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海洋污染起于你我之手 – 译学馆
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海洋污染起于你我之手

How We Can Keep Plastics Out of Our Ocean | National Geographic

8 million metric tons of plastic trash
每年有800万公吨塑料垃圾
enters the sea from land every year.
从陆地进入海洋
The equivalent five plastic bags filled with trash,
相当于世界上每一英寸海岸线
for every foot of coastline in the world.
就有五个装满垃圾的塑料袋
Across our ocean,
漂洋过海
plastic trash flows into circulation.
塑料垃圾汇入一个循环
Dispersed almost everywhere,
即便几乎各地都有分布
but concentrating in huge swathes
塑料垃圾还是广泛集中在
in the midst of global currents.
地球洋流中
Breaking down into smaller and smaller pieces,
分解成更小的碎片
ingested by species across the marine world,
被海洋生物摄取
and sinking to the bottom of the sea.
和沉入海底
Anyone could make plastic in the world,
世界上的任何人都能制造出塑料
and sell it anywhere else in the world.
并售卖到世界的其他地方
There’s no design paradigm and there’s no barriers.
没有设计范式和壁垒
In order to solve the plastic packaging problem,
为了解决塑料封装问题
we need to effectively rethink the entire system.
我们必须有效地反思整个系统
From more which is linear I take, make, dispose
从大部分塑料垃圾以“采用 制造 处置”的线性模式
to one where it can be recovered
到回收塑料垃圾
and fed back into the economy as a valuable plastic material.
并作为塑料原料反哺经济
Or one where it is just by and it can enter the environment.
或作为某种中间产物重新进入环境
The ultimate goal of the new plastics economy is to design an economy
新塑料经济的最终目标是创造一种
where plastic packaging never becomes waste.
塑料打包不再是浪费的经济
And to do that we need every single player in the chain
为此我们需要这条产业链中每一个人的努力
to change the way that they do things.
去改变他们做事的方式
But marine pollution comes in many forms:
但是海洋污染多种多样
industrial,
工业废物
agricultural,
农业废物
and urban waste,
以及城市垃圾
also sweep into the sea,
也被倾倒入海
fueling exposions of algae,
污染引发赤潮
that robbed marine ecosystems of the oxygen they need to survive.
掠夺了海洋生物赖以生存的氧气
With subtained pollution,
持续的污染
these areas become dead zones,
导致全球超过400个区域
which already exist in more than 400 locations across the globe.
成为死区
But nutrient pollution can be managed,
但是富营养化可以通过
to change in major contributing systems like agriculture.
改变主要的农业污染源来控制
If you eat you’re involved in agriculture,
如果你吃东西你就参与了农业
so it’s a problem that all of us have to work together to solve.
所以这是一个需要我们共同解决的问题
Soil health is critical for water quality.
土壤健康对于水质而言至关重要
It’s the first thing we have to focus on.
这是我们关注的首要问题
Here on the farm organic matter
农田中的有机物
is the key thing that we try to improve.
是我们改善的关键
The more organic matter you have in the soil,
土壤中的有机物越多
the better the soil can hold on to nutrients
土壤保持养分的能力就越强
like phosphorus and nitrogen.
例如氮和磷等营养物质
Organic matter keeps it from leaching out of the soil
有机物能防止营养物质从土壤中流失
it grabs on to it.
固氮固磷
And that’s good for the farmer,
这对农民来说是好事
but it’s also good for water quality in the bay.
也有利于海湾的水质
For any farmer to change their system is tricky,
对任何一个农民而言 要改变他们的农业系统是棘手的事情
and it takes a lot of work.
需要花费很多工夫
I think all farmers want to
我想所有的农民想要的
it’s learning different processes practices
是学习切实可行的新耕作方法
that allow you to do it effectively that becomes the key.
以提高产出效率 这才是关键

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视频概述

从陆地到海洋,你我随手的举动都可能是生命不可承受之重。

听录译者

钉子酷咸鱼

翻译译者

YXG-cec5d

审核员

审核员XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HQTUWK7CM-Y

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