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如果所有的冰融化,地球将如何变化? – 译学馆
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如果所有的冰融化,地球将如何变化?

How Will Earth Change If All the Ice Melts?

这个RealLifeLore视频是由一部即将上映的电影赞助的
This RealLifeLore video is sponsored by the upcoming film, An Inconvenient Sequel.
新闻 在生命中的某一时刻 地球正在变暖
You’ve probably heard news, at some point in your life, that the Earth is warming,
导致了北极圈的冰层融化 这不是
and as result is that the Arctic ice is melting.
毫无疑问 地球正在变暖
There is no debate that Earth is warming up.
平均温度上升了1.1摄氏度
The planet’s average temperature as increased 1.1 °C since 1880.
从1880年起 而且
And 16 out of the 17 of the hottest years, ever on record, have been since 2001.
美国国家航空航天局估计 地球的变暖现状
NASA estimates there is 95% probability that this current warming is
说明现在的变暖直接来自于
a direct result of human activities since the mid 20th century.
而且97%活跃的出版业的气候科学家同意
And 97/100 active publishing climate scientists agree
人类活动应该承担大部分的责任
that human activity is extremely likely to blame.
因为人类活动 地球上的冰正在融化
As a result of this, ice around the world is melting
而且海平面正在升高
and raising the planet’s sea level.
19世纪期间 海平面升高了6厘米
The oceans already rose 6 cm during the course of the 19th century.
但是在20世纪上升了19厘米
But they rose by 19 cm during the 20th century,
比3倍还要多
over 3 times faster than they rose in the previous century.
美国国家海洋和大气局估计全球海平面会上升到
NOAA estimates that global sea level could rise by up to 2.5 meters by the year 2100.
哪一个会产生毁灭性的结果呢?如果这些全部发生
Which would have devastating consequences.
岛国像马尔代夫 马绍尔群岛
If this happens entire island countries like the Maldives, Marshall Islands
基里巴斯 图瓦卢就会被淹没
Kiribati, and Tuvalu would be submerged beneath the ocean and cease to exist.
所有的人口不得不转移到其他地方
Their entire population has to be transplanted somewhere else
这会产生一种情况 就是成百上千的
and this will create a situation in which
几十万无家可归的人们得另寻去处
hundreds of thousands of state-less people would find a new home.
整整150000000人
150 million total climate refugees from around the world may exist by 2050,
生活到2050或者2100年
and by 2100 that number could rise up to 2 billion people,
全球人口的18%
18% of the global population at that time.
更坏的情况设想是
But in an even worse case scenario than this, however
地球上所有的冰都融化了的话会发生什么呢?
what would happen if all the ice on earth melted?
如果南极洲 格陵兰岛的冰都融化了
If all the ice on Antarctica, Greenland,
冰川也融化到了海洋里
and the world glaciers melted in to the ocean,
这会使全球海平面上升一个难以置信的高度
it would rise global sea level by an incredible 68.3 meters.
这样的大灾难要花5000年的时间
Such a catastrophe would take 5,000 years of the current rate of the ice melting to happen,
严重改变星球的地理环境
but it would severely alter the geography of our planet.
北美 温哥华 西雅图
In North America, Vancouver, Seattle, Portland
洛杉矶都会浸在水下 旧金山会变成一个岛屿
and most of San Diego, and Los Angeles would be underwater.
圣荷西将被海浪摧毁
San Francisco would be an island and San Jose would be destroyed by the waves.
旧金山湾的面积将会大大扩张
The San Francisco Bay would greatly expand in size
足以吞下整个萨克拉门托
to completely swallow Sacremento.
加利福尼亚湾将会扩张到北部
The Gulf of California would expand so far North
棕榈泉将成为一个沿海城市
that Palm Springs would become a coastal city.
在大西洋沿岸 海洋会扩张到
While on the Atlantic Coast,
吞下科珀斯克里斯蒂的城市
the ocean would expand to swallow the cities of Corpus Christi,
休斯顿 新奥尔良
Houston, New Orleans, the entire state of Florida,
和整个特拉华州的情况都一样 几乎
as well as the entire state of Delaware,
几乎整个长岛和纽约
almost all of Long Island, and the cities of New York,
费城 巴尔的摩 华盛顿特区
Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington D.C. and Boston.
吞噬
South America would also be severely flooded with two new inland seas existing on the continent.
布宜诺斯艾利斯的所有城市 蒙德维的亚和里约热内卢
And the cities of Buenos Aires, Montevideo and Rio de Janeiro,
里约热内卢 都在水下
would all be underwater.
欧洲也是其中一个严重受损的地区
Europe would be one of the most devastated areas of the world.
整个荷兰都会被水淹没
The entire country of the Netherlands would be underwater.
旁边的——几乎整个丹麦
And so would nearly all of Denmark and half of Belgium.
半个比利时也是这样 不列颠群岛将会变得更加
The British Isles will become more of an archipelago.
是一个群岛 而伦敦则完全是
And London would be TOTALLY buried beneath the sea.
在水下的 包括柏林的
And Northern Germany would also been tirely underwater
城市 意大利的威尼斯会很长
including the city of Berlin.
意大利威尼斯早已被亚德里亚海吞没
And Venice in Italy would have long since been replanned by the Adriatic Sea.
伊斯坦布尔也会在水下 克里米亚半岛
Istanbul would also be underwater.
会变成真正的半岛
The Crimean Peninsula would become the Crimean Island.
黑海和里海将会相互连接
And the Black and Caspian Seas would be connected with one another,
这就意味着 哈萨克斯坦 乌兹别克斯坦
which would mean that Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Azerbaijan,
土库曼斯坦和阿塞拜疆将不再
would no longer be landlocked countries.
会是受到最少影响的大州
Africa would be perhaps the least severely effected continent.
但是埃及会受到严重的伤害
But Egypt would be severely damaged by having both
因为亚历山大和开罗都在水下
Alexandria and Cairo going underwater.
与此同时 波斯湾将会完全吞没
The Persian Gulf, meanwhile, would swallow the entire
整个卡塔尔 巴林 以及巴格达的城市
the entire countries of Qatar, and Bahrain, and the city of Baghdad.
印度和巴基斯坦将会受到严重的
India and Pakistan would be badly damaged.
破坏
But the entire country of Bangladesh would cease to exist in this catastrophe.
无数中国人将被海水淹没
Hundreds of millions of people would be underwater in China,
在中国 包括北京和上海也是这样
including Beijing and Shanghai.
首尔、平壤和东京也不能避免
In addition to the cities of Seoul, Pyongyang, and Tokyo.
澳大利亚将成为新的内陆海的发源地
Australia would be home to a new inland sea.
最后 南极洲会变成一个群岛
And finally, Antarctica would become more of an archipelago.
但是和今天南极洲不同的是 南极洲
But unlike the Antarctica of today, this Antarctica
很可能是适于居住的,而且很容易被殖民
would likely be habitable and easily colonize-able by future humans.
我们怎样避免这个噩梦到来呢?
So what can we do to prevent this nightmare future from happening?
发生呢?减少人类对化石燃料的使用
Reducing humanity’s usage of fossil fuels is
也许是减缓气候变暖的最佳方式
perhaps the best way of mitigating our warming climate.
下面这些国家生产了
These following countries produce at least 75% of their power
可再生能源 如太阳能 风能
from renewable energy resources, like solar, wind, hydro-power.
核能 全球投资在可再生
Global investments in renewable energy rose by 57% between 2008 and 2015.
到2015之间 仅欧盟
The European Union alone more than doubled it’s renewable energy
在2000年和2013年之间
production between 2000 and 2013.
最近195个不同的国家
And recently 195 different countries signed the Paris Climate Accord
联合签署了巴黎气候协议 他们都同意
in which they all agreed to cooperate in combating global warming.
虽然风险从未如此之高 但我们已近乎开始了真正的能源革命
While the stakes have never been higher, we are close to seeing a true energy revolution.
如果你想学习气候变化的知识 或者想参与其中
If you want to learn more about climate change, or want to take action yourself,
我会强烈推荐你观看
then I strongly encourage you to go watch the upcoming film, “An Inconvenient Sequel”.
看这部电影就是在行动
Watching the film is taking action.
它的深度远远超过了我所能做到的
and it goes into far more depth than I ever could in a short YouTube video.
短的YouTube视频 这部电影将会
The film will be released in New York and Los Angles on July 28th
也会在8月4日全世界上映
and will be released nation-wide on August 4th.
想了解更多 参见视频下方的简介
Please go to the description below for more detail.
#BeInconvenient#
Be inconvenient.
[讲述全球变暖的预告片]
*Narrator in trailer talking about global warming*
如果你喜欢你刚刚看的内容 那么我希望你可以通过点击这里[风车标志]订阅我的频道
If you enjoyed what you just watched,
那么我希望你可以通过点击这个风车标志订阅我的频道
then I hope you’ll subscribe to my channel for future videos by clicking here (windmill icon).
如果你想直接支持我的频道并且获得一些很酷的奖励 你可以访问我的Patreon
You can visit my Patreon if you’d like to support my channel directly and receive some cool rewards.
我希望下周五能在另一个RealLifeLore视频看到你们
And I hope to see you next Friday for another RealLifeLore video then.

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视频概述

从全球变暖出发,描述了气温上升、冰川融化带给地球的危害和灾难

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

李门牙😄

审核员

审核团EM

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pIxRVfCpA64

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