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如何修复古式真皮家具

How Vintage Leather Furniture Is Professionally Restored | Refurbished

[soft music]
[轻音乐]
[vacuuming]
[吸尘]
Hi. My name’s Steven.
嗨 我是Steven
Today we’re gonna walk through how to restore a leather chesterfield.
今天我们将介绍如何修复真皮沙发
This chesterfield chair we have in
眼前的这个沙发
has got a lot of grease marks on the arms,
扶手上有许多油渍
scratches on the seats,
坐垫上有划痕
and grease marks on the head areas.
靠枕上也有油渍
We’re just gonna be restoring it to its original look.
而我们要将它恢复原样
[scrubbing]
[擦洗]
So, to start off the process,
那么 在开始修复时
we’ll always clean down the sofa with the Ultra Clean,
我们都会用奥托克林来清洁沙发
basically just a leather cleaner.
实际就是皮革清洁剂
This removes all the dirt and grease, any oils on the surface.
它可以去除沙发表面的所有污垢和油脂
This customer liked the old antique look,
这位顾客喜欢古色古香的外观
so we would need to mask the studs off,
因此我们需要将饰钉蒙起来
just to stop them from getting any overspray on them,
这样可以避免粘上过喷的喷剂
so they don’t get damaged when we’re doing the repair process.
也就不会在修复过程中遭到破坏
The next stage is the leather prep.
下一步是喷上皮革预处理剂
So, before we restore the color,
那么 在恢复颜色之前
we will need to remove the existing finishing coatings from the leather.
我们要去除皮革上现有的装饰涂层
The leather prep does this,
使用皮革预处理剂就能做到
and it allows us to extract all the cracks and the oils from the sofa.
我们用它来清理沙发上所有的裂缝和油脂
It can also remove any sort of cracking that’s in the painting coating.
它还可以去除油漆涂层中的各种裂缝
Some areas that have cracking might be in the actual leather,
一些裂纹可能出现在真皮部位
but the leather prep can sometimes
但是皮革预处理剂偶尔也能
remove all of the cracking from the existing painted coatings.
去除现有涂漆层上所有的裂纹
This can be seen on the arm areas here.
比如扶手这块
We will then apply the leather degreaser
然后 我们将皮革脱脂膏
to the hand areas and the head areas
涂抹在扶手和靠枕上
and any areas that are feeling greasy.
涂抹在任何感觉油腻的地方
This is because they get all of the natural contact with the skin,
因为这些地方与皮肤有自然接触
so all of the oils from the head and the hands,
所以头和手上的油脂
they’ll soak through into the leather.
都会渗透到皮革中
This is an essential part of the process.
这是修复过程中很关键的一步
If the oils aren’t removed from the heads and the hand areas,
如果不去除扶手和靠枕上的油脂
then the colorant won’t stick, when we come to that stage.
那么之后上色时 着色剂就无法牢固
So what we are doing here is
所以 我们这一步就是
putting the degreaser paste on and letting it dry.
涂上脱脂膏 等待干燥
It may take an hour or two to dry.
可能需要一两个小时才能干燥
So, as it dries, it dries into a white powder.
脱脂膏会逐渐干燥成白色粉末
If this powder dries a yellow or a greasy color,
如果粉末干燥后呈现黄色或油脂色
this means it’ll need another coat applied.
就意味着需要再涂抹一遍
Once it is dry, if it is all white,
一旦干燥 变得全白
then that means all of the grease has been removed.
就说明所有油脂都去除干净了
So, once we are happy that all the leather degreaser has worked,
因此 当脱脂膏的效果令我们满意时
we will then clean it off again.
就要再次将沙发清理干净
This is essential just to get all of the remaining grease and dirt
这么做有利于清理
and all the bits of leather degreaser that’s still in the buttons
所有残留在纽扣 甚至渗入到皮革里的
or that might have got into the leather.
油脂 污垢 以及脱脂膏
We will need to remove these with the Ultra Clean again.
我们还要再次使用奥托克林来清理
We will then need to remove all the grime and the dirt from inside of the buttons.
然后要清除纽扣里的灰尘和污垢
We do this with compressed air.
我们借助压缩空气来操作
This is so we can get right underneath the buttons
这样就可以清洗到纽扣下面
and the hard-to-reach areas.
和难以触及的地方
So, the alcohol cleaner is the next part of the process.
接下来 使用酒精清洁剂
This neutralizes the leather surface.
它可以中和皮革表面
It removes all the silicons that may not be soluble in the leather prep,
去除不溶于皮革预处理剂的硅
so it’s important to use alcohol cleaner to
所以 使用酒精清洁剂有助于
ensure the repair products adhere properly.
确保修复产品附着牢固
Then we will move on to the repair.
然后继续修复
修补
Cracks will happen with just general wear and tear
日常的磨损会导致皮革产生裂纹
and constant pressure on the leather,
持续受力亦是如此
which will crack the existing finish
这两个因素导致沙发饰面开裂
and will crack the color from the leather.
以及皮革掉色
We’ll be using the leather binder to fix some of these cracks.
我们会使用皮革粘合剂来修复部分裂纹
So, the leather binder is just a thin liquid,
皮革粘合剂就是一种稀薄的液体
and it’s used for strengthening heavily worn or cracked leather.
用于加固严重磨损或开裂的皮革
It just soaks deep into the fibers and repairs minor scuffs.
它直接渗入纤维中 修复轻微的磨损
As you can see, on these arms we have a few minor scuffs,
如你所见 扶手上有一些轻微磨损
which the leather binder will be able to repair.
皮革粘合剂可以修复好它们
Sanding the job down is also a vital part of the process.
打磨也是修复过程中很重要的一步
This is to ensure that the leather gets a nice smooth feel to it.
打磨是为了确保皮革触感光滑
We need to constantly run our hand around the leather sofa,
我们需要不断用手触摸沙发皮面
just to feel we’ve got all the right areas with our sanding pads.
以便感知各处是不是都打磨好了
So, if you’ve gone further down the line
要是已经顺着这条线打磨过了
and one area hadn’t been sanded,
但是漏了某一块
we would then have to use a heavier sanding pad,
那么 我们就要用更细的打磨垫
which then might remove the existing color that we’ve already sprayed on,
这就可能会破坏已经喷好的颜色
which would then mean we would have to go back to that stage.
也就是说 我们要再喷涂一遍
So it’s very important that we keep on top of the sanding.
所以做好打磨至关重要
The toughest part of this restoration is probably going to be the arms,
这次修复最难的部位可能是扶手
as they’ve got a bit of cracking on.
因为它们已经开裂了
And maybe the outside back.
还有沙发的背面
Has some quite small tears,
上面有一些小磨损
so we’re gonna have to use some flexi filler
那么 我们要用一些弹性填充剂
to try and repair these areas.
来修复这些地方
It dries clear, so it’s easily colored over.
干燥后不着痕迹 很容易上色
This can take just a few minutes to dry.
大概几分钟即可干燥
We will apply just enough pressure with a palette knife
使用调色刀 适当用力
so that the flexible filler covers all of the damaged area.
弹性填充剂就可覆盖受损区域
The excess is then removed so it doesn’t cause a ridge around it
然后刮去多余的 这样周围就不会凸起
and so the surface is nice and smooth.
表面才能整洁光滑
Once we are happy it is fully filled,
一旦填充得令人满意后
we will then dry the area and then move on to the next stage.
就要等待干燥 接着进入下一个步骤
[spraying]
[喷色]
So, the base color is applied to the chair first.
先给座椅喷上底色
The base color on this chair is called an antique red.
这张座椅的底色是复古红
We have this color saved in our database,
我们的数据库中保存了这种颜色
as it’s the most common color on an antique chesterfield.
因为它是经典长靠沙发中最常见的颜色
And the majority of chesterfields have the antique red base and the antique topcoat.
大多数长靠沙发都是复古红色的底漆和面漆
So, the antique red base color is applied with light coats
我们使用重力式自动喷枪在浅色面漆上
using a gravity-fed spray gun.
覆盖了一层复古红底色
We will slowly build it up until we are happy that it has a full base color on.
慢慢上色 直至底色效果令人满意
We will dry in between every single coat
每上一层色 我们就要等待干燥
and repeatedly sand,
反复打磨
just to give the leather a nice smooth feel.
直到感觉皮面非常光滑
Once we are happy with the base color,
当底色上好了
we will then move on to the buttons.
我们就要开始处理纽扣
As you can see, we need to darken the buttons down.
如你所见 我们要将纽扣喷成深色
All of the chesterfield buttons are always dark.
所有的长靠沙发纽扣都是深色的
So, after we’ve sprayed the antique red base color on,
喷好了复古红色的底漆之后
we’ll then apply the antique topcoat.
我们就要喷上复古式的面漆了
We start with the buttons, and then we’ll move on to the pleats.
先喷纽扣 然后喷褶皱处
As we darken the pleats,
褶皱颜色变深时
it creates a diamond effect,
会产生钻石般的效果
which we will then color in with a topcoat,
之后我们会喷上面漆
allowing the base color to come through the sofa.
让沙发的底色透出来
Gives it that antique two-tone effect.
赋予沙发古色古香的双色调效果
The leather finish is applied last.
最后喷上皮革涂饰剂
The leather finish we are using here is a gloss.
我们所使用的是光泽型
It’s a signature of chesterfield sofas
这也是长靠沙发的一个标志
and gives it that antique look.
可以赋予沙发古典韵味
[soft music]
[轻音乐]

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视频概述

本视频详细介绍了古式真皮家具从清洁、修补到重新上色的详细修复过程。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

蓝畑

审核员

审核员CL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qoaC-cmtWzM

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