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海洋污染起于你我之手 – 译学馆
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海洋污染起于你我之手

How We Can Keep Plastics Out of Our Ocean | National Geographic

每年有800万公吨塑料垃圾
8 million metric tons of plastic trash
从陆地进入海洋
enters the sea from land every year.
相当于世界上每一英寸海岸线
The equivalent five plastic bags filled with trash,
就有五个装满垃圾的塑料袋
for every foot of coastline in the world.
漂洋过海
Across our ocean,
塑料垃圾汇入一个循环
plastic trash flows into circulation.
即便几乎各地都有分布
Dispersed almost everywhere,
塑料垃圾还是广泛集中在
but concentrating in huge swathes
地球洋流中
in the midst of global currents.
分解成更小的碎片
Breaking down into smaller and smaller pieces,
被海洋生物摄取
ingested by species across the marine world,
和沉入海底
and sinking to the bottom of the sea.
世界上的任何人都能制造出塑料
Anyone could make plastic in the world,
并售卖到世界的其他地方
and sell it anywhere else in the world.
没有设计范式和壁垒
There’s no design paradigm and there’s no barriers.
为了解决塑料封装问题
In order to solve the plastic packaging problem,
我们必须有效地反思整个系统
we need to effectively rethink the entire system.
从大部分塑料垃圾以“采用 制造 处置”的线性模式
From more which is linear I take, make, dispose
到回收塑料垃圾
to one where it can be recovered
并作为塑料原料反哺经济
and fed back into the economy as a valuable plastic material.
或作为某种中间产物重新进入环境
Or one where it is just by and it can enter the environment.
新塑料经济的最终目标是创造一种
The ultimate goal of the new plastics economy is to design an economy
塑料打包不再是浪费的经济
where plastic packaging never becomes waste.
为此我们需要这条产业链中每一个人的努力
And to do that we need every single player in the chain
去改变他们做事的方式
to change the way that they do things.
但是海洋污染多种多样
But marine pollution comes in many forms:
工业废物
industrial,
农业废物
agricultural,
以及城市垃圾
and urban waste,
也被倾倒入海
also sweep into the sea,
污染引发赤潮
fueling exposions of algae,
掠夺了海洋生物赖以生存的氧气
that robbed marine ecosystems of the oxygen they need to survive.
持续的污染
With subtained pollution,
导致全球超过400个区域
these areas become dead zones,
成为死区
which already exist in more than 400 locations across the globe.
但是富营养化可以通过
But nutrient pollution can be managed,
改变主要的农业污染源来控制
to change in major contributing systems like agriculture.
如果你吃东西你就参与了农业
If you eat you’re involved in agriculture,
所以这是一个需要我们共同解决的问题
so it’s a problem that all of us have to work together to solve.
土壤健康对于水质而言至关重要
Soil health is critical for water quality.
这是我们关注的首要问题
It’s the first thing we have to focus on.
农田中的有机物
Here on the farm organic matter
是我们改善的关键
is the key thing that we try to improve.
土壤中的有机物越多
The more organic matter you have in the soil,
土壤保持养分的能力就越强
the better the soil can hold on to nutrients
例如氮和磷等营养物质
like phosphorus and nitrogen.
有机物能防止营养物质从土壤中流失
Organic matter keeps it from leaching out of the soil
固氮固磷
it grabs on to it.
这对农民来说是好事
And that’s good for the farmer,
也有利于海湾的水质
but it’s also good for water quality in the bay.
对任何一个农民而言 要改变他们的农业系统是棘手的事情
For any farmer to change their system is tricky,
需要花费很多工夫
and it takes a lot of work.
我想所有的农民想要的
I think all farmers want to
是学习切实可行的新耕作方法
it’s learning different processes practices
以提高产出效率 这才是关键
that allow you to do it effectively that becomes the key.

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视频概述

从陆地到海洋,你我随手的举动都可能是生命不可承受之重。

听录译者

钉子酷咸鱼

翻译译者

YXG-cec5d

审核员

审核员XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HQTUWK7CM-Y

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