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大麻为什么会让人上瘾

How Weed Works: THC

这个节目可能有点难搞
turns out it can harden with the prop for a show
因为将要介绍的是会给你带来巨大麻烦的 非法精神活性化合物
about illegal psychoactive compoundsthat are going to get you in pretty
所以咧
significant trouble so
我什么都不知道
I got nothing
今天我们要谈到的是 δ-9-四氢大麻酚
we are talking about delta nine tetrahydrocannabinol
也就是我们所知的大麻作物
otherwise known as the major biologically active substance in the
的主要活性物质
cannabis plant
同时也是我们口中的大麻 所以现在我要告诉你
otherwise known as marijuana so here it is
这种分子并不是大麻毒品 不论你对这种混合物有什么想法
the molecule not the marijuana no matter what you think this compound or how
或者你认为你有多熟悉它
familiar
无可否认 THC
you may be with it there’s no denying aTHC
作用极强 它从源头影响起 以它的能力将你大脑里的神经末梢
pretty potent it affects stems from its ability to bind to receptors in your
捆绑到一起
brain
那些被称作大麻素受体 也是在捆绑作用发生之后
called cannabinoid receptors and the reaction that takes place
受到感应的东西 一列大麻素受体很乐意
after that binding occurs a column cannabinoid receptors is kind of
带错路
misleading
这听起来它的目的就是接受大麻的刺激
makes it sound like they’re designed to be stimulated by
而不是因为它们是位于神经元里的受体 以及
cannabis they’re not their receptors located on neurons and their activated
也不是因为受到被称为神经递质的化学物质
by chemicals
的激活作用 这种东西(THC)基本上允许各个神经元
called neuro transmitters which basically allowed neurons to communicate with each
进行交流
other
大麻素受体在大脑的各个部分的建立都达到了最高
cannabinoid receptors are found in all different parts of the brain the highest
密度
density
它参与大脑负责兴奋 思考 记忆
occurs in the as the brain responsible for pleasure thinking memory
协调
coordination
时间认知 在此基础之上 不受大麻活化的地方
time perception on I this can Ire ceptors are not activated by cannabis
他们
their
被一种叫做非消亡化学物质以及非传感器
activated by chemical called a non demise and that no transmitter
这种在其中扮演重要角色以及在神经细胞间进行短期连接(的物质)
plays a large role and making short term connections between nerve cells
他们对大脑的记忆负主要责任
does a largely responsible for the brain’s ability to forget things
这对我们在日常生活中不至于忘记全部的事非常有用
which is very useful and our normal daily lives we can’t remember everything
以及 似乎(大麻素受体)对我们的进食行为调节也有参与
and it seems to have a hand in regulating our eating behavior
当然还有兴奋感的生成 它名字
as well as generating sensations of pleasure its name
的灵感来自于一个优美的梵文
on on the mind of it’s kind of a beautiful word comes from the Sanskrit
词语
word
意思为内心的狂喜 它被隐藏的价值已经在巧克力中找到了
for inner bliss anonymized for what it’s worth has been found in chocolate
它隐藏于与属于THC同一类别的化学物质中 我们称之为
anonymized and THC belong to the same class of chemicals which we call
大麻素 我要顺便提一下受这些被绑定的已激活的
cannabinoids I’m looking in on tonight binding to an activating those receptors
THC受体 它很好的妨碍了你大脑的正常功能
THC interferes with the normal functioning of your brain well
你的大脑受到药物的影响 变得不协调来应对THC强迫性
your brain is now on drug fight at a concert to honor on THC screw the
交流发生在
communication between
其它的神经官能上 (这个官能上的)一个需要用以告诉他们例如
other neurons saner on one needs to tell their onto do something like
记住电话号码 或准确的把棒球用球棒挥起 对于THC
remember a phone number or head abaseball with a baseball bat well of THC
捆绑到这些神经元之一的一个上时
is bound to one of those neurons
药物治疗则更费精力 人更难记住
that medication is more likely to pay and a person is less likely to remember
事情
that thing
或者讨厌棒球 这是对THC如何影响我们大脑的粗略概括 但还有
or hate that baseball so roughly that’s how THC affect the brain but there’s
另一个显而易见
another obvious
的附加问题 诸如为什么在地面上的作物
in addition questions like why on earth would a plant decided to make
会有这样的化学作用 什么这样什么那样的
a chemical that does this what what
为了解释为什么作者迈克尔 波伦的计划没有通过
to paraphrase the author Michael Pollan a plan does not go through
一个如此复杂以及非凡的分子的昂贵构造 以及
the expensive making such a complicated and extraordinary molecule and
连续不断的生产(THC) 如果这对植株本身
continuing to produce it if it isn’t doing that plant
没有好处 那就没人确切的明白大麻产生THC的正真意图了
some good is that no one knows for sure why marijuana produces THC
(这些植株)这样的投资 难道第一个目的结果是它们(THC)对吸收
does investment there is the first THC turns out to be really good at absorbing
紫外线有好处吗
UV radiation
这一点可能与大麻通常生长在高海拔的地区有关联
and so it’s possible that since marijuana often grows higher elevations
(在高海拔)这一点需要他们有吸收紫外线的能力
that it needs the ability to absorb that radiation
你可能不知道 它对发生在植物的伤害起抗菌作用 所以
without you know harm in the plant is he also has an antibiotic properties so
很可能这是它在植株里产生的原因
it’s possible that that’s how it up in a plant
这对我们的多方面研究与发现很有帮助
it also may help us out uh sides have done studies and found
百分之八十能强有力的抗菌,以及,第三点
that T-eighty is a fairly potent anti bacterial and third
是我最喜欢的理由,它是;
is my absolutely favorite reason and that’s are
动物体内有这些大麻素受体,有可能
that other animals have these cannabinoid receptors to its possible
它们吃了这些叶子,THC进入它们体内
that leaf eating insect have them and that THC
产生药性,因而,它们
is there to put them on drugs so that they
可能忘记它们在哪里找到这些美味的植物
like forget where they found that delicious plant in there like
我昨天有一个极好的计划,在一个摄影机中我发现
arm and I had a really good plan yesterday in a camera I found it and
它们(这些动物)就像它们凌晨2点才结束在7-11便利店外吃奇多一样,这你懂的
they just end up like eating Cheetos outside a 7-eleven at 2am which you know
如果你的甲壳虫老爷车
if your beetle
不太差,拥有者,或者说蒙大纳汽车不经常抛锚,(到底想说啥???)抽大麻的
not so bad owners or montana cars down fairly high pot-smoking
人在这里也很多,鹿群,我开始想
population here also very high deer population I’m starting to wonder
鹿总在市中心闲荡,一副眼放精光的样子
dear are always walking around downtown with this like glazed look over their
我想,它们可能盯上了某人的仓库
eyes I’m thinking maybe they’re getting into somebody’s stash
另一个是,所有的成年(鹿)都不能找到这种属于大麻的美食
another all adult can’t find where they found that delicious brick
在别人的后廊上,它们在市中心游荡
of marijuana on someone’s back porch that is walking around downtown
从希望到绝望,期望它们能偶遇哪怕一次 动物
hoping hoping beyond hope that they’ll stumble across one again animals on
药上瘾
drugs
也没辙 如果你知道THC的特征
Nowak If you want to know what are the signs ofTHC are
可以借鉴引文,当然还有下载一些说明书,如果你想问我们
are citations are of course always downand description if you want to ask us
一些问题
questions
或给我们一些节目主题的建议 你可以联系我们
are or suggest topics for us here on side show you can connect with us
通过脸书 推特 或在YouTube评论区下方
on Facebook or Twitter or down in theYouTube comments below
she d
she d
d
d
well
well

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FsJzCdFlpyQ

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