一个将种植的海藻转为飞机等的能量的介绍
So this is the dried algae product after we dry it.
这就是人工制造的海藻
We grind up in the powder and then
我们把它制成粉末状
And then we extract the oil out from it.
然后从中提取油
That oil is then refined into diesel fuel or jet fuel.
再从这油中提炼出柴油还有航空煤油
The fuel that we are producing is exactly the same in terms of performance
我们产出的油和汽油或者柴油
as gasoline or diesel or jet. It’s just a lot cleaner.
煤油 并没有什么差别 只是我们的油更加的环保
Thanks for watching Seekers stories and be sure to subscribe for new videos every week.
十分感谢你们观看我们的视频

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述
听录译者

1dandandan

翻译译者

1dandandan

审核员

自动通过审核

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jCEdBoONo2k

相关推荐